Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 913628
No Problem Report Found in the Database
Public domain data
These data have no specific confidentiality restrictions for users. However, users must acknowledge data sources as it is not ethical to publish data without proper attribution. Any publication or other output resulting from usage of the data should include an acknowledgment.
The recommended acknowledgment is
"This study uses data from the data source/organisation/programme, provided by the British Oceanographic Data Centre and funded by the funding body."
Teledyne RDI's Workhorse Monitor ADCP
The Workhorse Monitor acoustic doppler current profler (Teledyne RD Instruments) is a long-range and long-term self contained ADCP. It has a patented four beam signal (300, 600 or 1200 kHz) and a standard depth rating of 200m or 600m. It operates effectively between temperatures of -5°C and 45°C and has a velocity accuracy of ±1% ±5mm/s.
CTD Unit and Auxiliary Sensors
Two CTD packages were used during RRS James Cook cruise 31 (JC031). The first CTD package (stations 1-12) comprised a Sea-Bird 911plus CTD system, auxiliary sensors and Sea-Bird SBE 32, 24-way carousel fitted to a stainless steel frame with fin. During it's recovery at station 12 (08/02/2009), the package was pulled into the hydroboom block resulting in the total loss of the CTD package over the side. Consequently, the entire package was replaced (see below). A full description of the package is as follows:
|Instrument/Sensor||Serial Number||Manufacturer's |
|Sea-Bird SBE 9plus underwater unit (aluminium)||09P-24680-0636|
|Sea-Bird SBE 11plus deck unit||11P-34173-0676|
|Sea-Bird SBE 3P temperature sensor (aluminium)||03P-4301||4-Apr-08||primary (frame-mounted)|
|Sea-Bird SBE 4C conductivity sensor (titanium)||04C-3153(T)||22-Apr-08||primary (frame-mounted)|
|Sea-Bird SBE 3P temperature sensor (aluminium)||03P-4490||4-Apr-08||secondary (fin-mounted)|
|Sea-Bird SBE 4C conductivity sensor (titanium)||04C-3153(T)||22-Apr-08||secondary (fin-mounted)|
|Digiquartz temperature compensated pressure sensor||83008||10-Sep-08|
|Sea-Bird SBE 32 24-way carousel||32-45661-0621|
|20L OTE external spring water samplers||rosette positions 1-24|
|Sea-Bird SBE 43 dissolved oxygen sensor (titanium)||43-1196||3-Oct-08|
|Chelsea MKIII Aquatracka fluorometer (titanium)||88108||9-Jan-08||configured for chl-a|
|Chelsea MKII Alphatracka transmissometer (titanium)||161045||8-Sep-05||660nm, 25cm path|
|Wetlabs BBRTD backscatter sensor (titanium)||115R||13-May-08||660nm|
|PML 2-pi PAR sensor (upwelling)||9||21-Jun-08||only fitted on casts <600m in daylight hours|
|PML 2-pi PAR sensor (downwelling)||10||14-Apr-08||only fitted on casts <600m in daylight hours|
|RDI Workhorse Monitor 300kHz ADCP (titanium)||10629||downward-looking master configuration|
|Benthos PSA-916T 200kHz altimeter (titanium)||1040||Mar-03|
|NMF 10kHz pinger||B5|
|Sea-Bird SBE 5T submersible pump (titanium)||05T-4166||primary|
|Sea-Bird SBE 5T submersible pump (titanium)||05T-2793||secondary (fin-mounted)|
The replacement CTD package (stations 13-84) also comprised a Sea-Bird 911plus CTD system, auxiliary sensors and Sea-Bird SBE 32, 24-way carousel fitted to a stainless steel frame with fin. The LADCP (s/n 4275) was damaged during the deployment of station 35 and was replaced prior to station 36. A full description of this package is as follows:
|Instrument/Sensor||Serial Number||Manufacturer's |
|Sea-Bird SBE 9plus underwater unit (titanium)||09P-24680-0637(T)|
|Sea-Bird SBE 11plus deck unit (titanium)||11P-34173-0676|
|Sea-Bird SBE 3P temperature sensor (titanium)||03P-4592(T)||28-May-08||primary (frame-mounted)|
|Sea-Bird SBE 4C conductivity sensor (titanium)||04C-3272(T)||13-Jun-08||primary (frame-mounted)|
|Sea-Bird SBE 3P temperature sensor (aluminium)||03P-4782||17-Jun-08||secondary (fin-mounted)|
|Sea-Bird SBE 4C conductivity sensor (aluminium)||04C-3258||6-Jun-08||secondary (fin-mounted)|
|Digiquartz temperature compensated pressure sensor (titanium)||79501||22-Sep-08|
|Sea-Bird SBE 32, 24-way carousel||32-19817-0243|
|20L OTE external spring water samplers||rosette positions 21-24|
|10L OTE external spring water samplers||rosette positions 1-20|
|Sea-Bird SBE 43 dissolved oxygen sensor (titanium)||43-0619||11-Nov-08|
|Chelsea MKIII Aquatracka fluorometer (titanium)||88244||10-Jun-08||configured for chl-a|
|Chelsea MKII Alphatracka transmissometer (titanium)||07-6075-001||18-Oct-07||660nm, 25cm path|
|Wetlabs BBRTD backscatter sensor (titanium)||182||20-Jun-07||660nm|
|PML 2-pi PAR upwelling sensor||9||21-Jun-08||only used on casts <600m and in daylight|
