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BODC Cruise Metadata Report for RRS James Cook (740H) cruise JC062

Introduction

This report collates information from the BODC cruise inventory and oceanographic databases. It presents

Cruise Inventory Information

Long name RRS James Cook (740H) cruise JC062
Short name JC062
Objectives and Narrative While there has been an increase in the understanding of how climate and surface processes affect deep-sea communities, the ability to understand these links further is thought to be limited by sampling error from undetected habitat heterogeneity (i.e. irregular or uneven habitat distributions). Features like hills, valleys, depressions, small rock outcrops, and biogenic mounds add to habitat complexity, but links between such features and the animals that live among them are very poorly resolved in abyssal plain habitats using current methods.

Our efforts aimed to address the following objectives:
1. We serviced the PAP1, PAP3 and Bathysnap long-term observatory systems. These systems provide data that is critical in understanding connections between climate, surface ocean processes, and change in deep-sea habitats.
2. We ecologically surveyed the region around the PAP - Sustained Observatory (SO) to understand how the topography of the seabed alters the abundance and distribution of fauna in abyssal habitats. This surveying employed the use of acoustic mapping, megacoring, box coring, a baited camera lander, towed cameras, an amphipod trap, and trawling.
3. We also conducted a number of specialised research studies including research on low bandwidth observatory telecommunications, phytoplankton community structure, bioluminescence, the impacts of crude oil on benthic sediment communities, and the effects of pressure on photoreceptors, and the potential impacts of trawling on slope habitats in the Porcupine Seabight. These studies took advantage of the equipment above with the addition of conductivity temperature and depth (CTD) rosette casts and laboratory facilities.

The cruise achieved its main objectives including servicing of mooring infrastructure, ecological mapping of the PAP area, and a survey of potentially impacted sponge communities on the N PSB slope. We were favoured by good weather and what proved to be mainly minor issues with winches and other equipment. We surveyed three abyssal plain areas and four hill areas within the greater vicinity of the PAP-SO. At all of these seven sites we conducted a WASP transect and at least 5 megacore deployments. At all seven survey sites except PAP Cent. we conducted a baited camera and ampipod trap deployment as the deposition of ballast at PAP Cent. was to be avoided. At the PAP Cent. site we also conducted series of five box core deployments. Details on specific activities, their objectives and initial results are provided below including ancillary activities conducted at Goban Spur and the Porcupine Seabight.
Ship RRS James Cook
Departure Port Falmouth, United Kingdom
Departure Date 2011-07-24
Arrival Port Falmouth, United Kingdom
Arrival Date 2011-08-29
Principal Scientist(s) Henry Ruhl (National Oceanography Centre, Southampton)
Responsible Organisation National Oceanography Centre, Southampton
Associated Project(s) Porcupine Abyssal Plain - Sustained Observatory (PAP-SO); OCEANS 2025
IHB Sea Areas Visited North East Atlantic Ocean (limit 40W)
Marsden Squares Visited 146/182
Work Area Description Porcupine Abyssal Plain
Work Area Bounding Polygon 40N,20W; 60N,20W; 60N,10W; 40N,10W; 40N,20W
Southern Limit 40N
Northern Limit 60N
Western Limit 20W
Eastern Limit 10W

