Physical oceanography data collected from the Scotia Sea as part of the SMILES project

Data set information

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Data holding centreBritish Oceanographic Data Centre
CountryUnited Kingdom  United Kingdom
Time period21 April to 22 May 2015
Geographical area

Scotia Sea


Turbulence in the water column; Raw fluorometer output; Vertical velocity of the water column (currents); Salinity of the water column; Temperature of the water column; Dissolved oxygen parameters in the water column; Platform or instrument orientation; Visible waveband radiance and irradiance measurements in the water column; Electrical conductivity of the water column; Transmittance and attenuance of the water column; Density of the water column; Wind strength and direction


Current profilers; Global Navigation Satellite System receivers; CTD; water temperature sensor; thermistor chains; meteorological packages


This dataset consists of measurements of various physical oceanographic parameters collected on a comprehensive survey of the Scotia Sea undertaken from 21 April and 22 May 2015. Data were collected on RRS James Clark Ross cruise JR311. Navigation data were collected using an Applanix POSMV system and meteorology and sea surface hydrography were collected using the NMF Surfmet system. Both systems were run through the duration of the cruise, excepting times for cleaning, entering and leaving port, and while alongside. A CTD was launched at 24 stations throughout the cruise. Moving Vessel Profilers, Seasoar towed CTD, oceanloggers, temperature loggers and MSS turbulence profilers were all towed for multiple sections of the cruise. Multiple temperature-chain loggers were deployed at stations throughout the cruise. JR311 was the research cruise conducted as the observational element of the NERC Standard Grant, Surface Mixed Layer Evolution at Submesoscales (SMILES). The project aims to improve our understanding of submesoscale dynamics in regions characterised by strong fronts and where they impact on water mass transformation. For this reason, the field site was chosen to be the subantarctic front (SAF) to the east of Drake Passage where the Antarctic Circumpolar Current generates a pronounced front between the warmer subantarctic water to the north and the subpolar water to the south. To the north of the SAF, subantarctic mode water is formed through a process previously considered to be governed by air-sea interaction alone. SMILES aimed to investigate the extent to which submesoscale dynamics at the SAF and the surrounding region may impact on, and potentially govern, this process of water mass transformation. The Discovery Science project was led by Standard Grant reference NE/J009857/1, with child grants NE/J010472/1, NE/J010367/1 and NE/J008214/1. NE/J009857/1 was held at the University of Plymouth, School of Engineering, led by Dr. Phil Hosegood, running from 01 July 2014 to 31 December 2017. NE/J010472/1 was held at the University of Cambridge, School of Applied Maths and Theoretical Physics, led by Dr John Ryan Taylor, running from 01 April 2013 to 30 September 2016. NE/J010367/1 was held at the Plymouth Marine Laboratory, led by Dr Ricardo Torres, running from 01 June 2014 to 30 June 2017. Finally, NE/J008214/1 was held at the NERC British Antarctic Survey, led by Professor Michael Meredith, running from 01 July 2013 to 31 October 2016. All data have been received by BODC as raw files from the RRS James Cook to be processed and quality controlled using in-house BODC procedures and made available online. Data are available as raw files on request.

OriginatorsUniversity of Plymouth School of Engineering
Data web site
OrganisationBritish Oceanographic Data Centre
ContactPolly Hadžiabdić (Head of the BODC Requests Team)

British Oceanographic Data Centre
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Telephone+44 (0)782 512 0946
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Collating centreBritish Oceanographic Data Centre
Local identifier1048SMILES_project_data
Global identifier6790
Last revised2023-12-08