Resources

RRS James Clark Ross JR20130109 (JR274)

Cruise summary report

Cruise Info. 
Ship name (ship code)RRS James Clark Ross (74JC)
Cruise identifierJR20130109 (JR274)
Cruise period2013-01-09 — 2013-02-12
StatusCompleted
Port of departureStanley, Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
Port of returnStanley, Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
PurposeResearch
ObjectivesJR274 was conducted within the Scotia Sea and Weddell Sea in the Atlantic Sector of the Southern Ocean. The transects were run as follows
1. Falkland Islands to Elephant Island (following the NOC Drake's Passage transect)
2. Elephant Island to South Orkneys (in three transects heading NE and SE)
3. South Orkneys to NW South Georgia (following the DISCOVERY 2010 transect and beyond the Polar Front)
4. South Georgia to South Sandwich Islands (initially heading E and then SE)
5. South Sandwich Islands to Weddell Sea
6. Weddell Sea to South Georgia
7. South Georgia to Falkland Islands.

A total of 48 sampling stations were undertaken, while samples were also taken between every 2 and 4 hours en route from the underway non toxic pumped sea water supply. The sampling stations were mainly to sample the carbonate chemistry system and the accompanying biotic communities (microplankton, phytoplankton and zooplankton). Carbon and carbonate chemistry was also measured as well as trace metals and trace gasses. The majority of measurements were limited to the upper 300 m of the water column although there were 5 full depth CTD deployments during Legs 5 and 6.

The sampling was carried out as part of the UK Ocean Acidification Sea Surface Consortium with a remit to investigate the influence pH and carbonate chemistry on pelagic communities and upper ocean chemical processes.
Chief scientistGeraint Tarling (British Antarctic Survey)
ProjectUK Ocean Acidification (UKOA)
Coordinating bodyNatural Environment Research Council (NERC)
Cruise reportRRS James Clark Ross JR20130109 (JR274) cruise report jr274.pdf (6.33 MB) 
Ocean/sea areas 
GeneralSouthern Ocean
SpecificScotia Sea. Weddell Sea.
Track chartsRRS James Clark Ross JR20130109 (JR274) cruise track — jr274trk.pdf (0.07 MB) 
Measurements 
Physical oceanography 
Surface measurements underway (T,S)Quantity: number of profiles = 78
Description: CTD, Oceanlogger system
Water bottle stationsQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
CTD stationsQuantity: number of profiles = 78
Description: CTD, Oceanlogger system
Chemical oceanography 
OxygenQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
Carbon dioxideQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
Other dissolved gasesQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
PhosphateQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
Total - PQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
NitrateQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
NitriteQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
AmmoniaQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
SilicateQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
AlkalinityQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
pHQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
Trace elementsQuantity: number of profiles = 30
Description: Go-Flo bottles (clean water) Titanium CTD (clean water) Clean-water tow fish
Biology and fisheries 
Primary productivityQuantity: number of profiles = 16
Description: Titanium CTD (clean water) Clean incubation bottles
Primary productivityQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
Phytoplankton pigs (eg chlorophyll, fluorescence)Quantity: number of profiles = 16
Description: Titanium CTD (clean water) Clean incubation bottles
Phytoplankton pigs (eg chlorophyll, fluorescence)Quantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
Particulate organic matter (inc POC, PON)Quantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
Dissolved organic matter (inc DOC)Quantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
PhytoplanktonQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
PhytoplanktonQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
PhytoplanktonQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
ZooplanktonQuantity: number of profiles = 47
Description: CTD, Underway - ship's non-toxic pumped sea water supply
ZooplanktonQuantity: number of hauls = 91
Description: Bongo net - vertically hauled
MolluscsQuantity: number of hauls = 91
Description: Bongo net - vertically hauled
CrustaceansQuantity: number of hauls = 91
Description: Bongo net - vertically hauled
Data held at BODC Get data
Series/Profiles 
78  CTD/STD cast
Reference numbers
Transmittance and attenuance of the water column
Dissolved oxygen parameters in the water column
Temperature of the water column
Vertical spatial coordinates
Salinity of the water column
Visible waveband radiance and irradiance measurements in the water column
Density of the water column
Chlorophyll pigment concentrations in water bodies
Reference numbers
Transmittance and attenuance of the water column
Dissolved oxygen parameters in the water column
Temperature of the water column
Vertical spatial coordinates
Salinity of the water column
Visible waveband radiance and irradiance measurements in the water column
Density of the water column
Chlorophyll pigment concentrations in water bodies

