European Directory of Marine Environmental Data (EDMED)
Data set information
| Query EDMED |
|Data set name|
GISST - Global sea-ice and Sea Surface Temperature data
|Data holding centre||Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research|
|Time period||Monthly mean SST and sea-ice coverage, 1903-1994 (GISST2.2). Monthly mean SST and sea-ice coverage, 1871 to present (GISST2.3b). Monthly normals for 1961 to 1990|
Global cover - 1° x 1° grid
Temperature of the water column; Snow and ice mass, thickness and extent
Global fields were created using a variety of techniques including EOF reconstruction. These data have been shown to contain good ENSO variability back to the late nineteenth century and benefit from a consistent variation of SST with sea-ice concentration within the marginal ice zone. The sea-ice data contain inhomogeneities, particularly in the Southern Hemisphere, and should not be used for studies of sea ice variability. The HadISST1 data set has been shown to be an improvement upon (and has superseded) the GISST data set.
|Originators||Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research|
Parker, D. E., Folland, C. K. & Jackson, M. (1995) Marine surface temperature: observed variations and data requirements., Climatic Change, Vol 31 (1-2):559-600.; Parker, D.E., Jackson, M. and Horton, E.B. (1995) The GISST2.2 sea surface temperature and sea ice climatology., Climate Research Technical Note 63, unpublished document available from the Hadley Centre.; Rayner, N. A., Horton, E. B., Parker, D. E., Folland, C. K. and Hackett, R. B. (1996) Version 2.2 of the Global Sea-Ice and Sea Surface Temperature Data Set, 1903-1994., Climate Research Technical Note 74, unpublished document available from Hadley Centre.
|Data web site||http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/research/hadleycentre/obsdata/GISST.html|
|Organisation||Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research|
Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research
|Collating centre||British Oceanographic Data Centre|