Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 680220


Metadata Summary

Data Description

Data Category Water column chemistry
Instrument Type
NameCategories
EnviroTech LLC Aqua Monitor Smart Water Sampler  discrete water samplers
Instrument Mounting moored surface buoy
Originating Country United Kingdom
Originator -
Originating Organization Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science Lowestoft Laboratory
Processing Status banked
Project(s) Coastal Observatory
 

Data Identifiers

Originator's Identifier LB1_29WS2327
BODC Series Reference 680220
 

Time Co-ordinates(UT)

Start Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2005-10-27 00:00
End Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2005-12-14 00:00
Nominal Cycle Interval -
 

Spatial Co-ordinates

Latitude 53.53330 N ( 53° 32.0' N )
Longitude 3.36200 W ( 3° 21.7' W )
Positional Uncertainty 0.1 to 0.5 n.miles
Minimum Sensor Depth 1.0 m
Maximum Sensor Depth 1.0 m
Minimum Sensor Height 23.0 m
Maximum Sensor Height 23.0 m
Sea Floor Depth 24.0 m
Sensor Distribution Fixed common depth - All sensors are grouped effectively at the same depth which is effectively fixed for the duration of the series
Sensor Depth Datum Instantaneous - Depth measured below water line or instantaneous water body surface
Sea Floor Depth Datum Instantaneous - Depth measured below water line or instantaneous water body surface
 

Parameters

BODC CODE Rank Units Short Title Title
AADYAA01 1 Days Date(Loch_Day) Date (time from 00:00 01/01/1760 to 00:00 UT on day)
AAFDZZ01 1 Days Time(Day_Fract) Time (time between 00:00 UT and timestamp)
ACYCAA01 1 Dimensionless Record_No Sequence number
SLCAAAD2 1 Micromoles per litre SiOx_0.4umFilt_ColAA Concentration of silicate {SiO44- CAS 17181-37-2} per unit volume of the water body [dissolved plus reactive particulate <0.4/0.45um phase] by filtration and colorimetric autoanalysis
 

Definition of Rank

  • Rank 1 is a one-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 2 is a two-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 0 is a one-dimensional parameter describing the second dimension of a two-dimensional parameter (e.g. bin depths for moored ADCP data)

Problem Reports

No Problem Report Found in the Database


Data Access Policy

Open Data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)

You must always use the following attribution statement to acknowledge the source of the information: "Contains data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council."


Narrative Documents

Cefas SmartBuoy data processing

This document outlines the procedures in place at Cefas in August 2005 for processing and quality assuring SmartBuoy data.

Raw data files are processed and the data move through 4 levels, starting with raw data at level 0 through to level 3, where data are fully quality-assured and expressed in appropriate units. The application of the procedures at each level result in data deemed fit to progress to the next level.

Cefas Quality Assurance (QA) Protocols

At Level 0, raw binary data files from the loggers are transferred to the network.

Automated checks - Level 1

Level 1 involves applying automated quality assurance procedures to the data. These include the following steps:

The data are now at QA status = 1.

Manual checks - Level 2

Level 1 burst mean data are now ready for manual QA procedures in order to progress to Level 2. Deployment notes are consulted for any comments on sensor performance or malfunction and post-deployment photographs of sensors, if available, are examined.

Cefas use a data visualisation tool to examine the SmartBuoy data.

Calibrations - Level 3

The combined information from Level 2 is used to determine the periods during which the data series are considered suspect. The data have now reached QA status = 2 and can progress to Level 3, where they will be fully calibrated with field-derived sample data.

The data have now reached QA status = 3 as time stamped, field calibrated burst mean data with parameter codes and units stored on SmartBuoy database with associated uncertainty or 95% confidence limits as appropriate. All SmartBuoy data banked at BODC have passed full Cefas QA procedures. Data that fail the Cefas QA checks are not submitted for banking.

SmartBuoy data processing by BODC

The following outlines the procedures that take place at BODC for banking Cefas SmartBuoy data.

BODC receives SmartBuoy data from Cefas after all quality checks have been passed and all possible calibrations applied. The data files are submitted as separate MS Excel spreadsheets for each parameter, i.e. there are separate files for temperature and salinity from the same instrument. An exact copy of the data is archived for safekeeping upon arrival.

Once the submitted data files are safely archived, the data undergo standard reformatting and banking procedures:

EnviroTech Aqua Monitor automatic water sampler

Aqua Monitor is a water sampler for use in a variety of deployment scenarios. The device enables the collection of up to fifty discrete water samples for post recovery laboratory analysis. The instrument may be programmed for autonomous time series sampling or for operation in "slave" mode within an integrated system. Applications include sampling for nutrients, phytoplankton, salinity, suspended-load, tracers and contaminants.

