RRS Challenger CH4/81
Cruise summary report
|Ship name (ship code)||RRS Challenger (74CH)|
|Cruise period||1981-03-03 — 1981-03-18|
|Port of departure||Ardrossan, United Kingdom|
|Port of return||Barry, United Kingdom|
|Objectives||1. To compare the vertical distributions and diurnal migrations of the developmental stages (including nauplii) of Calanus finmarchicus, Thysanoess longicaudata and Sagitta maxima from the open ocean with Calanus helgolandicus, Nyctiphanes couchi and Sagitta elegans from the Celtic Sea. (The choice of sites is determined by (a) the requirement to obtain the sets of species uncontaminated by each other; this is especially the case with the copepods C. finmarchicus and C. helgolandicus. (b) to maintain the comparative ecological investigations with work carried out at Ocean Weather Station "India" from 1971 to 75 and Celtic Sea from 1977 to 1981).
2. To measure the feeding rates of all species used in the experimental programme under ambient conditions.
3. To obtain fresh material for length/dry weight measurements and to deep freeze material for the determination of carbon, nitrogen, ash and calorific content, of all species used in the experimental programme.
4. At the two sites: to investigate other biotic conditions (chlorophyll, total suspended matter, organic matter and phytoplankton) and hydrography.
5. To obtain eggs from C. finmarchicus and C. helgolandicus for studies on their chromosomes.
|Chief scientist||Douglas Hamilton (University of Bristol Geology Department)|
|Cruise report||(0.15 MB)|
|General||North East Atlantic Ocean (limit 40W)|
|Current meters||Quantity: number of deployments = 10|
Description: 190 hours
|Biology and fisheries|
|Eggs and larvae||Description: eggs from C. firmarchicus and C. helgolandicus preserved.|
|Geology and geophysics|
|Grab||Quantity: number of deployments = 5|
|Single-beam echosounding||Quantity: track kilometres = 555|
|Long/short range side scan sonar||Quantity: track kilometres = 555|