Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 1816856
No Problem Report Found in the Database
Cruise DY077 Originator's CTD Data Processing
A total of 23 CTD casts were preformed using a stainless steel rosette frame throughout the cruise to the Porcupine Abyssal Plain (PAP) sustained observatory. CTD cast 0013 was aborted at 100m on the return to the surface due to issues with the wire out being incorrect by 40m. The CTDs were used primarily to test sensors and releases although samples were also taken specifically for the USA Thorium group (to 350m). Samples were also taken to look at typical profiles in the region, for sediment trap water, micro-plastic analysis and method development. The new OTEG phosphate analyser, (initially there was also a nitrate one but it leaked and was removed before CTD 004), were also put onto the frame and triggered to start measurements once sub-merged. As sensors took up room on the frame only 21 of the 24 Niskin bottles were used during DY077. On each occasion that samples were taken the order of sampling was: Dissolved Oxygen, Dissolved Inorganic Carbon (DIC), Inorganic Nutrients, Salinity and associated parameters from the top 200m. The associated parameters from the surface samples were chlorophyll and PIC.
On the first three casts there were some issues with the configuration file for the Transmissometer and the Chelsea Fluorimeter being on the wrong channels. This was corrected by swapping around the channels in the software that they were assigned to. The XML. CON files were then changed to reflect this, so that when the data was replayed it was correct. The dissolved oxygen values also appeared incorrect on the first two dives, due to short turn around time, it was decided to continue with the sensor on cast 003, at which point it became very clear that the instrument was faulty. Once returned to surface, after cast was complete the sensor was replaced for S/N: 43-2818. On the first deep cast ( cast 003) it became apparent that the altimeter was incorrectly set up. The cast was completed without incident ( CTD package no closer than 35m to sea bed). On surfacing the problem was investigated and it was found it had a scale factor of 1 in its set up, this was then changed to its correct value of 15. Due to the problems on the first three dives, it has been suggested that in the future PAP cruises that a shallow CTD be carried out as test cast to check all sensor readings including altimeter. Further details of the sensor issues can be found in the cruise report.
The conductivity was not calibrated as bottle salinity samples were not deemed accurate enough by the originator. CTD Oxygen Data were calibrated against bottle samples. In order to compare oxygen bottle data with sensor data, dissolved oxygen data were converted from µmol/l to µmol/kg by dividing the values with the insitu density. More information on the unit conversion can be found on page 88 of the cruise report.
Data were processed by BODC on behalf of the PAP scientists using the MEXEC software suite available from the NOC Marine Physics and Ocean Climate group. The MEXEC processing follows the initial Sea Bird conversions and corrections (time alignment and hysteresis correction of oxygen data and cell thermal mass correction for conductivity). Conductivity was not calibrated as bottle salinity samples were not deemed accurate enough. The oxygen sensor was faulty throughout cruise, therefore this channel should not be processed.
Open Data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
You must always use the following attribution statement to acknowledge the source of the information: "Contains data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council."
Sea-Bird Dissolved Oxygen Sensor SBE 43 and SBE 43F
The SBE 43 is a dissolved oxygen sensor designed for marine applications. It incorporates a high-performance Clark polarographic membrane with a pump that continuously plumbs water through it, preventing algal growth and the development of anoxic conditions when the sensor is taking measurements.
Two configurations are available: SBE 43 produces a voltage output and can be incorporated with any Sea-Bird CTD that accepts input from a 0-5 volt auxiliary sensor, while the SBE 43F produces a frequency output and can be integrated with an SBE 52-MP (Moored Profiler CTD) or used for OEM applications. The specifications below are common to both.
|Housing||Plastic or titanium|
0.5 mil- fast response, typical for profile applications
1 mil- slower response, typical for moored applications
|Depth rating|| |
600 m (plastic) or 7000 m (titanium)
10500 m titanium housing available on request
|Measurement range||120% of surface saturation|
|Initial accuracy||2% of saturation|
|Typical stability||0.5% per 1000 h|
Further details can be found in the manufacturer's specification sheet.
Benthos Programmable Sonar Altimeter (PSA) 916 and 916T
The PSA 916 is a submersible altimeter that uses the travel time of an acoustic signal to determine the distance of the instrument from a target surface. It provides the user with high resolution altitude or range data while simultaneously outputting data through a digital serial port. A wide beam angle provides for reliable and accurate range measurements under the most severe operational conditions. The instrument is electronically isolated to eliminate any potential signal interference with host instrument sensors. The PSA 916 is an upgrade of the PSA 900.
The standard model (PSA 916) has an operational depth range of 0 - 6000 m, while the titanium PSA 916T has a depth range of 0 - 10000 m. All other specifications for the two versions are the same.
|Transmit frequency||200 kHz|
|Transmit pulse width||250 µs|
|Beam pattern||14° conical|
|Pulse repetition rate|| |
internal selection: 5 pps
external selection: up to 5 pps- user controlled
100 m full scale
1.0 m guaranteed minimum
0.8 m typical
1 cm for RS232 output
2.5 cm for analog output
|Operating depth||6000 m (PSA 916) or 10000 m (PSA 916T)|
CTD Unit and Auxiliary Sensors
A Sea-Bird 911plus CTD system was used on cruise DY077. This was mounted on a 24-way stainless steel rosette frame, equipped with 21 Niskin bottles. As sensors took up room on the frame only 21 of the 24 Niskin bottles were used during DY077. On the first three casts the dissolved oxygen sensor was faulty and there were also some issues with the configuration files for the transmissometer and the Chelsea Fluorimeter. These sensors were replaced after cast 003. Below are the CTD sensor configuration tables for the first three casts and for the CTD sensor configuration from the forth cast onwards .
Sensor information for casts 001, 002 & 003:
|Sensor||Serial Number||Last calibration date||Comments|
|Primary Temperature SBE-3P||3P-2674||12/04/2016||Casts 001, 002, 003|
|Secondary Temperature SBE-3P||3P-4383||17/02/2016||Casts 001, 002, 003|
|Primary Conductivity SBE-4C||04C-2571||17/09/2015||Casts 001, 002, 003|
|Secondary Conductivity SBE-4C||04C-2580||18/02/2016||Casts 001, 002, 003|
|Benthos 916T Altimeter||59494||Not Specified||Casts 001, 002, 003|
|Sea-Bird SBE 43 dissolved oxygen sensor||43-1624||10/03/2016||Casts 001, 002, 003|
|Transmissometer WET Labs C-Star||1602TR||24/05/2016||Casts 001, 002, 003|
|Chelsea CTG Aquatracka MKIII fluorometer||88-2615-126||22/07/2016||Casts 001, 002, 003|
|Digiquartz with TC Paroscientific Pressure Sensor||110557||03/11/2016||Casts 001, 002, 003|
|WET Labs ECO-BB Turbidity Reader||BBRTD-758R||08/09/2016||Casts 001, 002, 003|
|Biospherical QCP Cosine PAR sensor (Up-looking DWIRR)||70510||24/01/2017||Casts 001, 002, 003|
|Biospherical QCP Cosine PAR sensor (Down-Looking DWIRR)||70520||24/01/2017||Casts 001, 002, 003|
|WETLabs BBRTD Light Scattering Sensor||BBRTD-169||08/09/2016||Casts 001, 002, 003|
Sensor information from cast 004 onwards:
|Sensor||Serial Number||Last calibration date||Comments|
|Primary Temperature SBE-3P||3P-2674||12/04/2016||Cast 004 Including & Onwards|
|Secondary Temperature SBE-3P||3P-4383||17/02/2016||Cast 004 Including & Onwards|
|Primary Conductivity SBE-4C||04C-2571||17/09/2015||Cast 004 Including & Onwards|
|Secondary Conductivity SBE-4C||04C-2580||18/02/2016||Cast 004 Including & Onwards|
|Benthos 916T Altimeter||59494||Not Specified||Cast 004 Including & Onwards|
|Sea-Bird SBE 43 dissolved oxygen sensor||43-2818||28/07/2016||Cast 004 Including & Onwards|
|Transmissometer WET Labs C-Star||1602TR||24/05/2016||Cast 004 Including & Onwards|
|Chelsea Aquatracka fluorometer||88-2615-126||22/07/2016||Cast 004 Including & Onwards|
|Digiquartz with TC Paroscientific Pressure Sensor||110557||03/11/2016||Cast 004 Including & Onwards|
|WET Labs ECO-BB Turbidity Reader||BBRTD-758R||08/09/2016||Cast 004 Including & Onwards|
|Biospherical QCP Cosine PAR sensor (Up-looking DWIRR)||70510||24/01/2017||Cast 004 Including & Onwards|
|Biospherical QCP Cosine PAR sensor (Down-Looking DWIRR)||70520||24/01/2017||Cast 004 Including & Onwards|
|WETLabs BBRTD Light Scattering Sensor||BBRTD-169||08/09/2016||Cast 004 Including & Onwards|
Sea-Bird Electronics SBE 911 and SBE 917 series CTD profilers
The SBE 911 and SBE 917 series of conductivity-temperature-depth (CTD) units are used to collect hydrographic profiles, including temperature, conductivity and pressure as standard. Each profiler consists of an underwater unit and deck unit or SEARAM. Auxiliary sensors, such as fluorometers, dissolved oxygen sensors and transmissometers, and carousel water samplers are commonly added to the underwater unit.
