Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 1631758


Metadata Summary

Data Description

Data Category Water sample data
Instrument Type
NameCategories
Niskin bottle  discrete water samplers
Instrument Mounting lowered unmanned submersible
Originating Country United Kingdom
Originator Mr Malcolm Woodward
Originating Organization Plymouth Marine Laboratory
Processing Status banked
Online delivery of data Download available - Ocean Data View (ODV) format
Project(s) Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT)
 

Data Identifiers

Originator's Identifier AMT5_CTD_NUTS_62:AMT5003
BODC Series Reference 1631758
 

Time Co-ordinates(UT)

Start Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 1997-09-18 10:22
End Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) -
Nominal Cycle Interval -
 

Spatial Co-ordinates

Latitude 47.98378 N ( 47° 59.0' N )
Longitude 13.20512 W ( 13° 12.3' W )
Positional Uncertainty Unspecified
Minimum Sensor or Sampling Depth 7.1 m
Maximum Sensor or Sampling Depth 252.0 m
Minimum Sensor or Sampling Height -
Maximum Sensor or Sampling Height -
Sea Floor Depth -
Sea Floor Depth Source -
Sensor or Sampling Distribution Unspecified -
Sensor or Sampling Depth Datum Unspecified -
Sea Floor Depth Datum Unspecified -
 

Parameters

BODC CODERankUnitsTitle
ADEPZZ011MetresDepth (spatial coordinate) relative to water surface in the water body
BOTTFLAG1Not applicableSampling process quality flag (BODC C22)
NTRIAATX1Micromoles per litreConcentration of nitrite {NO2- CAS 14797-65-0} per unit volume of the water body [dissolved plus reactive particulate phase] by colorimetric autoanalysis
NTRZAATX1Micromoles per litreConcentration of nitrate+nitrite {NO3+NO2} per unit volume of the water body [dissolved plus reactive particulate phase] by colorimetric autoanalysis
PHOSAATX1Micromoles per litreConcentration of phosphate {PO43- CAS 14265-44-2} per unit volume of the water body [dissolved plus reactive particulate phase] by colorimetric autoanalysis
SAMPRFNM1DimensionlessSample reference number
SLCAAATX1Micromoles per litreConcentration of silicate {SiO44- CAS 17181-37-2} per unit volume of the water body [dissolved plus reactive particulate phase] by colorimetric autoanalysis

Definition of BOTTFLAG

BOTTFLAGDefinition
0The sampling event occurred without any incident being reported to BODC.
1The filter in an in-situ sampling pump physically ruptured during sample resulting in an unquantifiable loss of sampled material.
2Analytical evidence (e.g. surface water salinity measured on a sample collected at depth) indicates that the water sample has been contaminated by water from depths other than the depths of sampling.
3The feedback indicator on the deck unit reported that the bottle closure command had failed. General Oceanics deck units used on NERC vessels in the 80s and 90s were renowned for reporting misfires when the bottle had been closed. This flag is also suitable for when a trigger command is mistakenly sent to a bottle that has previously been fired.
4During the sampling deployment the bottle was fired in an order other than incrementing rosette position. Indicative of the potential for errors in the assignment of bottle firing depth, especially with General Oceanics rosettes.
5Water was reported to be escaping from the bottle as the rosette was being recovered.
6The bottle seals were observed to be incorrectly seated and the bottle was only part full of water on recovery.
7Either the bottle was found to contain no sample on recovery or there was no bottle fitted to the rosette position fired (but SBE35 record may exist).
8There is reason to doubt the accuracy of the sampling depth associated with the sample.
9The bottle air vent had not been closed prior to deployment giving rise to a risk of sample contamination through leakage.

Definition of Rank

  • Rank 1 is a one-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 2 is a two-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 0 is a one-dimensional parameter describing the second dimension of a two-dimensional parameter (e.g. bin depths for moored ADCP data)

Problem Reports

No Problem Report Found in the Database


Data Access Policy

Open Data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)

You must always use the following attribution statement to acknowledge the source of the information: "Contains data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council."


Narrative Documents

Niskin Bottle

The Niskin bottle is a device used by oceanographers to collect subsurface seawater samples. It is a plastic bottle with caps and rubber seals at each end and is deployed with the caps held open, allowing free-flushing of the bottle as it moves through the water column.

Standard Niskin

The standard version of the bottle includes a plastic-coated metal spring or elastic cord running through the interior of the bottle that joins the two caps, and the caps are held open against the spring by plastic lanyards. When the bottle reaches the desired depth the lanyards are released by a pressure-actuated switch, command signal or messenger weight and the caps are forced shut and sealed, trapping the seawater sample.

Lever Action Niskin

The Lever Action Niskin Bottle differs from the standard version, in that the caps are held open during deployment by externally mounted stainless steel springs rather than an internal spring or cord. Lever Action Niskins are recommended for applications where a completely clear sample chamber is critical or for use in deep cold water.

