Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 1359943

Metadata Summary

Data Description

Data Category Meteorology -unspecified
Instrument Type
Vaisala HMP temperature and humidity sensor  meteorological packages
Vaisala PTB100 barometric pressure sensor  meteorological packages
Vaisala WAA151 cup anemometer  anemometers
Vaisala WAV151 wind vane  anemometers
Kipp and Zonen CM6B pyranometer  radiometers
Skye Instruments SKE510 PAR energy sensor  radiometers
Instrument Mounting research vessel
Originating Country United Kingdom
Originator Prof Patrick Holligan
Originating Organization University of Southampton School of Ocean and Earth Science
Processing Status banked
Project(s) Atlantic Meridional Transect Phase2(AMT)

Data Identifiers

Originator's Identifier AMT17_PRODQXF_MET
BODC Series Reference 1359943

Time Co-ordinates(UT)

Start Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2005-10-15 08:25
End Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2005-11-26 05:50
Nominal Cycle Interval 60.0 seconds

Spatial Co-ordinates

Start Latitude 55.86700 N ( 55° 52.0' N )
End Latitude 35.46510 S ( 35° 27.9' S )
Start Longitude 4.35280 W ( 4° 21.2' W )
End Longitude 18.87120 E ( 18° 52.3' E )
Positional Uncertainty 0.0 to 0.01 n.miles
Minimum Sensor Depth -18.7 m
Maximum Sensor Depth -18.7 m
Minimum Sensor Height -
Maximum Sensor Height -
Sea Floor Depth -
Sensor Distribution Fixed common depth - All sensors are grouped effectively at the same depth which is effectively fixed for the duration of the series
Sensor Depth Datum Approximate - Depth is only approximate
Sea Floor Depth Datum -


BODC CODE Rank Units Short Title Title
AADYAA01 1 Days Date(Loch_Day) Date (time from 00:00 01/01/1760 to 00:00 UT on day)
AAFDZZ01 1 Days Time(Day_Fract) Time (time between 00:00 UT and timestamp)
ALATGP01 1 Degrees Lat_GPS Latitude north (WGS84) by unspecified GPS system
ALONGP01 1 Degrees Lon_GPS Longitude east (WGS84) by unspecified GPS system
CAPHZZ01 1 Millibars AirPress Pressure (measured variable) exerted by the atmosphere
CDTASS01 1 Degrees Celsius AirTemp Temperature of the atmosphere by dry bulb thermometer
CRELSS01 1 Percent Air_RelHumid Relative humidity of the atmosphere by humidity sensor
CSLRR1XS 1 Watts per square metre Solar_rad_MaxSens Downwelling vector irradiance as energy (solar (300-3000nm) wavelengths) in the atmosphere by pyranometer and taking the maximum value from two or more sensors
DWIRRXMX 1 Watts per square metre SurfVParMax Downwelling vector irradiance as energy (PAR wavelengths) in the atmosphere by cosine-collector radiometer and taking the maximum value from two or more sensors
ERWDSS01 1 Degrees RelWindDirFrom Wind direction (relative to moving platform) in the atmosphere by in-situ anemometer
ERWSSS01 1 Metres per second RelWindSpd Wind speed (relative to moving platform) in the atmosphere by in-situ anemometer
EWDASS01 1 Degrees True WindDirFrom Wind from direction in the atmosphere by in-situ anemometer
EWSBSS01 1 Metres per second WindSpd Wind speed in the atmosphere by in-situ anemometer

Definition of Rank

  • Rank 1 is a one-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 2 is a two-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 0 is a one-dimensional parameter describing the second dimension of a two-dimensional parameter (e.g. bin depths for moored ADCP data)

Problem Reports

No Problem Report Found in the Database

RRS Discovery AMT17 (D299) - Continuous Underway Meteorological Data Quality Report

Two unusually large gaps in all meteorological and surface hydrography data streams occurred at the beginning of the cruise on 15/10/2005 between 08:40 and 16:00 and on 16/10/2005 between 11:48 and 15:41 GMT. These gaps are not mentioned in the cruise report. UKORS technical cruise report does mention that a new logging PC and device manager were being tried and this may explain the unusual problems.

