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Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 2150619

Metadata Summary

Data Description

Data Category Water sample data
Instrument Type
Niskin bottle  discrete water samplers
Lachat QuikChem 8500 flow injection analysis system  flow injection analysers
Instrument Mounting lowered unmanned submersible
Originating Country United Kingdom
Originator Prof Penny Holliday
Originating Organization National Oceanography Centre, Southampton
Processing Status banked
Online delivery of data Download available - Ocean Data View (ODV) format
Project(s) NOCS National Capability

Data Identifiers

Originator's Identifier DY031_CTD_NUTS_213:DY031_082
BODC Series Reference 2150619

Time Co-ordinates(UT)

Start Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2015-06-15 14:41
End Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) -
Nominal Cycle Interval -

Spatial Co-ordinates

Latitude 56.73428 N ( 56° 44.1' N )
Longitude 6.44923 W ( 6° 27.0' W )
Positional Uncertainty 0.05 to 0.1 n.miles
Minimum Sensor or Sampling Depth 4.5 m
Maximum Sensor or Sampling Depth 84.7 m
Minimum Sensor or Sampling Height 1.1 m
Maximum Sensor or Sampling Height 81.3 m
Sea Floor Depth 85.8 m
Sea Floor Depth Source SCILOG
Sensor or Sampling Distribution Unspecified -
Sensor or Sampling Depth Datum Unspecified -
Sea Floor Depth Datum Unspecified -


BODC CODERankUnitsTitle
ADEPZZ011MetresDepth (spatial coordinate) relative to water surface in the water body
BOTTFLAG1Not applicableSampling process quality flag (BODC C22)
FIRSEQID1DimensionlessBottle firing sequence number
NTRZAATX1Micromoles per litreConcentration of nitrate+nitrite {NO3+NO2} per unit volume of the water body [dissolved plus reactive particulate phase] by colorimetric autoanalysis
PHOSAATX1Micromoles per litreConcentration of phosphate {PO43- CAS 14265-44-2} per unit volume of the water body [dissolved plus reactive particulate phase] by colorimetric autoanalysis
ROSPOSID1DimensionlessBottle rosette position identifier
SAMPRFNM1DimensionlessSample reference number
SLCAAATX1Micromoles per litreConcentration of silicate {SiO44- CAS 17181-37-2} per unit volume of the water body [dissolved plus reactive particulate phase] by colorimetric autoanalysis

Definition of BOTTFLAG

0The sampling event occurred without any incident being reported to BODC.
1The filter in an in-situ sampling pump physically ruptured during sample resulting in an unquantifiable loss of sampled material.
2Analytical evidence (e.g. surface water salinity measured on a sample collected at depth) indicates that the water sample has been contaminated by water from depths other than the depths of sampling.
3The feedback indicator on the deck unit reported that the bottle closure command had failed. General Oceanics deck units used on NERC vessels in the 80s and 90s were renowned for reporting misfires when the bottle had been closed. This flag is also suitable for when a trigger command is mistakenly sent to a bottle that has previously been fired.
4During the sampling deployment the bottle was fired in an order other than incrementing rosette position. Indicative of the potential for errors in the assignment of bottle firing depth, especially with General Oceanics rosettes.
5Water was reported to be escaping from the bottle as the rosette was being recovered.
6The bottle seals were observed to be incorrectly seated and the bottle was only part full of water on recovery.
7Either the bottle was found to contain no sample on recovery or there was no bottle fitted to the rosette position fired (but SBE35 record may exist).
8There is reason to doubt the accuracy of the sampling depth associated with the sample.
9The bottle air vent had not been closed prior to deployment giving rise to a risk of sample contamination through leakage.

Definition of Rank

  • Rank 1 is a one-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 2 is a two-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 0 is a one-dimensional parameter describing the second dimension of a two-dimensional parameter (e.g. bin depths for moored ADCP data)

Problem Reports

No Problem Report Found in the Database

Data Access Policy

Open Data

These data have no specific confidentiality restrictions for users. However, users must acknowledge data sources as it is not ethical to publish data without proper attribution. Any publication or other output resulting from usage of the data should include an acknowledgment.