|PML 2-pi PAR downwelling sensor||10||14-Apr-08||only used on casts <600m and in daylight|
|RDI Workhorse Monitor 300kHz LADCP (aluminium)||4275||downward-looking master configuration (stations 13-35)|
|RDI Workhorse Monitor 300kHz LADCP (titanium)||10607||downward-looking master configuration (stations 36-84)|
|Benthos PSA-916T 200kHz altimeter (titanium)||41302||26-Apr-07|
|Sea-Bird SBE 5T submersible pump (titanium)||05T-3002||primary|
|Sea-Bird SBE 5T submersible pump (titanium)||05T-4513||secondary (fin-mounted)|
The data arrived at BODC in 81 Matlab (.MAT) format files. These represented all of the available measurements taken during the cruise that were processed using the shear method implemented in University of Hawaii software. The downcast and upcast data were reformatted into separate internal QXF format files using BODC transfer function 438. The following table shows how the upcast variables within the .MAT files were mapped to appropriate BODC parameter codes:
|Originator's Variables||Units||Description||BODC Parameter Code||Units||Comment|
|d_samp||metres||Depth below sea surface (ADCP bin)||DBINAA01||metres|
|pxy||decimal degrees||latitude and longitude position at start||-||-||Not transferred|
|sm_dn_i||-||Flags indicating whether bin contains real or fill value (downcast)||-||-||Not converted|
|sm_mn_i||-||Flags indicating whether bin contains real or fill value (mean)||-||-||Not converted - mean data are not transferred into QXF|
|sm_up_i||-||Flags indicating whether bin contains real or fill value (upcast)||-||-||Converted to BODC QC flags|
|sn_dn_i||None||Number (per bin) of measurements by lowered acoustic doppler current profiler (ADCP) (downcast)||-||-||Not transferred|
|sn_mn_i||None||Number (per bin) of measurements by lowered acoustic doppler current profiler (ADCP) (mean)||-||-||Not transferred - mean data are not transferred into QXF|
|sn_up_i||None||Number (per bin) of measurements by lowered acoustic doppler current profiler (ADCP) (upcast)||NLADCPBN||None|
|su_dn_i||m s-1||Eastward current velocity (Eulerian) in the water column (downcast)||-||-||Not transferred|
|su_mn_i||m s-1||Eastward current velocity (Eulerian) in the water column (mean)||-||-||Not transferred - can be derived from upcast and downcast velocities|
|su_up_i||m s-1||Eastward current velocity (Eulerian) in the water column (upcast)||LCEWLW01||cm s-1||Velocity * 100|
|sv_dn_i||m s-1||Northward current velocity (Eulerian) in the water column (downcast)||-||-||Not transferred|
|sv_mn_i||m s-1||Northward current velocity (Eulerian) in the water column (mean)||-||-||Not transferred - can be derived from upcast and downcast velocities|
|sv_up_i||m s-1||Northward current velocity (Eulerian) in the water column (upcast)||LCNSLW01||cm s-1||Velocity * 100|
|sw_dn_i||m s-1||Upward current velocity in the water column (downcast)||-||-||Not transferred|
|sw_mn_i||m s-1||Upward current velocity in the water column (mean)||-||-||Not transferred - can be derived from upcast and downcast velocities|
|sw_up_i||m s-1||Upward current velocity in the water column (upcast)||LRZALW01||cm s-1||Velocity * 100|
|sv_var_dn_i||m s-1||Variance of shear in the northward velocity component (downcast)||-||-||Not transferred|
|sv_var_mn_i||m s-1||Variance of shear in the northward velocity component (mean)||-||-||Not transferred - can be derived from upcast and downcast velocities|
|sv_var_up_i||m s-1||Variance of shear in the northward velocity component (upcast)||SDNSLW01||cm s-1||(variance0.5) * 100|
|sw_var_dn_i||m s-1||Variance of shear in the upward velocity component (downcast)||-||-||Not transferred|
|sw_var_mn_i||m s-1||Variance of shear in the upward velocity component (mean)||-||-||Not transferred - can be derived from upcast and downcast velocities|
|sw_var_up_i||m s-1||Variance of shear in the upward velocity component (upcast)||SDZALW01||cm s-1||(variance0.5) * 100|
|su_var_dn_i||m s-1||Variance of shear in the eastward velocity component (downcast)||-||-||Not transferred|
|su_var_mn_i||m s-1||Variance of shear in the eastward velocity component (mean)||-||-||Not transferred - can be derived from upcast and downcast velocities|
|su_var_up_i||m s-1||Variance of shear in the eastward velocity component (upcast)||SDEWLW01||cm s-1||(variance0.5) * 100|
|txy_start_end||decimal||Day, latitude and longitude at start and end of profile||-||-||Not transferred into QXF|
The reformatted data were visualised using the in-house EDSERPLO software. Suspect data were marked by adding an appropriate quality control flag, missing data by both setting the data to an appropriate value and setting the quality control flag.
