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Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 442431


Metadata Summary

Data Description

Data Category Hydrography time series at depth
Instrument Type
NameCategories
Aanderaa thermistor chain  water temperature sensor; thermistor chains
Instrument Mounting subsurface mooring
Originating Country United Kingdom
Originator -
Originating Organization Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory (now National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool)
Processing Status banked
Online delivery of data Download available - Ocean Data View (ODV) format
Project(s) Land Ocean Interaction Study (LOIS)
LOIS Shelf Edge Study (LOIS - SES)
 

Data Identifiers

Originator's Identifier at2339.751
BODC Series Reference 442431
 

Time Co-ordinates(UT)

Start Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 1996-02-05 18:00
End Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 1996-04-17 17:30
Nominal Cycle Interval 1800.0 seconds
 

Spatial Co-ordinates

Latitude 56.46480 N ( 56° 27.9' N )
Longitude 9.16350 W ( 9° 9.8' W )
Positional Uncertainty 0.5 to 1.0 n.miles
Minimum Sensor or Sampling Depth 410.32 m
Maximum Sensor or Sampling Depth 510.32 m
Minimum Sensor or Sampling Height 189.68 m
Maximum Sensor or Sampling Height 289.68 m
Sea Floor Depth 700.0 m
Sea Floor Depth Source -
Sensor or Sampling Distribution Scattered at fixed depths - The sensors are scattered with respect to depth but each remains effectively at the same depth for the duration of the series
Sensor or Sampling Depth Datum Sea floor reference - Depth measured as a height above sea floor but converted into a depth relative to the sea surface according to the same datum as used for sea floor depth (applicable to instrument depths not bathymetric depths)
Sea Floor Depth Datum Instantaneous - Depth measured below water line or instantaneous water body surface
 

Parameters

BODC CODERankUnitsTitle
DEPHTC010MetresDepth (spatial coordinate) relative to water surface in the water body by physical measurement and conversion from height above seabed using bathymetric depth
AADYAA011DaysDate (time from 00:00 01/01/1760 to 00:00 UT on day)
AAFDZZ011DaysTime (time between 00:00 UT and timestamp)
TEMPTC012Degrees CelsiusTemperature of the water body by in-situ thermistor

Definition of Rank

  • Rank 1 is a one-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 2 is a two-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 0 is a one-dimensional parameter describing the second dimension of a two-dimensional parameter (e.g. bin depths for moored ADCP data)

Problem Reports

No Problem Report Found in the Database


Data Access Policy

Open Data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)

You must always use the following attribution statement to acknowledge the source of the information: "Contains data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council."


Narrative Documents

Aanderaa Thermistor Chain

Instrumentation

The thermistor string comprises 11 sensors electrically connected to a logger. The sensors are equally spaced along the string; string lengths range from 10m to 400m. Sensors used are Fenwal 2K iso-curve thermistors (type GB32JM19) with time constant of approximately 3.5min for 63pcent of step change. The thermistors have identical calibration curves to within ±0.1 °C.

Standard temperature ranges are: low range (-2.46 to 21.48 °C), high range (10.08 to 36.00 °C), wide range (-0.34 to 32.17 °C). A resistor, accurate to ±0.025deg C, within the logger is used to select the range.

Calibrations

The calibration formula, corresponding to the temperature range chosen, converts the logger reading N to degrees C with an accuracy of ±0.05deg C, The worst accumulated error (taking into account the accuracy of the formula, the thermistor and the resistor) is ±0.175 °C. These errors can be reduced by carrying out temperature calibrations at 0 °C. This can give an accuracy of ±0.05 °C. The theoretical limit of accuracy is ±0.0125 °C, approx. To approach this accuracy better interpolation formulae and frequent calibrations are required.

The data are logged either by Aanderaa TR loggers or by SeaData loggers (which incorporate a temperature sensor and hence record 12 channels).