If the Information Provider does not provide a specific attribution statement, or if you are using Information from several Information Providers and multiple attributions are not practical in your product or application, you may consider using the following:

"Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v1.0."

Narrative Documents

Lachat QuikChem 8500 flow injection analyzer (FIA) and Ion Chromatography (IC) system

The Lachat QuikChem 8500 can operate FIA and IC simultaneously and independently on the same instrument platform. FIA and IC are complementary analytical techniques that are commonly used in the same laboratory.

Instrument includes - sampler, dilutor, sampling pump, electronics unit, and data station.

Flow injection analysis is ideally suited for processing relatively large numbers of samples. Ion Chromatography adds the power to profile samples for a class of ionic species.

FIA Productivity Characteristics

  • Fast Startup - ~5 minutes
  • Rapid Analysis - 20 to 60 seconds is typical
  • High Sample Throughput - 60 to 120 samples per hour is typical
  • Broad Working Range - Parts per trillion to percents
  • Complete Baseline Resolution - No carryover between samples
  • Wide Dynamic Range - 2 to 3 decades is typical
  • Fast Shutdown - ~5 minutes
  • Rapid Method Changeover - ~10 minutes

New FIA Features

  • Run up to 5 channels for high productivity analysis or dedicated operation.
  • New 2-cm flow cell methods allow more signal for detection at lower levels.
  • Run Omnion 3.0 software on Windows XP, Vista, or Windows 7 operating systems.
  • Interface Omnion software in multiple languages - including Spanish, German, French, Portuguese, and Italian.

For more information about this model see the manufactures data sheet - Lachat QuikChem 8500.

Niskin Bottle

The Niskin bottle is a device used by oceanographers to collect subsurface seawater samples. It is a plastic bottle with caps and rubber seals at each end and is deployed with the caps held open, allowing free-flushing of the bottle as it moves through the water column.

Standard Niskin

The standard version of the bottle includes a plastic-coated metal spring or elastic cord running through the interior of the bottle that joins the two caps, and the caps are held open against the spring by plastic lanyards. When the bottle reaches the desired depth the lanyards are released by a pressure-actuated switch, command signal or messenger weight and the caps are forced shut and sealed, trapping the seawater sample.

Lever Action Niskin

The Lever Action Niskin Bottle differs from the standard version, in that the caps are held open during deployment by externally mounted stainless steel springs rather than an internal spring or cord. Lever Action Niskins are recommended for applications where a completely clear sample chamber is critical or for use in deep cold water.

Clean Sampling

A modified version of the standard Niskin bottle has been developed for clean sampling. This is teflon-coated and uses a latex cord to close the caps rather than a metal spring. The clean version of the Levered Action Niskin bottle is also teflon-coated and uses epoxy covered springs in place of the stainless steel springs. These bottles are specifically designed to minimise metal contamination when sampling trace metals.


Bottles may be deployed singly clamped to a wire or in groups of up to 48 on a rosette. Standard bottles and Lever Action bottles have a capacity between 1.7 and 30 L. Reversing thermometers may be attached to a spring-loaded disk that rotates through 180° on bottle closure.

Discrete Dissolved Inorganic Nutrient Samples from CTD bottles for RRS Discovery Cruise DY031

Originator's Protocol for Data Acquisition and Analysis

Water samples were drawn from the CTD rosette bottles deployed during the cruise with samples taken from 80 of the total of 85 CTD casts undertaken.

Samples were collected in 250ml acid cleaned polythene bottles directly from CTD spigots without the use of a tube and using a single half-full rinse prior to collection. Samples were stored in a fridge prior to analysis. The analysis was carried out within 24 hours of sample collection with a Lachat Quick Chem 8500 flow injection autoanalyser using the manufacturer's recommended methods. Standards were prepared in deionised water and samples were run in a carrier stream of deionised water. For more information see the cruise report.

