Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 895374


Metadata Summary

Data Description

Data Category Currents -subsurface Eulerian
Instrument Type
NameCategories
Interocean S4AD current meter  current meters
Instrument Mounting subsurface mooring
Originating Country United Kingdom
Originator Dr Stuart Cunningham
Originating Organization National Oceanography Centre, Southampton
Processing Status banked
Project(s) Rapid Climate Change Programme
RAPIDMOC
 

Data Identifiers

Originator's Identifier 3WB1/35612568
BODC Series Reference 895374
 

Time Co-ordinates(UT)

Start Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2006-03-24 00:00
End Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2007-03-27 00:00
Nominal Cycle Interval 43200.0 seconds
 

Spatial Co-ordinates

Latitude 26.49683 N ( 26° 29.8' N )
Longitude 76.81683 W ( 76° 49.0' W )
Positional Uncertainty 0.0 to 0.01 n.miles
Minimum Sensor Depth 1193.0 m
Maximum Sensor Depth 1193.0 m
Minimum Sensor Height 210.0 m
Maximum Sensor Height 210.0 m
Sea Floor Depth 1403.0 m
Sensor Distribution Fixed common depth - All sensors are grouped effectively at the same depth which is effectively fixed for the duration of the series
Sensor Depth Datum Approximate - Depth is only approximate
Sea Floor Depth Datum Approximate - Depth is only approximate
 

Parameters

BODC CODE Rank Units Short Title Title
AADYAA01 1 Days Date(Loch_Day) Date (time from 00:00 01/01/1760 to 00:00 UT on day)
AAFDZZ01 1 Days Time(Day_Fract) Time (time between 00:00 UT and timestamp)
ACYCAA01 1 Dimensionless Record_No Sequence number
LCEWEL01 1 Centimetres per second CurrVelE_CM Eastward current velocity (Eulerian) in the water body by in-situ current meter
LCNSEL01 1 Centimetres per second CurrVelN_CM Northward current velocity (Eulerian) in the water body by in-situ current meter
PRSTPR01 1 Decibars MidWat_TotPress Pressure (measured variable) exerted by the water body plus atmosphere by semi-fixed in-situ pressure sensor
TEMPPR01 1 Degrees Celsius Temp Temperature of the water body
 

Definition of Rank

  • Rank 1 is a one-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 2 is a two-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 0 is a one-dimensional parameter describing the second dimension of a two-dimensional parameter (e.g. bin depths for moored ADCP data)

Problem Reports

No Problem Report Found in the Database


Data Access Policy

Open Data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)

You must always use the following attribution statement to acknowledge the source of the information: "Contains data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council."


Narrative Documents

InterOcean Spherical Solid State Sensor Current Meter S4 series

The S4 family are self-contained current measuring sensors enclosing all necessary solid state electronics for acquiring, processing and outputting data. Data retrieval is accomplished through a serial port without opening the instrument.

The spherical shape of the S4 is a contributing factor in the rejection of the vertical components of water movement and there are no protruding parts or sensor support structures to interfere with the water flow.

The S4 measures the magnitude and direction of the horizontal current motion of the water. Water flows through the electromagnetic field created by the instrument, thereby producing a voltage which is proportional to the magnitude of the water velocity past the sensor. This voltage is then sensed by two pairs of titanium electrodes located symmetrically on the equator of the spherical housing which forms the sensor.

Manufacturer's specifications: Meter (sphere, diameter 25cm) is designed for depths down to 1000m (S4 standard: glass-filled cycloaliphalic epoxy construction with grooved surface for hydrodynamic stability) or down to 6000m (S4D, deep: annealed borosilicate glass version with smooth surface). The meter is shackled directly into the mooring cable by means of an axial titanium load bearing shaft.

Meter comprises:-

  1. Electromagnetic, 2 axis current speed sensor, range 0 to 350cm/s (standard) 0 to 50 and 0 to 100cm/s (optional), resolution 0.2cm/s (standard) 0.03cm/s (0 to 50 range) 0.06cm/s (0 to 100 range), accuracy 2 per cent reading +/- 1cm/s. The sensor responds to the component of flow normal to its vertical axis.

