Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 541834

Metadata Summary

Data Description

Data Category Currents -subsurface Eulerian
Instrument Type Acoustic doppler current profiler
Instrument Mounting fixed benthic node
Originating Country United Kingdom
Originator -
Originating Organization Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory (now National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool)
Processing Status banked
Project(s) Provess

Data Identifiers

Originator's Identifier bb0572.821
BODC Series Reference 541834

Time Co-ordinates(UT)

Start Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 1999-03-30 14:05
End Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 1999-05-20 11:05
Nominal Cycle Interval 3600.0 seconds

Spatial Co-ordinates

Latitude 52.30230 N ( 52° 18.1' N )
Longitude 4.30670 E ( 4° 18.4' E )
Positional Uncertainty 0.1 to 0.5 n.miles
Minimum Sensor Depth 0.0 m
Maximum Sensor Depth 18.0 m
Minimum Sensor Height 2.0 m
Maximum Sensor Height 20.0 m
Sea Floor Depth 20.0 m
Sensor Distribution Sensor fixed, measurements made at fixed depths - The sensor is at a fixed depth, but measurements are made remotely from the sensor over a range of depths (e.g. ADCP measurements)
Sensor Depth Datum Sea floor reference - Depth measured as a height above sea floor but converted into a depth relative to the sea surface according to the same datum as used for sea floor depth (applicable to instrument depths not bathymetric depths)
Sea Floor Depth Datum Instantaneous - Depth measured below water line or instantaneous water body surface


BODC CODE Rank Units Short Title Title
DBINAA01 0 Metres BinDep Depth below sea surface (ADCP bin)
AADYAA01 1 Days Date(Loch_Day) Date (time from 00:00 01/01/1760 to 00:00 UT on day)
AAFDZZ01 1 Days Time(Day_Fract) Time (time between 00:00 UT and timestamp)
LCEWAP01 2 Centimetres per second CurrVelE_ADCP Eastward current velocity (Eulerian) in the water body by moored acoustic doppler current profiler (ADCP)
LCNSAP01 2 Centimetres per second CurrVelN_ADCP Northward current velocity (Eulerian) in the water body by moored acoustic doppler current profiler (ADCP)
LERRAP01 2 Centimetres per second ADCPER Current velocity error in the water body by moored acoustic doppler current profiler (ADCP)
LRZAAP01 2 Centimetres per second ADCPVC Upward current velocity in the water body by moored acoustic doppler current profiler (ADCP)

Definition of Rank

  • Rank 1 is a one-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 2 is a two-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 0 is a one-dimensional parameter describing the second dimension of a two-dimensional parameter (e.g. bin depths for moored ADCP data)

Problem Reports

No Problem Report Found in the Database

Data Access Policy

Open Data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)

You must always use the following attribution statement to acknowledge the source of the information: "Contains data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council."

Narrative Documents

RDI Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler

Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCPs) use sound waves to determine vertical profiles of currents, and may be deployed fixed to the sea floor, attached to a surface buoy, mounted on the hull of a ship, towed behind a ship or lowered on a cable.

ADCPs transmit sound bursts into the water. Particles carried by the water currents scatter the sound back to the transducer. As echoes return from further ranges from the sensor, the instrument assigns different water depths to the returning signals. Motion of the scattering particles relative to the sound source causes a change in the frequency of the sound (known as Doppler shift). The ADCP measures this change to produce vertical profiles of water velocity at up to 128 depths throughout the water column.

number of depth cells 1 to 128;
size of depth cells 0.12 to 32.00 metres;
velocity range +/- 10 m/s.

BODC Current Meter Screening

BODC screen both the series header qualifying information and the parameter values in the data cycles themselves.

Header information is inspected for:

Documents are written by BODC highlighting irregularities which cannot be resolved.

Data cycles are inspected using time series plots of all parameters. Currents are additionally inspected using vector scatter plots and time series plots of North and East velocity components. These presentations undergo intrinsic and extrinsic screening to detect infeasible values within the data cycles themselves and inconsistencies as seen when comparing characteristics of adjacent data sets displaced with respect to depth, position or time. Values suspected of being of non- oceanographic origin may be tagged with the BODC flag denoting suspect value.

