Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 1641636


Metadata Summary

Data Description

Data Category Hydrography time series at depth
Instrument Type
NameCategories
Sea-Bird SBE 37-SM MicroCAT C-T Sensor  water temperature sensor; salinity sensor
Instrument Mounting -
Originating Country United Kingdom
Originator Dr Matt Palmer
Originating Organization National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool
Processing Status QC in progress
Project(s) Oceans 2025
Oceans 2025 Theme 10
Oceans 2025 Theme 10 SO11
 

Data Identifiers

Originator's Identifier MC04998.01097
BODC Series Reference 1641636
 

Time Co-ordinates(UT)

Start Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2010-06-09 10:30
End Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2010-07-07 09:50
Nominal Cycle Interval 600.0 seconds
 

Spatial Co-ordinates

Latitude 53.53433 N ( 53° 32.1' N )
Longitude 3.36367 W ( 3° 21.8' W )
Positional Uncertainty Unspecified
Minimum Sensor Depth 10.0 m
Maximum Sensor Depth 10.0 m
Minimum Sensor Height 14.9 m
Maximum Sensor Height 14.9 m
Sea Floor Depth 24.9 m
Sensor Distribution Fixed common depth - All sensors are grouped effectively at the same depth which is effectively fixed for the duration of the series
Sensor Depth Datum Instantaneous - Depth measured below water line or instantaneous water body surface
Sea Floor Depth Datum Instantaneous - Depth measured below water line or instantaneous water body surface
 

Parameters

No Parameters for BODC Reference Number = 1641636

 

Definition of Rank

  • Rank 1 is a one-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 2 is a two-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 0 is a one-dimensional parameter describing the second dimension of a two-dimensional parameter (e.g. bin depths for moored ADCP data)

Problem Reports

No Problem Report Found in the Database

Originator's quality control comments for PD17_10 COBS moorings

Data supplied to BODC were accompanied by data quality notes from the Originator that detailed observations made when the data were processed and subsequent processing decisions. A summary of these notes have been provided in the tables below.

Site A

Rig#1097

Instrument Serial number Instrument depth Data quality comments
Sea-Bird MicroCAT 04966 5 m Comparisons performed against CTD data found minimum offsets of -0.0245°C in temperature and -0.0030 S m-1 in conductivity. The size of the observed offsets were larger in both parameters towards mooring deployment and recovery. Offset corrections of +0.0245°C in temperature and +0.0030 S m-1 in conductivity have been applied to these data.
Star-Oddi minilogger 02841 7.5 m Comparisons performed against CTD data found a large temperature offset of -0.4980°C at mooring deployment and a smaller offset of -0.0670°C at mooring recovery. An offset correction of +0.0670°C has been applied to these data.
Sea-Bird MicroCAT 04998 10 m Comparisons performed against CTD found a variable offset, with a minimum value of -0.0254°C and a maximum value of approximately 0.2°C recorded at mooring deployment. CTD comparison checks also found a smaller offset with a minimum value of -0.0033 S m-1 in conductivity. Offset corrections of +0.0254°C in temperature and +0.0033 S m-1 in conductivity have been applied to these data.
Star-Oddi minilogger 02842 15 m CTD comparison checks found a conisistent temperature offset with a value of -0.0840°C in the temperature data. An offset correction of +0.0840°C has been applied to these data.

Rig#1098


Instrument Serial number Instrument depth Data quality comments
Sea-Bird 16+ SEACAT fitted with Seapoint Turbidity Meter #10537 04736 Located on seabed Due to a problem in the conductivity data all values have been converted into absent data values by the Data Originator. When the data were compared to other instruments at this site a temperature offset of -0.01°C was observed. All temperature values have been changed by +0.01°C to compensate for this offset. The Data Originator recommends that these data are used with caution.
Teledyne RDI 600 kHz ADCP 2390 Located on seabed To correct for the magnetic declination (difference between magnetic north and true north) latitude values were changed by -3.1995°. All latitude values were modified by +2.5591° to correct for the compass error.