BODC idDate/TimeLocationDoc.
11472942013-01-10 14:20:29  — 2013-01-10 14:24:19 54° 40' 1" S  57° 59' 56" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147294
11473862013-01-14 09:30:21  — 2013-01-14 09:38:29 60° 0' 10" S  55° 13' 47" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147386
11473982013-01-14 20:16:34  — 2013-01-14 20:24:10 61° 2' 22" S  54° 36' 24" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147398
11474052013-01-15 09:31:16  — 2013-01-15 09:39:27 59° 54' 34" S  53° 1' 25" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147405
11474912013-01-18 07:51:37  — 2013-01-18 07:55:11 60° 57' 44" S  48° 7' 44" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147491
11475092013-01-18 09:25:09  — 2013-01-18 09:28:20 60° 58' 25" S  48° 8' 18" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147509
11475712013-01-20 20:05:57  — 2013-01-20 20:13:20 56° 48' 31" S  42° 15' 15" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147571
11476752013-01-24 09:04:29  — 2013-01-24 09:12:13 51° 9' 14" S  37° 29' 23" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147675
11477432013-01-25 08:16:17  — 2013-01-25 08:18:29 52° 41' 21" S  36° 37' 22" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147743
11477672013-01-25 11:32:32  — 2013-01-25 11:39:17 52° 41' 33" S  36° 37' 32" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147767
11473132013-01-11 11:06:06  — 2013-01-11 11:11:39 56° 27' 59" S  57° 25' 34" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147313
11477062013-01-24 21:03:04  — 2013-01-24 21:18:10 51° 57' 7" S  37° 3' 26" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147706
11477182013-01-25 05:29:14  — 2013-01-25 05:32:05 52° 41' 21" S  36° 37' 23" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147718
11479522013-02-01 05:23:19  — 2013-02-01 05:25:48 58° 5' 8" S  25° 55' 32" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147952
11478722013-01-29 12:00:02  — 2013-01-29 13:05:29 51° 23' 34" S  30° 48' 21" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147872
11479032013-01-30 13:52:42  — 2013-01-30 14:16:32 53° 49' 30" S  29° 11' 20" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147903
11478842013-01-29 20:07:17  — 2013-01-29 20:13:15 52° 9' 45" S  30° 16' 47" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147884
11479882013-02-01 09:20:37  — 2013-02-01 09:23:39 58° 5' 13" S  25° 55' 44" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147988
11480152013-02-01 14:39:19  — 2013-02-01 15:03:08 58° 5' 23" S  25° 55' 40" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1148015
11473742013-01-13 12:11:19  — 2013-01-13 12:15:08 58° 22' 0" S  56° 15' 7" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147374
11474172013-01-15 20:09:54  — 2013-01-15 20:19:43 59° 20' 56" S  52° 19' 27" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147417
11475952013-01-21 20:05:16  — 2013-01-21 20:12:19 54° 13' 52" S  40° 48' 38" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147595
11477922013-01-27 20:02:35  — 2013-01-27 20:11:06 52° 56' 23" S  35° 48' 13" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147792
11478352013-01-28 13:49:25  — 2013-01-28 14:13:56 51° 36' 26" S  34° 42' 1" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147835
11475102013-01-18 11:07:26  — 2013-01-18 11:15:42 60° 58' 17" S  48° 7' 54" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147510
11475462013-01-20 02:26:01  — 2013-01-20 02:31:36 58° 25' 29" S  43° 14' 45" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147546
11475832013-01-21 11:00:43  — 2013-01-21 11:08:57 55° 12' 45" S  41° 18' 37" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147583
11476872013-01-24 13:15  — 2013-01-24 13:40:15 51° 8' 42" S  37° 24' 39" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147687
11477552013-01-25 09:58:23  — 2013-01-25 10:01:25 52° 41' 21" S  36° 37' 22" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147755
11477792013-01-25 14:25  — 2013-01-25 14:50:02 52° 41' 35" S  36° 37' 34" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147779
11479392013-01-31 12:02:36  — 2013-01-31 12:28:01 56° 5' 21" S  27° 1' 29" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147939
11480272013-02-02 19:58:20  — 2013-02-02 20:05:18 61° 40' 19" S  25° 45' 9" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1148027
11481202013-02-06 13:37:14  — 2013-02-06 14:27:22 57° 55' 44" S  32° 3' 14" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1148120
11475222013-01-19 09:07:52  — 2013-01-19 09:15:20 59° 56' 45" S  45° 17' 27" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147522
11475582013-01-20 09:05:15  — 2013-01-20 09:12:31 57° 49' 16" S  42° 49' 51" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147558
11476022013-01-22 02:47:24  — 2013-01-22 02:54:05 53° 25' 36" S  40° 25' 44" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147602
11476512013-01-23 09:06:03  — 2013-01-23 09:14:35 50° 8' 38" S  38° 57' 25" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147651
11478112013-01-27 21:04:15  — 2013-01-27 21:29:16 52° 56' 20" S  35° 48' 12" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147811
11478602013-01-29 09:01:28  — 2013-01-29 09:07:45 51° 23' 21" S  30° 48' 38" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147860
11480522013-02-04 09:03:04  — 2013-02-04 09:08:53 62° 8' 18" S  27° 1' 32" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1148052
11480882013-02-05 09:01:16  — 2013-02-05 09:07:40 59° 59' 47" S  29° 39' 37" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1148088
