Dry and wet deposition of aerosol particles to the ocean surface is a major transport pathway of trace nutrients such as iron, nitrogen and phosphorous into the oceans. Currently, no satisfactory technique exists for direct estimation of dry deposition fluxes. At present, the best approach for estimating dry deposition of particles uses the model-based parameterisation developed by Slinn and Slinn (1980) or some more recent modification of it.
Wet deposition is easier to measure (i.e. precipitation rate and chemical composition), but sampling tends to be opportunistic on research cruises. Reliable multi-year studies do exist, but at relatively few marine locations (e.g. Moody et al., 1991; Galloway et al., 1993).
Implementation Group 2, Physical processes controlling air-sea exchange, also examines transfer velocity (k).