Thermistor Depths

The sensor depths and corresponding data channels are as follows:

Parameter Depth
TEMPTC01 410.32m
TEMPTC02 420.32m
TEMPTC03 430.32m
TEMPTC04 440.32m
TEMPTC05 450.32m
TEMPTC06 460.32m
TEMPTC07 470.32m
TEMPTC08 480.32m
TEMPTC09 490.32m
TEMPTC10 500.32m
TEMPTC11 510.32m

General Data Screening carried out by BODC

BODC screen both the series header qualifying information and the parameter values in the data cycles themselves.

Header information is inspected for:

  • Irregularities such as unfeasible values
  • Inconsistencies between related information, for example:
    • Times for instrument deployment and for start/end of data series
    • Length of record and the number of data cycles/cycle interval
    • Parameters expected and the parameters actually present in the data cycles
  • Originator's comments on meter/mooring performance and data quality

Documents are written by BODC highlighting irregularities which cannot be resolved.

Data cycles are inspected using time or depth series plots of all parameters. Currents are additionally inspected using vector scatter plots and time series plots of North and East velocity components. These presentations undergo intrinsic and extrinsic screening to detect infeasible values within the data cycles themselves and inconsistencies as seen when comparing characteristics of adjacent data sets displaced with respect to depth, position or time. Values suspected of being of non-oceanographic origin may be tagged with the BODC flag denoting suspect value; the data values will not be altered.

The following types of irregularity, each relying on visual detection in the plot, are amongst those which may be flagged as suspect:

  • Spurious data at the start or end of the record.
  • Obvious spikes occurring in periods free from meteorological disturbance.
  • A sequence of constant values in consecutive data cycles.

If a large percentage of the data is affected by irregularities then a Problem Report will be written rather than flagging the individual suspect values. Problem Reports are also used to highlight irregularities seen in the graphical data presentations.

Inconsistencies between the characteristics of the data set and those of its neighbours are sought and, where necessary, documented. This covers inconsistencies such as the following:

  • Maximum and minimum values of parameters (spikes excluded).
  • The occurrence of meteorological events.

This intrinsic and extrinsic screening of the parameter values seeks to confirm the qualifying information and the source laboratory's comments on the series. In screening and collating information, every care is taken to ensure that errors of BODC making are not introduced.


Project Information

Land Ocean Interaction Study (LOIS)

Introduction

The Land Ocean Interaction Study (LOIS) was a Community Research Project of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC). The broad aim of LOIS was to gain an understanding of, and an ability to predict, the nature of environmental change in the coastal zone around the UK through an integrated study from the river catchments through to the shelf break.

LOIS was a collaborative, multidisciplinary study undertaken by scientists from NERC research laboratories and Higher Education institutions. The LOIS project was managed from NERC's Plymouth Marine Laboratory.

The project ran for six years from April 1992 until April 1998 with a further modelling and synthesis phase beginning in April 1998 and ending in April 2000.

Project Structure

LOIS consisted of the following components:

  • River-Atmosphere-Coast Study (RACS)
    • RACS(A) - Atmospheric sub-component
    • RACS(C) - Coasts sub-component
    • RACS(R) - Rivers sub-component
    • BIOTA - Terrestrial salt marsh study
  • Land Ocean Evolution Perspective Study (LOEPS)
  • Shelf-Edge Study (SES)
  • North Sea Modelling Study (NORMS)
  • Data Management (DATA)

Marine Fieldwork

Marine field data were collected between September 1993 and September 1997 as part of RACS(C) and SES. The RACS data were collected throughout this period from the estuaries and coastal waters of the UK North Sea coast from Great Yarmouth to the Tweed. The SES data were collected between March 1995 and September 1996 from the Hebridean slope. Both the RACS and SES data sets incorporate a broad spectrum of measurements collected using moored instruments and research vessel surveys.


LOIS Shelf Edge Study (LOIS - SES)

Introduction

SES was a component of the NERC Land Ocean Interaction Study (LOIS) Community Research Programme that made intensive measurements from the shelf break in the region known as the Hebridean Slope from March 1995 to September 1996.

