Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 1688846

Metadata Summary

Data Description

Data Category Water sample data
Instrument Type
Niskin bottle  discrete water samplers
Instrument Mounting lowered unmanned submersible
Originating Country United Kingdom
Originator Dr Ken Jones
Originating Organization Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory (now Scottish Association for Marine Science)
Processing Status banked
Project(s) Provess

Data Identifiers

Originator's Identifier CH140_CTD_PIGX_59:CTD03
BODC Series Reference 1688846

Time Co-ordinates(UT)

Start Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 1998-10-25 08:35
End Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) -
Nominal Cycle Interval -

Spatial Co-ordinates

Latitude 59.30336 N ( 59° 18.2' N )
Longitude 0.89362 E ( 0° 53.6' E )
Positional Uncertainty Unspecified
Minimum Sensor Depth 3.3 m
Maximum Sensor Depth 109.6 m
Minimum Sensor Height 6.4 m
Maximum Sensor Height 112.7 m
Sea Floor Depth 116.0 m
Sensor Distribution Unspecified -
Sensor Depth Datum Unspecified -
Sea Floor Depth Datum Instantaneous - Depth measured below water line or instantaneous water body surface


BODC CODE Rank Units Short Title Title
ADEPZZ01 1 Metres DepBelowSurf Depth below surface of the water body
BOTTFLAG 1 Dimensionless C22_flag Sampling process quality flag (BODC C22)
CPHLHPP1 1 Milligrams per cubic metre chl-a_water>GF/F_HPLC Concentration of chlorophyll-a {chl-a CAS 479-61-8} per unit volume of the water body [particulate >GF/F phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
CPHLHPP4 1 Milligrams per cubic metre chl-a_water>0.2um_HPLC_sum_frac Concentration of chlorophyll-a {chl-a CAS 479-61-8} per unit volume of the water body [particulate >0.2um phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and summation of size-fractionated values
SAMPRFNM 1 Dimensionless SampRef Sample reference number
SCHLHPPF 1 Milligrams per cubic metre chl-a_water0.2-2um_HPLC Concentration of chlorophyll-a {chl-a CAS 479-61-8} per unit volume of the water body [particulate 0.2-2um phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
SCHLHPPG 1 Milligrams per cubic metre chl-a_water2-20um_HPLC Concentration of chlorophyll-a {chl-a CAS 479-61-8} per unit volume of the water body [particulate 2-20um phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
SCHLHPPQ 1 Milligrams per cubic metre chl-a_water>20um_HPLC Concentration of chlorophyll-a {chl-a CAS 479-61-8} per unit volume of the water body [particulate >20um phase] by filtration, acetone extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)

Definition of Rank

  • Rank 1 is a one-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 2 is a two-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 0 is a one-dimensional parameter describing the second dimension of a two-dimensional parameter (e.g. bin depths for moored ADCP data)

Problem Reports

No Problem Report Found in the Database

Data Access Policy

Public domain data

These data have no specific confidentiality restrictions for users. However, users must acknowledge data sources as it is not ethical to publish data without proper attribution. Any publication or other output resulting from usage of the data should include an acknowledgment.

The recommended acknowledgment is

"This study uses data from the data source/organisation/programme, provided by the British Oceanographic Data Centre and funded by the funding body."

Narrative Documents

Niskin Bottle

The Niskin bottle is a device used by oceanographers to collect subsurface seawater samples. It is a plastic bottle with caps and rubber seals at each end and is deployed with the caps held open, allowing free-flushing of the bottle as it moves through the water column.

Standard Niskin

The standard version of the bottle includes a plastic-coated metal spring or elastic cord running through the interior of the bottle that joins the two caps, and the caps are held open against the spring by plastic lanyards. When the bottle reaches the desired depth the lanyards are released by a pressure-actuated switch, command signal or messenger weight and the caps are forced shut and sealed, trapping the seawater sample.

Lever Action Niskin

The Lever Action Niskin Bottle differs from the standard version, in that the caps are held open during deployment by externally mounted stainless steel springs rather than an internal spring or cord. Lever Action Niskins are recommended for applications where a completely clear sample chamber is critical or for use in deep cold water.

Clean Sampling

A modified version of the standard Niskin bottle has been developed for clean sampling. This is teflon-coated and uses a latex cord to close the caps rather than a metal spring. The clean version of the Levered Action Niskin bottle is also teflon-coated and uses epoxy covered springs in place of the stainless steel springs. These bottles are specifically designed to minimise metal contamination when sampling trace metals.


Bottles may be deployed singly clamped to a wire or in groups of up to 48 on a rosette. Standard bottles have a capacity between 1.7 and 30 L, while Lever Action bottles have a capacity between 1.7 and 12 L. Reversing thermometers may be attached to a spring-loaded disk that rotates through 180° on bottle closure.

Phytoplankton pigment concentration data series for cruise Challenger CH140

Document History

Converted from CDROM documentation.

Data Originator

Ken Jones, Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory (DML), Oban, UK.

Content of data series

Parameter Unit Parameter code Number of samples Number of stations Comments
Chlorophyll a (total) µg l -1 CPHLHPP1 76 17 CTD + 9 NT none
Chl. a (sum of size-fractions >0.2 µm) µg l -1 CPHLHPP4 6 1 CTD none
Chl. a (0.2-2 µm) µg l -1 SCHLHPPF 6 1 CTD none
Chl. a (2-20 µm) µg l -1 SCHLHPPG 6 1 CTD none
Chl. a (>20 µm) µg l -1 SCHLHPPQ 6 1 CTD none

CTD= CTD-Rosette water column sampling station.
NT= surface underway sampling from ship's non-toxic supply (ca. 4 m).

