European Directory of Marine Environmental Data (EDMED)

Data set information

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General
Data set name

GISST - Global sea-ice and Sea Surface Temperature data

Data holding centreHadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research
CountryUnited Kingdom  United Kingdom
Time periodMonthly mean SST and sea-ice coverage, 1903-1994 (GISST2.2). Monthly mean SST and sea-ice coverage, 1871 to present (GISST2.3b). Monthly normals for 1961 to 1990
OngoingYes
Geographical area

Global cover - 1° x 1° grid

Observations 
Parameters

Temperature of the water column; Snow and ice mass, thickness and extent

Instruments

Inapplicable

Description 
Summary

Global fields were created using a variety of techniques including EOF reconstruction. These data have been shown to contain good ENSO variability back to the late nineteenth century and benefit from a consistent variation of SST with sea-ice concentration within the marginal ice zone. The sea-ice data contain inhomogeneities, particularly in the Southern Hemisphere, and should not be used for studies of sea ice variability. The HadISST1 data set has been shown to be an improvement upon (and has superseded) the GISST data set.

OriginatorsHadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research
References

Parker, D. E., Folland, C. K. & Jackson, M. (1995) Marine surface temperature: observed variations and data requirements., Climatic Change, Vol 31 (1-2):559-600.; Parker, D.E., Jackson, M. and Horton, E.B. (1995) The GISST2.2 sea surface temperature and sea ice climatology., Climate Research Technical Note 63, unpublished document available from the Hadley Centre.; Rayner, N. A., Horton, E. B., Parker, D. E., Folland, C. K. and Hackett, R. B. (1996) Version 2.2 of the Global Sea-Ice and Sea Surface Temperature Data Set, 1903-1994., Climate Research Technical Note 74, unpublished document available from Hadley Centre.

Data web sitehttp://www.metoffice.gov.uk/research/hadleycentre/obsdata/GISST.html
Availability 
OrganisationHadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research
AvailabilityUnrestricted
ContactNick Rayner
Address

Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research
Met Office FitzRoy Road
Exeter
Devon
EX1 3PB
United Kingdom

Emailnick.rayner@metoffice.gov.uk
Administration 
Collating centreBritish Oceanographic Data Centre
Local identifier1026027
Global identifier367
Last revised2009-10-19