Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 1652775


Metadata Summary

Data Description

Data Category Water sample data
Instrument Type
NameCategories
Niskin bottle  discrete water samplers
Instrument Mounting lowered unmanned submersible
Originating Country United Kingdom
Originator Dr Victoria Hill
Originating Organization Southampton Institute of Higher Education Coastal Studies (now Southampton Solent University School of Maritime and Coastal Studies)
Processing Status banked
Project(s) Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT)
 

Data Identifiers

Originator's Identifier AMT10_CTD_PIGX_222:AMT10-08
BODC Series Reference 1652775
 

Time Co-ordinates(UT)

Start Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2000-04-18 12:06
End Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) -
Nominal Cycle Interval -
 

Spatial Co-ordinates

Latitude 18.16198 S ( 18° 9.7' S )
Longitude 34.53716 W ( 34° 32.2' W )
Positional Uncertainty Unspecified
Minimum Sensor Depth 9.7 m
Maximum Sensor Depth 177.4 m
Minimum Sensor Height -
Maximum Sensor Height -
Sea Floor Depth -
Sensor Distribution Unspecified -
Sensor Depth Datum Unspecified -
Sea Floor Depth Datum Unspecified -
 

Parameters

BODC CODE Rank Units Short Title Title
ADEPZZ01 1 Metres DepBelowSurf Depth below surface of the water body
ALLOHPP1 1 Nanograms per litre alloxanthin_water>GF/F_HPLC Concentration of alloxanthin {CAS 28380-31-6} per unit volume of the water body [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
BOTTFLAG 1 Dimensionless C22_flag Sampling process quality flag (BODC C22)
BUTAHPP1 1 Nanograms per litre 19'-butanoyloxyfucoxanthin_water>GF/F_HPLC Concentration of 19'-butanoyloxyfucoxanthin per unit volume of the water body [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
CHLBHPP1 1 Nanograms per litre chl-b_water>GF/F_HPLC Concentration of chlorophyll-b {chl-b CAS 519-62-0} per unit volume of the water body [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
CLC2HPP1 1 Nanograms per litre chl-c2_water>GF/F_HPLC Concentration of chlorophyll-c2 {chl-c2} per unit volume of the water body [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
CLC3HPP1 1 Nanograms per litre chl-c3_water>GF/F_HPLC Concentration of chlorophyll-c3 {chl-c3} per unit volume of the water body [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
CPHLHPP1 1 Milligrams per cubic metre chl-a_water>GF/F_HPLC Concentration of chlorophyll-a {chl-a CAS 479-61-8} per unit volume of the water body [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
DVCAHPP1 1 Nanograms per litre DVchl-a_water>GF/F_HPLC Concentration of divinyl chlorophyll-a per unit volume of the water body [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
FUCXHPP1 1 Nanograms per litre fucoxanthin_water>GF/F_HPLC Concentration of fucoxanthin {CAS 3351-86-8} per unit volume of the water body [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
HEXOHPP1 1 Nanograms per litre 19'-hexanoyloxyfucoxanthin_water>GF/F_HPLC Concentration of 19'-hexanoyloxyfucoxanthin {CAS 60147-85-5} per unit volume of the water body [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
PERIHPP1 1 Nanograms per litre peridinin_water>GF/F_HPLC Concentration of peridinin {CAS 33281-81-1} per unit volume of the water body [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
SAMPRFNM 1 Dimensionless SampRef Sample reference number
VILXHPP1 1 Nanograms per litre violaxanthin_water>GF/F_HPLC Concentration of violaxanthin {CAS 126-29-4} per unit volume of the water body [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
ZEOXHPP1 1 Nanograms per litre zeaxanthin_water>GF/F_HPLC Concentration of zeaxanthin {CAS 144-68-3} per unit volume of the water body [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
 

Definition of Rank

  • Rank 1 is a one-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 2 is a two-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 0 is a one-dimensional parameter describing the second dimension of a two-dimensional parameter (e.g. bin depths for moored ADCP data)

Problem Reports

No Problem Report Found in the Database


Data Access Policy

Open Data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)

You must always use the following attribution statement to acknowledge the source of the information: "Contains data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council."


Narrative Documents

Niskin Bottle

The Niskin bottle is a device used by oceanographers to collect subsurface seawater samples. It is a plastic bottle with caps and rubber seals at each end and is deployed with the caps held open, allowing free-flushing of the bottle as it moves through the water column.

