Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 1024847


Metadata Summary

Data Description

Data Category Water column chemistry
Instrument Type
NameCategories
EnviroTech LLC NAS-3X Nutrient Analyser  nutrient analysers
Instrument Mounting moored surface buoy
Originating Country United Kingdom
Originator Dr Naomi Greenwood
Originating Organization Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science Lowestoft Laboratory
Processing Status banked
Project(s) Oceans 2025 Theme 10 SO11
 

Data Identifiers

Originator's Identifier LB1_052_TOX_2792
BODC Series Reference 1024847
 

Time Co-ordinates(UT)

Start Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2008-09-10 13:39
End Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2008-11-08 12:09
Nominal Cycle Interval 3600.0 seconds
 

Spatial Co-ordinates

Latitude 53.53420 N ( 53° 32.1' N )
Longitude 3.35960 W ( 3° 21.6' W )
Positional Uncertainty 0.1 to 0.5 n.miles
Minimum Sensor Depth 1.0 m
Maximum Sensor Depth 1.0 m
Minimum Sensor Height 21.7 m
Maximum Sensor Height 21.7 m
Sea Floor Depth 22.7 m
Sensor Distribution Fixed common depth - All sensors are grouped effectively at the same depth which is effectively fixed for the duration of the series
Sensor Depth Datum Approximate - Depth is only approximate
Sea Floor Depth Datum Approximate - Depth is only approximate
 

Parameters

BODC CODE Rank Units Short Title Title
AADYAA01 1 Days Date(Loch_Day) Date (time from 00:00 01/01/1760 to 00:00 UT on day)
AAFDZZ01 1 Days Time(Day_Fract) Time (time between 00:00 UT and timestamp)
ACYCAA01 1 Dimensionless Record_No Sequence number
NTRZNS01 1 Micromoles per litre NO3+NO2_Unfilt_Colin-Situ Concentration of nitrate+nitrite {NO3+NO2} per unit volume of the water body [dissolved plus reactive particulate phase] by in-situ nutrient analysis system
 

Definition of Rank

  • Rank 1 is a one-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 2 is a two-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 0 is a one-dimensional parameter describing the second dimension of a two-dimensional parameter (e.g. bin depths for moored ADCP data)

Problem Reports

No Problem Report Found in the Database

Data Quality Report

It should be noted that there are a number of large gaps in the data set where no data were recorded.


Data Access Policy

Open Data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)

You must always use the following attribution statement to acknowledge the source of the information: "Contains data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council."


Narrative Documents

EnviroTech NAS-2E and NAS-3X In Situ Nutrient Analyser

The NAS-3X is an upgraded version of the NAS-2E. They are in-situ nutrient analyzers for high-frequency time-series determination of nutrient concentrations in marine and fresh waters. Versions are available for the measurement of nitrate phosphate, silicate and ammonia.

The new "3X" version incorporates a new electronic controller and datalogger with a scriptable control language. Other features include new detector electronics for higher precision measurements, larger memory, easy interfacing and new analysis sequences.

The NAS-3X is typically deployed unattended for periods of 1 - 3 months although, according to the manufacturers, longer deployments have been achieved. The device may be used near surface, in buoy and riverine applications, or be deployed at depths to 250 m in taut-line moorings.

Further information can be found in the manufacturer's instrument specification sheet .

Cefas SmartBuoy data processing

This document outlines the procedures in place at Cefas in August 2005 for processing and quality assuring SmartBuoy data.

Raw data files are processed and the data move through 4 levels, starting with raw data at level 0 through to level 3, where data are fully quality-assured and expressed in appropriate units. The application of the procedures at each level result in data deemed fit to progress to the next level.

Cefas Quality Assurance (QA) Protocols

At Level 0, raw binary data files from the loggers are transferred to the network.

Automated checks - Level 1

Level 1 involves applying automated quality assurance procedures to the data. These include the following steps:

The data are now at QA status = 1.

Manual checks - Level 2

Level 1 burst mean data are now ready for manual QA procedures in order to progress to Level 2. Deployment notes are consulted for any comments on sensor performance or malfunction and post-deployment photographs of sensors, if available, are examined.

Cefas use a data visualisation tool to examine the SmartBuoy data.

Calibrations - Level 3

The combined information from Level 2 is used to determine the periods during which the data series are considered suspect. The data have now reached QA status = 2 and can progress to Level 3, where they will be fully calibrated with field-derived sample data.