11473252013-01-11 20:16:12  — 2013-01-11 20:24:57 57° 7' 4" S  57° 3' 5" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147325
11473372013-01-13 05:41:52  — 2013-01-13 05:46:12 58° 22' 0" S  56° 15' 7" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147337
11474292013-01-16 09:45:28  — 2013-01-16 09:52:20 58° 17' 40" S  50° 58' 11" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147429
11474542013-01-17 20:10:06  — 2013-01-17 20:16:32 60° 34' 7" S  48° 21' 35" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147454
11474662013-01-18 05:27:56  — 2013-01-18 05:31:27 60° 58' 32" S  48° 5' 11" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147466
11476142013-01-22 09:04:47  — 2013-01-22 09:11:13 52° 42' 45" S  40° 3' 25" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147614
11476382013-01-23 02:35:45  — 2013-01-23 02:42:16 50° 52' 55" S  39° 16' 0" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147638
11477312013-01-25 06:50:53  — 2013-01-25 06:53:30 52° 41' 21" S  36° 37' 23" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147731
11479272013-01-31 09:02:16  — 2013-01-31 09:09 56° 5' 23" S  27° 1' 40" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147927
11479762013-02-01 07:48:29  — 2013-02-01 07:51:08 58° 5' 8" S  25° 55' 32" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147976
11480642013-02-04 12:00:01  — 2013-02-04 13:21:57 62° 8' 17" S  27° 1' 22" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1148064
11481072013-02-05 13:48:09  — 2013-02-05 14:32:04 59° 59' 50" S  29° 39' 33" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1148107
11481192013-02-06 12:50:40  — 2013-02-06 12:57:53 57° 55' 44" S  32° 3' 13" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1148119
11473622013-01-13 10:13:50  — 2013-01-13 10:21:39 58° 22' 0" S  56° 15' 7" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147362
11475342013-01-19 20:06:20  — 2013-01-19 20:13:33 59° 12' 37" S  43° 45' 27" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147534
11476262013-01-22 20:03:40  — 2013-01-22 20:10:43 51° 37' 8" S  39° 34' 25" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147626
11476992013-01-24 19:59:37  — 2013-01-24 20:05:53 51° 57' 5" S  37° 3' 26" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147699
11477802013-01-27 09:02:41  — 2013-01-27 09:08:56 54° 16' 42" S  36° 26' 16" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147780
11478962013-01-30 08:59:17  — 2013-01-30 09:06:54 53° 49' 30" S  29° 11' 18" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147896
11479152013-01-30 20:00:16  — 2013-01-30 20:07:39 54° 34' 27" S  28° 40' 17" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147915
11479402013-01-31 20:00:52  — 2013-01-31 20:07:15 56° 57' 55" S  25° 47' 43" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147940
11480032013-02-01 10:48:38  — 2013-02-01 10:55:11 58° 5' 16" S  25° 55' 51" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1148003
11481322013-02-06 20:00:28  — 2013-02-06 20:06:58 57° 24' 47" S  32° 36' 56" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1148132
11474302013-01-16 20:10:25  — 2013-01-16 20:16:52 59° 4' 35" S  50° 14' 27" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147430
11473012013-01-11 09:57:44  — 2013-01-11 10:05:19 56° 27' 58" S  57° 24' 59" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147301
11473492013-01-13 07:07:59  — 2013-01-13 07:10:18 58° 22' 0" S  56° 15' 7" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147349
11473502013-01-13 08:26:17  — 2013-01-13 08:29:27 58° 22' 0" S  56° 15' 7" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147350
11474422013-01-17 09:18:43  — 2013-01-17 09:26:38 59° 53' 49" S  49° 24' 0" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147442
11474782013-01-18 06:43:17  — 2013-01-18 06:46:42 60° 57' 55" S  48° 6' 41" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147478
11476632013-01-23 20:01:42  — 2013-01-23 20:07:51 49° 27' 11" S  38° 28' 4" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147663
11478232013-01-28 09:03:25  — 2013-01-28 09:11:15 51° 36' 58" S  34° 42' 57" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147823
11478472013-01-28 19:59:19  — 2013-01-28 20:06:27 51° 15' 33" S  33° 30' 48" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147847
11478592013-01-28 20:52:41  — 2013-01-28 20:58:16 51° 15' 33" S  33° 30' 48" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147859
11479642013-02-01 06:39:55  — 2013-02-01 06:42:20 58° 5' 8" S  25° 55' 32" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1147964
11480392013-02-03 08:59:43  — 2013-02-03 09:06:09 63° 27' 56" S  25° 17' 54" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1148039
11480402013-02-03 14:03:50  — 2013-02-03 15:27:28 63° 27' 59" S  25° 17' 40" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1148040
11480762013-02-04 19:56:57  — 2013-02-04 20:02:58 61° 28' 15" S  27° 51' 51" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1148076
1  Meteorological data logger
Horizontal spatial co-ordinates
Air pressure
Visible waveband radiance and irradiance measurements in the atmosphere
Date and time
Air temperature
Wind strength and direction
Solar Radiation
Atmospheric humidity
Horizontal spatial co-ordinates
Air pressure
Visible waveband radiance and irradiance measurements in the atmosphere
Date and time
Air temperature
Wind strength and direction
Solar Radiation
Atmospheric humidity