Scientific Rationale

SES was devoted to the study of interactions between the shelf seas and the open ocean. The specific objectives of the project were:

  • To identify the time and space scales of ocean-shelf momentum transmission and to quantify the contributions to ocean-shelf water exchange by physical processes.

  • To estimate fluxes of water, heat and certain dissolved and suspended constituents across a section of the shelf edge with special emphasis on net carbon export from, and nutrient import to, the shelf.

  • To incorporate process understanding into models and test these models by comparison with observations and provide a basis for estimation of fluxes integrated over time and the length of the shelf.

Fieldwork

The SES fieldwork was focussed on a box enclosing two sections across the shelf break at 56.4-56.5 °N and 56.6-56.7 °N. Moored instrument arrays were maintained throughout the experiment at stations with water depths ranging from 140 m to 1500 m, although there were heavy losses due to the intensive fishing activity in the area. The moorings included meteorological buoys, current meters, transmissometers, fluorometers, nutrient analysers (but these never returned any usable data), thermistor chains, colour sensors and sediment traps.

The moorings were serviced by research cruises at approximately three-monthly intervals. In addition to the mooring work this cruises undertook intensive CTD, water bottle and benthic surveys with cruise durations of up to 6 weeks (3 legs of approximately 2 weeks each).

Moored instrument activities associated with SES comprised current measurements in the North Channel in 1993 and the Tiree Passage from 1995-1996. These provided boundary conditions for SES modelling activities.

Additional data were provided through cruises undertaken by the Defence Evaluation and Research Agency (DERA) in a co-operative programme known as SESAME.


Data Activity or Cruise Information

Data Activity

Start Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 1996-02-05
End Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 1996-04-17
Organization Undertaking ActivityProudman Oceanographic Laboratory (now National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool)
Country of OrganizationUnited Kingdom
Originator's Data Activity IdentifierPOLRIG#751
Platform Categorysubsurface mooring

Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory Moored Instrument Rig #751

This rig was deployed as part of the LOIS Shelf-Edge Study at site S700.

Rig position: 56° 27.89'N 09° 09.81'W
Deployed: 05 Feb 1996 17:28
from RRS Challenger (cruise CH125A)
Recovered: 17 Apr 1996 17:55
onto RRS Challenger (cruise CH126A)

The instruments were anchored by 1000kg of chain and kept erect by a 48" diameter buoy attached 40m below the sea surface.

Instruments deployed on the rig

Height above Sea Level Instrument
650m Aanderaa current meter (#6749)
599m to 399m 200m thermistor chain (#1758)
393m Aanderaa current meter (#11049)
392m 100m thermistor chain (#1688)
290m to 190m 100m thermistor chain (#2339)
7m Aanderaa current meter (#11827) x
fitted with SeaTech transmissometer (#555) x
  • Instruments marked "x" flooded and hence returned no data.

Related Data Activity activities are detailed in Appendix 1

Cruise

Cruise Name CH125A
Departure Date 1996-01-31
Arrival Date 1996-02-12
Principal Scientist(s)M John Howarth (Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory)
Ship RRS Challenger

Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here


Fixed Station Information

Fixed Station Information

Station NameLOIS(SES) S700
CategoryOffshore location
Latitude56° 27.14' N
Longitude9° 9.50' W
Water depth below MSL700.0 m

LOIS (SES) Mooring and CTD Site S700

Site S700 was a fixed station where moorings were deployed during the Land-Ocean Interaction Study (LOIS) Shelf Edge Study (SES). It was also one of fourteen CTD sites on repeat section S, across the Hebridean Slope, occupied by cruises between March 1995 and September 1996.

Instrument Deployment History

The following tables summarise the instruments deployed at this site for which data may be available.