The CTD underwater unit (SBE 9 or SBE 9 plus) comprises a protective cage (usually with a carousel water sampler), including a main pressure housing containing power supplies, acquisition electronics, telemetry circuitry, and a suite of modular sensors. The original SBE 9 incorporated Sea-Bird's standard modular SBE 3 temperature sensor and SBE 4 conductivity sensor, and a Paroscientific Digiquartz pressure sensor. The conductivity cell was connected to a pump-fed plastic tubing circuit that could include auxiliary sensors. Each SBE 9 unit was custom built to individual specification. The SBE 9 was replaced in 1997 by an off-the-shelf version, termed the SBE 9 plus, that incorporated the SBE 3 plus (or SBE 3P) temperature sensor, SBE 4C conductivity sensor and a Paroscientific Digiquartz pressure sensor. Sensors could be connected to a pump-fed plastic tubing circuit or stand-alone.
Temperature, conductivity and pressure sensors
The conductivity, temperature, and pressure sensors supplied with Sea-Bird CTD systems have outputs in the form of variable frequencies, which are measured using high-speed parallel counters. The resulting count totals are converted to numeric representations of the original frequencies, which bear a direct relationship to temperature, conductivity or pressure. Sampling frequencies for these sensors are typically set at 24 Hz.
The temperature sensing element is a glass-coated thermistor bead, pressure-protected inside a stainless steel tube, while the conductivity sensing element is a cylindrical, flow-through, borosilicate glass cell with three internal platinum electrodes. Thermistor resistance or conductivity cell resistance, respectively, is the controlling element in an optimized Wien Bridge oscillator circuit, which produces a frequency output that can be converted to a temperature or conductivity reading. These sensors are available with depth ratings of 6800 m (aluminium housing) or 10500 m (titanium housing). The Paroscientific Digiquartz pressure sensor comprises a quartz crystal resonator that responds to pressure-induced stress, and temperature is measured for thermal compensation of the calculated pressure.
Optional sensors for dissolved oxygen, pH, light transmission, fluorescence and others do not require the very high levels of resolution needed in the primary CTD channels, nor do these sensors generally offer variable frequency outputs. Accordingly, signals from the auxiliary sensors are acquired using a conventional voltage-input multiplexed A/D converter (optional). Some Sea-Bird CTDs use a strain gauge pressure sensor (Senso-Metrics) in which case their pressure output data is in the same form as that from the auxiliary sensors as described above.
Deck unit or SEARAM
Each underwater unit is connected to a power supply and data logging system: the SBE 11 (or SBE 11 plus) deck unit allows real-time interfacing between the deck and the underwater unit via a conductive wire, while the submersible SBE 17 (or SBE 17 plus) SEARAM plugs directly into the underwater unit and data are downloaded on recovery of the CTD. The combination of SBE 9 and SBE 17 or SBE 11 are termed SBE 917 or SBE 911, respectively, while the combinations of SBE 9 plus and SBE 17 plus or SBE 11 plus are termed SBE 917 plus or SBE 911 plus.
Specifications for the SBE 9 plus underwater unit are listed below:
|Parameter||Range||Initial accuracy||Resolution at 24 Hz||Response time|
|Temperature||-5 to 35°C||0.001°C||0.0002°C||0.065 sec|
|Conductivity||0 to 7 S m-1||0.0003 S m-1||0.00004 S m-1||0.065 sec (pumped)|
|Pressure||0 to full scale (1400, 2000, 4200, 6800 or 10500 m)||0.015% of full scale||0.001% of full scale||0.015 sec|
Further details can be found in the manufacturer's specification sheet.
The Chelsea Instruments Aquatracka is a logarithmic response fluorometer. It uses a pulsed (5.5 Hz) xenon light source discharging between 320 and 800 nm through a blue filter with a peak transmission of 420 nm and a bandwidth at half maximum of 100 nm. A red filter with sharp cut off, 10% transmission at 664 nm and 678 nm, is used to pass chlorophyll-a fluorescence to the sample photodiode.
The instrument may be deployed either in a through-flow tank, on a CTD frame or moored with a data logging package.
Further details can be found in the manufacturer's specification sheet.
Biospherical Instruments Log Quantum Cosine Irradiance Sensor QCP-2300 & QCP-2350
The QCP-2300 is a submersible cosine-collector radiometer designed to measure irradiance over Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) wavelengths. It features a constant (better than ±10%) quantum response from 400 to 700 nm with the response being sharply attenuated above 700 nm and below 400 nm.
The sensor is a blue-enhanced high stability silicon photovoltaic detector with dielectric and absorbing glass filter assembly. The output is a DC voltage typically between 0 and 5 VDC that is proportional to the log of the incident irradiance.
The QCP-2300 is specifically designed for integration with 12-bit CTD systems and dataloggers requiring a limited-range of signal input.
|Wavelength||400 to 700 nm|
|PAR Spectral Response||better than ± 10% over 400-700 nm|
|Cosine Directional Response||± 5% 0 to 65°; ± 10% 0 to 85°|
|Noise level||< 1 mV|
|Temperature Range||-2 to 35 °C|
|Depth Range (standard)||1000 m|
Further details can be found in the manufacturer's manual..
WETLabs Single-angle Backscattering Meter ECO BB
An optical scattering sensor that measures scattering at 117°. This angle was determined as a minimum convergence point for variations in the volume scattering function induced by suspended materials and water. The measured signal is less determined by the type and size of the materials in the water and is more directly correlated to their concentration.
Several versions are available, with minor differences in their specifications:
- ECO BB(RT)provides analog or RS-232 serial output with 4000 count range
- ECO BB(RT)D adds the possibility of being deployed in depths up to 6000 m while keeping the capabilities of ECO BB(RT)
- ECO BB provides the capabilities of ECO BB(RT) with periodic sampling
- ECO BBB is similar to ECO BB but with internal batteries for autonomous operation
- ECO BBS is similar to ECO BB but with an integrated anti-fouling bio-wiper
- ECO BBSB has the capabilities of ECO BBS but with internal batteries for autonomous operation
|Wavelength||471, 532, 660 nm|
|Sensitivity (m-1 sr-1)|| |
1.2 x 10-5 at 470 nm
7.7 x 10-6 at 532 nm
3.8 x 10-6 at 660 nm
|Typical range||~0.0024 to 5 m-1|
|Sample rate||up to 8Hz|
|Temperature range||0 to 30°C|
|Depth rating|| |
600 m (standard)
6000 m (deep)
Further details can be found in the manufacturer's specification sheet.
