European Directory of Marine Environmental Data (EDMED)

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Data set name

Assessment of Antifouling Agents in Coastal Environments (1998-2002)

Data holding centrePlymouth Marine Laboratory
CountryUnited Kingdom  United Kingdom
ProjectAssessment of antifouling agents in coastal environments (ACE)(ACE)
Time periodJanuary 1998 to February 2002
Geographical area

European Union coastline


Bioassay and contaminant biological impact; Industrial discharges; Dissolved metal concentrations in the water column; Inorganic chemical composition of sediment or rocks; Concentration of other organic contaminants in sediment samples; Concentration of other organic contaminants in the water column; Dissolved trace metalloid and inorganic selenium concentrations in water bodies


High performance liquid chromatographs; gas chromatograph mass spectrometers


In 1989 the European Community introduced a directive to restrict the use of tributyl-tin (TBT) based antifouling paints on boats under 25 metres. This, in combination with other legislation has provoked paint manufacturers and chemical companies to develop and vend a range of agents for new antifouling paints for the lucrative 'small boat' market and as an addition to TBT-based formulations to enhance efficacy for larger vessels. The types of compounds being used or promoted include some which are known to be highly toxic (e.g. cyanides, arsenic) or to act as endocrine disruptors (e.g. maneb, ziram) but negligible data concerning contamination, (potential) effects and risks of these compounds in the coastal and marine environment are available. This project aims to provide information and tools which enable environmental managers at national and international levels to address the issue of antifouling agents in a systematic, effective manner in an early stage of the use of these compounds. The following activities are being carried out: 1) survey of antifouling products and agetns being used and marketed. 2) assessment of geographical patterns/ differences in usage. 3) establishment of a database with environmental and toxicological properties of these compounds using information from literature or generated in this project. 4) development of suitable analytical techniques to measure environmental levels and to intercompare analyses. 5) assessment of the extent of contamination of European coastlines. 6) investigation of fates and effects in (semi) field conditions 7) prediction of future concentrations and effects in selected European coastal zones with models using the data obtained 8) comparison of products regarding environmental properties (fate, toxicity) and effects using different usage scenarios. Partners involved represent several EU states and cover a large proportion of diverse EU coastal areas.

OriginatorsPlymouth Marine Laboratory
Data web site
OrganisationPlymouth Marine Laboratory
AvailabilityBy negotiation
ContactThe Director

Plymouth Marine Laboratory
Prospect Place The Hoe
United Kingdom

Telephone+44 1752 633100
Facsimile+44 (0)1752 633101
Collating centreBritish Oceanographic Data Centre
Local identifier1053046
Global identifier725
Last revised2010-11-22