1995

Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
CM a   b b b b c      
TChn     a a a a b      
Tr     a a            
Fl     a a b b c      
NA     a a b b        

1996

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug
CM   d d d e e e e
TChn   c c c d d d d
Tr                
Fl         d d d d
NA                

Each different letters in the table above corresponds to an individual instrument record.

Glossary

  • CM = Current meter (Aanderaa or S4)
  • BPR = Bottom pressure recorder
  • ADCP = Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
  • TChn = Thermistor chain
  • Tr = Transmissometer
  • Fl = Fluorometer
  • NA = Nutrient analyser

Note

  1. Transmissometers may have been fitted to some of the current meters.
  2. Other instruments (colour sensors) may have been deployed.
  3. Only periods for which useful data were returned are shown.

Related Fixed Station activities are detailed in Appendix 2


BODC Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
Blank Unqualified
< Below detection limit
> In excess of quoted value
A Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)
B Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast
C Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)
D Thermometric depth
E End of CTD Down/Up Cast
G Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty
H Extrapolated value
I Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)
K Improbable value - unknown quality control source
L Improbable value - originator's quality control
M Improbable value - BODC quality control
N Null value
O Improbable value - user quality control
P Trace/calm
Q Indeterminate
R Replacement value
S Estimated value
T Interpolated value
U Uncalibrated
W Control value
X Excessive difference

SeaDataNet Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
0 no quality control
1 good value
2 probably good value
3 probably bad value
4 bad value
5 changed value
6 value below detection
7 value in excess
8 interpolated value
9 missing value
A value phenomenon uncertain
Q value below limit of quantification

Appendix 1: POLRIG#751

Related series for this Data Activity are presented in the table below. Further information can be found by following the appropriate links.

If you are interested in these series, please be aware we offer a multiple file download service. Should your credentials be insufficient for automatic download, the service also offers a referral to our Enquiries Officer who may be able to negotiate access.

Series IdentifierData CategoryStart date/timeStart positionCruise
436277Currents -subsurface Eulerian1996-02-05 17:45:0556.4648 N, 9.1635 WRRS Challenger CH125A
442443Hydrography time series at depth1996-02-05 18:00:0056.4648 N, 9.1635 WRRS Challenger CH125A
442406Hydrography time series at depth1996-02-05 18:00:0456.4648 N, 9.1635 WRRS Challenger CH125A
436204Currents -subsurface Eulerian1996-02-05 18:15:0456.4648 N, 9.1635 WRRS Challenger CH125A

Appendix 2: LOIS(SES) S700

Related series for this Fixed Station are presented in the table below. Further information can be found by following the appropriate links.

If you are interested in these series, please be aware we offer a multiple file download service. Should your credentials be insufficient for automatic download, the service also offers a referral to our Enquiries Officer who may be able to negotiate access.

