Cruise inventory

RRS Challenger CH108C

Cruise summary report

Cruise Info. 
Ship name (ship code)RRS Challenger (74CH)
Cruise identifierCH108C
Cruise period1993-12-11 — 1993-12-23
StatusCompleted
Port of departureHull, United Kingdom
Port of returnBarry, United Kingdom
PurposeResearch
Objectives1. To quantify hydrodynamical transports and the processes affecting transformations, interactions and fates of particles, biogeochemically important elements and representative contaminants from land sources to the coastal zone.
2. To provide the first integrated environmental data base for a UK coastal region covering seasonal cycles and inter-annual variability and incorporating measurements of fluxes of materials and rates of biological productivity.
3. To generate a new quantitative understanding of estuarine and coastal zone processes controlling the fluxes and reactivities of both natural and anthropogenic materials.
4. To provide integratable models of these processes as building blocks for comprehensive coastal zone system models which will realistically predict the affects of future environmental change.
Chief scientistGeoff Millward (University of Plymouth Institute of Marine Studies)
ProjectLOIS - RACS
Coordinating bodyNERC
Cruise reportRRS Challenger CH108C cruise report ch108c_93.pdf — access key 'C' (0.71 MB) 
Ocean/sea areas 
GeneralNorth Sea
SpecificCoastal waters, Wash to Tyne
Track chartsRRS Challenger CH108C cruise track — trk3940.html
Measurements 
Physical oceanography 
Surface measurements underway (T,S)Description: continuous measurements
CTD stationsQuantity: number of profiles = 31
Description: CTDO+transmissometer+fluorometer+PAR
Transparency (eg transmissometer)Description: continuous measurements
Transparency (eg transmissometer)Quantity: number of profiles = 31
Description: CTDO+transmissometer+fluorometer+PAR
Optics (eg underwater light levels)Quantity: number of profiles = 31
Description: CTDO+transmissometer+fluorometer+PAR
Optics (eg underwater light levels)Description: continuous measurements
Current profiler (eg ADCP)Description: continuous underway shipborne ADCP
Chemical oceanography 
OxygenDescription: continuous measurements
OxygenQuantity: number of profiles = 31
Description: CTDO+transmissometer+fluorometer+PAR
PhosphateQuantity: number of samples = 100
Description: CTD + underway samples for dissolved/particulate phosphorus
PhosphateDescription: continuous measurements
Total - PQuantity: number of samples = 100
Description: CTD + underway samples for dissolved/particulate phosphorus
NitrateDescription: continuous measurements
NitriteDescription: continuous measurements
Trace elementsQuantity: number of samples = 30
Description: dissolved and particulate trace metals (+ 1000 samples from non-toxic supply)
Contamination 
Suspended matterQuantity: number of samples = 100
Description: from non-toxic supply for gravimetric analysis
Biology and fisheries 
Primary productivityQuantity: number of experiments = 5
Description: 14C, 15N incubations
Phytoplankton pigs (eg chlorophyll, fluorescence)Quantity: number of samples = 100
Description: from non-toxic supply
Phytoplankton pigs (eg chlorophyll, fluorescence)Quantity: number of profiles = 31
Description: CTDO+transmissometer+fluorometer+PAR
Phytoplankton pigs (eg chlorophyll, fluorescence)Description: continuous measurements
PhytoplanktonQuantity: number of samples = 100
Description: from non-toxic supply
Pelagic bacteria/micro-organismsQuantity: number of samples = 50
Description: bact. diversity/activity (genetic probe for nitrification) non-toxic supply
Other biological/fisheries measurementQuantity: number of samples = 50
Description: bact. diversity/activity (genetic probe for nitrification) non-toxic supply
Geology and geophysics 
Single-beam echosoundingDescription: continuous underway
Moorings, landers, buoys 
Physical oceanography 
Current meters53° 47' 59" N  0° 1' 0" E — WLR,transmiss.,OBS
Current meters53° 43' 59" N  0° 7' 0" E — WLR,transmiss.,OBS
Current meters53° 47' 59" N  0° 3' 0" E — WLR,transmiss.,OBS
Current meters53° 47' 59" N  0° 3' 0" E — WLR,transmiss.,OBS
Current meters53° 47' 59" N  0° 3' 0" E — WLR,transmiss.,OBS
Data held at BODC 
Series/Profiles 
35  Bottle station
Quality control flags
Chlorophyll pigment concentrations in water bodies
Vertical spatial coordinates
Phaeopigment concentrations in the water column
Reference numbers
Phosphate concentration parameters in the water column
Quality control flags
Chlorophyll pigment concentrations in water bodies
Vertical spatial coordinates
Phaeopigment concentrations in the water column
Reference numbers
Phosphate concentration parameters in the water column