Cruise Inventory Datasets

Physical oceanography  
CTD stations Quantity: number of stations = 10
Description: CTD (Sea-Bird SBE 911plus with digiquartz and dual SBE 3P & SBE 4C sensors, Sea-Bird SBE 32 24-way carousel, Sea-Bird SBE 43, Benthos PSA-916T, Aquatracka MKIII, 2 x Chelsea 2pi PAR or ISUS nitrate, WETLabs BBRTD, Chelsea Aquatracka MKII)  
Current profiler (eg ADCP) Quantity: activity duration in days = 35
Description: Teledyne RDI Ocean Observer (75 kHz/150 kHz) ADCP (hull mounted)  
Surface measurements underway (T,S) Quantity: activity duration in days = 35
Description: Sea surface hydrography and meteorology system (2 x Kipp & Zonen CM6B, 2 x SKYE 510, Vaisala HMP45A, Vaisala PTB110, Gill Windsonic option 3, WET Labs WETStar, WET Labs CSTAR, Sea-Bird SBE 45, Sea-Bird SBE 38)  
Transparency (eg transmissometer) Quantity: activity duration in days = 35
Description: Sea surface hydrography and meteorology system (2 x Kipp & Zonen CM6B, 2 x SKYE 510, Vaisala HMP45A, Vaisala PTB110, Gill Windsonic option 3, WET Labs WETStar, WET Labs CSTAR, Sea-Bird SBE 45, Sea-Bird SBE 38)  
Water bottle stations Quantity: number of stations = 10
Description: CTD (Sea-Bird SBE 911plus with digiquartz and dual SBE 3P & SBE 4C sensors, Sea-Bird SBE 32 24-way carousel, Sea-Bird SBE 43, Benthos PSA-916T, Aquatracka MKIII, 2 x Chelsea 2pi PAR or ISUS nitrate, WETLabs BBRTD, Chelsea Aquatracka MKII)  
Chemical oceanography  
Other chemical oceanographic measurements Quantity: number of stations = 65
Description: Dissolved inorganic carbon (non-toxic supply)  
Contamination  
Other contaminant measurements Quantity: number of experiments = 3
Description: Crude oil spill impact experiments (with sediment cores and near bottom seawater)  
Biology and fisheries  
Biochemical measurements (eg lipids, amino acids) Quantity: number of stations = 4
Description: Bioluminescence (CTD profiles and incubation experiments to assess light effect). Supplementary analysis includes; taxonomic analysis of phytoplankton (lugols), picoplankton and bacteria (flow cytometry) and luciferin  
Particulate organic matter (inc POC, PON) Quantity: number of stations = 1
Description: SAPS (600 m, 293 mm GF/F)  
Pelagic bacteria/micro-organisms Quantity: number of stations = 4
Description: Bioluminescence (CTD profiles and incubation experiments to assess light effect). Supplementary analysis includes; taxonomic analysis of phytoplankton (lugols), picoplankton and bacteria (flow cytometry) and luciferin  
Phytobenthos Quantity: number of deployments = 72
Description: Megacore samples  
Phytobenthos Quantity: number of hauls = 2
Description: Otter trawl Semi Balloon (OTSB-14). Spread = 8.6 m, stretch mesh = 44 mm (main), 37 mm (middle), 13 mm (cod end liner)  
Phytobenthos Quantity: number of cores = 7
Description: Box core  
Phytobenthos Quantity: number of track lines = 15
Description: WASP (OSIL Mk7 still camera, Sony DCR-VX1000E video camera)  
Phytoplankton Quantity: number of stations = 77
Description: Phytoplankton community (CTD profiles and non-toxic supply). Supplementary analysis includes plant pigment (HPLC), light microscopy (lugols), flow cytometry and coccolithophore enumeration by SEM  
Phytoplankton Quantity: number of stations = 4
Description: Bioluminescence (CTD profiles and incubation experiments to assess light effect). Supplementary analysis includes; taxonomic analysis of phytoplankton (lugols), picoplankton and bacteria (flow cytometry) and luciferin  
Phytoplankton pigs (eg chlorophyll, fluorescence) Quantity: number of stations = 4
Description: Bioluminescence (CTD profiles and incubation experiments to assess light effect). Supplementary analysis includes; taxonomic analysis of phytoplankton (lugols), picoplankton and bacteria (flow cytometry) and luciferin  
Phytoplankton pigs (eg chlorophyll, fluorescence) Quantity: number of stations = 77
Description: Phytoplankton community (CTD profiles and non-toxic supply). Supplementary analysis includes plant pigment (HPLC), light microscopy (lugols), flow cytometry and coccolithophore enumeration by SEM  
Phytoplankton pigs (eg chlorophyll, fluorescence) Quantity: activity duration in days = 35
Description: Sea surface hydrography and meteorology system (2 x Kipp & Zonen CM6B, 2 x SKYE 510, Vaisala HMP45A, Vaisala PTB110, Gill Windsonic option 3, WET Labs WETStar, WET Labs CSTAR, Sea-Bird SBE 45, Sea-Bird SBE 38)  
Phytoplankton pigs (eg chlorophyll, fluorescence) Quantity: number of stations = 1
Description: Fast Repetition Rate Fluorometer (FRRF) (Chelsae FASTtracka operated in continuous flow-through mode)  
Zooplankton Quantity: number of stations = 1
Description: Zooplankton ring net tow (vertical tow, 200 m mesh, 200 m - surface)  
Meteorology  
Routine standard measurements Quantity: activity duration in days = 35
Description: Sea surface hydrography and meteorology system (2 x Kipp & Zonen CM6B, 2 x SKYE 510, Vaisala HMP45A, Vaisala PTB110, Gill Windsonic option 3, WET Labs WETStar, WET Labs CSTAR, Sea-Bird SBE 45, Sea-Bird SBE 38)  
Geology and geophysics  
Bottom photography Quantity: number of track lines = 15
Description: WASP (OSIL Mk7 still camera, Sony DCR-VX1000E video camera)  
Core - soft bottom Quantity: number of deployments = 72
Description: Megacore samples  
Core - soft bottom Quantity: number of cores = 7
Description: Box core  
Dredge Quantity: number of hauls = 2
Description: Otter trawl Semi Balloon (OTSB-14). Spread = 8.6 m, stretch mesh = 44 mm (main), 37 mm (middle), 13 mm (cod end liner)  
Multi-beam echosounding Quantity: activity duration in days = 35
Description: Echosounding (SIMRAD SBP 120 Sub bottom profiler, SIMRAD EA600 Single beam echo sounder, SIMRAD EM120 System, SIMRAD EM120 Deep water multibeam, Simrad EK-60 Fisheries echo sounder, SIMRAD EM710 Shallow Water Multibeam)  
Single-beam echosounding Quantity: activity duration in days = 35
Description: Echosounding (SIMRAD SBP 120 Sub bottom profiler, SIMRAD EA600 Single beam echo sounder, SIMRAD EM120 System, SIMRAD EM120 Deep water multibeam, Simrad EK-60 Fisheries echo sounder, SIMRAD EM710 Shallow Water Multibeam)  