Clean Sampling

A modified version of the standard Niskin bottle has been developed for clean sampling. This is teflon-coated and uses a latex cord to close the caps rather than a metal spring. The clean version of the Levered Action Niskin bottle is also teflon-coated and uses epoxy covered springs in place of the stainless steel springs. These bottles are specifically designed to minimise metal contamination when sampling trace metals.

Deployment

Bottles may be deployed singly clamped to a wire or in groups of up to 48 on a rosette. Standard bottles have a capacity between 1.7 and 30 L, while Lever Action bottles have a capacity between 1.7 and 12 L. Reversing thermometers may be attached to a spring-loaded disk that rotates through 180° on bottle closure.

AMT5 Nutrient (micromolar) measurements from CTD bottle samples

Originator's Protocol for Data Acquisition and Analysis

This data originates from analyses of bottle samples taken from 27 CTD casts.

The nutrient analyser used during the AMT-5 cruise was a five-channel Technicon AAII, segmented flow autoanalyser. The chemical methodologies used were: nitrate (Brewer and Riley, 1965), nitrite (Grasshoff, 1976), phosphate (Kirkwood, 1989) and silicate (Kirkwood, 1989). Water samples were taken from the 30 litre CTD/Rosette system (SeaBird) and sub-sampled into clean Nalgene bottles. The analysis of the samples was completed within 3 hours of sampling. Clean handling techniques were employed to avoid any contamination of the samples. No samples were stored.

All CTD samples were analysed successfully with a negligible sample loss rate. As usual, the Technicon system showed its reliability and reproducibility in the extreme environment of marine research.

References Cited

Brewer P.G. and Riley J.P., 1965. The automatic determination of nitrate in sea water. Deep-Sea Research, 12, 765-772.

Grasshoff K., 1976. Methods of seawater analysis. Verlag Chemie, Weiheim: 317 pp.

Kirkwood D.S., 1989. Simultaneous determination of selected nutrients in seawater. ICES CM1989/C:29, 12pp.

Instrumentation Description

Not relevant to this data set.

BODC Data Processing Procedures

Data were submitted to BODC in Microsoft Excel spreadsheet format and saved to the BODC archive with reference PML020061. Sample metadata were checked against information held in the database. Originator's sample ID was matched based on CTD cast, bottle number and firing depth. OIDs were present in the database for the CTD events in the format AMT5xxx, where xxx was the cast number for the cruise.

For three casts (AMT5011, AMT5015 and AMT5030) samples were provided with sample depths that did not correspond to the depths samples for those casts. In these cases the samples were matched to the cruise report depths based on the provided bottle numbers provided in the file. These differences are listed below:

CTD cast Bottle number Originator's Depth (m) Crusie Report Depth (m)
AMT5011 1 250 245
AMT5011 2 180 162
AMT5011 3 150 120
AMT5011 4 120 61
AMT5011 5 100 42
AMT5011 7 90 30
AMT5011 9 75 27
AMT5011 10 40 22
AMT5011 11 20 12
AMT5011 12 10 4
AMT5015 1 250 248
AMT5015 3 140 135
AMT5015 4 100 91
AMT5015 5 80 72
AMT5015 6 70 62
AMT5015 8 60 61
AMT5015 9 50 48
AMT5015 10 40 39
AMT5015 11 20 19
AMT5015 12 2 1
AMT5030 1 250 251
AMT5030 2 160 182
AMT5030 3 125 152
AMT5030 4 90 121
AMT5030 5 75 101
AMT5030 6 65 81
AMT5030 7 50 61
AMT5030 8 35 41
AMT5030 10 25 21
AMT5030 11 10 11
AMT5030 12 2 3

Although the cruise report indicates ammonia measurements were made on the CTD bottle samples and full set of nutrient analyses were made on underway samples along with nanomolar measurements, only the nitrate+nitrite, nitrite, phosphate and silicate measurements were supplied to BODC. The files also contained related data from incubations carried out during the cruise.

Parameter codes defined in BODC parameter dictionary were assigned to the variables. The data were assigned parameter codes defined in BODC parameter dictionary. Data loaded into BODC's database using established BODC data banking procedures.

A parameter mapping table is provided below;

Originator's Parameter Units Description BODC Parameter Code Units Comments
Nitrate+Nitrite µmol l-1 Concentration of nitrate+nitrite {NO3+NO2} per unit volume of the water body [dissolved plus reactive particulate phase] by colorimetric autoanalysis NTRZAATX µmol l-1 -
Nitrite µmol l-1 Concentration of nitrite {NO2} per unit volume of the water body [dissolved plus reactive particulate phase] by colorimetric autoanalysis NTRIAATX µmol l-1 -
Phosphate µmol l-1 Concentration of phosphate {PO4} per unit volume of the water body [dissolved plus reactive particulate phase] by colorimetric autoanalysis PHOSAATX µmol l-1 -
Silicate µmol l-1 Concentration of silicate {SiO4} per unit volume of the water body [dissolved plus reactive particulate phase] by colorimetric autoanalysis SLCAAATX µmol l-1 -

Data Quality Report

BODC has not been advised of any quality checks carried out by the data originator.

Problem Report

Not relevant to this data set.