BODC Data Processing Procedures

The sample data were supplied to BODC in MStar format. Data received were loaded into the BODC database using established BODC data banking procedure. Originator's parameters were mapped with BODC codes as follows;

Originator's Parameter Unit Description BODC Parameter code BODC Unit Comments
Phosphate µM Concentration of phosphate in the water column by colorimetric autoanalysis (unfiltered) PHOSAATX µM n/a
Silicate µM Concentration of silicate in the water column by colorimetric autoanalysis (unfiltered) SLCAAATX µM n/a
Nitrate and nitrite µM Concentration of nitrate and nitrite in the water column by colorimetric autoanalysis (unfiltered) NTRZAATX µM n/a

Project Information

NOCS National Capability

The National Oceanography Centre Southampton National Capability focuses on long term science concerned with basin/decadal variability of the Ocean.

Data Activity or Cruise Information

Data Activity

Start Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2015-06-15
End Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2015-06-15
Organization Undertaking ActivityNational Oceanography Centre, Southampton
Country of OrganizationUnited Kingdom
Originator's Data Activity IdentifierDY031_CTD_DY031_082
Platform Categorylowered unmanned submersible

No Document Information Held for the Series

Related Data Activity activities are detailed in Appendix 1


Cruise Name DY031
Departure Date 2015-05-29
Arrival Date 2015-06-17
Principal Scientist(s)N Penny Holliday (National Oceanography Centre, Southampton)
Ship RRS Discovery

Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here

Fixed Station Information

Fixed Station Information

Station NameEllett Line/Extended Ellett Line Station 4G
CategoryOffshore location
Latitude56° 43.98' N
Longitude6° 27.00' W
Water depth below MSL115.0 m

Ellett Line/Extended Ellett Line: Station 4G

Station 4G is one of the fixed CTD stations, which together form The Extended Ellett Line. The line lies between Iceland and the Sound of Mull (Scotland) crossing the Iceland Basin and Rockall Trough via the outcrop of Rockall. As part of this initiative, CTD dips, together with associated discrete sampling of the water column, have typically been carried out annually at this station since September 1996.

Prior to September 1996, Station 4G was part of a shorter repeated survey section, consisting of 35 fixed stations, known as The Ellett Line (originally termed the Anton Dohrn Seamount Section). This line incorporated those stations across the Rockall Trough and Scottish shelf between Rockall and the Sound of Mull and was visited at regular intervals (usually at least once a year) between 1975 and January 1996. During this period Station 4G was also referred to as Station C3.

Related Fixed Station activities are detailed in Appendix 2

BODC Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
Blank Unqualified
< Below detection limit
> In excess of quoted value
A Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)
B Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast
C Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)
D Thermometric depth
E End of CTD Down/Up Cast
G Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty
H Extrapolated value
I Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)
K Improbable value - unknown quality control source
L Improbable value - originator's quality control
M Improbable value - BODC quality control
N Null value
O Improbable value - user quality control
P Trace/calm
Q Indeterminate
R Replacement value
S Estimated value
T Interpolated value
U Uncalibrated
W Control value
X Excessive difference

SeaDataNet Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
0 no quality control
1 good value
2 probably good value
3 probably bad value
4 bad value
5 changed value
6 value below detection
7 value in excess
8 interpolated value
9 missing value
A value phenomenon uncertain
B nominal value
Q value below limit of quantification

Appendix 1: DY031_CTD_DY031_082

Related series for this Data Activity are presented in the table below. Further information can be found by following the appropriate links.

If you are interested in these series, please be aware we offer a multiple file download service. Should your credentials be insufficient for automatic download, the service also offers a referral to our Enquiries Officer who may be able to negotiate access.

Series IdentifierData CategoryStart date/timeStart positionCruise
1879507Water sample data2015-06-15 14:41:0056.73428 N, 6.44923 WRRS Discovery DY031

Appendix 2: Ellett Line/Extended Ellett Line Station 4G

Related series for this Fixed Station are presented in the table below. Further information can be found by following the appropriate links.

If you are interested in these series, please be aware we offer a multiple file download service. Should your credentials be insufficient for automatic download, the service also offers a referral to our Enquiries Officer who may be able to negotiate access.

