European Directory of Marine Environmental Data (EDMED)

Data set information

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General
Data set name

Oceanographic data from the Discovery Reports (1925-1951)

Data holding centreBritish Oceanographic Data Centre
CountryUnited Kingdom  United Kingdom
Time periodFrom 1925 to 1939; from 1950 to 1951
OngoingNo
Geographical area

Primarily Southern Ocean, but also North Atlantic, South Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Indian Ocean and South Pacific

Observations 
Parameters

Alkalinity, acidity and pH of the water column; Air pressure; Air temperature; Dissolved oxygen parameters in the water column; Wind strength and direction; Wave direction; Wave height estimates; Bathymetry and Elevation; Nitrate concentration parameters in the water column; Nitrite concentration parameters in the water column; Other meteorological measurements; Phosphate concentration parameters in the water column; Salinity of the water column; Silicate concentration parameters in the water column; Temperature of the water column

Instruments

Meteorological packages; bathythermographs; single-beam echosounders; discrete water samplers; salinity sensor; dissolved gas sensors; observers

Description 
Summary

The data set includes depth soundings, water temperature, salinity, oxygen and nutrient (phosphate, silicate, nitrite, nitrate) data, meteorological measurements (temperature, pressure), and wind and sea state observations. The data primarily originate from the Southern Ocean, although some data from the North Atlantic, the South Atlantic, the Mediterranean Sea, off the coast of Australia, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Pacific Ocean are also included. The data were collected between 1925 and 1951 and are held in the series of nine Discovery Reports published between 1929 and 1957. These reports contain station lists of measurements taken by RRS Discovery and RRS William Scoresby and staff of the Marine Biological Station at South Georgia between 1925 and 1939, plus station lists of observations made by RRS William Scoresby and RRS Discovery between 1950 and 1951. Discovery station numbers 1 to 2911, William Scoresby stations WS1 to WS1107, Marine Biological Station MS1 to MS106, South Sandwich Islands stations 1 to 58 and Ross Sea stations 1 to 29 are included in the data set. The Discovery Project was commissioned by the Royal Society as a series of Antarctic cruises, originally with the aim of investigating the commercial whaling industry. The Discovery Reports are currently held at the British Oceanographic Data Centre in paper format. There is an ongoing effort to digitise the reports and the intention is to store these digitised versions at BODC.

OriginatorsInstitute of Oceanographic Sciences Wormley Laboratory
References

National Institute of Oceanography (1929) Discovery Report: Vol I, ; National Institute of Oceanography. (1930) Discovery Report: Vol III, ; National Institute of Oceanography. (1932) Discovery Report: Vol IV, ; National Institute of Oceanography (1941) Discovery Report: Vol XXI, ; National Institute of Oceanography (1942) Discovery Report: Vol XXII, ; National Institute of Oceanography (1944) Discovery Report: Vol XXIV part 1, ; National Institute of Oceanography (1947) Discovery Report: Vol XXIV part 2, ; National Institute of Oceanography (1949) Discovery Report: Vol XXV, ; National Institute of Oceanography (1953) Discovery Report: Vol XXVI, ; National Institute of Oceanography (1957) Discovery Report: Vol XXVIII,

Availability 
OrganisationBritish Oceanographic Data Centre
AvailabilityUnrestricted
ContactPolly Hadžiabdić (Head of the BODC Requests Team)
Address

British Oceanographic Data Centre
Joseph Proudman Building 6 Brownlow Street
Liverpool
Merseyside
L3 5DA
United Kingdom

Telephone+44 (0) 151 795 4884
Emailenquiries@bodc.ac.uk
Administration 
Collating centreBritish Oceanographic Data Centre
Local identifier1048044
Global identifier584
Last revised2010-09-16