Cruise Inventory Mooring/Buoy Operations

Latitude Longitude Data type Description
48° 52' N 16° 18' W Bottom photography Baited camera lander deployment (10/8/2011 - 11/8/2011)
49° 5' N 16° 19' W Bottom photography Baited camera lander deployment (13/8/2011 - 14/8/2011)
48° 57' N 16° 33' W Bottom photography Baited camera lander deployment (17/8/2011 - 18/8/2011)
49° 4' N 16° 15' W Bottom photography Baited camera lander deployment (21/8/2011 - 22/8/2011)
48° 58' N 16° 43' W Bottom photography Baited camera lander deployment (4/8/2011 - 6/8/2011)
49° 4' N 16° 40' W Bottom photography Baited camera lander deployment (8/8/2011 - 9/8/2011)
49° 0' N 16° 27' W Bottom photography Bathysnap deployment (21/8/2011)
49° 0' N 16° 27' W Bottom photography Bathysnap deployment (4/8/2011)
49° 0' N 16° 27' W Bottom photography Bathysnap recovery (30/7/2011)
48° 52' N 16° 17' W In-situ seafloor measurement/sampling Amphipod trap deployment (10/8/2011 - 11/8/2011)
49° 6' N 16° 18' W In-situ seafloor measurement/sampling Amphipod trap deployment (13/8/2011 - 14/8/2011)
48° 57' N 16° 33' W In-situ seafloor measurement/sampling Amphipod trap deployment (17/8/2011 - 18/8/2011)
49° 4' N 16° 15' W In-situ seafloor measurement/sampling Amphipod trap deployment (21/8/2011 - 22/8/2011)
48° 58' N 16° 43' W In-situ seafloor measurement/sampling Amphipod trap deployment (4/8/2011 - 6/8/2011)
49° 5' N 16° 40' W In-situ seafloor measurement/sampling Amphipod trap deployment (8/8/2011 - 9/8/2011)
49° 0' N 16° 22' W Other biological/fisheries measurement PAP 1 service and deployment due to telemetry problems 11/8/2011 (ISUS, Seaguard, NAS 3x, 2 x microcats SBE IMP, 6 x Star-Oddis micro CTDs, Osmotic sampler, ProOceanus pCO2, 2 x Satlantic radiometers, ODAS buoy, Oceanographic sensor frame)
49° 0' N 16° 22' W Other biological/fisheries measurement PAP 1 service and deployment due to telemetry problems 16/8/2011 (ISUS, Seaguard, NAS 3x, 2 x microcats SBE IMP, 6 x Star-Oddis micro CTDs, Osmotic sampler, ProOceanus pCO2, 2 x Satlantic radiometers, ODAS buoy, Oceanographic sensor frame)
49° 0' N 16° 22' W Other biological/fisheries measurement PAP1 deployment 29/7/2011 (ISUS, Seaguard, NAS 3x, 2 x microcats SBE IMP, 6 x Star-Oddis micro CTDs, Osmotic sampler, ProOceanus pCO2, 2 x Satlantic radiometers, ODAS buoy, Oceanographic sensor frame)
49° 0' N 16° 22' W Other biological/fisheries measurement PAP1 recovery 28/7/2011 (ISUS, Seaguard, NAS 3x, Wetlabs Eco FLNTUSB, 2 x microcats SBE IMP, ProOceanus pCO2 & GTD, 2 x Satlantic radiometers, ODAS buoy, Oceanographic sensor frame)
49° 0' N 16° 22' W Other chemical oceanographic measurements PAP 1 service and deployment due to telemetry problems 11/8/2011 (ISUS, Seaguard, NAS 3x, 2 x microcats SBE IMP, 6 x Star-Oddis micro CTDs, Osmotic sampler, ProOceanus pCO2, 2 x Satlantic radiometers, ODAS buoy, Oceanographic sensor frame)
