European Directory of Marine Environmental Data (EDMED)

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Data set name

Hydrological data from the Arctic Seas (1996-2006)

Data holding centreInstitute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences (IO PAS)
CountryPoland  Poland
Time period1996 (6 June - 9 August); 1997 (10 June - 9 August); 1998 (10 June - 9 August); 1999 (10 June - 13 August); 2000 (9 June - 15 August); 2001 (21 June - 13 August); 2002 (22 June - 31 July); 2003 (18 June - 4 August); 2004 (20 June - 17 July); 2005 (June - August); 2006 (June - August)
Geographical area

The data set comprises measurements on stations in the following regions: - The main area comprising: the Arctic Seas (the Greenland, Iceland and Norwegian Seas) between latitudes 70° N - 77° N, longitudes 12° E - 17° E and the Arctic Front delimited by longitudes 2° 41'W - 3° 05'E and latitudes 70° 54'N - 72° 32'N. - Spitsbergen's fjords - the area between Faroe and Shetland Islands.


Air pressure; Air temperature; Atmospheric humidity; Electrical conductivity of the water column; Wind strength and direction; Salinity of the water column; Horizontal velocity of the water column (currents); Density of the water column; Temperature of the water column; Solar Radiation


Meteorological packages; current profilers; CTD; CTD undulators; current meters


The investigation of the Arctic Seas started as part of the international Greenland Sea Project (GSP) and is still continued by the Institute of Oceanology. The main area of exploration is situated in the confluence zone of the Atlantic waters (carried by the Norwegian, Atlantic and North-Spitsbergen currents) and Barents Sea waters. The hydrological data collected during every expedition of RV 'Oceania' provide valuable scientific material which allows the study of the interannual variability of hydrological conditions in the main area of heat and salt supply for the Greenland Sea and the estimation of their influence on the process of the formation of intermediate water masses in the Greenland Sea basin. Investigation of the Arctic Front carried out since the year 1993 is the original project of the institute. The general goal is to recognise the structure of the Arctic Front, especially the transfrontal water exchange. The main goal is to determine the role of the mesoscale structures (like gyres and meanders) in the Atlantic water transfer into the Arctic domain (Greenland Sea).

OriginatorsInstitute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences (IO PAS)
Data web site
OrganisationInstitute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences (IO PAS)
ContactMarcin Wichorowski (Head of the Computer Centre and Data Bank)

Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences (IO PAS)
Powstancow Warszawy 55

Telephone+48 58 5517281
Facsimile+48 58 551 21 30
Collating centreInstitute of Meteorology and Water Management National Research Institute, Maritime Branch in Gdynia (IMWM MB)
Local identifier21009014
Global identifier1694
Last revised2009-01-27