The data have now reached QA status = 3 as time stamped, field calibrated burst mean data with parameter codes and units stored on SmartBuoy database with associated uncertainty or 95% confidence limits as appropriate. All SmartBuoy data banked at BODC have passed full Cefas QA procedures. Data that fail the Cefas QA checks are not submitted for banking.

SmartBuoy data processing by BODC

The following outlines the procedures that take place at BODC for banking Cefas SmartBuoy data.

BODC receives SmartBuoy data from Cefas after all quality checks have been passed and all possible calibrations applied. The data files are submitted as separate MS Excel spreadsheets for each parameter, i.e. there are separate files for temperature and salinity from the same instrument. An exact copy of the data is archived for safekeeping upon arrival.

Once the submitted data files are safely archived, the data undergo standard reformatting and banking procedures:


Project Information

Oceans 2025 Theme 10, Sustained Observation Activity 11: Liverpool Bay and Irish Sea Coastal Observatory

Sustained, systematic observations of the ocean and continental shelf seas at appropriate time and space scales allied to numerical models are key to understanding and prediction. In shelf seas these observations address issues as fundamental as 'what is the capacity of shelf seas to absorb change?' encompassing the impacts of climate change, biological productivity and diversity, sustainable management, pollution and public health, safety at sea and extreme events. Advancing understanding of coastal processes to use and manage these resources better is challenging; important controlling processes occur over a broad range of spatial and temporal scales which cannot be simultaneously studied solely with satellite or ship-based platforms.

Considerable effort has been spent by the Proudman Oceangraphic Laboratory (POL) in the years 2001 - 2006 in setting up an integrated observational and now-cast modelling system in Liverpool Bay (see Figure), with the recent POL review stating the observatory was seen as a leader in its field and a unique 'selling' point of the laboratory. Cost benefit analysis (IACMST, 2004) shows that benefits really start to accrue after 10 years. In 2007 - 2012 exploitation of (i) the time series being acquired, (ii) the model-data synthesis and (iii) the increasingly available quantities of real-time data (e.g. river flows) can be carried out through Sustained Observation Activity (SO) 11, to provide an integrated assessment and short term forecasts of the coastal ocean state.

BODC image

Overall Aims and Purpose of SO 11

Measurement and Modelling Activities

More detailed information on this Work Package is available at pages 32 - 35 of the official Oceans 2025 Theme 10 document: Oceans 2025 Theme 10

Weblink: http://www.oceans2025.org/

References:

IACMST., 2004. The Economics of Sustained Marine Measurements. IACMST Information Document, N0.11, Southampton: IACMST, 96 pp


Data Activity or Cruise Information

Data Activity

Start Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2008-09-10
End Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2008-12-11
Organization Undertaking ActivityProudman Oceanographic Laboratory (now National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool)
Country of OrganizationUnited Kingdom
Originator's Data Activity IdentifierPOLRIG1043
Platform Categorymoored surface buoy

Smartbuoy deployment LB1_052 / POLRIG#1043

Deployment and Recovery

This SmartBuoy rig was deployed in a collaboration between Cefas and POL at Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory Site A. Recovery was planned to take place during October cruise PD33_08, however poor weather conditions during the cruise meant that recovery was postponed until the December cruise, PD37_08.

Deployment cruise RV Prince Madog cruise PD29/08
Recovery cruise RV Prince Madog cruise PD37/08
Rig position 53° 32.088'N 3° 21.629'W
Water Depth 22.7 m

Rig Description

The Cefas SmartBuoy carried a suite of instruments mounted just below the surface, as well as instrumentation belonging to POL at between 5 and 15 metres below the surface. The frame was also fitted with bags for the determination of bacterial degradation. The single point mooring was composed mainly of 1/2" long link chain, marked by a 1.8 m diameter toroid and anchored by a half tonne clump of scrap chain. Further information about the instrument suite is given in the table below.

Instrument Serial
Number
Meter
depth (m)
Comment
Seapoint Chlorophyll Fluorometer 2245 1 Cefas instrument
Falmouth Scientific OEM CT sensor 1838 1 Cefas instrument
Seapoint Turbidity meter 1433 1 Cefas instrument
LI-192SB PAR Sensor 20 1 Cefas instrument
LI-192SB PAR Sensor 8 2 Cefas instrument
Aanderaa Oxygen Optode 127 1 Cefas instrument
EnviroTech WMS-2 Aqua Monitor water sampler 2255 1 Cefas instrument
EnviroTech NAS-2E in situ nutrient analyser 2792 1 Cefas instrument
Sea-Bird MicroCAT
SM V 2.6b
5793 5 POL instrument
Sea-Bird MicroCAT
SM V 2.6b
5792 10 POL instrument
Star Oddi Starmon mini 2842 7.5 POL instrument.
Star Oddi Starmon mini 2843 15 POL instrument.