More information can be found here .


Project Information

Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory Coastal Observatory

The Coastal Observatory was established by Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory as a coastal zone real time observing and monitoring system. The main objective is to understand a coastal sea's response both to natural forcing and to the consequences of human activity. Near real-time measurements will be integrated with coupled models into a pre-operational coastal prediction system whose results will be displayed on the World Wide Web.

The Observatory is expected to grow and evolve as resources and technology allow, all the while building up long time series. A site selection pilot study was carried out in September 2001 and the Observatory became operational in August 2002.

The site is located in Liverpool Bay and is subject to typical coastal sea processes, with strong tides, occasional large storm surges and waves, freshwater input, stable and unstable stratification, high suspended sediment concentration and biogeochemical interaction. Measurements and monitoring will focus on the impacts of storms, variations in river discharge (especially the Mersey), seasonality and blooms in Liverpool Bay.

A variety of methods will be used to obtain measurements, including:

  1. Moored instruments for in situ time series of currents, temperature and salinity profiles, and surface waves and meteorology. It is hoped that turbidity and chlorophyll measurements will be made at another site as the Observatory progresses;
  2. The Cefas Smartbuoy for surface properties such as nutrients and chlorophyll, starting late 2002;
  3. R.V. Prince Madog to carry out spatial surveys and service moorings;
  4. Instrumented ferries for near surface temperature, salinity, turbidity, chlorophyll and nutrients. The first route will be Liverpool to Douglas, Isle of Man, starting late 2002;
  5. Drifters for surface currents and properties such as temperature and salinity, starting in 2004;
  6. Tide gauges, with sensors for meteorology, waves, temperature and salinity, where appropriate;
  7. Meteorological data from Bidston Observatory and Hilbre Island, HF radar and tide gauge sites;
  8. Shore-based HF radar measuring waves and surface currents out to a range of 50 km, starting in 2003;
  9. Satellite data, with infrared for sea surface temperature and visible for chlorophyll and suspended sediment.

The partners currently involved with the project are listed below:

A summary of Coastal Observatory cruises to date on R.V. Prince Madog is given in the table below:

Year No. of cruises Work summary
2001 1 Site selection and pilot study. 95 CTD casts.
2002 4 POL moorings deployed and serviced
Cefas Waverider and SmartBuoy deployed and serviced
103 CTD casts
2003 10 POL moorings serviced
Cefas Waverider and SmartBuoy serviced
341 CTD/LISST casts
2004 9 POL moorings serviced
Cefas Waverider and SmartBuoy serviced
347 CTD/LISST casts
2005 9 POL moorings serviced
Cefas Waverider and SmartBuoy serviced
268 CTD/LISST casts
2006 11 POL moorings serviced
Cefas Waverider and SmartBuoy serviced
508 CTD/LISST casts
2007 9 POL moorings serviced
Cefas Waverider and SmartBuoy serviced
471 CTD/LISST casts
2008 9 POL moorings serviced
Cefas Waverider and SmartBuoy serviced
260 CTD/LISST casts
2009 7 POL moorings serviced
Cefas Waverider and SmartBuoy serviced
213 CTD/LISST casts
2010 8 POL moorings serviced
Cefas Waverider and SmartBuoy serviced
268 CTD/LISST casts
2011 6 POL moorings serviced
Cefas Waverider and SmartBuoy serviced
307 CTD/LISST casts to date, ongoing

Data Activity or Cruise Information

Data Activity

Start Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2005-10-26
End Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2005-12-14
Organization Undertaking ActivityCentre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science Lowestoft Laboratory
Country of OrganizationUnited Kingdom
Originator's Data Activity IdentifierLB1_029/POLRIG944
Platform Categorymoored surface buoy

SmartBuoy deployment LB1_029/POLRIG 944

Deployment and recovery

This mooring was deployed in a collaboration between Cefas and the POL Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory. The rig was deployed during RV Prince Madog cruise No. 41, 2005 (PD41_05). The rig was recovered in December 2005 during RV Prince Madog cruise No. 48, 2005 (PD48_05).

Rig Description

The SmartBuoy carried a suite of Cefas instruments mounted just below the surface, as well as instrumentation belonging to POL at 5 m. Further information is given in the table below.

The single point mooring was composed mainly of 0.5 inch long link chain, marked by a 1.8 m diameter toroid and anchored with a half ton clump of scrap chain.