Standard Niskin

The standard version of the bottle includes a plastic-coated metal spring or elastic cord running through the interior of the bottle that joins the two caps, and the caps are held open against the spring by plastic lanyards. When the bottle reaches the desired depth the lanyards are released by a pressure-actuated switch, command signal or messenger weight and the caps are forced shut and sealed, trapping the seawater sample.

Lever Action Niskin

The Lever Action Niskin Bottle differs from the standard version, in that the caps are held open during deployment by externally mounted stainless steel springs rather than an internal spring or cord. Lever Action Niskins are recommended for applications where a completely clear sample chamber is critical or for use in deep cold water.

Clean Sampling

A modified version of the standard Niskin bottle has been developed for clean sampling. This is teflon-coated and uses a latex cord to close the caps rather than a metal spring. The clean version of the Levered Action Niskin bottle is also teflon-coated and uses epoxy covered springs in place of the stainless steel springs. These bottles are specifically designed to minimise metal contamination when sampling trace metals.

Deployment

Bottles may be deployed singly clamped to a wire or in groups of up to 48 on a rosette. Standard bottles have a capacity between 1.7 and 30 L, while Lever Action bottles have a capacity between 1.7 and 12 L. Reversing thermometers may be attached to a spring-loaded disk that rotates through 180° on bottle closure.

AMT10 pigment composition by HPLC analysis from CTD bottle samples

Data Acquisition and Analysis

Fresh seawater samples from upto ten light depths were collected from 23 stations during the cruise. All samples and replicates were stored at -80 °C and were returned to SOC in liquid-N for analysis.

HPLC analysis was carried out according to Barlow et al. (1997).

References Cited

Barlow R.G., Cummings D.G. and Gibb S.W., 1997. Improved resolution of mono- and divinyl chlorophylls a and b and zeaxanthin and lutein in phytoplankton extracts using reverse phase C8 HPLC. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 161 , 303-307.

Instrumentation Description

Section not relevant.

BODC Data Processing Procedures

Data were submitted to BODC in Microsoft Excel spreadsheet format and saved to the archive with reference PML020060. The file was provided to BODC with CTD cast number, volume filtered, bottle depth, latitude and longitude as metadata.

Sample metadata were checked against information held in the database. The cast number and lat/lon combinations did not match up with those in the database or in the cruise report. Data were matched up based on the lat/lon provided and the range of depths sampled for each cast. There were two discrepancies: data were provided for depths not sampled by the cast provided either in the database or the cruise report appendix (AMT10-04 depth 130m and AMT10-12 depth 90m), the pigment data from these two samples could not be loaded to the database but are available on request.

Parameter codes defined in BODC parameter dictionary were assigned to the variables as shown in the table below. All values were provided in nanograms per litre. The Chl-a values were converted to milligrams per cubic metre. All data columns were loaded to the database.

Data loaded into BODC's database without any changes.

Originator's Parameter Units Description BODC Parameter Code Units Comments
chlc3 ng l -1 Concentration of chlorophyll-a {chl-a} per unit volume of the water body [particulate <GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) CLC3HPP1 ng l -1 -
chlc2 ng l -1 Concentration of chlorophyll-c2 {chl-c2} per unit volume of the water column [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) CLC2HPP1 ng l -1 -
peridinin ng l -1 Concentration of peridinin per unit volume of the water column [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) PERIHPP1 ng l -1 -
but ng l -1 Concentration of 19'-butanoyloxyfucoxanthin per unit volume of the water column [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) BUTAHPP1 ng l -1 -
fuco ng l -1 Concentration of fucoxanthin per unit volume of the water column [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) FUCXHPP1 ng l -1 -
hex ng l -1 Concentration of 19'-hexanoyloxyfucoxanthin per unit volume of the water column [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) HEXOHPP1 ng l -1 -
viol ng l -1 Concentration of violaxanthin per unit volume of the water column [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) VILXHPP1 ng l -1 -
allo ng l -1 Concentration of alloxanthin per unit volume of the water column [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) ALLOHPP1 ng l -1 -
zea ng l -1 Concentration of zeaxanthin per unit volume of the water column [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) ZEOXHPP1 ng l -1 -
chlb ng l -1 Concentration of chlorophyll-b per unit volume of the water body [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) CHLBHPP1 ng l -1 -
div chla ng l -1 Concentration of divinyl chlorophyll-a per unit volume of the water column [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) DVCAHPP1 ng l -1 -
chla ng l -1 Concentration of chlorophyll-a {chl-a} per unit volume of the water column [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) CPHLHPP1 mg m -3 Unit conversion /1000 applied

Data Quality Report

Section not relevant.