WETLabs C-Star transmissometer
This instrument is designed to measure beam transmittance by submersion or with an optional flow tube for pumped applications. It can be used in profiles, moorings or as part of an underway system.
Two models are available, a 25 cm pathlength, which can be built in aluminum or co-polymer, and a 10 cm pathlength with a plastic housing. Both have an analog output, but a digital model is also available.
This instrument has been updated to provide a high resolution RS232 data output, while maintaining the same design and characteristics.
|Pathlength||10 or 25 cm|
|Wavelength||370, 470, 530 or 660 nm|
~ 20 nm for wavelengths of 470, 530 and 660 nm
~ 10 to 12 nm for a wavelength of 370 nm
|Temperature error||0.02 % full scale °C-1|
|Temperature range||0 to 30°C|
|Rated depth|| |
600 m (plastic housing)
6000 m (aluminum housing)
DY077 CTD BODC Processing
The CTD data were supplied to BODC as 22 MStar files and converted to the BODC internal format.
During transfer the originator's variables were mapped to unique BODC parameter codes. The following table shows the parameter mapping.
|Originator's variable||Units||BODC Code||Units||Comments|
|oxygen||ml/l||DOXYSC01||µmol/l||Conversion by BODC to µmol/l|
|PAR||Wm^2||CPHLUA01||mg/m^3||Computed from the ratio of upwelled irradiance at 440 and 570 nm|
|turbidity||m-1/sr||BB117R02||m/nm/sr||m-1/sr equivalent to m/nm/sr **BB117R02 channel missing from casts 1-3**|
|psal||pss-78||PSALST01||pss-78||Calculated from calibrated conductivity measurements, by the originator|
|depth||m||DEPHPRST||m||Pressure converted to depth using unspecified algorithm|
|-||-||OXYSZZ01||%||Derived by BODC using DOXYSC01, TEMPST01 and PSALST01|
|-||-||POTMCV01||°C||Derived by BODC using TEMPST01, PSALST01 and PRESPR01.|
|-||-||SIGTPR01||kg m-3||Derived by BODC using POTMCV01, PSALST01 and PRESPR01|
|-||-||TOKGPR01||l kg-1||Derived by BODC using SIGTPR01|
Following transfer the data were screened using BODC in-house visualisation software. Suspect data values were assigned the appropriate BODC data quality flag. Missing data values, where present, were changed to the missing data value and assigned a BODC data quality flag. The faulty oxygen sensor for first three stations was reading saturation levels above 100%. This was flagged by BODC
Fix03 - Fixed-Point Open Ocean Observatories
Fixed point Open OCean Observatory network (FixO3) is a EUR7 million, four-year (2013-2017) research programme network includes 29 partners from academia, research institutions and small and medium enterprises (SME). In addition, 12 international experts from a wide range of disciplines comprise an Advisory Board.
FixO3 is coordinated by the National Oceanography Centre, UK, and seeks to integrate European open ocean fixed point observatories and to improve access to these key installations for the broader community. These will provide multidisciplinary observations in all parts of the oceans from the air-sea interface to the deep seafloor. FixO3 will build on the significant advances achieved through the FP7 programmes EuroSITES, ESONET and CARBOOCEAN.
Open ocean observation is currently a high priority for European marine and maritime activities. FixO3 will provide important data on environmental products and services to address the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and in support of the EU integrated Maritime Policy.
The FixO3 network will provide free and open access to in situ fixed point data of the highest quality. It will provide a strong integrated framework of open ocean facilities in the Atlantic from the Arctic to the Antarctic and throughout the Mediterranean, enabling an integrated, regional and multidisciplinary approach to understand natural and anthropogenic change in the ocean.
The programme will be achieved through:
1. Co-ordination activities to integrate and harmonise the current procedures and processes. Strong links will be fostered with the wider community across academia, industry, policy and the general public through outreach, knowledge exchange and training.
2. Support actions to offer a) access to observatory infrastructures to those who do not have such access, and b) free and open data services and products.
3. Joint research activities to innovate and enhance thee current capability for multidisciplinary in situ ocean observation.
Further details are available on the FixO3 website.
29 different partners involved in FixO3. These institutions are;
- Natural Environment Research COuncil (NERC)
- Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS)
- Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR)
- MARUM, Unviersity of Bremen (UniHB)
- Universitetet I Bergen (UiB)
- Universitetet I Tromsø (UiT)
- Alfred Wegener Institut für Polarund Meeresforschung (AWI)
- University of Exeter (UNEXE)
- SLR Consulting (SLR)
- Institut français de recherché pour l'exploitation de la mer (IFREMER)
- Blue Lobster IT ltd. (BLIT)
- Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV)
- Marine Institute (MI)
- The University Court of The University of Aberdeen (UNIABDN)
- Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
- GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)
- Universidad de las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC)
- University of St Andrew (USTAN)
- Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO)
- NKE Instrumentation (NKEI)
- Instituto Nacional de Desenvolvimento das Pescas (INDP)
- Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC)
- Texcel Technology Plc (TEXCEL)
- University of Gothenburg (UGOT)
- Consiglio Nazionale delle Richerche (CNR)
- Stichting Koninklijk Nederlands Instituut Voor Zeeonderzoek (NIOZ)
- Imar- Instituto do Mar (IMAR)
Overall, twelve Work Packages have been funded by the FixO3 programme. These are described in brief below:
Work Package 1: Project Management.
- To effectively manage FixO3 to maximise the production of results int he most cost effective manner and to the proposed timescales.
- To facilitate communication and integration between the partners and disseminate information about the project to the wider community.
- To identify and resolve disputes between partners.
- To keep the project on track, and ensure timely interaction and delivery of reports to the European Commission.
Work Package 2: Technical harmonization.
- To review the current status of existing systems in operational use considered in the project;
- To synthesize the characteristics of infrastructures offering TNA;
- To increase the high-frequency measurements on fixed platforms;
- To define the best technical practices for compatible, robust and cost-effective systems on a variety of fixed applications;
- To promote tests of new or prototype instruments on a non-operational basis;
- To define procedure for harmonizing and merging quality assessed high frequency fixed platform data;
- To define procedures and technological solutions for integration and testing of new sensors on these systems;
- To increase the traceability, quality and reliability of sensor metadata and data products.
Work Package 3: Procedural harmonization.
To harmonise procedures across the network the following steps will be undertaken:
1) Assessment of operational procedures for sustained Eulerian observations
2) Further development of principles of 'best practice'
3) Development of the FixO3 observatories 'label' building on ESONET and in collaboration with JERICO
Work Package 4: Data management and harmonization.
To harmonise data policies and to provide a formal basis for data exchange between FixO3 infrastructures.
- To improve standardisation, interoperability and compliance with major international intiatives
- To harmonise data management and standardisation efforts with other European and international marine data and observatory infrastructures.
- To foster the cooperation with the marine carbon observation community by disseminating FixO3 data via relevant international infrastructures and data centres such as the ICOS Ocean Thematic Centre
To coordinate, harmonise and optimize the implementation and integration of Service Activities provided by the different partners in WP10 and to strengthen and monitor the dissemination of knowledge.
Work Package 5: Innovation through industry.
- Promote interaction between the ocean observatory research community and the commercial sector
- Proactively promote FixO3 and wider open ocean observatory products and services to the commercial sector
- Identify innovative products and services within the ocean observatory community and develop targeted IPR agreements to encourage interest by the commercial sector.
Work Package 6: Interface with policy and intergovernmental bodies.
- To link the FixO3 efforts to international and intergovernmental bodies and activities.
- To ensure visibility and facilitate further implementation and long-term stewardship of deep-ocean fixed-point time series observations
- To develop a strategy for the future.
Work Package 7:International and European networking of fixed-point observatories
- To consolidate and promote the synergy between European research groups and institutions.
- To enhance the interaction with industry
- To link ocean scientists and engineers into an international team in marine science.
- Management of TNA activities.
Work Package 8: Outreach and training.
- To engage with, educate and inform public, scientific and policy user groups.