  2. Flux-gate magnetometer compass for heading information used to reference the current direction to magnetic north, compass range 360°, resolution 0.5°, accuracy 2°, tilt +/- 25° for specified accuracy.

  3. Temperature stable quartz oscillator clock, accuracy 12 minutes/year.

  4. Optional automatic tilt compensation i.e. the allowable tilt of the meter from the vertical at which the vertical cosine response is fully corrected, angle range +/- 45°, resolution 0.6°, accuracy (speed correction) 1 per cent (angle output) 0.25°.

  5. Optional semiconductor (thermistor or platinum) temperature sensor, range -5 to +45 °C, resolution 0.05 °C, accuracy 0.2 °C, response time at 63 per cent 1 min (1.5 sec thermistor or 60msec platinum).

  6. Optional conductive conductivity sensor, range 5 to 70mS/cm, resolution 0.1mS/cm, accuracy 0.2mS/cm (optional inductive sensor, range 1 to 70mS/cm).

  7. Optional semiconductor strain gauge pressure sensor, range 0 to 1000dBar (70M option), resolution 1dBar (4mm with 70M option), accuracy 0.25 per cent fs.

  8. Recorder, CMOS static RAM microprocessor, 64KByte (128K or 256KByte optional) performs vector averaging, burst sampling and adaptive sampling.

Available versions of the S4 are listed in the table below:

S4RT Basic S4 current meter without memory installed, for real-time monitoring applications only.
S4 The basic S4 current measuring instrument, with current speed and direction sensors and internal memory from 64K to 1 megabyte of solid-state memory.
S4DW S4 current meter directional wave measuring instrument. Includes 1 megabyte of memory, 70 meter high-resolution depth, adaptive sampling, and Lithium battery pack, standard.
S4P S4 instrument outfitted for profiling applications. Fitted with fast response Platinum temperature sensor, inductive flow- through conductivity sensor, and high-resolution depth sensor as standard. Memory size may be from 64K to 1 megabyte.
S4D Deep water S4 instrument for use to depths of 6,000 meters.
S4A Advanced current measuring instrument with large memory capacity, and dual-mode logging capability. Memory size may be 32-256 megabytes. Includes high speed binary down-loads using Zmodem protocol with 32 bit CRC error checking. Adaptive current sampling is standard on this instrument.
S4ADW Large memory capacity S4 directional wave measuring instrument. Includes 32 to 256 megabyte memory, 70 meter high-resolution depth sensor, and Lithium battery pack, standard.
S4ADW-i New generation of S4ADW directional wave measuring instrument providing internally-processed directional wave data for direct output from the instrument without the need for external analysis software. Ideal multi-purpose oceanographic instrument for integrated-system applications requiring pre-processed output directly into a datalogger, PLC, modem, or other external device without need for PC computer. Used for directional wave, current, and tide measurements, with additional parameters available. Includes long-life lithium battery, and internal memory sizes from 32MB to 256MB.
S4AP An S4A instrument outfitted for profiling applications. Fitted with fast response Platinum temperature sensor, inductive flow-through conductivity sensor, and high- resolution depth sensor, standard. Memory size may be 32-256 megabytes.
S4AD Deep water S4A instrument for use to depths of 6,000 meters. Has all the same features and options as available with the standard S4A.
S4AH Same as S4A but uses 5 Hz sampling rate instead of 2 Hz. S4AHDW, S4AHP, S4AHD are 5 Hz models of the units listed above.

Further details are available from the manufacturer's specification sheet .

RAPIDMOC/MOCHA Current Meter data processing document

This document outlines the procedures undertaken to process and quality assure current meter data collected under the RAPIDMOC and MOCHA projects.

Originator's processing

The raw data are downloaded from the instrument and converted to ASCII format.

Once in ASCII format the data are corrected for the following -

A 40 hour low pass filter is also applied to the data.

Calculating and applying calibrations

Manufacturers calibrations are applied.

Quality Control

Data were visually inspected for out-lying data and instrument electrical spikes removed.

BODC processing

Data are received after quality checks have been made and calibrations have been applied. The data files are submitted in ASCII format as one file per instrument.