Problem Report

This section is not relevant to this data set.


Project Information

The Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT) - Phase 1 (1995-2000)

Who was involved in the project?

The Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT) programme was designed by and implemented as a collaboration between Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML) and Southampton Oceanography Centre (SOC). The programme was hosted by Plymouth Marine Laboratory and involved additional researchers from UK and international universities throughout its duration.

What was the project about?

When AMT began in 1995 the programme provided a platform for international scientific collaboration, including the calibration and validation of SeaWiFs measurements and products. The programme provided an exceptional opportunity for nationally and internationally driven collaborative research and provided a platform for excellent multi-disciplinary oceanographic research. As an in situ observation system, the data collected by the AMT consortium informed on changes in biodiversity and function of the Atlantic ecosystem during this period of rapid change to our climate and biosphere.

The scientific aims were to assess:

When was the project active?

The first phase of the AMT programme ran from 1995 to 2000 and consisted of a total of 12 cruises. A second phase of funding allowed the project to continue for the period 2002 to 2006 with a further 6 cruises.

Brief summary of the project fieldwork/data

The AMT programme undertook biological, chemical and physical oceanographic research during the annual return passage of the RRS James Clark Ross between the UK and the Falkland Islands or the RRS Discovery between the UK and Cape Town, a distance of up to 13,500 km. This transect crossed a range of ecosystems from sub-polar to tropical and from euphotic shelf seas and upwelling systems to oligotrophic mid-ocean gyres. The transect route was covered north-south in September/October and south-north in April/May of each year.

The measurements of hydrographic and bio-optical properties, plankton community structure and primary production completed on the first 12 transects (1995-2000) represent the most coherent set of repeated biogeochemical observations over ocean basin scales. This unique dataset has led to several important discoveries concerning the identification of oceanic provinces, validation of ocean colour algorithms, distributions of picoplankton, identifying new regional sinks of pCO2 and variability in rates of primary production and respiration.

Who funded the project?

The programme was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and further support was received from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) with equipment and funding from the Sea-viewing Wild Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) project.


Data Activity or Cruise Information

Data Activity

Start Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2000-04-18
End Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2000-04-18
Organization Undertaking ActivityPlymouth Marine Laboratory
Country of OrganizationUnited Kingdom
Originator's Data Activity IdentifierAMT10_CTD_AMT10-08
Platform Categorylowered unmanned submersible

BODC Sample Metadata Report for AMT10_CTD_AMT10-08

Sample reference number Nominal collection volume(l) Bottle rosette position Bottle firing sequence number Minimum pressure sampled (dbar) Maximum pressure sampled (dbar) Depth of sampling point (m) Bottle type Sample quality flag Bottle reference Comments
506459         57.10   57.70   57.60 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
506765        177.80  178.30  177.40 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
506766        152.50  153.00  152.30 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
506767        128.40  128.80  128.30 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
506768        117.50  118.20  117.60 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
506769        102.60  103.10  102.70 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
506770         77.10   77.80   77.50 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
506771         62.00   63.40   62.90 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
506772          8.80    9.60    9.70 Niskin bottle No problem reported    

Please note:the supplied parameters may not have been sampled from all the bottle firings described in the table above. Cross-match the Sample Reference Number above against the SAMPRFNM value in the data file to identify the relevant metadata.

Cruise

Cruise Name JR20000412 (AMT10, JR49)
Departure Date 2000-04-12
Arrival Date 2000-05-08
Principal Scientist(s)Chris Gallienne (Plymouth Marine Laboratory)
Ship RRS James Clark Ross

Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here


Fixed Station Information


No Fixed Station Information held for the Series


BODC Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
Blank Unqualified
< Below detection limit
> In excess of quoted value
A Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)
B Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast
C Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)
D Thermometric depth
E End of CTD Down/Up Cast
G Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty
H Extrapolated value
I Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)
K Improbable value - unknown quality control source
L Improbable value - originator's quality control
M Improbable value - BODC quality control
N Null value
O Improbable value - user quality control
P Trace/calm
Q Indeterminate
R Replacement value
S Estimated value
T Interpolated value
U Uncalibrated
W Control value
X Excessive difference

SeaDataNet Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
0 no quality control
1 good value
2 probably good value
3 probably bad value
4 bad value
5 changed value
6 value below detection
7 value in excess
8 interpolated value
9 missing value
A value phenomenon uncertain