Site B

Rig#1099

Instrument Serial number Instrument depth Data quality comments
Sea-Bird MicroCAT 05434 5 m CTD comparison checks found temperature offsets of -0.0136°C at deployment and -0.0148°C at recovery. The same checks found a good match between CTD conductivity and the conductivity recorded by the mooring at deployment, and an offset of -0.0027 S m-1 at mooring recovery. An offset correction of +0.0136°C was applied by BODC when the data series was converted from ASCII to qxf format.
Star-Oddi minilogger 02843 7.5 m CTD comparison checks found temperature offsets of -0.0630°C at deployment and -0.05°C at recovery. An offset correction of +0.05°C was applied by BODC when the data series was converted from ASCII to qxf format.
Sea-Bird MicroCAT 05792 10 m CTD comparison checks found temperature offsets of -0.2533°C at deployment and -0.0176°C at recovery. No adjustments were made to the temperature data. The Data Originator recommends that these data are used with caution.
Star-Oddi minilogger 02849 15 m Due to a large spike at the start of this series the first five cycles have been converted into absent data values. The Data Originator recommends that these data are used with caution.

Rig#1100


Instrument Serial number Instrument depth Data quality comments
Sea-Bird 16+ SEACAT fitted with Seapoint Turbidity Meter #10471 04738 Located on seabed CTD comparison checks found temperature offsets of 0.005°C at deployment and 0.0329°C at recovery. The same checks found conductivity offsets of -0.0106 S m-1 at deployment and -0.0082 S m-1 at recovery. No adjustments were made to the temperature data due to the small size of the offset found in this channel. All conductivity values were modified by +0.0082 S m-1.
Teledyne RDI 600 kHz ADCP 12239 Located on seabed To correct for the magnetic declination (difference between magnetic north and true north) latitude values were changed by -3.3246°. All latitude values were modified by +0.21945° to correct for the compass error.

Data Access Policy

Open Data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)

You must always use the following attribution statement to acknowledge the source of the information: "Contains data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council."


Narrative Documents

Sea-Bird SBE 37-SM MicroCAT

The SBE 37-SM MicroCAT is a high accuracy conductivity and temperature recorder (pressure optional). Designed for moorings and other long-duration, fixed-site deployments, MicroCATs have non-corroding titanium housings rated for operation to 7000 metres or pressure sensor full scale-range. Communication with the MicroCAT is over an internal, 3-wire, RS-232C link. The MicroCAT's aged and pressure-protected thermistor has a long history of exceptional accuracy and stability (typical drift is less than 0.002° per year). Electrical isolation of the conductivity electronics eliminates any possibility of ground-loop noise.

Specifications

  Temperature
(°C)
Conductivity (S m -1 ) Optional Pressure
Measurement Range -5 to +35 0 to 7 (0 to 70 mS cm -1 ) 0 to full scale range: 20 / 100 / 350 / 1000 / 2000 / 3500 / 7000 metres
Initial accuracy 0.002 0.0003 0.1% of full scale range
Typical Stability 0.0002 per month 0.0003 per month 0.05% of full scale range per year
Resolution 0.0001 0.00001 0.002% of full scale range
Sensor Calibration +1 to +32 0 to 6; physical calibration over range 2.6 to 6 S m -1 , plus zero conductivity (air) Ambient pressure to full scale range in 5 steps
Memory 8 Mbyte non-volatile FLASH memory
Data Storage Converted temperature and conductivity: 6 bytes per sample (3 bytes each)
Time: 4 bytes per sample
Pressure (optional): 5 bytes per sample
Real-Time Clock 32,768 Hz TCXO accurate to ±1 minutes year -1
Standard Internal Batteries Nominal 10.6 Ampere-hour pack consisting of 12 AA lithium batteries. Provides sufficient capacity for more than 630,000 samples for a typical sampling scheme
Housing Titanium pressure case rated at 7000 metres
Weight (without pressure) In water: 2.3 kg
In air: 3.8 kg

Further information can be found via the following link: SBE 37-SM MicroCAT Datasheet

SeaBird MicroCAT Data Processing

Data Originator's Processing

After the mooring was recovered, the data were downloaded from the instrument logger, and factory calibrations were applied to the conductivity, temperature and pressure channels, when present.