N.B.The underway data finishes two days before the end of the cruise.

Light sensors

The port TIR and PAR sensors read slightly lower (50-60 Wm-2 and 10-20 Wm-2 respectively) than the starboard sensors for a large portion of the cruise, however the trends were consistent

Wind data

The absolute wind speed is noisy but looks OK in terms of range and variations. Wind direction occasionally variable too, but there was no obvious systematic interference with the ship's structure.

Data Access Policy

Open Data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)

You must always use the following attribution statement to acknowledge the source of the information: "Contains data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council."

Narrative Documents

Kipp and Zonen Pyranometer Model CM6B

The CM6B pyranometer is intended for routine global solar radiation measurement research on a level surface. The CM6B features a sixty-four thermocouple junction (series connected) sensing element. The sensing element is coated with a highly stable carbon based non-organic coating, which delivers excellent spectral absorption and long term stability characteristics. The sensing element is housed under two concentric fitting Schott K5 glass domes.


Dimensions (W x H) 150.0 mm x 91.5 mm
Weight 850 grams
Operating Temperature -40°C to +80°C
Spectral Range 305 - 2800 nm
(50% points)
Sensitivity 9 -15 µV/W/m 2
Impedance (nominal) 70 - 100 ohm
Response Time (95%) 30 sec
Non-linearity < ± 1.2% (<1000 W/m 2 )
Temperature dependence of sensitivity < ± 2% (-10 to +40°C)
Zero-offset due to temperature changes < ± 4 W/m 2 at 5 K/h temperature change

Skye Instruments PAR Energy Sensor Model SKE 510

The SKE 510 is suitable for measuring photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) from natural or artificial light sources. The sensor is fully waterproof and guaranteed submersible to 4m depth, and indoor versions are also available.

The instrument uses a blue-enhanced planar diffused silicon detector to measure energy (in W m -2 ) over the 400-700 nm waveband. It has a cosine-corrected head and a square spectral response. The sensor can operate over a temperature range of -35 to 70 °C and a humidity range of 0-100% RH.


Sensitivity (current) 1.5µA or 100 W m -2
Sensitivity (voltage) 1mV or 100 W m -2
Working Range 0-5000 W m -2
Linearity error 0.2%
Absolute calibration error typ. less than 3%
5% max
Response time - voltage output 10 ns
Cosine error 3%
Azimuth error less than 1%
Temperature co-efficient ±0.1% per °C
Internal resistance - voltage output c. 300 ohms
Longterm stability ±2%
Material Dupont 'Delrin'
Dimensions 34 mm diameter
38mm height
Cable 2 core screened
7 - 2 - 2C
Sensor Passband 400 - 700 nm
Detector Silicon photocell
Filters Glass type and/or metal interference

Vaisala Analog Barometers Models PTB100 (A), (B) and PTB101 (B), (C)

The PTB 100 series analog barometers are designed both for accurate barometric measurements at room temperature and for general environmental pressure monitoring over a wide temperature range. The long-term stability of the barometer minimizes the need for field adjustment in many applications.

Physical Specifications

Size 97 x 60 x 22 mm
Weight 85g

The barometers use the BAROCAP * silicon capacitive absolute pressure sensor developed by Vaisala for barometric pressure measurements. The BAROCAP * sensor combines the elasticity characteristics and mechanical stability of a single-crystal silicon with the proven capacitive detection principle.

