Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 1226045

Metadata Summary

Data Description

Data Category Hydrography time series at depth
Instrument Type
Sea-Bird SBE 37-IM MicroCAT C-T Sensor  water temperature sensor; salinity sensor
Instrument Mounting subsurface mooring
Originating Country United Kingdom
Originator Dr Richard Lampitt
Originating Organization Southampton Oceanography Centre (now National Oceanography Centre, Southampton)
Processing Status banked
Project(s) ANIMATE

Data Identifiers

Originator's Identifier PAP2_102002_CTD_2489
BODC Series Reference 1226045

Time Co-ordinates(UT)

Start Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2002-10-07 02:00
End Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2002-12-09 15:00
Nominal Cycle Interval 3600.0 seconds

Spatial Co-ordinates

Latitude 48.98330 N ( 48° 59.0' N )
Longitude 16.46800 W ( 16° 28.1' W )
Positional Uncertainty Unspecified
Minimum Sensor Depth 800.0 m
Maximum Sensor Depth 800.0 m
Minimum Sensor Height 4044.0 m
Maximum Sensor Height 4044.0 m
Sea Floor Depth 4844.0 m
Sensor Distribution Fixed common depth - All sensors are grouped effectively at the same depth which is effectively fixed for the duration of the series
Sensor Depth Datum Instantaneous - Depth measured below water line or instantaneous water body surface
Sea Floor Depth Datum Instantaneous - Depth measured below water line or instantaneous water body surface


BODC CODE Rank Units Short Title Title
AADYAA01 1 Days Date(Loch_Day) Date (time from 00:00 01/01/1760 to 00:00 UT on day)
AAFDZZ01 1 Days Time(Day_Fract) Time (time between 00:00 UT and timestamp)
ACYCAA01 1 Dimensionless Record_No Sequence number
CNDCPR01 1 Siemens per metre InSituCond Electrical conductivity of the water body by in-situ conductivity cell
PREXMCAT 1 Decibars Pres_MCat Pressure (measured variable) exerted by the water body by semi-fixed moored SBE MicroCAT
PSALPR01 1 Dimensionless P_sal Practical salinity of the water body by conductivity cell and computation using UNESCO 1983 algorithm
TEMPPR01 1 Degrees Celsius Temp Temperature of the water body

Definition of Rank

  • Rank 1 is a one-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 2 is a two-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 0 is a one-dimensional parameter describing the second dimension of a two-dimensional parameter (e.g. bin depths for moored ADCP data)

Problem Reports

No Problem Report Found in the Database

Data Access Policy

Open Data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)

You must always use the following attribution statement to acknowledge the source of the information: "Contains data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council."

Narrative Documents

Sea-Bird SBE37-IM MicroCAT

The SBE 37-IM MicroCAT is a high accuracy conductivity and temperature recorder (pressure optional) with a built in Inductive Modem, which provides reliable, low-cost, real-time data transmission. Designed for moorings and other long-duration, fixed-site deployments, MicroCATs have non-corroding titanium housings rated for operation to 7000 metres or pressure sensor full scale-range.

Communication with the MicroCAT is via a Surface Inductive Modem (SIM) to a computer or data logger. Commands and data are transmitted half-duplex between the SIM and the MicroCAT using DPSK (differential-phase-shift-keyed) telemetry. As a safe guard, the MicroCAT simultaneously backs up the data in its non-volatile internal memory as well as transmitting the data via telemetry.

The MicroCAT's aged and pressure-protected thermistor has a long history of exceptional accuracy and stability (typical drift is less than 0.002 °C per year). Electrical isolation of the conductivity electronics eliminates any possibility of ground-loop noise.


Conductivity (S m -1 ) Optional Pressure
Measurement Range -5 to +35 0 to 7 (0 to 70 mS cm -1 ) 0 to full scale range: 20 / 100 / 350 / 600 / 1000 / 2000 / 3500 / 7000 metres
Initial accuracy 0.002 0.0003 0.1% of full scale range
Typical Stability 0.0002 per month 0.0003 per month 0.05% of full scale range per year
Resolution 0.0001 0.00001 0.002% of full scale range
Sensor Calibration +1 to +32 0 to 6; physical calibration over range 2.6 to 6 S m -1 , plus zero conductivity (air) Ambient pressure to full scale range in 5 steps
Memory 8 Mbyte non-volatile FLASH memory
Data Storage Converted temperature and conductivity: 5 bytes per sample (2.5 bytes each)
Time: 4 bytes per sample
Pressure (optional): 2 bytes per sample
Real-Time Clock 32,768 Hz TCXO accurate to ±1 minutes year -1
Standard Internal Batteries 10.6 Ampere-hour pack consisting of 12 AA lithium batteries. Provides sufficient capacity for more than 200,000 samples for a typical sampling scheme
Housing Titanium pressure case rated at 7000 metres
Weight (without pressure) In water: 2.4 kg
In air: 4.0 kg

