The Bunker Climate Atlas of the North Atlantic Ocean, compiled by IfM, Kiel

Data set information

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Data holding centreHadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research
CountryUnited Kingdom  United Kingdom
Time periodNot specified
Geographical area

North Atlantic


Air pressure; Air temperature; Cloud cover height and extent; Atmospheric humidity; Precipitation and evaporation; Wind strength and direction; Lagrangian currents and transport rates in the water column; Other meteorological measurements; Ocean colour and earth-leaving visible waveband spectral radiation; Wind stress and shear; Snow and ice mass, thickness and extent; Heat fluxes between the water column and the atmosphere; Transport in the water column; Long-wave radiation; Temperature of the water column


Anemometers; meteorological packages; current meters; radiometers; atmospheric radiometers; water body temperature sensor; current profilers; precipitation samplers; snow and ice samplers; discrete air samplers


The basic version of this North Atlantic Ocean data set was evaluated by A.F. Bunker (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution). He analyzed observations from ships of the Voluntary Observing Fleet to calculate the various components of the heat budget at the air-sea interface. The original Bunker data set is defined on irregularly shaped areas called 'Gerrymanders' The data coverage includes the North Atlantic Ocean south of 80° N except the Baltic and Mediterranean Seas. The climatological data have been interpolated onto a regularly shaped 1 degree grid. Interpolation onto this grid was limited to regions south of 65° N. Data included in this data set are: monthly fields of observed meteorological quantities, monthly fields of derived parameters such as air-sea heat fluxes and wind stress and revised versions of air-sea heat fluxes and wind stress, using more recent observational and experimental evidence from the open ocean. This data set was compiled by the Institut fuer Meereskunde (IfM), Kiel, Germany.

OriginatorsThe Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences at the University of Kiel

Isemer, H.-J. and Hasse, L.K. (1985) The Bunker Climate Atlas of the North Atlantic Ocean. Volume 1 Observations., ; Isemer, H.-J. and Hasse, L.K. (1987) The Bunker Climate Atlas of the North Atlantic Ocean. Volume 2 Air-Sea Interactions.,

Data web site
OrganisationHadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research
AvailabilityBy negotiation
ContactDr. David A. Bennetts

Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research
Met Office FitzRoy Road
United Kingdom
Collating centreBritish Oceanographic Data Centre
Local identifier1026002
Global identifier355
Last revised2010-01-10