RV Akademik Ioffe Cruise 38 was a contribution to the RUSSIA CLIVAR Community Research Programme. The sections over North Atlantic sills between Greenland Iceland Faroe Islands and Shetlands were designed to estimate variability of the meridional fluxes and water mass exchange between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean. The Denmark Strait section was not completed due to heavy ice field between Iceland and Greenland. The Iceland-Faroe section was repeated four times during twelve days and the Faroe-Shetland section three times during sixteen days to study short-term variability of the water mass properties circulation and meridional transport. The transatlantic 60 degree line also was not extended to the Greenland shelf because of the dense ice field there.
Sergey V Gladyshev (Russian Academy of Sciences, Shirshov Institute of Oceanology)