Originator's Data Processing
The aim of JC031 was to occupy repeats of hydrographic sections in Drake Passage. The sections studied are as follows: Section SR1 (also known as A21), which is located in Drake Passage between the Southern tip of South America and the West Antarctic Peninsula; section SR1b is located further to the east. In addition to the previous section of SR1b, extra stations were sampled on the northern side of the Burdwood Bank, located south of the Falkland Islands. The data collected during JC031 comprised physical, chemical and biological measurements. There were five main scientific teams, physics, nutrients and oxygen, carbon, CFC's and transient tracers, and biology (phytoplankton). The data will contribute to the current knowledge of the physical, chemical and biological properties in this region, and will also allow comparisons to be drawn with previous cruise data so that the change in water properties and transport through Drake Passage from west to east can be observed.
In total 84 CTD (conductivity-temperature-depth) stations were occupied. A 24-bottle rosette was used to take water samples at these CTD stations. Also mounted on the frame was a LADCP (lowered acoustic doppler current profiler), fluorometer, transmissometer, and a dissolved oxygen sensor. Of these casts, only 81 yielded LADCP measurements. This was due to an incident with the winch during station 12 which caused the total loss of the CTD package (including LADCP). Data was not collected during station 13 as this was only a test station. Station 50 did not yield any LADCP data because the deploy command was not sent. Stations 35 and 36 were repeats of station 34.
Data collected from the instrument was downloaded after each cast by the technician on watch. Subsequently, data were processed using two methods; the shear method implemented in University of Hawaii software and the least squares method implemented in LDEO software version 7. Further information about processing methods can be found in the report (from p68) for cruise RRS Charles Darwin 139 (CD139). Additional information can also be found in the LADCP report from cruise JC031.
Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR)
CLIVAR is an international research programme investigating climate variability and predictability on different time-scales and the response of the climate system to anthropogenic forcing. Climate variability, its extremes and possible future changes, has a strong impact on mankind. CLIVAR seeks to better understand and predict our climate in order to take precautions and to reduce impacts of climate variability and change on our planet. CLIVAR is one of the major components of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). It started in 1995 and will have a lifetime of 15 years.
The specific objectives of CLIVAR are:
- To describe and understand the physical processes responsible for climate variability and predictability on seasonal, interannual, decadal, and centennial time-scales
- To coordinate the collection and analysis of observations and the development and application of models of the coupled climate system, in cooperation with other relevant climate-research and observing programmes
- To extend the record of climate variability over the time-scales of interest through the assembly of quality controlled palaeoclimatic and instrumental data sets
- To extend the range and accuracy of seasonal to interannual climate prediction through the development of global coupled predictive models
- To understand and predict the response of the climate system to increases of radiatively active gases and aerosols and to compare these predictions to the observed climate record in order to detect the anthropogenic modification of the natural climate signal
Oceans 2025 - The NERC Marine Centres' Strategic Research Programme 2007-2012
Who funds the programme?
The Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) funds the Oceans 2025 programme, which was originally planned in the context of NERC's 2002-2007 strategy and later realigned to NERC's subsequent strategy (Next Generation Science for Planet Earth; NERC 2007).
Who is involved in the programme?
The Oceans 2025 programme was designed by and is to be implemented through seven leading UK marine centres. The marine centres work together in coordination and are also supported by cooperation and input from government bodies, universities and other partners. The seven marine centres are:
- National Oceanography Centre, Southampton (NOCS)
- Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML)
- Marine Biological Association (MBA)
- Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Marine Science (SAHFOS)
- Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory (POL)
- Scottish Association for Marine Science (SAMS)
- Sea Mammal Research Unit (SMRU)
Oceans2025 provides funding to three national marine facilities, which provide services to the wider UK marine community, in addition to the Oceans 2025 community. These facilities are:
- British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC), hosted at POL
- Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level (PSMSL), hosted at POL
- Culture Collection of Algae and Protozoa (CCAP), hosted at SAMS
The NERC-run Strategic Ocean Funding Initiative (SOFI) provides additional support to the programme by funding additional research projects and studentships that closely complement the Oceans 2025 programme, primarily through universities.
What is the programme about?
Oceans 2025 sets out to address some key challenges that face the UK as a result of a changing marine environment. The research funded through the programme sets out to increase understanding of the size, nature and impacts of these changes, with the aim to:
- improve knowledge of how the seas behave, not just now but in the future;
- help assess what that might mean for the Earth system and for society;
- assist in developing sustainable solutions for the management of marine resources for future generations;
- enhance the research capabilities and facilities available for UK marine science.