- To develop an informative and interactive suite of complimentary tools that educates and engages public, scientific and policy user groups to maximise engagement with end users.
- To produce educational and informational resources that deliver knowledge to end user groups
- To deliver a series of training opportunities that informs, educates and promotes best practices to professional users of hardware, data and data products.
Work Package 9: Transnational access to FixO3 infrastructures
- To support external scientific users by providing coordinated, free-of-charge, transnational access to fixed open-ocean observatories, including:
1) Ocean surface, water column and seafloor observatory installations and systems considered for transnational access under this proposal
2) One shallow water test site able to make practical and fast tests of instruments, systems, procedures and new technologies applicable to fixed open-ocean observatories that will be accessible under TNA
Work Package 10: Service activities: Access to data products and knowledge
- To provide access to the data products and knowledge derived from most of the observatories which compromise the FixO3 network.
Work Package 11: Optimisation of ocean observing capability
- To carry out research on the specification for an optimum observational network of FixO3 platforms, integrated and complemented by other platforms.
Work Package 12: Research and development on critical observatory functions
- To enhance the capability of the FixO3 infrastructures to make very high quality observations
- To develop a new low energy consuming platform design in order to promote more sensors per platform and extension capacities.
|Antares||Ligurian Sea, NW Mediterranean Sea||Multidisciplinary, permanent marine observatory proving high-bandwidth real-time data transmission from deep-sea for geosciences and marine environmental sciences. Site is part of the MOOSE network providing real-time data transmission through two deep cabled moorings. These moorings are complemented by standalone mooring near the junction box. Physical and biogeochemical parameters recorded by autonomous sensors with regular maintenance. In addition, monthly ship occupation for CTD profiles and seawater collection. Cabled extension of the neutrino telescope is offering connectors for direct link to shore in addition to operational seismometer already in place.|
|Biscay AGL||South East Bay of Biscal||Fully equipped ODAS buoy transmitting data in real-time plus monthly hydrographical and biogeochemical sampling of water column from research vessel. Buoy obtains core measurements of meteorological, physical, biogeochemical and ecological parameters with high significance to weather forecasting and climate monitoring. Data immediately provided through IEO web page (hourly).|
|CIS||Central Irminger Sea, Subpolar North Atlantic.||Characterized by particular deep winter mixed layer depth. Mixed layer deepening is promoted through the combination of the cyclonic circulation of the Irminger gyre and strong surface buoyancy forcing in winter. Focus of the interdisciplinary research is on the biogeochemical cycling in a potential deep water formation area. The physical background field (temperature, salinity, currents) of the upper 1500m is surveyed with a number of sensors. Moreover, biogeochemical sensors (O2, Chl-a, zooplankton) is measured in mixed layer.|
|CVOO||Tropical Eastern North Atlantic||A mooring and a small vessel maintaining the time-series continuity.|
|DELOS (Deep-Ocean Environmental Long-term Observatory System) A||Angola, between the Congo and Kwanza rivers.||Environmental monitoring platform locations in the near field - within 50m of a sea floor well. The platform hosts a camera module, oceanographic module and acoustic module, each with multiple instruments, plus a sediment trap module.|
|DELOS (Deep-Ocean Environmental Long-term Observatory System) B||Angola, between the Congo and Kwanza rivers.||Environmental monitoring platform in the far field (~16km from sea floor infrastructure). On a flat <1° slope on finely sedimented sea floor within petroleum lease Block 18. The platform hosts a camera module, oceanographic module and acoustic module, each with multiple instruments, plus a sediment trap module.|
|DYFAMED||Ligurian Sea - a passage between Eastern and Western Mediterannean Sea.||Multidisciplinary site within MOOSE network. A strong influence of atmospheric deposition influencing productivity and particle export monitored by atmospheric survey (Cap Ferrat) and two permanent sediment traps. Physical parameters recorded from surface to deep waters through monthly visits and permanent deep mooring. Biogeochemical parameters obtained monthly during ship visits. The site is also a way point of gliders and used for cross-validation of bio-parameters (nitrate, oxygen).|
|E1-M3A||Eastern Mediterranean, Crete||Multidisciplinary mooring, an area of open sea conditions, characterized as extremely oligotrophic where dense waters with intermediate and deep characteristics are formed.|
|E2-M3A||South Adriatic Pit (Eastern Mediterranean Sea).||Two moorings (surface buoy and sub-surface mooring line) and designed to monitor physical and biogeochemical processes in the water column from the surface down to the bottom (approximately 1220m). The surface buoy collects air/sea meteorological and physical measurements in the surface layer (2m depth). The secondary deep mooring instead, is equipped with current meters (RDI-ADCP and Seaguard-RCM), CTD's with dissolved oxygen and optical sensors. New biochemical sensors (CO2 and pH) were deployed during the first year of the FixO3 project to enhance the payload of the site.|
|ESTOC||Central Eastern Atlantic||Open ocean site with over 15 years of continuous surface and mid-water meteorological, physical and biogeochemical monitoring.|
|FILCHNER RONNE||Filcher sill in the Souther Weddell Sea||Long-term monitoring of Ice Shelf Water (ISW) Overflow, established in 1977 and continuing to deliver the longest existing marine time series from Antarctica. The position for the observatory S2 proved to be a key site for monitoring the ISW overflow produced beneath the huge Filchner Ronne Ice Shelf and is selected to be a part of the gloobal net of monitoring sites under CLIVAR (www.clivar.org) and OceanSITES (www.oceansites.org). Time series of current speed and direction, temperature and salinity exist back to 1977. Continuous observation of dissolved oxygen started in 2009.|
|FRAM||Fram Strait||Array of moorings and permanent sampling sites across the Fram Strait.Installed to capture the exchange of Atlantic and Arctic waters, and to study the temporal development of an Arctic Marine ecosystem. enables year-round multidisciplinary long-term observations, partially with near real-time data access.|
|LION||Gulf of Lion||Deep-sea mooring aims to observe the winter convection affecting the north-western Mediterranean Sea water circulation and deep-sea ecosystem (physical data). The mooring is deployed near the ODAS meteorological surface buoy (Gulf of Lion) and integrated in the MOOSE network.|
|MOMAR||Mid-Atlantic - Hydrothermal vent field Lucky Strike||Multidisciplinary (fauna, fluid chemistry, seismicity and ground deformation); near real time communication through acoustic link, buoy and satellite. EMSO observatory node, in operation since 2010, comprises an oceanographic mooring and nested arrays of seisometers, pressure probes, temperature probes and chemical sensors in vent fluids, as well as a camera and colonization devices for faunal and microfaunal studies. Satellite transmission of a data subset, accessible on an EMSO-related server. Yearly maintenance cruises scheduled til 2015. Upgrades of system planned for 2014 with several new connection nodes accessible to FixO3 collaborations.|
|NEMO-SN1||Catania (Sicily)||Multidisciplinary (geophysics, oceanography, bioacoustics) observatory. Deep-sea real-time multi-parameter observatory is currently being re-deployed after refurbishment and installations of new electronics.|
|NOC||North Atlantic||Sediment trap mooring with current sensors in the least productive gyre in the North Atlantic, influence to a degree by dust supply from the Sahara desert.|
|OBSEA||Western Mediterranean||The main objective for OBSEA is to be a test bed for the development of oceanographic instrumentation while being a shallow-water observatory providing real time data and database with historical values.|
|PAP||North Atlantic||Array of moorings covering the entire water column and benthos with associated repeat ship occupations for process studies and collections not possible autonomously (e.g benthic megafauna). Longest running multidisciplinary open ocean sustained observatory delivering atmospheric, physical, biogeochemical ocean datasets in near real time.|
|PYLOS||Adriatic and Eastern Mediterranean basins.||Multidisciplinary observatory mooring. Very geologically active area, with lots of earthquakes and landslides as well as a potential source of Tsunamis that might affect the Easter Mediterranean Sea.|
|SOG||South Atlantic||A sediment trap mooring with current sensors, in the middle of the least productive gyre in the South Atlantic (in contrast to NOG). It is not influenced by dust supply.|
|SOR||Mid-Atlantic RIdge, South of Svalbard.||Single location mooring. A component of NOON (Norwegian Ocean Observatory Network) planned as a demo mission in 2012, then as a sustained observatory in 2016.|
|Station M||Norwegian Sea||Ocean Weather Station M (OWS M) has been an ocean weather station since 1948. At present there is a mooring and surface buoy measuring hydrography, O2, chlorophyll and carbon parameters. Real-time and delayed-mode capabilities. This site provides the longest existing homogeneous time series from deep ocean. The facility presented here is the mooring situated between 150 and 2000m.|
|W1-M3A||Ligurian Sea||A single multidisciplinary observatory mooring with real-time and delayed mode capability. The W1-M3A observing system is composed by a large spar buoy and a sub-surface mooring periodically deployed close to the main buoy depending on specific research needs.The W1-M3A large spar buoy specifically designed for air-sea interaction studies and the collection of meteorological data even in rough sea. Stability is the basic feature of this type of buoy with respect to the other more classical approach based on discus-shaped buoys. The buoy was specifically designed as a stable measuring platform since its total mass, the unity buoyancy at the sea level, and presence of a damping disk allow for negligible sensitivity of sea heave and height.|
The British Oceanographic Data centre store data from PAP, NOG and SOG as of January 2018.