Sensor Specifications

Model Number Pressure Range
Temperature Range
Humidity Range Total Accuracy
PTB100A 800 to 1060 -40 to +60 non-condensing +20 °C ± 0.3 mbar
0 to +40 °C ± 1.0 mbar
-20 to +45 °C ± 1.5 mbar
-40 to +60 °C ± 2.5 mbar
PTB100B 600 to 1060 -40 to +60 non-condensing +20 °C ± 0.5 mbar
0 to +40 °C ± 1.5 mbar
-20 to +45 °C ± 2.0 mbar
-40 to +60 °C ± 3.0 mbar
PTB101B 600 to 1060 -40 to +60 non-condensing +20 °C ± 0.5 mbar
0 to +40 °C ± 1.5 mbar
-20 to +45 °C ± 2.0 mbar
-40 to +60 °C ± 3.0 mbar
PTB101C 900 to 1100 -40 to +60 non-condensing +20 °C ± 0.3 mbar
0 to +40 °C ± 1.0 mbar
-20 to +45 °C ± 1.5 mbar
-40 to +60 °C ± 2.5 mbar

* BAROCAP is a registered trademark of Vaisala

Vaisala Temperature and Relative Humidity HMP Sensors

A family of sensors and instruments (sensors plus integral displays or loggers) for the measurement of air temperature and relative humidity. All are based on a probe containing a patent (HUMICAP) capacitive thin polymer film capacitanece humidity sensor and a Pt100 platinum resistance thermometer. The probes are available with a wide range of packaging, cabling and interface options all of which have designations of the form HMPnn or HMPnnn such as HMP45 and HMP230. Vaisala sensors are incorporated into weather stations and marketed by Campbell Scientific.

All versions operate at up to 100% humidity. Operating temperature ranges vary between models, allowing users to select the version best suited to their requirements.

Further details can be found in the manufacturer's specification sheets for the HMP 45 series , HMP 70 series and HMP 230 series .

Vaisala WA15 Wind Set

The WAA151 combines a WAA151 anemometer and a WAV151 wind vane, to measure wind speed and direction.

WAA151 Anemometer

The anemometer has three lightweight conical cups in the cup wheel. A wind-rotated chopper disc, attached to the cup wheel's shaft, cuts an infrared light beam 14 times per revolution, generating a pulse output from a phototransistor. The output rate can be regarded as directly proportional to the wind speed. However, for the best accuracy, a transfer function is used to compensate starting inertia and slight over-speeding:

U f = 0.328 + 0.101 x R, where U f = wind speed and R = output pulse rate

A thermostatically controlled heating element in the shaft tunnel prevents the bearings from freezing in cold environments.

WAV151 Wind Vane

The WAV151 is a counter-balanced optelectronic wind vane. Infrared LEDs and phototransistors are mounted in six orbits around a 6 bit Gray coded disc. Turned by the vane, the disc determines the code received by the phototransistors.


  WAA151 Anemometer WAV151 Wind Vane
Measurement range 0.4-75 m s -1 0-300° (at 0.4-75 m s -1 )
Starting threshold < 0.5 m s -1 < 0.4 m s -1
Resolution - ±2.8°
Accuracy ±0.17 m s -1 (within range 0.4-60 m s -1 ) < ± 3°
Output 0-750 Hz square wave 6 bit parallel Gray code
Operating temperature -50°C to 55°C -50°C to 55°C

Further details can be found in the manufacturer's specification document .

RRS Discovery AMT17 (D299) - Continuous Underway Meteorology Instrumentation Document


Manufacturer Model Main Function Serial Number Comments
Trimble 4000DS Position (Latitude and Longitude) - -
Vaisala Anemometer VAA Wind speed P50421 Serial number is based on other cruises around the same time
Vaisala Wind vane WAV151 Wind direction S21214 Serial number is based on other cruises around the same time
Vaisala HMP44L Temperature/Humidity U1420016 -
Vaisala PTB100A Pressure Z4740021 -
Kipp & Zonen CM6B TIR 07462 and 07463 Port and Starboard respectively
Skye Instruments SKE510 1204 PAR 28558 and 28557 Port and Starboard respectively

RRS Discovery AMT17 (D299) - Continuous Underway Meteorological Processing Documentation

Originator's Processing

SurfMet, the UKORS surface water and meteorological suite of instrumentation was run for the duration of the cruise. The data were logged to the RVS format 'surfmet' file.

BODC Data Processing


Data from the full-resolution RVS files were converted to ASCII format and then transferred to BODC's NetCDF format (QXF) under the BODC Underway Data System (BUDS). This transfer involved reducing the data to 60 second intervals using averaging. Directional data were reduced by averaging using a unit circle.