Further information can be found via the following link: Sea-Bird SBE37-IM MicroCAT Datasheet

Project Information

ANIMATE- Atlantic Network on Interdisciplinary Moorings and Time-series for Europe

Scientific Rationale

The objective of the ANIMATE program is to make time series measurements from deep water observatories in the North Atlantic. ANIMATE is a European program coordinated by Prof. Uwe Send at IFM, Kiel and will establish deep ocean observing sites at three contrasting locations. The locations are CIS (Central Irminger Sea) east of Greenland, ESTOC (Estación Europea de Series Temporales del Oceano, Islas Canarias) about 100km north of the Canary Islands, and PAP (Porcupine Abyssal Plain). The measurements in the first instance are somewhat basic but nevertheless encapsulate the crucial processes that drive the biogeochemistry of any oceanic region.

At all three sites at about 15m depth (100m off the Canary Islands) there are frequent measurements of CO2 concentration, nutrients and fluorescence as a proxy for phytoplankton concentration. Throughout the top 100m there are measurements at about a dozen depths of salinity and temperature and this will enable us to characterise the complete annual cycle of the physics of the upper ocean. It is this physics which determines to a great extent the concentrations of limiting nutrients in the upper sunlit zone and the growth of phytoplankton. Phytoplankton are responsible for about half of the oceanic CO2 uptake and, as such, a better understanding of the relationship between physics, nutrients, phytoplankton growth and CO2 concentration is essential if we are to understand the processes and predict future responses of the oceans to anthropogenic CO2 release.

The ANIMATE project is funded by the EU in 2002-2004 as the 5th framework project EVR1-CT-2001-40014 and also funded in part by EU-funded projects Mersea IP and Carbo-Ocean.


Billett, D.S.M., Bett B.J., Reid, W.D.K., Boorman, B. and Priede, M. Long-term change in the abyssal NE Atlantic: The 'Amperima Event' revisited. Deep Sea Research II; PAP special volume (Submitted)

Hartman. S., Larkin. K. E., Lampitt, R. S, Koeve, W., Yool, A., Körtzinger, A., Hydes, D.J. (This volume) Seasonal and inter-annual biogeochemical variations at PAP (49°N, 16.5°W) 2003-2005. Deep Sea Research II; PAP special volume (Submitted)

Gooday, A et al. Long term change in foraminiferans Deep Sea Research II, PAP special volume (Submitted)

Martin, A.P., Lucas, M.I., Painter, S.C., Pidcock, R., Prandke H., Prandke,H., Stinchcombe, M.C. (2008) The supply of nutrients due to vertical turbulent mixing: a study at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain study site (49° 50'n 16° 30'w) in the northeast Atlantic. Deep Sea Research II, PAP special volume (Submitted)

Data Activity or Cruise Information

Data Activity

Start Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2002-10-06
End Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2003-07-03
Organization Undertaking ActivitySouthampton Oceanography Centre (now National Oceanography Centre, Southampton)
Country of OrganizationUnited Kingdom
Originator's Data Activity IdentifierPAP2_102002
Platform Categorysubsurface mooring

Moored Instrument Rig PAP2_102002

This rig was deployed as part of the Porcupine Abyssal Plain (PAP) observatory project. 'PAP2_102002' refers to the deployment of mooring number 2 in October 2002 ('102002') located at the PAP Observatory. This was the first deployment of this mooring configuration at the PAP site, under this project.

Data summary

Deployment cruise RRS Discovery D266
Recovery cruise FS Poseidon PO300_1


This rig was anchored by a 1200 kg weight and was kept erect by groups of sub-surface floats attached along the mooring.