|Principal Scientist(s)||Richard Stephen Lampitt (National Oceanography Centre, Southampton)|
Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here
Fixed Station Information
|Station Name||Porcupine Abyssal Plain (PAP)|
|Latitude||49° 0.00' N|
|Longitude||16° 30.00' W|
|Water depth below MSL||4800.0 m|
Porcupine Abyssal Plain (PAP) Observatory
The Porcupine Abyssal Plain (PAP) observatory is a site at which moorings were deployed in the Northeastern Atlantic, as part of the ANIMATE (Atlantic Network of Interdisciplinary Moorings and Time-series for Europe), MERSEA (Marine Environment and Security for the European Area), EuroSITES, Oceans2025, Fix03 and CLASS projects. The PAP site is centred at latitude 49° N and longitude 16.5° W. Moorings have occupied this region since 2002 and are typically deployed for 12 months.
|Mooring deployment||Deployment Cruise||Temperature salinity pressure||ADCP||Chlorophyll||Sediment trap||Current meter||Nitrate||Carbon dioxide||Oxygen||Irradience|
|Real time||Delayed mode||Real time||Delayed mode||Real time||Delayed mode||Real time||Delayed mode||Real time||Delayed mode||Real time||Delayed mode||Real time||Delayed mode|
|Data||Data received from mooring|
|Pending||Data not yet received|
|NYR||Not yet recovered|
Related Fixed Station activities are detailed in Appendix 1
The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:
|<||Below detection limit|
|>||In excess of quoted value|
|A||Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)|
|B||Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast|
|C||Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)|
|E||End of CTD Down/Up Cast|
|G||Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty|
|I||Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)|
|K||Improbable value - unknown quality control source|
|L||Improbable value - originator's quality control|
|M||Improbable value - BODC quality control|
|O||Improbable value - user quality control|
|0||no quality control|
|2||probably good value|
|3||probably bad value|
|6||value below detection|
|7||value in excess|
|A||value phenomenon uncertain|
|Q||value below limit of quantification|
Appendix 1: Porcupine Abyssal Plain (PAP)
Related series for this Fixed Station are presented in the table below. Further information can be found by following the appropriate links.
If you are interested in these series, please be aware we offer a multiple file download service. Should your credentials be insufficient for automatic download, the service also offers a referral to our Enquiries Officer who may be able to negotiate access.
|Series Identifier||Data Category||Start date/time||Start position||Cruise|
|1225957||Hydrography time series at depth||2002-10-06 20:00:00||48.9833 N, 16.468 W||RRS Discovery D266|
|1225970||Hydrography time series at depth||2002-10-06 20:00:00||48.9833 N, 16.468 W||RRS Discovery D266|
|1225982||Hydrography time series at depth||2002-10-06 20:00:00||48.9833 N, 16.468 W||RRS Discovery D266|
|1225969||Hydrography time series at depth||2002-10-07 02:00:00||48.9833 N, 16.468 W||RRS Discovery D266|
|1225994||Hydrography time series at depth||2002-10-07 02:00:00||48.9833 N, 16.468 W||RRS Discovery D266|
|1226008||Hydrography time series at depth||2002-10-07 02:00:00||48.9833 N, 16.468 W||RRS Discovery D266|
|1226021||Hydrography time series at depth||2002-10-07 02:00:00||48.9833 N, 16.468 W||RRS Discovery D266|
|1226033||Hydrography time series at depth||2002-10-07 02:00:00||48.9833 N, 16.468 W||RRS Discovery D266|
|1226045||Hydrography time series at depth||2002-10-07 02:00:00||48.9833 N, 16.468 W||RRS Discovery D266|
|1225945||Hydrography time series at depth||2002-10-09 00:00:00||48.9833 N, 16.424 W||RRS Discovery D266|
|895626||Water column chemistry||2002-10-09 10:28:20||48.9833 N, 16.424 W||RRS Discovery D266|
|876493||Fluorescence or pigments||2003-07-12 14:22:29||48.9975 N, 16.4492 W||FS Poseidon PO300_1|
|1226057||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-07-12 14:30:00||48.9975 N, 16.4492 W||FS Poseidon PO300_1|
|1226069||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-07-12 14:30:00||48.9975 N, 16.4492 W||FS Poseidon PO300_1|
|1226070||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-07-12 14:30:00||48.9975 N, 16.4492 W||FS Poseidon PO300_1|
|1226082||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-07-12 14:30:00||48.9975 N, 16.4492 W||FS Poseidon PO300_1|
|1226094||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-07-12 14:30:00||48.9975 N, 16.4492 W||FS Poseidon PO300_1|
|1226101||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-07-12 14:30:00||48.9975 N, 16.4492 W||FS Poseidon PO300_1|
|1226113||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-07-12 14:30:00||48.9975 N, 16.4492 W||FS Poseidon PO300_1|
|774750||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2003-07-12 19:00:00||49.0 N, 16.5 W||FS Poseidon PO300_1|
|774762||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2003-07-12 19:01:00||49.0 N, 16.5 W||FS Poseidon PO300_1|
|876407||Water column chemistry||2003-07-13 00:00:00||48.9975 N, 16.44917 W||FS Poseidon PO300_1|
|895638||Water column chemistry||2003-07-13 09:35:19||49.0417 N, 16.5267 W||FS Poseidon PO300_1|
|1226137||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-11-17 16:30:00||49.0755 N, 16.4963 W||FS Poseidon PO306|
|1226149||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-11-17 16:30:00||49.0755 N, 16.4963 W||FS Poseidon PO306|
|1226150||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-11-17 16:30:00||49.0755 N, 16.4963 W||FS Poseidon PO306|
|1226162||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-11-17 16:30:00||49.0755 N, 16.4963 W||FS Poseidon PO306|
|1226174||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-11-17 16:30:00||49.0755 N, 16.4963 W||FS Poseidon PO306|
|1226186||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-11-17 16:30:00||49.0755 N, 16.4963 W||FS Poseidon PO306|
|1226198||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-11-17 16:30:00||49.0755 N, 16.4963 W||FS Poseidon PO306|
|1226205||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-11-17 16:30:00||49.0755 N, 16.4963 W||FS Poseidon PO306|
|1226217||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-11-17 16:30:00||49.0755 N, 16.4963 W||FS Poseidon PO306|
|1226229||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-11-17 16:30:00||49.0755 N, 16.4963 W||FS Poseidon PO306|
|1226125||Hydrography time series at depth||2003-11-18 16:15:00||49.0417 N, 16.5267 W||FS Poseidon PO306|
|876419||Water column chemistry||2003-11-18 17:00:00||49.0417 N, 16.5267 W||FS Poseidon PO306|
|876500||Fluorescence or pigments||2003-11-18 17:00:25||49.0417 N, 16.5267 W||FS Poseidon PO306|
|895651||Water column chemistry||2003-11-19 09:14:19||49.0417 N, 16.5267 W||FS Poseidon PO306|
|1226242||Hydrography time series at depth||2004-06-22 22:00:00||49.1192 N, 16.4935 W||RRS Charles Darwin CD158|
|1226254||Hydrography time series at depth||2004-06-22 22:00:00||49.1192 N, 16.4935 W||RRS Charles Darwin CD158|
|1226266||Hydrography time series at depth||2004-06-22 22:00:00||49.1192 N, 16.4935 W||RRS Charles Darwin CD158|
|1226278||Hydrography time series at depth||2004-06-22 22:00:00||49.1192 N, 16.4935 W||RRS Charles Darwin CD158|
|1226291||Hydrography time series at depth||2004-06-22 22:00:00||49.1192 N, 16.4935 W||RRS Charles Darwin CD158|
|1226309||Hydrography time series at depth||2004-06-22 22:00:00||49.1192 N, 16.4935 W||RRS Charles Darwin CD158|
|1226310||Hydrography time series at depth||2004-06-22 22:00:00||49.1192 N, 16.4935 W||RRS Charles Darwin CD158|
|1226322||Hydrography time series at depth||2004-06-22 22:00:00||49.1192 N, 16.4935 W||RRS Charles Darwin CD158|
|1226334||Hydrography time series at depth||2004-06-22 22:00:00||49.1192 N, 16.4935 W||RRS Charles Darwin CD158|
|1226346||Hydrography time series at depth||2004-06-22 22:00:00||49.1192 N, 16.4935 W||RRS Charles Darwin CD158|
|1226230||Hydrography time series at depth||2004-06-23 20:00:00||49.0432 N, 16.529 W||RRS Charles Darwin CD158|
|876420||Water column chemistry||2004-06-23 20:00:00||49.0497 N, 16.5169 W||RRS Charles Darwin CD158|
|876512||Fluorescence or pigments||2004-06-23 22:44:22||49.04317 N, 16.529 W||RRS Charles Darwin CD158|