The following types of irregularity, each relying on visual detection in the time series plot, are amongst those which may be flagged as suspect:

If a large percentage of the data is affected by irregularities, deemed abnormal, then instead of flagging the individual suspect values, a caution may be documented. Likewise documents will highlight irregularities seen in the current vector scatter plots such as incongruous centre holes, evidence of mooring 'knock-down', abnormal asymmetry in tidally dominated records or gaps as when a range of speeds or directions go unregistered due to meter malfunction.

The term 'knock-down' refers to the situation when the 'drag' exerted on a mooring at high current speeds may cause instruments to tilt beyond the angle at which they are intended to operate. At this point the efficiency of the current sensors to accurately record the flow is reduced.

Inconsistencies between the characteristics of the data set and those of its neighbours are sought, and where necessary, documented. This covers inconsistencies in the following:

This intrinsic and extrinsic screening of the parameter values seeks to confirm the qualifying information and the source laboratory's comments on the series. In screening and collating information, every care is taken to ensure that errors of BODC making are not introduced.

Data Processing Notes

Data processing was carried out at the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, Merseyside, UK.

The recorder of this ADCP was setup to fast sample mode, sampling every 2 seconds for 10 minutes every hour. This data series contains the hourly ten-minute averages of the fast sample data.

The time channel has been adjusted to take into account the averaging period, by adding half the sampling interval to the recorded scan time.

The current direction has been corrected for a magnetic deviation of 2.2° W.

Project Information

PROcesses of Vertical Exchange in Shelf Seas (PROVESS)


PROVESS was an interdisciplinary study of the vertical fluxes of properties through the water column and the surface and bottom boundary layers. The project was funded by the European Community MAST-III programme (MAS3-CT97- 0159) and ran from March 1998 to May 2001.

Scientific Rationale

PROVESS was based on the integration of experimental, theoretical and modelling studies with the aim of improving understanding and quantification of vertical exchange processes in the water column, in particular in the surface and benthic boundary layers and across the> pycnocline. PROVESS also explored mechanisms of physical-biological coupling in which vertical exchanges and turbulence significantly affect the environmental conditions experienced by the biota with particular reference to aggregation, flocculation, sedimentation and trophic interactions.


The experimental phase of the project was carried out at two contrasting sites in the North Sea: the northern North Sea site (NNS) and the southern North Sea site (SNS).

The two sites had the following characteristics:

Position 52° 15.0' N, 4° 17.0' E 59° 20.0' E, 1° 00.0' E
Time of year April-May September-November
Water depth (m) 16 100
M2 max amplitude (m s-1) 0.75 0.15
Max current (m s-1) 1.0 0.6
Delta T (deg C) mixed 7-1
Thermocline depth (m) mixed 35-100
Delta S 1 small
Halocline depth (m) 5-10 cf. thermocline depth
Max wind speed (m s-1) 20 25
Max wave height (m) 5 10
Max wave period (s) 8 10
Internal motion No Yes
Sediment muddy-sand muddy-sand
Biology eutrophic oligotrophic

At both locations measurements were concentrated at a central position with additional measurements being made to estimate horizontal gradients. Moored instruments (including current meters, temperature and pressure sensors, fluorometers, transmissometers, nutrient analysers and meteorological sensors) were deployed between 7 September and 5 November 1998 at the NNS and between 29 March and 25 May 1999 at the SNS. Each experiment was supported by intensive measurement series made from oceanographic ships and involving turbulence dissipation profiler CTD, particle size profilers, optical profilers, benthic sampling and water bottle sampling.

Details of the cruises were as follows:

Site Ship
NNS Valdivia (GER) VA174 5 - 17 Sep 1998
  Dana (DK) D1198 14 - 26 Oct 1998
  Pelagia (NL) PE125 19 - 30 Oct 1998
  Challenger (UK) CH140 22 Oct - 9 Nov 1998
SNS Pelagia (NL) PE135 29 Mar - 9 Apr 1999
  Mitra (NL) MT0499 19 - 30 Apr 1999
  Belgica (BE) BG9912 17 - 21 May 1999

Data Activity or Cruise Information

Data Activity

Start Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 1999-03-30
End Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 1999-05-20
Organization Undertaking ActivityProudman Oceanographic Laboratory (now National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool)
Country of OrganizationUnited Kingdom
Originator's Data Activity IdentifierPOLRIG#821
Platform Categoryfixed benthic node


This mooring was known within PROVESS as 'Rig B'. It was one of a cluster of moorings deployed at the main focus of the Southern North Sea Site during the spring of 1999.