BODC idDate/TimeLocationDoc.
17946322013-01-09 16:45  — 2013-02-12 11:03 63° 28' 0" S  58° 18' 9" W — 49° 13' 17" S  25° 17' 24" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1794632
1  Multiple instrument types
Horizontal spatial co-ordinates
Date and time
Salinity of the water column
Temperature of the water column
Chlorophyll pigment concentrations in water bodies
Horizontal spatial co-ordinates
Date and time
Salinity of the water column
Temperature of the water column
Chlorophyll pigment concentrations in water bodies

BODC idDate/TimeLocationDoc.
17946442013-01-09 16:45  — 2013-02-12 11:03 63° 28' 0" S  58° 18' 9" W — 49° 13' 17" S  25° 17' 24" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1794644
1  Single-beam echosounder
Horizontal spatial co-ordinates
Date and time
Platform or instrument orientation
Horizontal platform movement
Bathymetry and Elevation
Horizontal spatial co-ordinates
Date and time
Platform or instrument orientation
Horizontal platform movement
Bathymetry and Elevation

BODC idDate/TimeLocationDoc.
17946202013-01-09 16:45  — 2013-02-12 11:03 63° 28' 0" S  58° 18' 9" W — 49° 13' 17" S  25° 17' 24" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1794620
Discrete samples 
90  All plastic clean surface pumped supplyDissolved metal concentrations in the water column
78  CTD frame plus rosette samplerTotal dissolved inorganic carbon (TCO2) concentration in the water column
Organosulphur and organoselenium species concentration parameters in water bodies
Particulate total and organic nitrogen concentrations in the water column
Biological detritus in the water column suspended particulate material
Phosphate concentration parameters in the water column
Dissolved oxygen parameters in the water column
Silicate concentration parameters in the water column
Bacteria generic abundance in water bodies
Phytoplankton generic abundance in water bodies
Particulate total and organic phosphorus concentrations in the water column
Plankton abundance per unit volume of the water column
Ammonium and ammonia concentration parameters in water bodies
Nitrate concentration parameters in the water column
Metadata parameters
Primary production in the water column
Concentration of silicon species in the water column
Alkalinity, acidity and pH of the water column
Particulate total and organic carbon concentrations in the water column
Chlorophyll pigment concentrations in water bodies
Experiment state variables
38  Marine snow catcher
509  Sample taken from ship's non-toxic supplyTotal dissolved inorganic carbon (TCO2) concentration in the water column
Phosphate concentration parameters in the water column
Silicate concentration parameters in the water column
Nitrate concentration parameters in the water column
Alkalinity, acidity and pH of the water column
Chlorophyll pigment concentrations in water bodies
91  Twin WP-2 net mounted on a frame