Series IdentifierData CategoryStart date/timeStart positionCruise
90613CTD or STD cast1976-04-04 17:45:0056.7316 N, 6.4466 WRRS Challenger CH5A/76
91770CTD or STD cast1976-05-28 23:10:0056.7383 N, 6.4516 WRRS Challenger CH8/76
91106CTD or STD cast1977-03-08 07:35:0056.735 N, 6.4966 WRRS Challenger CH4/77
91874CTD or STD cast1977-04-14 13:14:0056.7366 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH6B/77
94362CTD or STD cast1977-07-25 16:00:0056.7366 N, 6.455 WRRS Challenger CH11/77
94988CTD or STD cast1978-04-20 20:34:0056.7333 N, 6.4433 WRRS Challenger CH6/78
95758CTD or STD cast1978-06-09 19:37:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH9/78
186222CTD or STD cast1978-08-11 11:26:0056.7366 N, 6.4533 WRRS Challenger CH11B/78
190927CTD or STD cast1978-09-14 13:43:0056.7316 N, 6.465 WRRS Challenger CH11D/78
314293CTD or STD cast1978-11-04 17:38:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH14B/78
98848CTD or STD cast1979-05-22 07:10:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH7/79
95795CTD or STD cast1979-09-13 09:25:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH13/79
95980CTD or STD cast1979-10-29 04:33:0056.7366 N, 6.4533 WRRS Challenger CH16/79
187827CTD or STD cast1980-03-04 22:48:0056.7333 N, 6.4483 WRRS Challenger CH4/80
186861CTD or STD cast1980-10-02 10:06:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH15/80
312514CTD or STD cast1981-01-27 17:00:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH2/81
188019CTD or STD cast1981-04-14 05:00:0056.735 N, 6.4566 WRRS Challenger CH6A/81
191421CTD or STD cast1981-07-07 07:26:0056.73 N, 6.46 WRRS Challenger CH10/81
187317CTD or STD cast1981-10-19 20:55:0056.73 N, 6.455 WRRS Challenger CH15/81
312759CTD or STD cast1982-01-27 16:31:0056.735 N, 6.4733 WRRS Challenger CH2/82
189060CTD or STD cast1982-04-26 11:08:0056.7466 N, 6.4683 WRRS Challenger CH7A/82
193323CTD or STD cast1983-05-23 22:09:0056.7333 N, 6.4466 WRRS Challenger CH7B/83
96749CTD or STD cast1983-08-14 23:50:0056.7383 N, 6.4433 WRRS Challenger CH11/83
313100CTD or STD cast1984-06-26 19:15:0056.735 N, 6.4667 WRRS Challenger CH2/84
257833CTD or STD cast1984-11-25 12:30:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH10/84
258560CTD or STD cast1985-01-28 14:46:0056.735 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH1/85
253776CTD or STD cast1985-05-07 23:22:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH4/85
261082CTD or STD cast1985-08-19 02:30:0056.735 N, 6.4483 WRRS Challenger CH8/85
255802CTD or STD cast1985-12-15 19:29:0056.7333 N, 6.455 WRRS Frederick Russell FR13/85
345901CTD or STD cast1986-06-12 07:19:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WMV Dawn Sky DSK1/86
346130CTD or STD cast1986-06-14 11:41:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WMV Dawn Sky DSK1/86
346676CTD or STD cast1986-08-27 23:55:0056.7383 N, 6.4433 WRRS Frederick Russell FR7B/86
348019CTD or STD cast1986-09-26 15:39:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Frederick Russell FR8/86
348093CTD or STD cast1986-09-27 13:01:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Frederick Russell FR8/86
264067CTD or STD cast1987-01-08 23:15:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH9
250674CTD or STD cast1987-05-01 02:22:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH14
256006CTD or STD cast1987-08-31 23:04:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Frederick Russell FR18/87
251327CTD or STD cast1987-11-24 18:14:0056.7366 N, 6.4516 WRRS Challenger CH22
267028CTD or STD cast1988-03-07 04:38:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH25
262675CTD or STD cast1988-06-08 15:36:0056.7333 N, 6.4466 WRRS Challenger CH30
265243CTD or STD cast1989-01-23 18:21:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Discovery D180
265753CTD or STD cast1989-05-05 14:50:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRV Lough Foyle LF1/89