BODC idDate/TimeLocationDoc.
12854511993-12-13 03:00 53° 33' 23" N  0° 40' 19" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1285451
12854631993-12-13 04:14 53° 24' 39" N  0° 46' 10" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1285463
12854751993-12-13 06:59 53° 36' 10" N  0° 22' 55" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1285475
12854871993-12-14 09:42 53° 55' 5" N  0° 24' 12" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1285487
12854991993-12-14 14:09 54° 2' 19" N  0° 3' 4" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1285499
12855061993-12-15 11:46 54° 41' 29" N  1° 7' 4" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1285506
12855181993-12-15 14:32 55° 2' 30" N  0° 54' 38" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1285518
12855311993-12-15 16:30 54° 56' 13" N  1° 17' 1" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1285531
12855431993-12-19 00:20 53° 0' 4" N  0° 24' 9" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1285543
12855551993-12-19 02:06 53° 14' 59" N  0° 38' 43" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1285555
12855671993-12-19 05:25 52° 59' 54" N  1° 3' 33" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1285567
12855791993-12-19 07:42 52° 53' 55" N  1° 30' 40" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1285579
12855801993-12-19 09:30 52° 42' 51" N  1° 49' 9" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1285580
16864341993-12-11 17:52 53° 32' 44" N  0° 9' 14" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686434
16864461993-12-13 03:00 53° 33' 23" N  0° 40' 19" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686446
16864581993-12-13 04:14 53° 24' 39" N  0° 46' 10" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686458
16864711993-12-13 06:59 53° 36' 10" N  0° 22' 55" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686471
16864831993-12-14 09:42 53° 55' 5" N  0° 24' 12" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686483
16864951993-12-15 07:49 54° 38' 28" N  1° 2' 10" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686495
16865021993-12-15 09:47 54° 52' 38" N  0° 50' 38" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686502
16865141993-12-15 11:46 54° 41' 29" N  1° 7' 4" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686514
16865261993-12-15 14:32 55° 2' 30" N  0° 54' 38" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686526
16865381993-12-11 19:11 53° 32' 43" N  0° 8' 17" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686538
16865511993-12-15 20:42 55° 1' 33" N  1° 21' 21" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686551
16865631993-12-15 22:37 55° 12' 50" N  1° 1' 25" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686563
16865751993-12-16 00:32 55° 12' 10" N  1° 26' 37" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686575
16865871993-12-19 00:20 53° 0' 4" N  0° 24' 9" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686587
16865991993-12-19 02:06 53° 14' 59" N  0° 38' 43" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686599
16866061993-12-19 05:25 52° 59' 54" N  1° 3' 33" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686606
16866181993-12-11 21:02 53° 29' 34" N  0° 23' 56" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686618
16866311993-12-19 07:42 52° 53' 55" N  1° 30' 40" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686631
16866431993-12-19 09:30 52° 42' 51" N  1° 49' 9" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686643
16866551993-12-12 06:49 53° 46' 6" N  0° 50' 3" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686655
16866671993-12-12 23:45 53° 20' 14" N  0° 28' 43" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686667
16866791993-12-13 01:07 53° 28' 52" N  0° 23' 35" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1686679
31  CTD/STD cast
Density of the water column
Transmittance and attenuance of the water column
Visible waveband radiance and irradiance measurements in the water column
Vertical spatial coordinates
Salinity of the water column
Concentration of suspended particulate material in the water column
Temperature of the water column
Dissolved oxygen parameters in the water column
Density of the water column
Transmittance and attenuance of the water column
Visible waveband radiance and irradiance measurements in the water column
Vertical spatial coordinates
Salinity of the water column
Concentration of suspended particulate material in the water column
Temperature of the water column
Dissolved oxygen parameters in the water column