Instrument Serial
Number
Meter
depth (m)
Record
Length (days)
Owner
Chelsea Instruments Minitracka Fluorometer 175064 1 49 Cefas
Falmouth Scientific OEM CT sensor 1841 1 49 Cefas
Seapoint Turbidity meter 1679 1 49 Cefas
LI-COR-192 Underwater Quantum sensor 13 1 49 Cefas
LI-COR-192 Underwater Quantum sensor 18 2 49 Cefas
EnviroTech WMS-2 Aqua Monitor water sampler 2327 1 48 Cefas
EnviroTech NAS in situ nutrient analyser 2623 1 49 Cefas
Aanderaa Oxygen Optode 128 1 49 Cefas
Sea-Bird 37 MicroCAT 2010 5 49 POL

Other Series linked to this Data Activity - 680060 680152 680096 680127 680188 696271 680035 680244

Cruise

Cruise Name PD41/05
Departure Date 2005-10-26
Arrival Date 2005-10-27
Principal Scientist(s)M John Howarth (Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory)
Ship RV Prince Madog

Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here


Fixed Station Information

Fixed Station Information

Station NameCOA
CategoryOffshore area
Latitude53° 31.51' N
Longitude3° 23.00' W
Water depth below MSL26.0 m

Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory Mooring Site A (COA/Site 1/Site 9)

This station is the main mooring site for the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory (POL) Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory and was first occupied in 2002. It is also known both as Coastal Observatory Site 1 and Site 9. POL perform two main types of activities at this station: they deploy moorings; and in addition, they take CTD profiles during each site visit. The station lies within a box of mean water depth 22.5 m with the following coordinates:

Box Corner Latitude (+ve North) Longitude (+ve East)
North-west corner 53.54097 -3.42958
South-east corner 53.50945 -3.33714

The position of this station relative to the other POL Coastal Observatory sites can be seen from the figure below.

BODC image

Mooring Deployment History

2011

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, OBS, OXY 1117, 1121, 1125, 1127, 1130, 1132, January - November
SmartBuoy CTD x 2, AC-S, CT x 2, FL x 3, OBS x 2, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, OXY, T x 2 1116, 1120, 1124 January - November

2010

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 1086, 1090, 1094, 1098, 1102, 1106, 1109 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD, T 1085, 1089, 1093, 1097, 1101, 1105, 1108, 1112 January - December

2009

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 1055, 1062, 1067, 1071, 1074, 1078, 1082 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD, T 1054, 1061, 1066, 1070, 1073, 1077, 1081 January - December

2008

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 1024, 1028, 1032, 1036, 1041, 1044, 1047, 1051 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD, T LB1_047/1023, LB1_048/1027, LB1_049/1031, LB1_050/1035, 1040, 1043, LB1_053/1050 January - December

2007

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 990, 997, 1001, 1005, 1010, 1014, 1017, 1021 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD, T LB1_039/989, LB1_040/996, LB1_041/1000, LB1_042/1004, LB1_043/1009, LB1_044/1013, LB1_045/1016, LB1_046/1020 January - December

2006

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 951, 962, 966, 970, 974, 978, 982, 986 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD 958, 961, 965, 969, 973, 977, LB1_037/981, LB1_038/985 January - December

2005

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CT 913, 914, 921, 925, 929, 933, 938, 942, 945, 949 January - December
SmartBuoy CT, FL, OBS, PAR, WMS, NAS, OXY 912, 920, 924, 928, 932, 937, LB1_028/941, LB1_029/944, LB1_030/948 January - December
Frame with telemetry buoy ADCP 914 March - April

2004

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame BPR, ADCP, TR, CT 890, 892, 893, 896, 898, 900, 902, 904, 907, 908, 910, 911 January - December
SmartBuoy CT, FL, OBS, PAR, WMS, NAS 889, 891, 895, 897, 899, 901, 903, 906, 909 January - December
Frame with telemetry buoy ADCP 893, 908, 911 April - May, October - December

2003

Rig Type Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame BPR, ADCP, TR, CT 861, 864, 866, 869, 872, 878, 880, 883, 885, 887, 888 January - December
SmartBuoy CT, FL, OBS, PAR, WMS, NAS 863, 865, 867, 870, 871, 877, 879, 882, 884, 886 January - December

2002

Rig Type Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame BPR, ADCP, TR, CT 851, 854, 856, 858 August - December
Line mooring CT x 3 853, 855 August - November
SmartBuoy CT, FL, OBS, PAR, WMS, NAS 857, 860 November - December