Other Series linked to this Data Activity - 1024510 939293 1024595 1024780 1024860 1024755 1024823 1024675 939268 939281 939256

Cruise

Cruise Name PD29/08
Departure Date 2008-09-10
Arrival Date 2008-09-11
Principal Scientist(s)Phil J Knight (Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory)
Ship RV Prince Madog

Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here


Fixed Station Information

Fixed Station Information

Station NameCOA
CategoryOffshore area
Latitude53° 31.51' N
Longitude3° 23.00' W
Water depth below MSL26.0 m

Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory Mooring Site A (COA/Site 1/Site 9)

This station is the main mooring site for the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory (POL) Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory and was first occupied in 2002. It is also known both as Coastal Observatory Site 1 and Site 9. POL perform two main types of activities at this station: they deploy moorings; and in addition, they take CTD profiles during each site visit. The station lies within a box of mean water depth 22.5 m with the following coordinates:

Box Corner Latitude (+ve North) Longitude (+ve East)
North-west corner 53.54097 -3.42958
South-east corner 53.50945 -3.33714

The position of this station relative to the other POL Coastal Observatory sites can be seen from the figure below.

BODC image

Mooring Deployment History

2011

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, OBS, OXY 1117, 1121, 1125, 1127, 1130, 1132, January - November
SmartBuoy CTD x 2, AC-S, CT x 2, FL x 3, OBS x 2, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, OXY, T x 2 1116, 1120, 1124 January - November

2010

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 1086, 1090, 1094, 1098, 1102, 1106, 1109 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD, T 1085, 1089, 1093, 1097, 1101, 1105, 1108, 1112 January - December

2009

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 1055, 1062, 1067, 1071, 1074, 1078, 1082 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD, T 1054, 1061, 1066, 1070, 1073, 1077, 1081 January - December

2008

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 1024, 1028, 1032, 1036, 1041, 1044, 1047, 1051 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD, T LB1_047/1023, LB1_048/1027, LB1_049/1031, LB1_050/1035, 1040, 1043, LB1_053/1050 January - December

2007

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 990, 997, 1001, 1005, 1010, 1014, 1017, 1021 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD, T LB1_039/989, LB1_040/996, LB1_041/1000, LB1_042/1004, LB1_043/1009, LB1_044/1013, LB1_045/1016, LB1_046/1020 January - December

2006

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 951, 962, 966, 970, 974, 978, 982, 986 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD 958, 961, 965, 969, 973, 977, LB1_037/981, LB1_038/985 January - December

2005

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CT 913, 914, 921, 925, 929, 933, 938, 942, 945, 949 January - December
SmartBuoy CT, FL, OBS, PAR, WMS, NAS, OXY 912, 920, 924, 928, 932, 937, LB1_028/941, LB1_029/944, LB1_030/948 January - December
Frame with telemetry buoy ADCP 914 March - April

2004

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame BPR, ADCP, TR, CT 890, 892, 893, 896, 898, 900, 902, 904, 907, 908, 910, 911 January - December
SmartBuoy CT, FL, OBS, PAR, WMS, NAS 889, 891, 895, 897, 899, 901, 903, 906, 909 January - December
Frame with telemetry buoy ADCP 893, 908, 911 April - May, October - December

2003

Rig Type Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame BPR, ADCP, TR, CT 861, 864, 866, 869, 872, 878, 880, 883, 885, 887, 888 January - December
SmartBuoy CT, FL, OBS, PAR, WMS, NAS 863, 865, 867, 870, 871, 877, 879, 882, 884, 886 January - December

2002

Rig Type Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame BPR, ADCP, TR, CT 851, 854, 856, 858 August - December
Line mooring CT x 3 853, 855 August - November
SmartBuoy CT, FL, OBS, PAR, WMS, NAS 857, 860 November - December

2001

Rig Type Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, OBS 838, 839, 840, 841, 843, 844, 845, 846, 848, 849 September