Once the submitted data files are safely archived, the data undergo reformatting and banking procedures:

Parameter mapping

The following describes the parameters contained in the originator's files and their mapping to BODC parameter codes:

Identifier Unit Definition BODC parameter code Units Unit conversion Comments
YY year Year AADYAA01 days - Combined with MM and DD to form a date and transferred
MM month Month AADYAA01 days - Combined with MM and DD to form a date and transferred
DD day Day AADYAA01 days - Combined with MM and DD to form a date and transferred
HH hour Decimal hours AAFDZZ01 days /24 Transferred
T °C Temperature TEMPPR01 °C - Transferred
P dbar Pressure PRSTPR01 dbar - Transferred
U cm/s Eastward velocity LCEWEL01 cm/s - Transferred
V cm/s Northward velocity LCNSEL01 cm/s - Transferred

Project Information

Rapid Climate Change (RAPID) Programme

Rapid Climate Change (RAPID) is a £20 million, six-year (2001-2007) programme of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC). The programme aims to improve our ability to quantify the probability and magnitude of future rapid change in climate, with a main (but not exclusive) focus on the role of the Atlantic Ocean's Thermohaline Circulation.

Scientific Objectives

Projects

Overall 38 projects have been funded by the RAPID programme. These include 4 which focus on Monitoring the Meridional Overturning Circulation (MOC), and 5 international projects jointly funded by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, the Research Council of Norway and NERC.

The RAPID effort to design a system to continuously monitor the strength and structure of the North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation is being matched by comparative funding from the US National Science Foundation (NSF) for collaborative projects reviewed jointly with the NERC proposals. Three projects were funded by NSF.

A proportion of RAPID funding as been made available for Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) as part of NERC's Small Business Research Initiative (SBRI). The SBRI aims to stimulate innovation in the economy by encouraging more high-tech small firms to start up or to develop new research capacities. As a result 4 projects have been funded.


Monitoring the Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26.5N (RAPIDMOC)

Scientific Rationale

There is a northward transport of heat throughout the Atlantic, reaching a maximum of 1.3PW (25% of the global heat flux) around 24.5°N. The heat transport is a balance of the northward flux of a warm Gulf Stream, and a southward flux of cooler thermocline and cold North Atlantic Deep Water that is known as the meridional overturning circulation (MOC). As a consequence of the MOC northwest Europe enjoys a mild climate for its latitude: however abrupt rearrangement of the Atlantic Circulation has been shown in climate models and in palaeoclimate records to be responsible for a cooling of European climate of between 5-10°C. A principal objective of the RAPID programme is the development of a pre-operational prototype system that will continuously observe the strength and structure of the MOC. An initiative has been formed to fulfill this objective and consists of three interlinked projects:

The entire monitoring array system created by the three projects will be recovered and redeployed annually until 2008 under RAPID funding. From 2008 until 2014 the array will continue to be serviced annually under RAPID-WATCH funding.

The array will be focussed on three regions, the Eastern Boundary (EB), the Mid Atlantic Ridge (MAR) and the Western Boundary (WB). The geographical extent of these regions are as follows:

References

Baehr, J., Hirschi, J., Beismann, J.O. and Marotzke, J. (2004) Monitoring the meridional overturning circulation in the North Atlantic: A model-based array design study. Journal of Marine Research, Volume 62, No 3, pp 283-312.

Baringer, M.O'N. and Larsen, J.C. (2001) Sixteen years of Florida Current transport at 27N Geophysical Research Letters, Volume 28, No 16, pp3179-3182

Bryden, H.L., Johns, W.E. and Saunders, P.M. (2005) Deep Western Boundary Current East of Abaco: Mean structure and transport. Journal of Marine Research, Volume 63, No 1, pp 35-57.

Hirschi, J., Baehr, J., Marotzke J., Stark J., Cunningham S.A. and Beismann J.O. (2003) A monitoring design for the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, Volume 30, No 7, article number 1413 (DOI 10.1029/2002GL016776)


Data Activity or Cruise Information

Data Activity

Start Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2006-03-24
End Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2007-03-27
Organization Undertaking ActivityNational Oceanography Centre, Southampton
Country of OrganizationUnited Kingdom
Originator's Data Activity IdentifierWB1#3
Platform Categorysubsurface mooring

RAPID Moored Instrument Rig WB1#3

This rig was deployed as part of the Western Boundary (WB) array of the RAPIDMOC project.