In order to address these aims there are nine science themes supported by the Oceans 2025 programme:
- Climate, circulation and sea level (Theme 1)
- Marine biogeochemical cycles (Theme 2)
- Shelf and coastal processes (Theme 3)
- Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning (Theme 4)
- Continental margins and deep ocean (Theme 5)
- Sustainable marine resources (Theme 6)
- Technology development (Theme 8)
- Next generation ocean prediction (Theme 9)
- Integration of sustained observations in the marine environment (Theme 10)
In the original programme proposal there was a theme on health and human impacts (Theme 7). The elements of this Theme have subsequently been included in Themes 3 and 9.
When is the programme active?
The programme started in April 2007 with funding for 5 years.
Brief summary of the programme fieldwork/data
Programme fieldwork and data collection are to be achieved through:
- physical, biological and chemical parameters sampling throughout the North and South Atlantic during collaborative research cruises aboard NERC's research vessels RRS Discovery, RRS James Cook and RRS James Clark Ross;
- the Continuous Plankton Recorder being deployed by SAHFOS in the North Atlantic and North Pacific on 'ships of opportunity';
- physical parameters measured and relayed in near real-time by fixed moorings and ARGO floats;
- coastal and shelf sea observatory data (Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory (LBCO) and Western Channel Observatory (WCO)) using the RV Prince Madog and RV Quest.
The data is to be fed into models for validation and future projections. Greater detail can be found in the Theme documents.
Oceans 2025 Theme 1: Climate, Ocean Circulation and Sea Level
Through fieldwork, analysis and modelling, Theme 1 will provide detailed knowledge of how the Atlantic, Arctic and Southern Oceans are responding to, and driving, climate change. In combination with geodetic studies, it will also improve our ability to predict global sea level and UK land movements in the century ahead.
The official Oceans 2025 documentation for this Theme is available from the following link: Oceans 2025 Theme 1
Oceans 2025 Theme 1, Work Package 1.3: Physical-biogeochemical budgets and mixing in the Southern Ocean
This Work Package is run by the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton (NOCS) and aims to establish regional budgets of heat, freshwater and carbon, and to develop more accurate parameterisations for predictive ocean models by quantitatively investigating diapycnal and isopycnal transport processes using observations.
Vast, though poorly quantified, amounts of anthropogenic CO2 (~20 Pg) are believed to have been absorbed into the Antarctic mode and intermediate waters. Much of this uptake is achieved in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC), involving the upwelling of North Atlantic Deep Water, its northward transport by a delicate balance between Ekman drift and eddies, followed by subduction as mode waters. Models suggest that the rate of CO2 uptake is sensitive to changes in the wind and to changes to the eddy fluxes (Mignone et al., 2005).
To predict climate change, it is essential that the size of this carbon sink be known, and the processes that control it be understood. Even the exchanges of heat and freshwater between the Atlantic and Southern Oceans are poorly known. NOCS will combine observations and modelling to quantify and understand the processes controlling property fluxes and trends in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean, where the Atlantic overturning circulation is partially closed as it meets the ACC. The observational effort will be fully integrated with the international Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR)/Carbon repeat hydrography program, and with the Diapycnal and Isopycnal Mixing Experiment in the Southern Ocean (DIMES) initiative to study mixing rates and processes; this work has been accepted as a contribution to the International Polar Year. The budgets and mixing rates inferred from field measurements will be used to both evaluate and improve numerical models.
More detailed information on this Work Package is available at pages 10 - 11 of the official Oceans 2025 Theme 1 document: Oceans 2025 Theme 1
Mignone B., Gnanadesikan A., Sarmiento JL., and Slater RD., 2005. Central role of Southern Hemisphere winds and eddies in modulating the oceanic uptake of anthropogenic carbon, Geophys Res Lett, 32 doi:101029/2005Gl024464
|Principal Scientist(s)||Elaine McDonagh (National Oceanography Centre, Southampton)|
|Ship||RRS James Cook|
Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here
Fixed Station Information
|Station Name||Drake Passage - WOCE SR1b|
World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) Southern Repeat Section 1B - Falkland Islands to Elephant Island
WOCE Southern Repeat Section 1B is a section across Drake Passage in the South Atlantic Ocean. The nominal end points of the section (to date) are at 52° 55.74' S, 58° 00.00' W (at the south of the Falkland Islands) and 61° 03.05' S, 54° 33.10' W (off Elephant Island at the north end of the Antarctic Peninsula).
The section was first occupied by the R/V Polarstern in 1992 (Gersonde, 1993). The first UK occupation of SR1b followed on RRS Discovery later the same year. The National Oceanography Centre, Southampton (formerly known as Southampton Oceanography Centre), in collaboration with the British Antarctic Survey, have occupied the section most years since 1993 on the RRS James Clark Ross. Additionally, there were three Spanish occupations on R/V Hespérides in February 1995, 1996 and 1998 (Garcia et al., 2002). A Drake Passage summary report for RRS James Clark Ross cruises between 1993 - 2000 has been produced.