317531CTD or STD cast1989-08-04 18:31:0056.735 N, 6.4467 WRV Lough Foyle LF2/89
316656CTD or STD cast1989-11-25 06:46:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Charles Darwin CD44
314730CTD or STD cast1990-03-12 22:13:0056.7317 N, 6.4467 WRRS Challenger CH63_2
315167CTD or STD cast1990-06-29 01:29:0056.73 N, 6.4267 WRRS Challenger CH67A
259944CTD or STD cast1990-09-03 07:02:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH71A
315929CTD or STD cast1990-12-10 04:46:0056.7283 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH74A_1
382376CTD or STD cast1991-02-24 10:48:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH75B
382388CTD or STD cast1991-02-24 11:00:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH75B
316091CTD or STD cast1991-07-01 22:26:0056.735 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH81
384242CTD or STD cast1991-11-26 16:52:0056.7433 N, 6.445 WRRS Challenger CH86B
385000CTD or STD cast1992-03-07 23:13:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH89B
386389CTD or STD cast1992-09-26 00:31:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH97
385282CTD or STD cast1993-03-14 01:22:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH101B
386040CTD or STD cast1993-05-20 18:50:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH103
387995CTD or STD cast1993-09-10 05:08:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH105
388974CTD or STD cast1994-03-14 20:24:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH110
389603CTD or STD cast1994-05-08 22:26:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH112
390690CTD or STD cast1994-08-15 21:20:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH114
391865CTD or STD cast1994-11-21 20:48:0056.7333 N, 6.4512 WRRS Challenger CH116
434596CTD or STD cast1995-04-14 16:30:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Charles Darwin CD92B
390303CTD or STD cast1995-07-29 16:39:0056.7328 N, 6.449 WRRS Challenger CH120
433913CTD or STD cast1996-01-11 17:15:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH124
1289206Water sample data1996-01-11 17:15:0056.7333 N, 6.45 WRRS Challenger CH124
1074924CTD or STD cast2000-01-31 22:30:0056.741 N, 6.41583 WRRS Discovery D245
845212CTD or STD cast2003-07-25 13:11:0056.73348 N, 6.4521 WFS Poseidon PO300_2
666969CTD or STD cast2004-07-12 13:04:0056.7345 N, 6.4495 WFS Poseidon PO314
897031CTD or STD cast2005-10-26 06:12:0056.73408 N, 6.44822 WRRS Charles Darwin CD176
776928CTD or STD cast2006-10-30 02:55:1456.73267 N, 6.4505 WRRS Discovery D312
847648CTD or STD cast2007-08-31 12:08:2456.73287 N, 6.44687 WRRS Discovery D321B
954799CTD or STD cast2009-06-25 02:36:0256.73439 N, 6.45135 WRRS Discovery D340A
1052977CTD or STD cast2010-05-21 16:26:1556.73317 N, 6.44767 WRRS Discovery D351
1897016Water sample data2010-05-21 16:32:0056.73297 N, 6.44752 WRRS Discovery D351
1195296CTD or STD cast2011-05-20 04:58:4656.73317 N, 6.44767 WRRS Discovery D365
1203243CTD or STD cast2012-08-02 12:11:0056.73421 N, 6.4467 WRRS Discovery D379
1371419CTD or STD cast2014-07-17 10:35:0356.7332 N, 6.4501 WRRS James Clark Ross JR20140531 (JR302)
1723599CTD or STD cast2015-06-15 14:35:0956.7343 N, 6.4492 WRRS Discovery DY031
1722676Currents -subsurface Eulerian2015-06-15 14:35:4056.73428 N, 6.44924 WRRS Discovery DY031
1879507Water sample data2015-06-15 14:41:0056.73428 N, 6.44923 WRRS Discovery DY031
1764857CTD or STD cast2016-06-20 04:26:3356.7338 N, 6.4479 WRRS Discovery DY052
1765989Currents -subsurface Eulerian2016-06-20 04:26:5756.73382 N, 6.44793 WRRS Discovery DY052
1875150Water sample data2016-06-20 04:33:0056.73382 N, 6.44793 WRRS Discovery DY052
2149680Water sample data2016-06-20 04:33:1756.73382 N, 6.44793 WRRS Discovery DY052
1975790CTD or STD cast2017-05-14 12:30:4056.7333 N, 6.449 WRRS Discovery DY078 (DY079)