Mooring type U-shaped mooring with bottom frame and toroid.
Instruments in bottom frame
(0.5 m above sea-bed)
1.2 MHz RDI ADCP (S/N 572)
InterOcean S4 current meter (S/N 2005)
Water level recorder (S/N 1357)
Minilog Temperature probe (S/N 1371)
On the toroid line
(from 3 m below surface)
10m Thermistor/Conductivity chain (5 sensors, S/N 1460)

Other Series linked to this Data Activity - 541846 541730 529257 529349


Cruise Name PE136
Departure Date 1999-03-29
Arrival Date 1999-04-09
Principal Scientist(s)Hans van Haren (Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research)
Ship RV Pelagia

Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here

Fixed Station Information

Fixed Station Information

Station NamePROVESS Southern North Sea Site
CategoryOffshore area
Latitude52° 18.00' N
Longitude4° 18.00' E
Water depth below MSL16.0 m

PROVESS Southern North Sea Site

Eleven mooring packages were deployed at PROVESS Southern North Sea site by Pelagia cruise PE136 in March 1999. One of these (Rig U) was lost, the NIOZ mooring was recovered by PE136 in April 1999 and the remaining nine were recovered by either RV Belgica cruise BG9912 (8 moorings) or RV Zirfea (Rig V) in May 1999.

The layout of the mooring array was:

BODC image

The asterisk represents an array of five moorings as detailed in the inset map.

Mooring data

The data returned from each rig were as follows:

Rig identifier Data
A POLRIG#820 Near-bed currents
Temperature, salinity and attenuance
B POLRIG#821 ADCP currents
Water level
Thermistor plus conductivity chain
D POLRIG#822 Currents
H POLRIG#824 Currents
Nutrients (nitrate + nitrite, silicate)
G POLRIG#823 Surface attenuance, nutrients (nitrate + nitrite) and chlorophyll
NIOZ   ADCP currents
Thermistor chain
Wave statistics (considered suspect)
V POLRIG#827 Currents
Temperature (4 depths)
Y POLRIG#829 Water level
Near-bed temperature
T POLRIG#825 ADCP currents
Water level
Thermistor plus conductivity chain
U Unknown None
X POLRIG#828 Water level
Near-bed temperature

CTD data

A total of 356 CTD casts were also collected during the three cruises surveying this area. These include:

Cruise identifier Cruise dates No. of CTD casts
RV Pelagia (#136) 29 March - 09 April 1999 133
Mitra (#0499) 19 April - 30 April 1999 170
RV Belgica (#9912) 17 May - 21 May 1999 53

Additonal data

Supporting meteorological data (including sea surface temperature and wave statistics) from two platforms (52° 33' N, 4° 3.5' E and 52° 16.4' N, 4° 17.8' E) were supplied to the project and are held by BODC. These series run from the beginning of March 1999 until the end of May 1999.

Other Series linked to this Fixed Station for this cruise - 529245 529257 529269 529270 529282 529294 529301 529313 529325 529337 529349 529350 541730 541742 541754 541766 541778 541791 541809 541810 541822 541846 541858 541871 541895 541902 541926 541938 553141 553294 553301 553313 564243

BODC Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
Blank Unqualified
< Below detection limit
> In excess of quoted value
A Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)
B Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast
C Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)
D Thermometric depth
E End of CTD Down/Up Cast
G Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty
H Extrapolated value
I Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)
K Improbable value - unknown quality control source
L Improbable value - originator's quality control
M Improbable value - BODC quality control
N Null value
O Improbable value - user quality control
P Trace/calm
Q Indeterminate
R Replacement value
S Estimated value
T Interpolated value
U Uncalibrated
W Control value
X Excessive difference

SeaDataNet Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
0 no quality control
1 good value
2 probably good value
3 probably bad value
4 bad value
5 changed value
6 value below detection
7 value in excess
8 interpolated value
9 missing value
A value phenomenon uncertain