BODC idDate/TimeLocationDoc.
8325691993-12-15 06:00 54° 33' 40" N  0° 44' 33" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832569
8325701993-12-15 11:42 54° 41' 30" N  1° 7' 4" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832570
8325821993-12-15 20:36 55° 1' 33" N  1° 21' 21" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832582
8325941993-12-17 07:09 53° 47' 8" N  0° 1' 45" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832594
8326011993-12-19 05:22 52° 59' 54" N  1° 3' 33" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832601
8326131993-12-11 17:46 53° 32' 44" N  0° 9' 15" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832613
8326251993-12-11 19:08 53° 32' 43" N  0° 8' 17" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832625
8326371993-12-11 20:58 53° 29' 34" N  0° 23' 57" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832637
8326491993-12-12 06:47 53° 46' 6" N  0° 50' 3" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832649
8326501993-12-12 20:42 53° 31' 58" N  0° 32' 19" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832650
8326621993-12-12 22:36 53° 23' 8" N  0° 38' 22" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832662
8326741993-12-12 23:41 53° 20' 14" N  0° 28' 43" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832674
8326861993-12-13 01:04 53° 28' 52" N  0° 23' 35" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832686
8326981993-12-13 02:56 53° 33' 23" N  0° 40' 19" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832698
8327051993-12-13 04:10 53° 24' 40" N  0° 46' 10" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832705
8327171993-12-13 06:56 53° 36' 10" N  0° 22' 55" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832717
8327291993-12-14 09:37 53° 55' 5" N  0° 24' 11" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832729
8327301993-12-14 14:06 54° 2' 19" N  0° 3' 4" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832730
8327421993-12-15 07:45 54° 38' 28" N  1° 2' 10" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832742
8327541993-12-15 09:41 54° 52' 38" N  0° 50' 38" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832754
8327661993-12-15 14:27 55° 2' 30" N  0° 54' 38" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832766
8327781993-12-15 16:26 54° 56' 13" N  1° 17' 1" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832778
8327911993-12-15 18:36 55° 6' 58" N  0° 57' 20" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832791
8328091993-12-15 22:31 55° 12' 50" N  1° 1' 25" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832809
8328101993-12-16 00:28 55° 12' 10" N  1° 26' 37" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832810
8328221993-12-18 21:18 53° 20' 19" N  0° 29' 22" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832822
8328341993-12-19 00:16 53° 0' 4" N  0° 24' 9" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832834
8328461993-12-19 02:03 53° 14' 59" N  0° 38' 43" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832846
8328581993-12-19 07:39 52° 53' 55" N  1° 30' 40" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832858
8328711993-12-19 09:25 52° 42' 51" N  1° 49' 9" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832871
8328831993-12-12 05:14 53° 38' 30" N  0° 58' 6" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 832883
2  Electromagnetic current meter
Horizontal velocity of the water column (currents)
Date and time
Horizontal velocity of the water column (currents)
Date and time

BODC idDate/TimeLocationDoc.
4497061993-12-12 10:00  — 1993-12-17 13:04:59 53° 48' 2" N  0° 3' 2" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 449706
4496751993-12-13 09:02  — 1993-12-17 10:07 53° 43' 58" N  0° 7' 36" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 449675
1  Meteorological data logger
Solar Radiation
Horizontal spatial co-ordinates
Date and time
Visible waveband radiance and irradiance measurements in the atmosphere
Solar Radiation
Horizontal spatial co-ordinates
Date and time
Visible waveband radiance and irradiance measurements in the atmosphere