A table of cruises which occupied SR1b is presented below with links to the relevant cruise reports (were available).
|Cruise||Country||Start Date||End Date|
|R/V Polarstern ANT 10-5||Germany||08-08-1992||26-09-1992|
|RRS Discovery D198||United Kingdom||11-11-1992||17-12-1992|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR0a||United Kingdom||20-11-1993||18-12-1993|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR0b||United Kingdom||13-11-1994||30-11-1994|
|R/V Hespérides 29HE19951203||Spain||03-12-1995||06-01-1996|
|R/V Hespérides 29HE19960117||Spain||17-01-1996||05-02-1996|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR16||United Kingdom||13-11-1996||07-12-1996|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR27||United Kingdom||17-12-1997||08-01-1998|
|R/V Hespérides 29HE19980730||Spain||27-07-1998||27-08-1998|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR47||United Kingdom||13-01-2000||17-02-2000|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR55||United Kingdom||21-11-2000||14-12-2000|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR67||United Kingdom||19-11-2001||17-12-2001|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR81||United Kingdom||18-12-2002||02-01-2003|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR94||United Kingdom||28-11-2003||16-12-2003|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR115||United Kingdom||01-12-2004||19-12-2004|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR139||United Kingdom||05-12-2005||12-12-2005|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR163||United Kingdom||06-12-2006||15-12-2006|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR193||United Kingdom||29-11-2007||08-12-2007|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR194||United Kingdom||12-12-2008||20-12-2008|
|RRS James Cook JC031||United Kingdom||03-02-2009||03-03-2009|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR195||United Kingdom||19-11-2009||26-11-2009|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR242||United Kingdom||06-12-2010||18-12-2000|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR276||United Kingdom||09-04-2011||26-04-2011|
|RRS James Clark Ross JR265 and JR254D||United Kingdom||27-11-2011||24-12-2011|
García, M. A., I. Bladé, A. Cruzado, Z. Velásquez, H. García, J. Puigdefàbregas and J. Sospedra, 2002: Observed variability of water properties and transports on the World Ocean Circulation Experiment SR1b section across the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. J. Geophys. Res. 107 (C10) 3162, 10.1029/2000JC000277.
Gersonde, R., 1993: The Expedition Antarktis X/5 of RV Polarstern in 1992. Berichte zur Polarforschung, 131, 167 pp.
Other Series linked to this Fixed Station for this cruise - 912601 912613 912625 912637 912649 912650 912662 912674 912686 912698 912705 912717 912729 912730 912742 912754 912766 912778 912791 912809 912810 912822 912834 912846 912858 912871 912883 912895 912902 912914 912926 912938 912951 912963 913493 913500 913512 913524 913536 913548 913561 913573 913585 913597 913604 913616 913641 913653 913665 913677 913689 913690 913708 913721 913733 913745 913757 913769 913770 913782 913794 913801 913813 913825 913837 913849 913850 936295 936302 936314 936326 936338 936351 936363 936375 936387 936399 936406 936418 936431 936443 936455 936467 936479 936480 936492 936511 936523 936535 936547 936559 936560 936572 936584 936596 936603 936615 936627 936639 936640 936652 936664 1022029 1022042
Other Cruises linked to this Fixed Station (with the number of series) - JC031 (104) JR19931120 (JR00a) (30) JR19941113 (JR0B) (29) JR19961128 (JR16) (29) JR19971217 (JR27) (54) JR20000113 (JR47) (29) JR20001121 (JR55) (31) JR20021224 (JR81) (32) JR20031211 (JR94) (30) JR20041201 (JR111, JR115) (35) JR20071129 (JR171, JR193, JR196, JR212) (32) JR20081212 (JR194, JR197) (30) JR20091118 (JR195, JR198) (33) JR20101205 (JR242) (9) JR20110409 (JR276) (15)
Fixed Station Information
|Station Name||Drake Passage|
|Latitude||59° 0.00' S|
|Longitude||62° 0.00' W|
|Water depth below MSL|
The World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE, 1990-1998) was a major international experiment which made measurements and undertook modelling studies of the deep oceans in order to provide a much improved understanding of the role of ocean circulation in changing and ameliorating the Earth's climate.
The Drake Passage is the narrowest constriction of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) - the largest current in the world and connects all three major oceanic basins both horizontally and vertically, thus being a key control in the global overturning circulation.Within the Drake Passage, two repeat hydrographic sections (SR1 and SR1b) were established by WOCE. These were designed to extend measurements collected earlier by the International Southern Ocean Studies (ISOS) programme and have continued beyond the WOCE time-frame.
The original section was SR1 (which also covers part of the A21 one time survey track). Subsequently, the section was shifted to the east (and designated SR1b) in order for it to lie on a satellite ground track as illustrated in the image below.
In addition to the hydrographic measurements, UK research in Drake Passage also includes a network of coastal and deep tide gauges, analysis of satellite altimeter data, and state-of-the-art global numerical modeling.