Each data channel was inspected on a graphics workstation and any spikes or periods of dubious data were flagged. The power of the workstation software was used to carry out comparative screening checks between channels by overlaying data channels. A map of the cruise track was simultaneously displayed in order to take account of the oceanographic context.

Data processing

The data were loaded from the RVS file 'surfmet'.

Relative wind speed and direction were logged from the meteorological package during the cruise. The anemometer was positioned with 0 degrees at the ship's stern. The ship's speed relative to the ground was calculated at BODC using the ship's navigational information and the ship's heading. The speed and heading were then used to correct the wind data for the effect of the ship's movement. Absolute wind speed and direction channels were created.

The raw voltage channels were transferred for the PAR and TIR sensors. These channels were converted to Wm -2 using the calibration coefficients from the calibration certificates supplied to BODC by UKORS. For the PAR sensors the conversion was 1 mV = 100 Wm -2 (conversion x105) and for the TIR sensors the conversion was 1 µV = 1 Wm -2 (conversion x10 6 ).



The PAR data were corrected from the effect of shading by merging the calibrated values from the starboard and port PAR sensors into one channel and taking the maximum values from the two sensors (BODC ICALRF = 6135).

Total Irradiance

The TIR data were corrected from the effect of shading by merging the calibrated values from the starboard and port TIR sensors into one channel and taking the maximum values from the two sensors (BODC ICALRF = 6258).

Project Information

The Atlantic Meridional Transect - Phase 2 (2002-2006)

Who was involved in the project?

The Atlantic Meridional Transect Phase 2 was designed by and implemented by a number of UK research centres and universities. The programme was hosted by Plymouth Marine Laboratory in collaboration with the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton. The universities involved were:

What was the project about?

AMT began in 1995, with scientific aims to assess mesoscale to basin scale phytoplankton processes, the functional interpretation of bio-optical signatures and the seasonal, regional and latitudinal variations in mesozooplankton dynamics. In 2002, when the programme restarted, the scientific aims were broadened to address a suite of cross-disciplinary questions concerning ocean plankton ecology and biogeochemistry and the links to atmospheric processes.

The objectives included the determination of:

The data were collected with the aim of being distributed for use in the development of models to describe the interactions between the global climate system and ocean biogeochemistry.

When was the project active?

The second phase of funding allowed the project to continue for the period 2002 to 2006 and consisted of six research cruises. The first phase of the AMT programme ran from 1995 to 2000.

Brief summary of the project fieldwork/data

The fieldwork on the first three cruises was carried out along transects from the UK to the Falkland Islands in September and from the Falkland Islands to the UK in April. The last three cruises followed a cruise track between the UK and South Africa, only deviating from the traditional transect in the southern hemisphere. During this phase the research cruises sampled further into the centre of the North and South Atlantic Ocean and also along the north-west coast of Africa where upwelled nutrient rich water is known to provide a significant source of climatically important gases.

Who funded the project?

Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)

Data Activity or Cruise Information


Cruise Name D299 (AMT17)
Departure Date 2005-10-15
Arrival Date 2005-11-28
Principal Scientist(s)Patrick M Holligan (University of Southampton School of Ocean and Earth Science)
Ship RRS Discovery

Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here

Fixed Station Information

No Fixed Station Information held for the Series

BODC Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
Blank Unqualified
< Below detection limit
> In excess of quoted value
A Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)
B Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast
C Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)
D Thermometric depth
E End of CTD Down/Up Cast
G Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty
H Extrapolated value
I Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)
K Improbable value - unknown quality control source
L Improbable value - originator's quality control
M Improbable value - BODC quality control
N Null value
O Improbable value - user quality control
P Trace/calm
Q Indeterminate
R Replacement value
S Estimated value
T Interpolated value
U Uncalibrated
W Control value
X Excessive difference

SeaDataNet Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
0 no quality control
1 good value
2 probably good value
3 probably bad value
4 bad value
5 changed value
6 value below detection
7 value in excess
8 interpolated value
9 missing value
A value phenomenon uncertain