|945170||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2007-06-19 22:47:51||48.915 N, 16.5458 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|888088||CTD or STD cast||2007-06-21 10:38:36||48.999 N, 16.502 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|888107||CTD or STD cast||2007-06-21 13:51:30||48.999 N, 16.502 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|1868602||Water sample data||2007-06-21 14:07:00||48.999 N, 16.502 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|888119||CTD or STD cast||2007-06-21 14:51:49||48.999 N, 16.501 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|888120||CTD or STD cast||2007-06-21 18:24:18||48.999 N, 16.502 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|888132||CTD or STD cast||2007-06-21 19:44:47||48.999 N, 16.501 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|888144||CTD or STD cast||2007-06-21 20:03:48||48.999 N, 16.502 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|888156||CTD or STD cast||2007-06-22 12:27:41||49.002 N, 16.4545 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|1083405||Fluorescence or pigments||2007-06-22 16:02:45||49.0 N, 16.419 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|1225816||Hydrography time series at depth||2007-06-22 18:00:00||49.0163 N, 16.402 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|1225828||Hydrography time series at depth||2007-06-22 18:00:00||49.0163 N, 16.402 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|1225841||Hydrography time series at depth||2007-06-22 18:00:00||49.0163 N, 16.402 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|1225853||Hydrography time series at depth||2007-06-22 18:00:00||49.0163 N, 16.402 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|1225865||Hydrography time series at depth||2007-06-22 18:00:00||49.0163 N, 16.402 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|1225877||Hydrography time series at depth||2007-06-22 18:00:00||49.0163 N, 16.402 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|1225889||Hydrography time series at depth||2007-06-22 18:00:00||49.0163 N, 16.402 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|1225890||Hydrography time series at depth||2007-06-22 18:00:00||49.0163 N, 16.402 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|1225908||Hydrography time series at depth||2007-06-22 18:00:00||49.0163 N, 16.402 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|1225921||Hydrography time series at depth||2007-06-22 18:00:00||49.0163 N, 16.402 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|1225933||Hydrography time series at depth||2007-06-22 18:00:00||49.0163 N, 16.402 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|888168||CTD or STD cast||2007-06-22 20:09:04||49.084 N, 16.401 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|888181||CTD or STD cast||2007-06-23 01:04:54||48.9165 N, 16.3 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|888193||CTD or STD cast||2007-06-23 03:44:40||48.9165 N, 16.5002 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|1225804||Hydrography time series at depth||2007-06-23 14:00:00||49.0163 N, 16.402 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|888200||CTD or STD cast||2007-06-23 15:27:51||48.9767 N, 16.5116 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|1058137||Water column chemistry||2007-06-28 15:00:00||49.0 N, 16.419 W||Celtic Explorer CE0716|
|1842200||Fluorescence or pigments||2009-05-23 16:00:00||49.07167 N, 16.38167 W||RRS James Cook JC034T|
|1851461||Hydrography time series at depth||2009-05-23 16:00:00||49.07167 N, 16.38167 W||RRS James Cook JC034T|
|1851473||Hydrography time series at depth||2009-05-23 16:00:00||49.07167 N, 16.38167 W||RRS James Cook JC034T|
|1851485||Hydrography time series at depth||2009-05-23 16:00:00||49.07167 N, 16.38167 W||RRS James Cook JC034T|
|1919019||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-05-23 16:15:00||49.07167 N, 16.38167 W||RRS James Cook JC034T|
|1620712||Water column chemistry||2009-05-23 16:15:00||49.07167 N, 16.38167 W||RRS James Cook JC034T|
|1640682||Water column chemistry||2009-05-23 16:15:00||49.07167 N, 16.38167 W||RRS James Cook JC034T|
|1620700||Water column chemistry||2009-05-23 17:00:39||49.07167 N, 16.38167 W||RRS James Cook JC034T|
|1640670||Water column chemistry||2009-05-24 04:00:00||49.07167 N, 16.38167 W||RRS James Cook JC034T|
|1170739||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-09 18:41:20||55.10983 N, 5.302 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170740||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-10 09:50:48||52.32233 N, 6.02167 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170752||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-11 10:02:17||50.63183 N, 11.19833 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170764||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-12 09:50:56||49.919 N, 13.46283 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170776||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-13 06:54:49||49.04683 N, 16.48233 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170788||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-14 04:55:19||48.94567 N, 16.882 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170807||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-15 04:57:38||49.023 N, 16.562 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170819||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-16 04:53:11||49.1025 N, 16.41267 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170820||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-17 04:57:28||48.8335 N, 16.598 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170832||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-18 04:55:00||48.82283 N, 16.50567 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170844||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-19 04:50:51||48.99767 N, 16.51133 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170856||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-20 04:57:21||48.81283 N, 16.72583 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170868||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-20 17:08:18||49.07317 N, 16.389 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170881||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-21 04:53:26||48.725 N, 17.184 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170893||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-22 04:53:02||49.191 N, 16.89683 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170900||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-23 04:55:55||49.07417 N, 16.63433 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170912||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-24 04:58:31||48.91383 N, 16.35767 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170924||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-25 04:48:52||49.463 N, 16.06033 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170936||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-26 04:57:07||49.184 N, 16.022 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170948||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-27 07:57:16||49.13833 N, 16.284 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170961||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-28 04:51:18||48.814 N, 16.46 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170973||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-29 04:46:43||48.97817 N, 16.91267 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170985||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-30 04:59:27||48.83417 N, 16.485 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1170997||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-07-31 04:58:40||48.60483 N, 16.601 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1171000||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-08-01 04:54:17||48.7355 N, 16.54017 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1171012||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-08-02 04:44:14||48.64567 N, 16.5675 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1171024||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-08-03 04:52:52||48.99783 N, 16.4255 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1171036||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-08-04 04:51:20||48.82417 N, 16.91783 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1171048||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-08-05 04:52:18||48.90333 N, 16.87867 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1171061||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-08-06 04:48:40||48.907 N, 16.08783 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1171073||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-08-07 04:49:16||49.00783 N, 16.48933 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1171085||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-08-08 04:52:39||48.79867 N, 16.98883 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1171097||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-08-09 04:51:28||48.9835 N, 16.50517 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1171104||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-08-10 04:54:18||49.26467 N, 15.59733 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1171116||Currents -subsurface Eulerian||2009-08-10 22:47:24||50.53633 N, 11.35417 W||RRS Discovery D341|