Deployment cruise RV Ronald H. Brown RB0602
Recovery cruise RV Ronald H. Brown RB07-01

The rig was anchored by 1600kg of scrap and was kept erect by a large sub-surface float supplemented by groups of smaller buoyancy all attached on titanium swivels.

Instruments deployed on the rig

Depth Instrument
35 m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#3487)
92 m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#3905)
99 m Aanderaa RCM11 (#306)
174 m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#3906)
240 m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#3907)
315 m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#3908)
396 m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#3909)
400 m Aanderaa RCM11 (#305)
490 m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#3226)
595 m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#3227)
695 m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#3228)
795 m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#3229)
798 m InterOcean S4AD current meter (#35612565)
899 m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#3230)
1000 m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#3231)
1104 m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#3232)
1191 m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#3233)
1193 m InterOcean S4AD current meter (#35612568)
1366 m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#3244)

Instruments SBE37 #3905, #3906, #3907 and #3908 have truncated series because the batteries depleted, due to incorrect setting of number of samples to average.

Instrument SBE37 #3909 flooded. Therefore, no data are expected.

Other Series linked to this Data Activity - 774817 774830 774829 774842 774798 774891 774909 774910 774922 774805 774866 774878 895349 895350 895362 774854 774934

Cruise

Cruise Name RB0602
Departure Date 2006-03-09
Arrival Date 2006-03-28
Principal Scientist(s)Molly O Baringer (NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory)
Ship NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown

Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here


Fixed Station Information

Fixed Station Information

Station NameWestern Boundary Array
CategoryOffshore area
Latitude26° 37.50' N
Longitude73° 37.50' W
Water depth below MSL

RAPIDMOC/MOCHA Western Boundary (WB) Array

The Western Boundary Array defines a box in which moorings were deployed at the western side of the North Atlantic as part of the RAPIDMOC project and the collaborative project Meridional Overturning Circulation and Heatflux Array (MOCHA). The box region has latitudinal limits of 26° N to 27.5° N and longitudinal limits of 69.5° W to 77.5° W. Moorings have occupied this region since 2004 and are typically deployed for 6 to 18 months.

Moored data summary

Year Cruise ID Number of moorings Data types (number of instruments)
2004 D278 9 (6 RAPIDMOC, 3 MOCHA) ADCP (2), BPR (8), CM (29), MCTD (52), MMP (1)
2005 KN182_2 11 (6 RAPIDMOC, 5 MOCHA) ADCP (2), BPR (6), CM (27), MCTD (56)
2006 RB06-02, SJ14-06 11 (6 RAPIDMOC, 5 MOCHA) ADCP (1), BPR (3), CM (22), IES (7), MCTD (60)
2007 RB07-01 7 (7 RAPIDMOC) ADCP (1), BPR (4), CM (16), MCTD (47)
2008 SJ08-03 11 (8 RAPIDMOC, 3 MOCHA) ADCP (2), BPR (3), CM (40), MCTD (80)
2009 RB0901, D344, D345 16 (11 RAPIDMOC, 5 MOCHA) ADCP (2), BPR (5), CM (39), MCTD (91), DVS (1)
2010 OC459-1, RB1009 9 (8 RAPIDMOC, 1 MOCHA) ADCP (1), BPR (7), CM (23), MCTD (54)
2011 KN200-4 7 (7 RAPIDMOC, 6 MOCHA) ADCP (2), BPR (7), CM (43), MCTD (86), DVS (1), IES (1)
2012 RB1201, EN517, D382 24 (19 RAPIDMOC, 5 MOCHA) ADCP (3), BPR (19), CM (74), MCTD (130), IES(1)
2014 JC103 24 (9 RAPIDMOC) BPR (8), CM (22), MCTD (36)

Cruise data summary

During the cruises to service the moored array, a variety of data types are collected. The table below is a summary of these data. The number of CTD profiles performed on these cruises within the box region defined above is also included. Trans-Atlantic hydrographic CTD sections have also been performed since 2004 and are included in the table.

