RisesAM-OceanWaves: An hourly simulation of sea surface waves for historic (1979-2015) and future (1970-2100) climate

Data set information

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Data holding centreCentre for Environmental Data Analysis
CountryUnited Kingdom  United Kingdom
Time periodHistoric reanalysis period (1979-2015) and climate projections (1970-2100)
Geographical area

Global model runs and regional North East Atlantic runs


Wave direction; Wave height estimates


This data collection comprises four simulations; covering two different domains and two different periods. RisesAM-NEA is a regional model of the North East Atlantic Ocean, and RisesAM-Global covers the world ocean. Each simulation is run for a historic reanalysis period (1979-2015) forced by European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Re-Analysis winds (ERA-Interim, The global models are also forced with sea-ice cover from the same data source. The climate projections (1970-2100) are forced by the EC-Earth model ( Regional models are driven by the same climate models, downscaled to 12km resolution, under the EuroCordex programme ( The data are produced with a spectral wave model; WaveWatchIII (Tolman, 1997). The data on a regular latitude/longitude grid and the global wave model resolution is around 0.8 degrees, and the regional model is 1/12th degree. The NetCDF data include high frequency (hourly) wave data of bulk parameters representing significant wave height, mean wave direction, and energy period. Partitioned wave data are also included for significant wave height, peak period, and direction. These data are presented in three partitions, with a fraction of wind sea specified for each. The data set is produced to investigate the future wave conditions of Europe under climate change. There are two different climate futures explored; RCP8.5 and RCP4.5 (regional concentration pathways). The simulations were run using funding from the European Union’s Seventh Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration under Grant Agreement No: FP7-ENV-2013-Two-Stage-603396-RISES-AM-. This work used the ARCHER UK National Supercomputing Service ( The outputs were supplied by Lucy Bricheno and archived at the Centre for Environmental Data Analysis (CEDA) by the British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC).

OriginatorsNational Oceanography Centre (Liverpool)

Lucy Bricheno, Judith Wolf (2018) Future Wave Conditions of Europe, in Response to High-End Climate Change Scenarios, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

Data web site
OrganisationCentre for Environmental Data Analysis
ContactPolly Hadžiabdić (Head of the BODC Requests Team)

British Oceanographic Data Centre
Joseph Proudman Building 6 Brownlow Street
L3 5DA
United Kingdom

Telephone+44 (0)782 512 0946
Collating centreBritish Oceanographic Data Centre
Local identifier1048_RisesAM-OceanWaves
Global identifier7300
Last revised2023-04-25