Instrument Serial number Nominal depth
Sea-Bird SBE 37-IM 2491 10m
Sea-Bird SBE 37-IM with pressure sensor 1715 25m
Sea-Bird SBE 37-IM with pressure sensor 2488 40m
Sea-Bird SBE 37-IM 2492 60m
Sea-Bird SBE 37-IM 2493 80m
Sea-Bird SBE 37-IM with pressure sensor 2487 150m
Sea-Bird SBE 37-IM 2490 400m
Sea-Bird SBE 37-IM 955 600m
Sea-Bird SBE 37-IM with pressure sensor 2489 800m

Other Series linked to this Data Activity - 1225957 1225994 1225982 1226021 1226008 1225969 1225970 1226033


Cruise Name D266
Departure Date 2002-09-27
Arrival Date 2002-10-24
Principal Scientist(s)Imants G Priede (University of Aberdeen, Oceanlab)
Ship RRS Discovery

Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here

Fixed Station Information

Fixed Station Information

Station NamePorcupine Abyssal Plain (PAP)
CategoryOffshore location
Latitude49° 0.00' N
Longitude16° 30.00' W
Water depth below MSL4800.0 m

Porcupine Abyssal Plain (PAP) Observatory

The Porcupine Abyssal Plain (PAP) observatory is a site at which moorings were deployed in the Northeastern Atlantic, as part of the ANIMATE (Atlantic Network of Interdisciplinary Moorings and Time-series for Europe), MERSEA (Marine Environment and Security for the European Area) and then EuroSITES projects. The PAP site is centred at latitude 49° N and longitude 16.5° W. Moorings have occupied this region since 2002 and are typically deployed for 12 months.

Data summary

Mooring deployment Temperature salinity pressure ADCP Chlorophyll Sediment trap Current meter Nitrate Carbon dioxide Oxygen Irradience
Real time Delayed mode Real time Delayed mode Real time Delayed mode Real time Delayed mode Real time Delayed mode Real time Delayed mode Real time Delayed mode
PAP1 Oct 2002-Jun 2003 Data Data Data NT UD Data - Data NT Data NT SF - - - -
PAP2 Jul 2003-Nov 2003 CF Data Data NT Data Data - Data NT Data NT Data - - - -
PAP3 Nov 2003-Jun 2004 Data Data Data NT Data Data - Data NT Data NT Data - - - -
PAP4 Jun 2004-Jul 2005 Data Data Data NT Data Data - Data NT UD NT Data - - - -
PAP5 Jul 2005-Jun 2006 Data Lost Lost NT Lost Data - Data NT Lost NT Lost - - - -
PAP6 Jul 2006-Jul 2007 ND ND ND ND ND Data - Data ND ND ND ND - - - -
PAP7 Jun 2007-Aug 2007 Data Lost ND Data Data NYR - NYR SF SF NT Data - - - -
PAP 200905 May 2009-Jul 2009 Data Data - Data Data - - - Data Data SF SF - Data - -
PAP 201005 May 2010- Data - - Data - - Data - Data - Data - Data - Data -

Status Indicators

Indicator Description
Data Data received from mooring
Lost Data not received
SF Sensor failed
ND Not deployed
NYR Not yet recovered
CF Communications failure
UD Unusable data
NT Not telemetered

Other Series linked to this Fixed Station for this cruise - 895626 1225945 1225957 1225969 1225970 1225982 1225994 1226008 1226021 1226033

Other Cruises linked to this Fixed Station (with the number of series) - CD158 (13) CE0716 (26) D341 (35) DY077 (22) JC034T (4) JC071 (2) JC085 (10) M108 (1) PO300_1 (12) PO306 (14)

BODC Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
Blank Unqualified
< Below detection limit
> In excess of quoted value
A Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)
B Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast
C Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)
D Thermometric depth
E End of CTD Down/Up Cast
G Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty
H Extrapolated value
I Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)
K Improbable value - unknown quality control source
L Improbable value - originator's quality control
M Improbable value - BODC quality control
N Null value
O Improbable value - user quality control
P Trace/calm
Q Indeterminate
R Replacement value
S Estimated value
T Interpolated value
U Uncalibrated
W Control value
X Excessive difference

SeaDataNet Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
0 no quality control
1 good value
2 probably good value
3 probably bad value
4 bad value
5 changed value
6 value below detection
7 value in excess
8 interpolated value
9 missing value
A value phenomenon uncertain
Q value below limit of quantification