Cruise ID Cruise description Data types Number of CTD profiles performed within the box region
D277 Initial array deployment DIS, MET, NAV, SADCP, SURF 1
D278 Initial array deployment DIS, MET, NAV, SADCP, SURF 16
D279 Hydrographic section CTD, DIS, LADCP, MET, NAV, SADCP, SURF 31
KN182_2 Array service CTD, DIS, MET, NAV, SADCP, SURF 64
RB0601 Array service CTD, DIS, LADCP, MET, NAV, SADCP, SURF 39
SJ14-06 Array service CTD, DIS, LADCP, MET, NAV, SADCP, SURF 33
RB07-01 Array service CTD, DIS, LADCP, MET, NAV, SADCP, SURF 36
SJ08-03 Array service CTD, DIS, LADCP, MET, NAV, SADCP, SURF 33
RB0901 Array service CTD, DIS, LADCP, MET, NAV, SADCP, SURF 35
D344 Array service CTD, DIS, MET, NAV, SADCP, SURF 3
D345 Array service CTD, DIS, LADCP, MET, NAV, SADCP, SURF 24
OC459-1 Array service CTD, DIS, MET, NAV, SADCP, SURF 9
OC459-2 Western Boundary Hydrographic section CTD, DIS, LADCP, MET, NAV, SADCP, SURF 27
D346 Hydrographic section CTD, DIS, LADCP, MET, NAV, SADCP, SURF 31
RB1009 WB4 service CTD, MET, SURF, NAV 2
KN200-4 Array service CTD, DIS, MET, NAV, SURF 34
RB1201 Array service CTD, DIS, MET, NAV, SURF 10
EN517 Array service CTD, DIS, LADCP, MET, NAV, SURF 31
D382 Array service CTD, DIS, MET, NAV, SURF 8
JC103 Array service CTD, DIS, MET, NAV, SURF 7

Data type ID and description

Data type ID Description
ADCP Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
BATH Bathymetry
BPR Bottom Pressure Recorder
CM Current Meter
CTD Conductivity-Temperature-Depth profiler
DIS Discrete water bottle samples
DVS Doppler Volume sampler
IES Inverted Echo Sounder
LADCP Lowered Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
MET Meteorology
MCTD Moored Conductivity-Temperature-Depth sensor
MOCTD Moored Conductivity-Temperature-Depth Oxygen sensor
MMP McLane Moored Profiler - profiling CTD and current meter
NAV Navigation
SADCP Shipborne Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
SURF Sea surface data

Other Series linked to this Fixed Station for this cruise - 774798 774805 774817 774829 774830 774842 774854 774866 774878 774891 774909 774910 774922 774934 774946 774958 774971 774983 774995 775009 775010 775022 775034 775046 775058 775071 775083 775095 895349 895350 895362 895429 895430 895442 895454 895466 895478 895602 946277 946289 946290

Other Cruises linked to this Fixed Station (with the number of series) - D278 (90) D344 (10) D345 (43) D346 (31) D382 (79) EN517 (11) JC103 (7) KN182_2 (87) KN200-4 (135) OC459-1 (64) RB0701 (58) RB0901 (78) RB1009 (24) RB1201 (91) SJ-08-03 Leg 1 (39) SJ-08-03 Leg 2 (76) SJ-14-06 (62)


BODC Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
Blank Unqualified
< Below detection limit
> In excess of quoted value
A Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)
B Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast
C Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)
D Thermometric depth
E End of CTD Down/Up Cast
G Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty
H Extrapolated value
I Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)
K Improbable value - unknown quality control source
L Improbable value - originator's quality control
M Improbable value - BODC quality control
N Null value
O Improbable value - user quality control
P Trace/calm
Q Indeterminate
R Replacement value
S Estimated value
T Interpolated value
U Uncalibrated
W Control value
X Excessive difference

SeaDataNet Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
0 no quality control
1 good value
2 probably good value
3 probably bad value
4 bad value
5 changed value
6 value below detection
7 value in excess
8 interpolated value
9 missing value
A value phenomenon uncertain