Sampling strategy and methodology

Water samples were collected mainly from the near surface, bottom mixed layers and in the vicinity of the thermocline using the CTD-rosette water sampler. Full vertical profiles of phytopigment distribution were determined from 4 CTD casts. Occasional samples were also taken from the ship's non-toxic water supply for calibration of the underway fluorometer. Water (200 ml) was filtered through 2.5 cm GF/F filters and the filters were stored frozen for later analysis at Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory. At one CTD station water samples were size-fractionated by passage through a filter stack consisting of polycarbonate filters of 18, 2 and 0.2 µm pore size. Filters were stored as described above.

Chlorophyll a was extracted into 8 ml of 90% acetone and analysed by isocratic HPLC analysis.

BODC processing

The data were loaded into a database under the ORACLE Relational Database Management System without modification.

Comments on data quality

None to report.

Project Information

PROcesses of Vertical Exchange in Shelf Seas (PROVESS)


PROVESS was an interdisciplinary study of the vertical fluxes of properties through the water column and the surface and bottom boundary layers. The project was funded by the European Community MAST-III programme (MAS3-CT97- 0159) and ran from March 1998 to May 2001.

Scientific Rationale

PROVESS was based on the integration of experimental, theoretical and modelling studies with the aim of improving understanding and quantification of vertical exchange processes in the water column, in particular in the surface and benthic boundary layers and across the> pycnocline. PROVESS also explored mechanisms of physical-biological coupling in which vertical exchanges and turbulence significantly affect the environmental conditions experienced by the biota with particular reference to aggregation, flocculation, sedimentation and trophic interactions.


The experimental phase of the project was carried out at two contrasting sites in the North Sea: the northern North Sea site (NNS) and the southern North Sea site (SNS).

The two sites had the following characteristics:

Position 52° 15.0' N, 4° 17.0' E 59° 20.0' E, 1° 00.0' E
Time of year April-May September-November
Water depth (m) 16 100
M2 max amplitude (m s-1) 0.75 0.15
Max current (m s-1) 1.0 0.6
Delta T (deg C) mixed 7-1
Thermocline depth (m) mixed 35-100
Delta S 1 small
Halocline depth (m) 5-10 cf. thermocline depth
Max wind speed (m s-1) 20 25
Max wave height (m) 5 10
Max wave period (s) 8 10
Internal motion No Yes
Sediment muddy-sand muddy-sand
Biology eutrophic oligotrophic

At both locations measurements were concentrated at a central position with additional measurements being made to estimate horizontal gradients. Moored instruments (including current meters, temperature and pressure sensors, fluorometers, transmissometers, nutrient analysers and meteorological sensors) were deployed between 7 September and 5 November 1998 at the NNS and between 29 March and 25 May 1999 at the SNS. Each experiment was supported by intensive measurement series made from oceanographic ships and involving turbulence dissipation profiler CTD, particle size profilers, optical profilers, benthic sampling and water bottle sampling.

Details of the cruises were as follows:

Site Ship
NNS Valdivia (GER) VA174 5 - 17 Sep 1998
  Dana (DK) D1198 14 - 26 Oct 1998
  Pelagia (NL) PE125 19 - 30 Oct 1998
  Challenger (UK) CH140 22 Oct - 9 Nov 1998
SNS Pelagia (NL) PE135 29 Mar - 9 Apr 1999
  Mitra (NL) MT0499 19 - 30 Apr 1999
  Belgica (BE) BG9912 17 - 21 May 1999

Data Activity or Cruise Information

Data Activity

Start Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 1998-10-25
End Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 1998-10-25
Organization Undertaking ActivityProudman Oceanographic Laboratory (now National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool)
Country of OrganizationUnited Kingdom
Originator's Data Activity IdentifierCH140_CTD_CTD03
Platform Categorylowered unmanned submersible

BODC Sample Metadata Report for CH140_CTD_CTD03

Sample reference number Nominal collection volume(l) Bottle rosette position Bottle firing sequence number Minimum pressure sampled (dbar) Maximum pressure sampled (dbar) Depth of sampling point (m) Bottle type Sample quality flag Bottle reference Comments
381932   30.00        4.90    6.60    3.30 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
381933   30.00       14.30   16.70   13.00 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
381934   30.00       41.90   46.80   41.50 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
381935   30.00       55.40   58.70   54.10 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
381936   30.00       80.50   85.80   80.00 Niskin bottle No problem reported    
381937   30.00      110.00  116.00  109.60 Niskin bottle No problem reported    

Please note:the supplied parameters may not have been sampled from all the bottle firings described in the table above. Cross-match the Sample Reference Number above against the SAMPRFNM value in the data file to identify the relevant metadata.

Other Series linked to this Data Activity - 1259721


Cruise Name CH140 (PROVESS N-4)
Departure Date 1998-10-21
Arrival Date 1998-11-11
Principal Scientist(s)M John Howarth (Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory)
Ship RRS Challenger

Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here

Fixed Station Information

No Fixed Station Information held for the Series

BODC Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
Blank Unqualified
< Below detection limit
> In excess of quoted value
A Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)
B Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast
C Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)
D Thermometric depth
E End of CTD Down/Up Cast
G Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty
H Extrapolated value
I Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)
K Improbable value - unknown quality control source
L Improbable value - originator's quality control
M Improbable value - BODC quality control
N Null value
O Improbable value - user quality control
P Trace/calm
Q Indeterminate
R Replacement value
S Estimated value
T Interpolated value
U Uncalibrated
W Control value
X Excessive difference

SeaDataNet Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
0 no quality control
1 good value
2 probably good value
3 probably bad value
4 bad value
5 changed value
6 value below detection
7 value in excess
8 interpolated value
9 missing value
A value phenomenon uncertain