Sumatran Segmentation Geophysical Data Set, 2008 - 2009

Data set information

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Data holding centreBritish Oceanographic Data Centre
CountryUnited Kingdom  United Kingdom
Time periodData collected over three cruises between May 2008 and February 2009.
Geographical area

Indian Ocean, west of Sumatra


Date and time; Air pressure; Gravity; Bathymetry and Elevation; Magnetics; Seismic reflection; Side-scan sonar; Salinity of the water column; Sound velocity and travel time in the water column; Horizontal spatial co-ordinates; Electrical conductivity of the water column; Air temperature; Wind strength and direction


Bathythermographs; sidescan sonars; single-channel seismic reflection systems; multi-beam echosounders; gravimeters; magnetometers; sound velocity sensors; seismometers; >2000 Hz top-bandwidth single-channel seismic reflection systems; unconsolidated sediment corers; CTD; satellite positioning systems; water temperature sensor; meteorological packages


The data set comprises of geophysical observations in the source regions of the 2004 and 2005 great Sumatra earthquakes. Geophysical surveys were carried out to determine the seabed bathymetry and underlying structure and geometry and included the collection of seismic reflection, magnetic, gravity, and sidescan sonar data. In addition, Conductivity-Temperature-Depth (CTD) and Sound-Velocity Probe (SVP) data were collected, as well as continuous meteorological (air pressure, air temperature, radiance, relative humidity, wind direction and speed) and sea surface (temperature and conductivity) data. Data were collected in the Indian Ocean, west and north west of Sumatra between 8 degrees South, 6 degrees North, 94 and 108 degrees East. The data were collected during three cruises, SO198-1, SO198-2 and SO200 over two legs SO200-1 and SO200-2. The three cruises took place between May 2008 and February 2009. The data collection focussed on the areas around two earthquake segment boundaries: Segment Boundary 1 (SB1) between the 2004 and 2005 ruptures at Simeulue Island, and Segment Boundary 2 (SB2) between the 2005 and smaller 1935 ruptures between Nias and the Batu Islands. Measurements were taken using a variety of instrumentation across all three cruises including: the long-term deployment of 50 Ocean-Bottom Seismometers (OBS) deployed on cruise SO198-1 and retrieved on cruise SO200-1; 154 Expendable Bathythermograph (XBT) probes; high resolution multichannel seismic reflection (MCS) profilers; Swath bathymetric and backscatter echosounders; SVPs and CTDs which were deployed simultaneously; and a gravity meter and Parasound sub-bottom profiler were operated continuously within the survey areas. In addition, sea surface and meteorological measurements were made using the underway system throughout the three cruises, although there are no data for days at the beginning and end of the cruises of up to 10 days. During the two legs of SO200 additional instrumentation was deployed including: a 30 kHz deep-towed sidescan sonar system (TOBI); piston cores and megacores collected along the plate margin; and heatflow probes long transects. The UK Sumatra Consortium project aimed to characterise the subduction boundary between the Indian-Australian plate and the Burman and Sumatra blocks (including subduction zone structure and rock physical properties), record seismic activity, improve and link earthquake slip distribution to the structure of the subduction zone and to determine the sedimentological record of great earthquakes (both recent and historic) along this part of the plate margin. The project will allow better assessment of future earthquake magnitudes and locations, and further the general understanding of the earthquake rupture process. The UK Sumatra Consortium project was led by the National Oceanography Centre Southampton (NOCS) and involved five UK partners; NOCS, the universities of Cambridge, Oxford and Liverpool, and the British Geological Survey as well as numerous international partners including French, German, American, Indonesian and Indian Collaborators. The principal investigator was Dr Timothy Henstock from NOC. The Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) funded data will be managed by the British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC).

OriginatorsBritish Oceanographic Data Centre
Data web site
OrganisationBritish Oceanographic Data Centre
AvailabilityLicence; unrestricted
ContactPolly Hadžiabdić (Head of the BODC Requests Team)

British Oceanographic Data Centre
Joseph Proudman Building 6 Brownlow Street
L3 5DA
United Kingdom

Telephone+44 (0)782 512 0946
Collating centreBritish Oceanographic Data Centre
Local identifier1048SUMATRA
Global identifier5914
Last revised2013-04-26