49° 0' N 16° 22' W Other chemical oceanographic measurements PAP 1 service and deployment due to telemetry problems 16/8/2011 (ISUS, Seaguard, NAS 3x, 2 x microcats SBE IMP, 6 x Star-Oddis micro CTDs, Osmotic sampler, ProOceanus pCO2, 2 x Satlantic radiometers, ODAS buoy, Oceanographic sensor frame)
49° 0' N 16° 22' W Other chemical oceanographic measurements PAP1 deployment 29/7/2011 (ISUS, Seaguard, NAS 3x, 2 x microcats SBE IMP, 6 x Star-Oddis micro CTDs, Osmotic sampler, ProOceanus pCO2, 2 x Satlantic radiometers, ODAS buoy, Oceanographic sensor frame)
49° 0' N 16° 22' W Other chemical oceanographic measurements PAP1 recovery 28/7/2011 (ISUS, Seaguard, NAS 3x, Wetlabs Eco FLNTUSB, 2 x microcats SBE IMP, ProOceanus pCO2 & GTD, 2 x Satlantic radiometers, ODAS buoy, Oceanographic sensor frame)
49° 0' N 16° 22' W Other meteorological measurements PAP 1 service and deployment due to telemetry problems 11/8/2011 (ISUS, Seaguard, NAS 3x, 2 x microcats SBE IMP, 6 x Star-Oddis micro CTDs, Osmotic sampler, ProOceanus pCO2, 2 x Satlantic radiometers, ODAS buoy, Oceanographic sensor frame)
49° 0' N 16° 22' W Other meteorological measurements PAP 1 service and deployment due to telemetry problems 16/8/2011 (ISUS, Seaguard, NAS 3x, 2 x microcats SBE IMP, 6 x Star-Oddis micro CTDs, Osmotic sampler, ProOceanus pCO2, 2 x Satlantic radiometers, ODAS buoy, Oceanographic sensor frame)
49° 0' N 16° 22' W Other meteorological measurements PAP1 deployment 29/7/2011 (ISUS, Seaguard, NAS 3x, 2 x microcats SBE IMP, 6 x Star-Oddis micro CTDs, Osmotic sampler, ProOceanus pCO2, 2 x Satlantic radiometers, ODAS buoy, Oceanographic sensor frame)
49° 0' N 16° 22' W Other meteorological measurements PAP1 recovery 28/7/2011 (ISUS, Seaguard, NAS 3x, Wetlabs Eco FLNTUSB, 2 x microcats SBE IMP, ProOceanus pCO2 & GTD, 2 x Satlantic radiometers, ODAS buoy, Oceanographic sensor frame)
48° 59' N 16° 29' W Particulate organic matter (inc POC, PON) PAP3 deployment 27/7/2011 (2 x RCM8 , 3 x parflux sediment traps, microcat)
48° 59' N 16° 29' W Particulate organic matter (inc POC, PON) PAP3 recovery 27/7/2011 (2 x RCM8 , 3 x parflux sediment traps)
49° 0' N 16° 22' W Surface drifters/drifting buoys PAP 1 service and deployment due to telemetry problems 11/8/2011 (ISUS, Seaguard, NAS 3x, 2 x microcats SBE IMP, 6 x Star-Oddis micro CTDs, Osmotic sampler, ProOceanus pCO2, 2 x Satlantic radiometers, ODAS buoy, Oceanographic sensor frame)
49° 0' N 16° 22' W Surface drifters/drifting buoys PAP 1 service and deployment due to telemetry problems 16/8/2011 (ISUS, Seaguard, NAS 3x, 2 x microcats SBE IMP, 6 x Star-Oddis micro CTDs, Osmotic sampler, ProOceanus pCO2, 2 x Satlantic radiometers, ODAS buoy, Oceanographic sensor frame)