BODC idDate/TimeLocationDoc.
9424481993-12-11 15:41  — 1993-12-22 10:20 53° 44' 16" N  0° 17' 15" W — 51° 21' 10" N  3° 23' 18" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 942448
2  Pumped water sample
Chlorophyll pigment concentrations in water bodies
Horizontal spatial co-ordinates
Phaeopigment concentrations in the water column
Date and time
Phosphate concentration parameters in the water column
Chlorophyll pigment concentrations in water bodies
Horizontal spatial co-ordinates
Phaeopigment concentrations in the water column
Date and time
Phosphate concentration parameters in the water column

BODC idDate/TimeLocationDoc.
13620231993-12-11 23:57  — 1993-12-19 05:25 52° 59' 54" N  1° 26' 31" W — 55° 20' 7" N  1° 3' 33" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1362023
16638041993-12-12 00:00  — 1993-12-18 21:20 53° 20' 21" N  1° 3' 21" W — 55° 20' 7" N  0° 59' 31" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 1663804
1  Ship's non-toxic supply
Dissolved metal concentrations in the water column
Transmittance and attenuance of the water column
Chlorophyll pigment concentrations in water bodies
Salinity of the water column
Horizontal spatial co-ordinates
Concentration of suspended particulate material in the water column
Nitrate concentration parameters in the water column
Temperature of the water column
Date and time
Dissolved oxygen parameters in the water column
Nitrite concentration parameters in the water column
Phosphate concentration parameters in the water column
Dissolved metal concentrations in the water column
Transmittance and attenuance of the water column
Chlorophyll pigment concentrations in water bodies
Salinity of the water column
Horizontal spatial co-ordinates
Concentration of suspended particulate material in the water column
Nitrate concentration parameters in the water column
Temperature of the water column
Date and time
Dissolved oxygen parameters in the water column
Nitrite concentration parameters in the water column
Phosphate concentration parameters in the water column

BODC idDate/TimeLocationDoc.
9424611993-12-11 15:41  — 1993-12-22 10:20 49° 55' 4" N  5° 54' 25" W — 55° 20' 10" N  1° 57' 59" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 942461
1  Single-beam echosounder
Bathymetry and Elevation
Horizontal spatial co-ordinates
Date and time
Bathymetry and Elevation
Horizontal spatial co-ordinates
Date and time

BODC idDate/TimeLocationDoc.
9424361993-12-11 15:41  — 1993-12-22 10:20 53° 44' 16" N  0° 17' 15" W — 51° 21' 10" N  3° 23' 18" W  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 942436
1  Transmissometer
Transmittance and attenuance of the water column
Concentration of suspended particulate material in the water column
Date and time
Transmittance and attenuance of the water column
Concentration of suspended particulate material in the water column
Date and time

BODC idDate/TimeLocationDoc.
5766741993-12-12 10:10  — 1993-12-17 13:43 53° 47' 53" N  0° 2' 48" E  View metadata report for BODC series reference number 576674
Discrete samples 
31  CTD frame plus rosette samplerDissolved metal concentrations in the water column
Particulate metal concentrations in the water column
Density of the water column
Transmittance and attenuance of the water column
Dissolved total or organic phosphorus concentration in the water column
Visible waveband radiance and irradiance measurements in the water column
Primary production in the water column
Chlorophyll pigment concentrations in water bodies
Metadata parameters
Particulate total and organic phosphorus concentrations in the water column
Salinity of the water column
Concentration of suspended particulate material in the water column
Temperature of the water column
Phaeopigment concentrations in the water column
Dissolved oxygen parameters in the water column
Phosphate concentration parameters in the water column
81  Sample taken from ship's non-toxic supplyDissolved total or organic phosphorus concentration in the water column
Chlorophyll pigment concentrations in water bodies
Particulate total and organic phosphorus concentrations in the water column
Salinity of the water column
Concentration of suspended particulate material in the water column
Phaeopigment concentrations in the water column
Dissolved oxygen parameters in the water column
Phosphate concentration parameters in the water column