Other Series linked to this Fixed Station for this cruise - 912096 912103 912115 912127 912139 912140 912152 912164 912176 912188 912207 912219 912220 912232 912244 912256 912268 912281 912293 912300 912312 912324 912336 912348 912361 912373 912385 912397 912404 912416 912428 912441 912453 912465 912477 912489 912490 912508 912521 912533 912545 912557 912569 912570 912582 912594 912601 912613 912625 912637 912649 912650 912662 912674 912686 912698 912705 912717 912729 912730 912742 912754 912766 912778 912791 912809 912810 912822 912834 912846 912858 912871 912883 912895 912902 912914 912926 912938 912951 912963 912987 912999 913002 913014 913026 913038 913051 913063 913075 913087 913099 913106 913118 913131 913143 913155 913167 913179 913180 913192 913211 913223 913235 913247 913259 913260 913272 913284 913296 913303 913315 913327 913339 913340 913352 913364 913376 913388 913407 913419 913420 913432 913444 913456 913468 913481 913493 913500 913512 913524 913536 913548 913561 913573 913585 913597 913604 913616 913641 913653 913665 913677 913689 913690 913708 913721 913733 913745 913757 913769 913770 913782 913794 913801 913813 913825 913837 913849 913850 935789 935790 935808 935821 935833 935845 935857 935869 935870 935882 935894 935901 935913 935925 935937 935949 935950 935962 935974 935986 935998 936001 936013 936025 936037 936049 936050 936062 936074 936086 936098 936105 936117 936129 936130 936142 936154 936166 936178 936191 936209 936210 936222 936234 936246 936258 936271 936283 936295 936302 936314 936326 936338 936351 936363 936375 936387 936399 936406 936418 936431 936443 936455 936467 936479 936480 936492 936511 936523 936535 936547 936559 936560 936572 936584 936596 936603 936615 936627 936639 936640 936652 936664 1022017 1022029 1022030 1022042
Other Cruises linked to this Fixed Station (with the number of series) - JC031 (246) JC054 (18) JR19931120 (JR00a) (30) JR19941113 (JR0B) (29) JR19961128 (JR16) (29) JR20000113 (JR47) (29) JR20001121 (JR55) (32) JR20021224 (JR81) (32) JR20031211 (JR94) (30) JR20041201 (JR111, JR115) (35) JR20050124 (JR112, JR113) (13) JR20060216 (JR136, JR137) (6) JR20061215 (JR155) (6) JR20071129 (JR171, JR193, JR196, JR212) (32) JR20091118 (JR195, JR198) (33) JR20101205 (JR242) (9) JR20110409 (JR276) (15) RATS/CTD100 (1) RATS/CTD103 (1) RATS/CTD106 (1) RATS/CTD108 (1) RATS/CTD111 (1) RATS/CTD113 (1) RATS/CTD115 (1) RATS/CTD120 (1) RATS/CTD122 (1) RATS/CTD124 (1) RATS/CTD126 (1) RATS/CTD129 (1) RATS/CTD131 (1) RATS/CTD133 (1) RATS/CTD136 (1) RATS/CTD138 (1) RATS/CTD140 (1) RATS/CTD142 (1) RATS/CTD145 (1) RATS/CTD147 (1) RATS/CTD150 (1) RATS/CTD151 (1) RATS/CTD153 (1) RATS/CTD154 (1) RATS/CTD156 (1) RATS/CTD157 (1) RATS/CTD160 (1) RATS/CTD163 (1) RATS/CTD164 (1) RATS/CTD166 (1) RATS/CTD167 (1) RATS/CTD169 (1) RATS/CTD170 (1) RATS/CTD173 (1) RATS/CTD175 (1) RATS/CTD177 (1) RATS/CTD180 (1) RATS/CTD182 (1) RATS/CTD184 (1) RATS/CTD186 (1) RATS/CTD189 (1) RATS/CTD191 (1) RATS/CTD193 (1) RATS/CTD195 (1) RATS/CTD198 (1) RATS/CTD200 (1) RATS/CTD202 (1) RATS/CTD204 (1) RATS/CTD206 (1) RATS/CTD208 (1) RATS/CTD210 (1) RATS/CTD214 (1) RATS/CTD217 (1) RATS/CTD219 (1) RATS/CTD221 (1) RATS/CTD223 (1) RATS/CTD225 (1) RATS/CTD227 (1) RATS/CTD230 (1) RATS/CTD232 (1) RATS/CTD234 (1) RATS/CTD237 (1) RATS/CTD239 (1) RATS/CTD241 (1) RATS/CTD243 (1) RATS/CTD245 (1) RATS/CTD247 (1) RATS/CTD249 (1) RATS/CTD251 (1) RATS/CTD254 (1) RATS/CTD256 (1) RATS/CTD258 (1) RATS/CTD260 (1) RATS/CTD262 (1) RATS/CTD265 (1) RATS/CTD267 (1) RATS/CTD269 (1) RATS/CTD271 (1) RATS/CTD273 (1) RATS/CTD275 (1) RATS/CTD277 (1) RATS/CTD281 (1) RATS/CTD283 (1) RATS/CTD285 (1) RATS/CTD287 (1) RATS/CTD289 (1) RATS/CTD291 (1) RATS/CTD293 (1) RATS/CTD295 (1) RATS/CTD297 (1) RATS/CTD301 (1) RATS/CTD305 (1) RATS/CTD307 (1) RATS/CTD309 (1) RATS/CTD311 (1) RATS/CTD313 (1) RATS/CTD315 (1) RATS/CTD317 (1) RATS/CTD319 (1) RATS/CTD321 (1) RATS/CTD323 (1) RATS/CTD325 (1) RATS/CTD327 (1) RATS/CTD329 (1) RATS/CTD331 (1) RATS/CTD335 (1) RATS/CTD337 (1) RATS/CTD341 (1) RATS/CTD343 (1) RATS/CTD345 (1) RATS/CTD347 (1) RATS/CTD351 (1) RATS/CTD353 (1) RATS/CTD355 (1) RATS/CTD357 (1) RATS/CTD361 (1) RATS/CTD363 (1) RATS/CTD365 (1) RATS/CTD373 (1) RATS/CTD375 (1) RATS/CTD377 (1) RATS/CTD379 (1) RATS/CTD381 (1) RATS/CTD383 (1) RATS/CTD385 (1) RATS/CTD387 (1) RATS/CTD389 (1) RATS/CTD395 (1) RATS/CTD397 (1) RATS/CTD399 (1) RATS/CTD401 (1) RATS/CTD403 (1) RATS/CTD405 (1) RATS/CTD407 (1) RATS/CTD409 (1) RATS/CTD411 (1) RATS/CTD415 (1) RATS/CTD417 (1) RATS/CTD419 (1) RATS/CTD423 (1) RATS/CTD425 (1) RATS/CTD427 (1) RATS/CTD429 (1) RATS/CTD43 (1) RATS/CTD431 (1) RATS/CTD433 (1) RATS/CTD437 (1) RATS/CTD439 (1) RATS/CTD443 (1) RATS/CTD445 (1) RATS/CTD461 (1) RATS/CTD463 (1) RATS/CTD465 (1) RATS/CTD467 (1) RATS/CTD469 (1) RATS/CTD471 (1) RATS/CTD473 (1) RATS/CTD475 (1) RATS/CTD477 (1) RATS/CTD479 (1) RATS/CTD481 (1) RATS/CTD483 (1) RATS/CTD485 (1) RATS/CTD487 (1) RATS/CTD489 (1) RATS/CTD49 (1) RATS/CTD491 (1) RATS/CTD493 (1) RATS/CTD495 (1) RATS/CTD497 (1) RATS/CTD499 (1) RATS/CTD501 (1) RATS/CTD503 (1) RATS/CTD505 (1) RATS/CTD507 (1) RATS/CTD509 (1) RATS/CTD51 (1) RATS/CTD511 (1) RATS/CTD513 (1) RATS/CTD515 (1) RATS/CTD517 (1) RATS/CTD519 (1) RATS/CTD521 (1) RATS/CTD523 (1) RATS/CTD525 (1) RATS/CTD527 (1) RATS/CTD529 (1) RATS/CTD53 (1) RATS/CTD531 (1) RATS/CTD534 (1) RATS/CTD536 (1) RATS/CTD538 (1) RATS/CTD540 (1) RATS/CTD542 (1) RATS/CTD545 (1) RATS/CTD547 (1) RATS/CTD549 (1) RATS/CTD55 (1) RATS/CTD551 (1) RATS/CTD553 (1) RATS/CTD555 (1) RATS/CTD557 (1) RATS/CTD559 (1) RATS/CTD561 (1) RATS/CTD563 (1) RATS/CTD565 (1) RATS/CTD567 (1) RATS/CTD569 (1) RATS/CTD571 (1) RATS/CTD573 (1) RATS/CTD575 (1) RATS/CTD577 (1) RATS/CTD579 (1) RATS/CTD58 (1) RATS/CTD581 (1) RATS/CTD583 (1) RATS/CTD585 (1) RATS/CTD587 (1) RATS/CTD589 (1) RATS/CTD591 (1) RATS/CTD593 (1) RATS/CTD595 (1) RATS/CTD597 (1) RATS/CTD599 (1) RATS/CTD60 (1) RATS/CTD601 (1) RATS/CTD603 (1) RATS/CTD605 (1) RATS/CTD607 (1) RATS/CTD609 (1) RATS/CTD611 (1) RATS/CTD613 (1) RATS/CTD615 (1) RATS/CTD617 (1) RATS/CTD619 (1) RATS/CTD62 (1) RATS/CTD621 (1) RATS/CTD623 (1) RATS/CTD625 (1) RATS/CTD627 (1) RATS/CTD629 (1) RATS/CTD631 (1) RATS/CTD633 (1) RATS/CTD635 (1) RATS/CTD637 (1) RATS/CTD639 (1) RATS/CTD64 (1) RATS/CTD654 (1) RATS/CTD66 (1) RATS/CTD669 (1) RATS/CTD678 (1) RATS/CTD68 (1) RATS/CTD687 (1) RATS/CTD695 (1) RATS/CTD70 (1) RATS/CTD705 (1) RATS/CTD72 (1) RATS/CTD722 (1) RATS/CTD724 (1) RATS/CTD727 (1) RATS/CTD729 (1) RATS/CTD731 (1) RATS/CTD733 (1) RATS/CTD735 (1) RATS/CTD737 (1) RATS/CTD739 (1) RATS/CTD74 (1) RATS/CTD741 (1) RATS/CTD743 (1) RATS/CTD745 (1) RATS/CTD747 (1) RATS/CTD749 (1) RATS/CTD751 (1) RATS/CTD753 (1) RATS/CTD755 (1) RATS/CTD757 (1) RATS/CTD759 (1) RATS/CTD761 (1) RATS/CTD763 (1) RATS/CTD765 (1) RATS/CTD767 (1) RATS/CTD77 (1) RATS/CTD771 (1) RATS/CTD773 (1) RATS/CTD775 (1) RATS/CTD777 (1) RATS/CTD779 (1) RATS/CTD781 (1) RATS/CTD783 (1) RATS/CTD785 (1) RATS/CTD787 (1) RATS/CTD789 (1) RATS/CTD795 (1) RATS/CTD797 (1) RATS/CTD799 (1) RATS/CTD80 (1) RATS/CTD801 (1) RATS/CTD803 (1) RATS/CTD805 (1) RATS/CTD807 (1) RATS/CTD809 (1) RATS/CTD811 (1) RATS/CTD813 (1) RATS/CTD817 (1) RATS/CTD819 (1) RATS/CTD82 (1) RATS/CTD821 (1) RATS/CTD823 (1) RATS/CTD825 (1) RATS/CTD827 (1) RATS/CTD829 (1) RATS/CTD831 (1) RATS/CTD833 (1) RATS/CTD837 (1) RATS/CTD839 (1) RATS/CTD84 (1) RATS/CTD841 (1) RATS/CTD843 (1) RATS/CTD845 (1) RATS/CTD847 (1) RATS/CTD849 (1) RATS/CTD851 (1) RATS/CTD853 (1) RATS/CTD855 (1) RATS/CTD857 (1) RATS/CTD859 (1) RATS/CTD861 (1) RATS/CTD863 (1) RATS/CTD865 (1) RATS/CTD867 (1) RATS/CTD869 (1) RATS/CTD87 (1) RATS/CTD871 (1) RATS/CTD873 (1) RATS/CTD879 (1) RATS/CTD881 (1) RATS/CTD883 (1) RATS/CTD885 (1) RATS/CTD887 (1) RATS/CTD889 (1) RATS/CTD89 (1) RATS/CTD891 (1) RATS/CTD893 (1) RATS/CTD895 (1) RATS/CTD897 (1) RATS/CTD899 (1) RATS/CTD901 (1) RATS/CTD903 (1) RATS/CTD905 (1) RATS/CTD907 (1) RATS/CTD909 (1) RATS/CTD91 (1) RATS/CTD913 (1) RATS/CTD915 (1) RATS/CTD917 (1) RATS/CTD919 (1) RATS/CTD921 (1) RATS/CTD923 (1) RATS/CTD925 (1) RATS/CTD927 (1) RATS/CTD929 (1) RATS/CTD93 (1) RATS/CTD931 (1) RATS/CTD933 (1) RATS/CTD935 (1) RATS/CTD937 (1) RATS/CTD939 (1) RATS/CTD941 (1) RATS/CTD943 (1) RATS/CTD945 (1) RATS/CTD947 (1) RATS/CTD949 (1) RATS/CTD951 (1) RATS/CTD953 (1) RATS/CTD955 (1) RATS/CTD957 (1) RATS/CTD959 (1) RATS/CTD96 (1) RATS/CTD961 (1) RATS/CTD963 (1) RATS/CTD965 (1) RATS/CTD967 (1) RATS/CTD969 (1) RATS/CTD971 (1) RATS/CTD973 (1) RATS/CTD975 (1) RATS/CTD977 (1) RATS/CTD979 (1) RATS/CTD98 (1) RATS/CTD981 (1) RATS/CTD983 (1) RATS/CTD985 (1) RATS/CTD987 (1) RATS/CTD989 (1) RATS/CTD991 (1)
The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:
|<||Below detection limit|
|>||In excess of quoted value|
|A||Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)|
|B||Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast|
|C||Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)|
|E||End of CTD Down/Up Cast|
|G||Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty|
|I||Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)|
|K||Improbable value - unknown quality control source|
|L||Improbable value - originator's quality control|
|M||Improbable value - BODC quality control|
|O||Improbable value - user quality control|