Project Information

The Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT) - Phase 1 (1995-2000)

Who was involved in the project?

The Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT) programme was designed by and implemented as a collaboration between Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML) and Southampton Oceanography Centre (SOC). The programme was hosted by Plymouth Marine Laboratory and involved additional researchers from UK and international universities throughout its duration.

What was the project about?

When AMT began in 1995 the programme provided a platform for international scientific collaboration, including the calibration and validation of SeaWiFs measurements and products. The programme provided an exceptional opportunity for nationally and internationally driven collaborative research and provided a platform for excellent multi-disciplinary oceanographic research. As an in situ observation system, the data collected by the AMT consortium informed on changes in biodiversity and function of the Atlantic ecosystem during this period of rapid change to our climate and biosphere.

The scientific aims were to assess:

When was the project active?

The first phase of the AMT programme ran from 1995 to 2000 and consisted of a total of 12 cruises. A second phase of funding allowed the project to continue for the period 2002 to 2006 with a further 6 cruises.

Brief summary of the project fieldwork/data

The AMT programme undertook biological, chemical and physical oceanographic research during the annual return passage of the RRS James Clark Ross between the UK and the Falkland Islands or the RRS Discovery between the UK and Cape Town, a distance of up to 13,500 km. This transect crossed a range of ecosystems from sub-polar to tropical and from euphotic shelf seas and upwelling systems to oligotrophic mid-ocean gyres. The transect route was covered north-south in September/October and south-north in April/May of each year.

The measurements of hydrographic and bio-optical properties, plankton community structure and primary production completed on the first 12 transects (1995-2000) represent the most coherent set of repeated biogeochemical observations over ocean basin scales. This unique dataset has led to several important discoveries concerning the identification of oceanic provinces, validation of ocean colour algorithms, distributions of picoplankton, identifying new regional sinks of pCO2 and variability in rates of primary production and respiration.

Who funded the project?

The programme was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and further support was received from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) with equipment and funding from the Sea-viewing Wild Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) project.


Data Activity or Cruise Information

Data Activity

Start Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 1997-09-18
End Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 1997-09-18
Organization Undertaking ActivityPlymouth Marine Laboratory
Country of OrganizationUnited Kingdom
Originator's Data Activity IdentifierAMT5_CTD_AMT5003
Platform Categorylowered unmanned submersible

BODC Sample Metadata Report for AMT5_CTD_AMT5003

Sample reference number Nominal collection volume(l) Bottle rosette position Bottle firing sequence number Minimum pressure sampled (dbar) Maximum pressure sampled (dbar) Depth of sampling point (m) Bottle type Sample quality flag Bottle reference Comments
503176   30.00      255.00  256.00  252.00 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
503177   30.00      162.50  163.50  161.30 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
503178   30.00      101.30  102.40  101.90 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
503179   30.00       80.60   81.60   81.70 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
503180   30.00       61.30   62.40   61.80 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
503181   30.00       41.10   42.10   42.30 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
503182   30.00       31.00   32.30   32.20 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
503183   30.00       15.90   17.50   17.10 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
503184   30.00       11.10   12.40   12.20 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
503185   30.00        6.70    7.50    7.10 Niskin bottle No problem reported    

Please note:the supplied parameters may not have been sampled from all the bottle firings described in the table above. Cross-match the Sample Reference Number above against the SAMPRFNM value in the data file to identify the relevant metadata.

Related Data Activity activities are detailed in Appendix 1

Cruise

Cruise Name JR19970914 (AMT5, JR23)
Departure Date 1997-09-14
Arrival Date 1997-10-17
Principal Scientist(s)James Aiken (Plymouth Marine Laboratory)
Ship RRS James Clark Ross

Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here


Fixed Station Information


No Fixed Station Information held for the Series


BODC Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
Blank Unqualified
< Below detection limit
> In excess of quoted value
A Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)
B Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast
C Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)
D Thermometric depth
E End of CTD Down/Up Cast
G Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty
H Extrapolated value
I Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)
K Improbable value - unknown quality control source
L Improbable value - originator's quality control
M Improbable value - BODC quality control
N Null value
O Improbable value - user quality control
P Trace/calm
Q Indeterminate
R Replacement value
S Estimated value
T Interpolated value
U Uncalibrated
W Control value
X Excessive difference

SeaDataNet Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
0 no quality control
1 good value
2 probably good value
3 probably bad value
4 bad value
5 changed value
6 value below detection
7 value in excess
8 interpolated value
9 missing value
A value phenomenon uncertain
Q value below limit of quantification

Appendix 1: AMT5_CTD_AMT5003

Related series for this Data Activity are presented in the table below. Further information can be found by following the appropriate links.

If you are interested in these series, please be aware we offer a multiple file download service. Should your credentials be insufficient for automatic download, the service also offers a referral to our Enquiries Officer who may be able to negotiate access.

Series IdentifierData CategoryStart date/timeStart positionCruise
1870108Water sample data1997-09-18 10:22:0047.98378 N, 13.20512 WRRS James Clark Ross JR19970914 (AMT5, JR23)