CTD Sampling History

Year Number of Cruises Total Casts per year
2011 6 116 including a 46 cast tidal cycle from 2011-04-18 to 2011-04-19 and a 51 cast tidal cycle station from 2011-07-27 to 2011-07-28
2010 8 71 including a 52 cast tidal cycle station from 2010-04-28 to 2010-04-29
2009 7 21
2008 9 75 including a 54 cast tidal cycle station from 2008-05-13 to 2008-05-14
2007 8 71 including a 51 cast tidal cycle station from 2007-05-15 to 2007-05-16
2006 9 72 including a 53 cast tidal cycle station from 2006-05-09 to 2006-05-10
2005 9 41 including a 22 cast tidal cycle station from 2005-04-05 to 2005-04-06
2004 9 77 including a 54 cast tidal cycle station from 2004-05-11 to 2004-05-12
2003 10 28
2002 4 13

The CTD instrument package for these cruises was a Sea-Bird 911plus, with beam transmissometer, fluorometer, LICOR PAR sensor, LISST-25, and oxygen sensor.

Key

AC-S = Absorption and attenuation spectrophotometer
ADCP = Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
ADV = Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter
BD = Bacterial degradation experiment
BPR = Bottom Pressure Recorder
CT = Conductivity and temperature logger
CTD = Conductivity, temperature, depth sensor
FL = Fluorometer
NAS = in-situ nutrient analyser
OBS = Optical Backscatter Turbidity meter
OXY = Oxygen sensor
PAR = PAR sensor
T = Temperature logger
TR = Transmissometer
WMS = Automatic water sampler

Other Series linked to this Fixed Station for this cruise - 939220 939256 939268 939281 939293 1024510 1024595 1024675 1024755 1024780 1024823 1024860 1623629

Other Cruises linked to this Fixed Station (with the number of series) - CO 01/12 (5) PD01/08 (17) PD01/11 (14) PD02/03 (10) PD02/05 (11) PD02/07 (15) PD02/09B (17) PD02/10 (15) PD04/06 (1) PD05/10 (16) PD06/04 (12) PD06/07 (16) PD07/08 (14) PD07/11 (17) PD09/06 (11) PD09/07 (64) PD09/08 (16) PD10/03 (9) PD10/10 (14) PD11/04B (13) PD11/05 (9) PD11/11 (57) PD12/05 (2) PD12/09 (16) PD13/07 (14) PD14/08 (67) PD16/06 (9) PD16/07 (15) PD17/03 (12) PD17/10 (15) PD18/04 (13) PD18/05 (11) PD18/09 (17) PD19/08 (2) PD20/02 (7) PD20/06 (9) PD20/07 (17) PD21/05 (10) PD21/10 (15) PD21/11 (9) PD22/04 (13) PD22/06 (9) PD23/03A (10) PD23/07 (15) PD23/08 (13) PD24/02 (2) PD24/09 (17) PD25/03B (12) PD25/05 (11) PD25/06 (9) PD25/11 (7) PD27/07 (17) PD29/04 (12) PD29/06 (9) PD29/10 (17) PD30/05 (10) PD31/02 (11) PD31/03 (12) PD32/04 (12) PD33/08 (5) PD33/09 (16) PD34/03 (12) PD34/05 (10) PD35/02 (11) PD35/06 (14) PD36/10 (16) PD37/06 (14) PD37/08 (18) PD38/03 (13) PD38/04 (12) PD38/09 (16) PD41/05 (11) PD43/11 (11) PD44/03 (7) PD47/09 (15) PD48/03 (5) PD48/04 (8) PD48/05 (10) PD49/10 (14) PD52/04 (8)


BODC Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
Blank Unqualified
< Below detection limit
> In excess of quoted value
A Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)
B Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast
C Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)
D Thermometric depth
E End of CTD Down/Up Cast
G Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty
H Extrapolated value
I Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)
K Improbable value - unknown quality control source
L Improbable value - originator's quality control
M Improbable value - BODC quality control
N Null value
O Improbable value - user quality control
P Trace/calm
Q Indeterminate
R Replacement value
S Estimated value
T Interpolated value
U Uncalibrated
W Control value
X Excessive difference

SeaDataNet Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
0 no quality control
1 good value
2 probably good value
3 probably bad value
4 bad value
5 changed value
6 value below detection
7 value in excess
8 interpolated value
9 missing value
A value phenomenon uncertain