49° 0' N 16° 22' W Surface drifters/drifting buoys PAP1 deployment 29/7/2011 (ISUS, Seaguard, NAS 3x, 2 x microcats SBE IMP, 6 x Star-Oddis micro CTDs, Osmotic sampler, ProOceanus pCO2, 2 x Satlantic radiometers, ODAS buoy, Oceanographic sensor frame)
49° 0' N 16° 22' W Surface drifters/drifting buoys PAP1 recovery 28/7/2011 (ISUS, Seaguard, NAS 3x, Wetlabs Eco FLNTUSB, 2 x microcats SBE IMP, ProOceanus pCO2 & GTD, 2 x Satlantic radiometers, ODAS buoy, Oceanographic sensor frame)
48° 59' N 16° 29' W Surface drifters/drifting buoys PAP3 deployment 27/7/2011 (2 x RCM8 , 3 x parflux sediment traps, microcat)
48° 59' N 16° 29' W Surface drifters/drifting buoys PAP3 recovery 27/7/2011 (2 x RCM8 , 3 x parflux sediment traps)
48° 52' N 16° 17' W Zoobenthos Amphipod trap deployment (10/8/2011 - 11/8/2011)
49° 6' N 16° 18' W Zoobenthos Amphipod trap deployment (13/8/2011 - 14/8/2011)
48° 57' N 16° 33' W Zoobenthos Amphipod trap deployment (17/8/2011 - 18/8/2011)
49° 4' N 16° 15' W Zoobenthos Amphipod trap deployment (21/8/2011 - 22/8/2011)
48° 58' N 16° 43' W Zoobenthos Amphipod trap deployment (4/8/2011 - 6/8/2011)
49° 5' N 16° 40' W Zoobenthos Amphipod trap deployment (8/8/2011 - 9/8/2011)
48° 52' N 16° 18' W Zoobenthos Baited camera lander deployment (10/8/2011 - 11/8/2011)
49° 5' N 16° 19' W Zoobenthos Baited camera lander deployment (13/8/2011 - 14/8/2011)
48° 57' N 16° 33' W Zoobenthos Baited camera lander deployment (17/8/2011 - 18/8/2011)
49° 4' N 16° 15' W Zoobenthos Baited camera lander deployment (21/8/2011 - 22/8/2011)
48° 58' N 16° 43' W Zoobenthos Baited camera lander deployment (4/8/2011 - 6/8/2011)
49° 4' N 16° 40' W Zoobenthos Baited camera lander deployment (8/8/2011 - 9/8/2011)
49° 0' N 16° 27' W Zoobenthos Bathysnap deployment (21/8/2011)
49° 0' N 16° 27' W Zoobenthos Bathysnap deployment (4/8/2011)
49° 0' N 16° 27' W Zoobenthos Bathysnap recovery (30/7/2011)

Summary of BODC Data Holdings for the Cruise

National Oceanographic Database

Summary

# Series Instrument Description Parameters
1 In-situ dissolved gas analyser Date and time
Dissolved concentration parameters for other gases in the water column
Partial pressure (pCO2) and fugacity (fCO2) of carbon dioxide in the water column
Reference numbers

Note: Parameter terms are taken from the BODC Parameter Discovery Vocabulary XML (SKOS)

Full List

BODC Reference Instrument Description Date/Time Location  
1839413 In-situ dissolved gas analyser 2011-08-02 00:00Z to 2012-02-27 00:00Z 48° 0' N, 16° 22' W Click for more

Project Database

# Events Gear Type Parameters Held
72 Multicorer
15 Underwater camera system
6 Instrument mooring
1 WP-2 zooplankton net
65 Sample taken from ship's non-toxic supply
7 Box core
18 No parameter data available
1 Stand-alone pumps
10 CTD frame plus rosette sampler
Salinity of the water column

Note: Parameter terms are taken from the BODC Parameter Discovery Vocabulary XML (SKOS)

References

Track Charts

Track Chart

Reports

Cruise Report