2001

Rig Type Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, OBS 838, 839, 840, 841, 843, 844, 845, 846, 848, 849 September

CTD Sampling History

Year Number of Cruises Total Casts per year
2011 6 116 including a 46 cast tidal cycle from 2011-04-18 to 2011-04-19 and a 51 cast tidal cycle station from 2011-07-27 to 2011-07-28
2010 8 71 including a 52 cast tidal cycle station from 2010-04-28 to 2010-04-29
2009 7 21
2008 9 75 including a 54 cast tidal cycle station from 2008-05-13 to 2008-05-14
2007 8 71 including a 51 cast tidal cycle station from 2007-05-15 to 2007-05-16
2006 9 72 including a 53 cast tidal cycle station from 2006-05-09 to 2006-05-10
2005 9 41 including a 22 cast tidal cycle station from 2005-04-05 to 2005-04-06
2004 9 77 including a 54 cast tidal cycle station from 2004-05-11 to 2004-05-12
2003 10 28
2002 4 13

The CTD instrument package for these cruises was a Sea-Bird 911plus, with beam transmissometer, fluorometer, LICOR PAR sensor, LISST-25, and oxygen sensor.

Key

AC-S = Absorption and attenuation spectrophotometer
ADCP = Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
ADV = Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter
BD = Bacterial degradation experiment
BPR = Bottom Pressure Recorder
CT = Conductivity and temperature logger
CTD = Conductivity, temperature, depth sensor
FL = Fluorometer
NAS = in-situ nutrient analyser
OBS = Optical Backscatter Turbidity meter
OXY = Oxygen sensor
PAR = PAR sensor
T = Temperature logger
TR = Transmissometer
WMS = Automatic water sampler

Other Series linked to this Fixed Station for this cruise - 680035 680060 680096 680127 680152 680188 680244 696271 696326 1622939

Other Cruises linked to this Fixed Station (with the number of series) - CO 01/12 (5) PD01/08 (17) PD01/11 (14) PD02/03 (10) PD02/05 (11) PD02/07 (15) PD02/09B (17) PD02/10 (15) PD04/06 (1) PD05/10 (16) PD06/04 (12) PD06/07 (16) PD07/08 (14) PD07/11 (17) PD09/06 (11) PD09/07 (64) PD09/08 (16) PD10/03 (9) PD10/10 (14) PD11/04B (13) PD11/05 (9) PD11/11 (57) PD12/05 (2) PD12/09 (16) PD13/07 (14) PD14/08 (67) PD16/06 (9) PD16/07 (15) PD17/03 (12) PD17/10 (15) PD18/04 (13) PD18/05 (11) PD18/09 (17) PD19/08 (2) PD20/02 (7) PD20/06 (9) PD20/07 (17) PD21/05 (10) PD21/10 (15) PD21/11 (9) PD22/04 (13) PD22/06 (9) PD23/03A (10) PD23/07 (15) PD23/08 (13) PD24/02 (2) PD24/09 (17) PD25/03B (12) PD25/05 (11) PD25/06 (9) PD25/11 (7) PD27/07 (17) PD29/04 (12) PD29/06 (9) PD29/08 (14) PD29/10 (17) PD30/05 (10) PD31/02 (11) PD31/03 (12) PD32/04 (12) PD33/08 (5) PD33/09 (16) PD34/03 (12) PD34/05 (10) PD35/02 (11) PD35/06 (14) PD36/10 (16) PD37/06 (14) PD37/08 (18) PD38/03 (13) PD38/04 (12) PD38/09 (16) PD43/11 (11) PD44/03 (7) PD47/09 (15) PD48/03 (5) PD48/04 (8) PD48/05 (10) PD49/10 (14) PD52/04 (8)


BODC Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
Blank Unqualified
< Below detection limit
> In excess of quoted value
A Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)
B Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast
C Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)
D Thermometric depth
E End of CTD Down/Up Cast
G Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty
H Extrapolated value
I Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)
K Improbable value - unknown quality control source
L Improbable value - originator's quality control
M Improbable value - BODC quality control
N Null value
O Improbable value - user quality control
P Trace/calm
Q Indeterminate
R Replacement value
S Estimated value
T Interpolated value
U Uncalibrated
W Control value
X Excessive difference

SeaDataNet Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
0 no quality control
1 good value
2 probably good value
3 probably bad value
4 bad value
5 changed value
6 value below detection
7 value in excess
8 interpolated value
9 missing value
A value phenomenon uncertain