Series IdentifierData CategoryStart date/timeStart positionCruise
496115Transmittance/attenuance, turbidity, or SPM conc.1995-03-27 18:20:4056.4517 N, 9.1585 WRRS Charles Darwin CD91B
439195Currents -subsurface Eulerian1995-03-29 10:38:0056.4622 N, 9.1613 WRRS Charles Darwin CD91B
436161Currents -subsurface Eulerian1995-03-29 10:55:0056.4622 N, 9.1613 WRRS Charles Darwin CD91B
496103Transmittance/attenuance, turbidity, or SPM conc.1995-05-10 20:00:0056.4532 N, 9.158 WRRS Charles Darwin CD93A
476218Fluorescence or pigments1995-05-10 20:02:5656.4532 N, 9.158 WRRS Charles Darwin CD93A
439619Hydrography time series at depth1995-05-10 20:30:0056.4532 N, 9.158 WRRS Charles Darwin CD93A
476114Fluorescence or pigments1995-05-11 13:02:5756.4605 N, 9.1642 WRRS Charles Darwin CD93A
439552Hydrography time series at depth1995-05-11 13:30:0056.4605 N, 9.1642 WRRS Charles Darwin CD93A
439681Hydrography time series at depth1995-05-11 13:30:0056.4605 N, 9.1642 WRRS Charles Darwin CD93A
439785Hydrography time series at depth1995-05-11 13:30:0056.4605 N, 9.1642 WRRS Charles Darwin CD93A
426098Currents -subsurface Eulerian1995-05-11 13:32:3056.4605 N, 9.1642 WRRS Charles Darwin CD93A
431236Currents -subsurface Eulerian1995-05-11 13:44:0056.4605 N, 9.1642 WRRS Charles Darwin CD93A
431297Currents -subsurface Eulerian1995-05-11 13:45:0056.4605 N, 9.1642 WRRS Charles Darwin CD93A
431457Currents -subsurface Eulerian1995-05-11 13:45:0056.4605 N, 9.1642 WRRS Charles Darwin CD93A
439251Currents -subsurface Eulerian1995-05-11 13:45:0056.4605 N, 9.1642 WRRS Charles Darwin CD93A
439263Currents -subsurface Eulerian1995-05-11 13:45:0056.4605 N, 9.1642 WRRS Charles Darwin CD93A
390247CTD or STD cast1995-07-27 14:35:0056.4812 N, 9.1477 WRRS Challenger CH120
1287248Water sample data1995-07-27 14:35:0056.4812 N, 9.1477 WRRS Challenger CH120
476126Fluorescence or pigments1995-08-13 15:02:5756.4602 N, 9.1627 WRRS Challenger CH121A
426105Currents -subsurface Eulerian1995-08-13 16:42:3056.4602 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH121A
431248Currents -subsurface Eulerian1995-08-13 16:55:0056.4602 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH121A
439275Currents -subsurface Eulerian1995-08-13 16:55:0056.4602 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH121A
431304Currents -subsurface Eulerian1995-08-13 16:56:0056.4602 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH121A
439693Hydrography time series at depth1995-08-13 17:03:0056.4602 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH121A
439797Hydrography time series at depth1995-08-13 17:15:0056.4602 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH121A
439564Hydrography time series at depth1995-08-14 17:03:0056.4602 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH121A
436277Currents -subsurface Eulerian1996-02-05 17:45:0556.4648 N, 9.1635 WRRS Challenger CH125A
442443Hydrography time series at depth1996-02-05 18:00:0056.4648 N, 9.1635 WRRS Challenger CH125A
442406Hydrography time series at depth1996-02-05 18:00:0456.4648 N, 9.1635 WRRS Challenger CH125A
436204Currents -subsurface Eulerian1996-02-05 18:15:0456.4648 N, 9.1635 WRRS Challenger CH125A
442480Hydrography time series at depth1996-04-18 14:00:0056.4617 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH126A
442523Hydrography time series at depth1996-04-18 14:00:0056.4617 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH126A
442535Hydrography time series at depth1996-04-18 14:00:0056.4617 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH126A
476187Fluorescence or pigments1996-04-18 14:02:5656.4617 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH126A
438917Currents -subsurface Eulerian1996-04-18 14:15:0056.4617 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH126A
438930Currents -subsurface Eulerian1996-04-18 14:15:0056.4617 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH126A
438942Currents -subsurface Eulerian1996-04-18 14:15:0056.4617 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH126A
439017Currents -subsurface Eulerian1996-04-18 14:15:0056.4617 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH126A
439459Currents -subsurface Eulerian1996-04-18 14:30:0056.4617 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH126A
442511Hydrography time series at depth1996-04-18 14:30:0056.4617 N, 9.1625 WRRS Challenger CH126A
496176Transmittance/attenuance, turbidity, or SPM conc.1996-04-18 16:36:0056.4702 N, 9.1633 WRRS Challenger CH126A
442560Hydrography time series at depth1996-04-18 17:00:0056.4702 N, 9.1633 WRRS Challenger CH126A
506098PAR radiance and irradiance1996-04-19 12:11:0056.4702 N, 9.1633 WRRS Challenger CH126A