|1839394||Water column chemistry||2010-06-03 12:00:00||48.993 N, 16.369 W||RRS James Clark Ross JR20100526 (JR221)|
|1839401||Water column chemistry||2010-09-21 12:00:00||48.993 N, 16.369 W||Celtic Explorer CE10005|
|1839413||Water column chemistry||2011-08-02 00:00:00||48.0135 N, 16.3698 W||RRS James Cook JC062|
|1177289||Bathymetry||2012-05-01 21:59:00||48.6223 N, 16.3579 W||RRS James Cook JC071|
|1839425||Water column chemistry||2012-05-06 00:00:00||48.0049 N, 16.3763 W||RRS James Cook JC071|
|1177290||Bathymetry||2012-05-07 20:59:00||49.1075 N, 17.0159 W||RRS James Cook JC071|
|1759923||CTD or STD cast||2013-04-19 06:38:00||48.67517 N, 16.3365 W||RRS James Cook JC085|
|1928139||Water sample data||2013-04-19 08:50:00||48.67523 N, 16.33658 W||RRS James Cook JC085|
|1759935||CTD or STD cast||2013-04-21 21:10:00||48.991 N, 16.48083 W||RRS James Cook JC085|
|1928140||Water sample data||2013-04-21 22:18:00||48.991 N, 16.48083 W||RRS James Cook JC085|
|1759947||CTD or STD cast||2013-04-23 13:51:00||48.61683 N, 16.2995 W||RRS James Cook JC085|
|1928152||Water sample data||2013-04-23 15:13:00||48.61797 N, 16.29808 W||RRS James Cook JC085|
|1759959||CTD or STD cast||2013-04-25 17:29:04||48.58717 N, 16.333 W||RRS James Cook JC085|
|1759960||CTD or STD cast||2013-04-25 18:59:05||48.587 N, 16.34333 W||RRS James Cook JC085|
|1759972||CTD or STD cast||2013-04-25 19:49:03||48.58683 N, 16.35167 W||RRS James Cook JC085|
|1928164||Water sample data||2013-04-25 20:40:00||48.58575 N, 16.36107 W||RRS James Cook JC085|
|1759984||CTD or STD cast||2013-04-25 22:37:01||48.56283 N, 16.44867 W||RRS James Cook JC085|
|1759996||CTD or STD cast||2013-04-25 23:23:00||48.56267 N, 16.45617 W||RRS James Cook JC085|
|1760008||CTD or STD cast||2013-04-26 00:16:02||48.562 N, 16.4655 W||RRS James Cook JC085|
|1928176||Water sample data||2013-04-26 01:05:00||48.55927 N, 16.47843 W||RRS James Cook JC085|
|1836556||CTD or STD cast||2013-04-26 01:05:45||48.96667 N, 16.36667 W||RRS James Cook JC085|
|1880601||Water sample data||2013-06-03 12:31:00||48.69983 N, 16.03367 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927702||Water sample data||2013-06-03 12:31:00||48.69983 N, 16.03367 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880625||Water sample data||2013-06-03 20:38:00||48.64867 N, 16.14267 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927726||Water sample data||2013-06-03 20:38:00||48.64867 N, 16.14267 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880717||Water sample data||2013-06-05 04:10:00||48.64867 N, 16.143 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927831||Water sample data||2013-06-05 04:10:00||48.64867 N, 16.143 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880729||Water sample data||2013-06-05 07:58:00||48.65017 N, 16.13883 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927843||Water sample data||2013-06-05 07:58:00||48.65017 N, 16.13883 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880730||Water sample data||2013-06-05 10:23:00||48.64867 N, 16.143 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927855||Water sample data||2013-06-05 10:23:00||48.64867 N, 16.143 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880742||Water sample data||2013-06-05 13:24:00||48.64862 N, 16.14292 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880754||Water sample data||2013-06-06 03:58:00||48.64862 N, 16.1429 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927867||Water sample data||2013-06-06 03:58:00||48.64862 N, 16.1429 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880766||Water sample data||2013-06-06 08:23:00||48.64867 N, 16.14267 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880778||Water sample data||2013-06-06 19:45:00||48.6485 N, 16.14267 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927879||Water sample data||2013-06-06 19:45:00||48.6485 N, 16.14267 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880613||Water sample data||2013-06-07 08:36:00||48.6485 N, 16.14283 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927714||Water sample data||2013-06-07 08:36:00||48.6485 N, 16.14283 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880791||Water sample data||2013-06-08 03:42:00||48.64865 N, 16.1434 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927880||Water sample data||2013-06-08 03:42:00||48.64865 N, 16.1434 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880809||Water sample data||2013-06-08 10:26:00||48.65067 N, 16.48833 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927892||Water sample data||2013-06-08 10:26:00||48.65067 N, 16.48833 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880810||Water sample data||2013-06-09 07:18:00||48.6485 N, 16.14283 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927911||Water sample data||2013-06-09 07:18:00||48.6485 N, 16.14283 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880822||Water sample data||2013-06-09 15:07:00||48.64847 N, 16.14132 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927923||Water sample data||2013-06-09 15:07:00||48.64847 N, 16.14132 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880834||Water sample data||2013-06-09 19:08:00||48.64 N, 16.143 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927935||Water sample data||2013-06-09 19:08:00||48.64 N, 16.143 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880637||Water sample data||2013-06-10 03:46:00||48.64867 N, 16.14283 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927738||Water sample data||2013-06-10 03:46:00||48.64867 N, 16.14283 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880649||Water sample data||2013-06-10 08:35:00||48.6485 N, 16.14283 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927751||Water sample data||2013-06-10 08:35:00||48.6485 N, 16.14283 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880650||Water sample data||2013-06-11 08:53:00||48.64917 N, 16.14317 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927763||Water sample data||2013-06-11 08:53:00||48.64917 N, 16.14317 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880662||Water sample data||2013-06-13 04:43:00||48.6485 N, 16.14283 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927775||Water sample data||2013-06-13 04:43:00||48.6485 N, 16.14283 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880674||Water sample data||2013-06-13 08:38:00||48.64867 N, 16.14283 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927787||Water sample data||2013-06-13 08:38:00||48.64867 N, 16.14283 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880686||Water sample data||2013-06-14 04:16:00||48.6485 N, 16.14283 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927799||Water sample data||2013-06-14 04:16:00||48.6485 N, 16.14283 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880698||Water sample data||2013-06-14 08:41:00||48.6485 N, 16.143 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927806||Water sample data||2013-06-14 08:41:00||48.6485 N, 16.143 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1880705||Water sample data||2013-06-14 11:43:00||48.6485 N, 16.143 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1927818||Water sample data||2013-06-14 11:43:00||48.6485 N, 16.143 W||RRS James Cook JC087|
|1920820||Fluorescence or pigments||2014-07-13 10:43:58||49.02977 N, 16.31897 W||FS Meteor M108|
|1778785||Water column chemistry||2014-07-15 23:59:12||49.02977 N, 16.31897 W||FS Meteor M108|
|1927984||Water sample data||2015-06-24 00:32:00||49.02783 N, 16.415 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1879544||Water sample data||2015-06-24 15:55:00||49.04167 N, 16.41017 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1927996||Water sample data||2015-06-24 15:55:00||49.04167 N, 16.41017 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1879556||Water sample data||2015-06-25 09:40:00||48.84117 N, 16.522 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1928011||Water sample data||2015-06-25 09:40:00||48.84117 N, 16.522 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1879568||Water sample data||2015-06-25 17:20:00||48.94417 N, 16.59916 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1927947||Water sample data||2015-06-25 17:20:00||48.94417 N, 16.59916 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1928023||Water sample data||2015-06-25 17:20:00||48.94417 N, 16.59916 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1879581||Water sample data||2015-06-25 21:12:00||48.89167 N, 16.58556 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1927959||Water sample data||2015-06-25 21:12:00||48.89167 N, 16.58556 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1928035||Water sample data||2015-06-25 21:12:00||48.89167 N, 16.58556 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1879593||Water sample data||2015-06-26 10:00:00||48.84 N, 16.52583 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1928047||Water sample data||2015-06-26 10:00:00||48.84 N, 16.52583 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1879600||Water sample data||2015-06-27 15:54:00||49.074 N, 16.26133 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1928059||Water sample data||2015-06-27 15:54:00||49.074 N, 16.26133 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1928060||Water sample data||2015-06-27 19:00:00||49.07667 N, 16.25833 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1928072||Water sample data||2015-06-27 22:00:00||49.07367 N, 16.26383 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1879612||Water sample data||2015-06-28 09:30:00||49.01283 N, 16.3955 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1879624||Water sample data||2015-06-29 15:20:00||48.81917 N, 16.52067 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1928084||Water sample data||2015-06-29 15:20:00||48.81917 N, 16.52067 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1879636||Water sample data||2015-06-30 20:21:00||49.21278 N, 16.47028 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1927960||Water sample data||2015-06-30 20:21:00||49.21278 N, 16.47028 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1928096||Water sample data||2015-06-30 20:21:00||49.21278 N, 16.47028 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1851006||Water column chemistry||2015-07-01 11:59:38||49.03056 N, 16.37222 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1879648||Water sample data||2015-07-01 14:10:00||48.98567 N, 16.285 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1928103||Water sample data||2015-07-01 14:10:00||48.98567 N, 16.285 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1850992||Water column chemistry||2015-07-01 23:58:05||49.03056 N, 16.37222 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1928115||Water sample data||2015-07-02 15:00:00||48.68217 N, 17.059 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1879661||Water sample data||2015-07-03 18:40:00||49.18277 N, 16.60056 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1927972||Water sample data||2015-07-03 18:40:00||49.18277 N, 16.60056 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1928127||Water sample data||2015-07-03 18:40:00||49.18277 N, 16.60056 W||RRS Discovery DY032|
|1874226||Water sample data||2016-04-20 08:55:00||49.6017 N, 8.3605 W||RRS Discovery DY050|
|1874238||Water sample data||2016-04-22 16:25:00||49.0055 N, 16.397 W||RRS Discovery DY050|
|1874251||Water sample data||2016-04-24 09:22:00||49.00813 N, 16.453 W||RRS Discovery DY050|
|1922826||CTD or STD cast||2016-04-24 15:00:00||49.00738 N, 16.49232 W||RRS Discovery DY050|
|1922838||CTD or STD cast||2016-04-24 15:00:00||49.00738 N, 16.49232 W||RRS Discovery DY050|
|1874263||Water sample data||2016-04-27 15:27:00||49.00578 N, 16.39743 W||RRS Discovery DY050|
|1920832||Water column chemistry||2016-04-28 12:20:24||49.04717 N, 16.30117 W||RRS Discovery DY050|
|1874275||Water sample data||2016-04-28 13:55:00||49.00523 N, 16.39695 W||RRS Discovery DY050|
|1874287||Water sample data||2016-04-29 16:19:00||49.00535 N, 16.39745 W||RRS Discovery DY050|
|1874299||Water sample data||2016-04-30 13:22:00||49.00533 N, 16.39667 W||RRS Discovery DY050|
|1874306||Water sample data||2016-05-01 19:39:00||49.0055 N, 16.39683 W||RRS Discovery DY050|
|1874318||Water sample data||2016-05-02 20:36:00||49.0118 N, 16.39683 W||RRS Discovery DY050|
|1874331||Water sample data||2016-05-05 13:30:00||49.0053 N, 16.39702 W||RRS Discovery DY050|
|1816715||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-16 20:39:35||49.0544 N, 16.3395 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1874343||Water sample data||2017-04-16 20:52:00||49.05438 N, 16.33946 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816727||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-16 22:27:48||49.0544 N, 16.3395 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816739||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-17 00:34:20||49.0544 N, 16.3395 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1874355||Water sample data||2017-04-17 02:51:00||49.05433 N, 16.3395 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1922863||Water column chemistry||2017-04-18 00:20:25||49.04717 N, 16.30117 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1922851||Fluorescence or pigments||2017-04-18 16:11:27||49.04717 N, 16.30117 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816740||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-19 09:02:33||48.9938 N, 16.3247 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1874367||Water sample data||2017-04-19 09:18:00||48.99381 N, 16.32473 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816752||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-19 12:22:32||48.9528 N, 16.4322 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1874379||Water sample data||2017-04-19 12:47:00||48.95238 N, 16.43128 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816764||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-19 15:19:37||49.0257 N, 16.4298 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816776||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-20 22:11:06||48.9688 N, 16.4679 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1874380||Water sample data||2017-04-21 00:03:00||48.96882 N, 16.46792 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816788||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-21 05:22:42||49.1176 N, 16.6171 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816807||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-21 08:55:29||49.1881 N, 16.7005 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816819||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-21 12:35:53||49.2009 N, 16.5667 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816820||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-22 16:26:24||48.8358 N, 16.5213 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1874392||Water sample data||2017-04-22 16:49:00||48.83577 N, 16.52133 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816832||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-23 12:04:31||49.0065 N, 16.3977 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816844||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-24 12:39:51||48.9391 N, 16.2624 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816868||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-24 17:46:43||48.9965 N, 16.3681 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816881||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-24 19:37:50||48.9066 N, 16.3951 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816893||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-25 14:22:04||48.9888 N, 16.3956 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1874411||Water sample data||2017-04-25 15:06:00||48.98882 N, 16.39555 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816900||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-26 12:01:42||48.8679 N, 16.5862 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816912||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-26 14:56:15||48.9147 N, 16.7024 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816924||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-26 18:01:17||48.8255 N, 16.7048 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816936||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-28 08:48:32||48.7853 N, 16.7799 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1816948||CTD or STD cast||2017-04-28 10:57:32||48.7487 N, 16.6749 W||RRS Discovery DY077|
|1928987||Water sample data||2018-05-22 14:30:00||49.00328 N, 16.3946 W||RRS James Cook JC165|
|1928999||Water sample data||2018-05-23 14:58:00||48.988 N, 16.38878 W||RRS James Cook JC165|
|1929002||Water sample data||2018-05-25 07:38:00||49.00407 N, 16.49312 W||RRS James Cook JC165|
|1929014||Water sample data||2018-05-25 14:08:00||48.99448 N, 16.4008 W||RRS James Cook JC165|
|1929026||Water sample data||2018-05-27 14:17:00||49.00638 N, 16.47153 W||RRS James Cook JC165|
|1929038||Water sample data||2018-05-27 17:29:00||49.00638 N, 16.47152 W||RRS James Cook JC165|
|1929051||Water sample data||2018-05-29 14:08:00||48.00093 N, 16.50327 W||RRS James Cook JC165|
|1929063||Water sample data||2018-06-01 13:23:00||49.00237 N, 16.50855 W||RRS James Cook JC165|
|1929075||Water sample data||2018-06-01 16:44:00||49.00235 N, 16.50855 W||RRS James Cook JC165|
|1928188||Water sample data||2018-06-07 08:17:00||48.94508 N, 16.8184 W||RRS James Cook JC165|
|1929087||Water sample data||2018-06-07 12:21:00||48.94508 N, 16.4267 W||RRS James Cook JC165|
|1929099||Water sample data||2018-06-07 14:27:00||48.94508 N, 16.4267 W||RRS James Cook JC165|