Before the data were supplied to BODC, basic quality control was performed by the Data Originator. The first stage of quality checks involved comparing the data from each instrument with CTD measurements recorded during the deployment and recovery of the mooring. Following the comparison against CTD data secondary checks were performed by comparing the data from each instrument against the data from other sensors attached to that mooring. The Originator has provided BODC with a document containing a full description of their quality control methodology . Depending on the result of the quality checks for each series, one of the following actions was performed by the Originator:

A full description of the results of these quality checks can be found in the relevant Originator's data processing comments document.


Project Information

Oceans 2025 - The NERC Marine Centres' Strategic Research Programme 2007-2012

Who funds the programme?

The Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) funds the Oceans 2025 programme, which was originally planned in the context of NERC's 2002-2007 strategy and later realigned to NERC's subsequent strategy (Next Generation Science for Planet Earth; NERC 2007).

Who is involved in the programme?

The Oceans 2025 programme was designed by and is to be implemented through seven leading UK marine centres. The marine centres work together in coordination and are also supported by cooperation and input from government bodies, universities and other partners. The seven marine centres are:

Oceans2025 provides funding to three national marine facilities, which provide services to the wider UK marine community, in addition to the Oceans 2025 community. These facilities are:

The NERC-run Strategic Ocean Funding Initiative (SOFI) provides additional support to the programme by funding additional research projects and studentships that closely complement the Oceans 2025 programme, primarily through universities.

What is the programme about?

Oceans 2025 sets out to address some key challenges that face the UK as a result of a changing marine environment. The research funded through the programme sets out to increase understanding of the size, nature and impacts of these changes, with the aim to:

In order to address these aims there are nine science themes supported by the Oceans 2025 programme:

In the original programme proposal there was a theme on health and human impacts (Theme 7). The elements of this Theme have subsequently been included in Themes 3 and 9.

When is the programme active?

The programme started in April 2007 with funding for 5 years.

Brief summary of the programme fieldwork/data

Programme fieldwork and data collection are to be achieved through:

The data is to be fed into models for validation and future projections. Greater detail can be found in the Theme documents.


Oceans 2025 Theme 10

Oceans 2025 is a strategic marine science programme, bringing marine researchers together to increase people's knowledge of the marine environment so that they are better able to protect it for future generations.

Theme 10: Integration of Sustained Observations in the Marine Environment spans all marine domains from the sea-shore to the global ocean, providing data and knowledge on a wide range of ecosystem properties and processes (from ocean circulation to biodiversity) that are critical to understanding Earth system behaviour and identifying change. They have been developed not merely to provide long-term data sets, but to capture extreme or episodic events, and play a key role in the initialisation and validation of models. Many of these SOs will be integrated into the newly developing UK Marine Monitoring Strategy - evolving from the Defra reports Safeguarding our Seas (2002) and Charting Progress (2005), thus contributing to the underpinning knowledge for national marine stewardship. They will also contribute to the UK GOOS Strategic Plan (IACMST, 2006) and the Global Marine Assessment.

Weblink: http://www.oceans2025.org/


Oceans 2025 Theme 10, Sustained Observation Activity 11: Liverpool Bay and Irish Sea Coastal Observatory

Sustained, systematic observations of the ocean and continental shelf seas at appropriate time and space scales allied to numerical models are key to understanding and prediction. In shelf seas these observations address issues as fundamental as 'what is the capacity of shelf seas to absorb change?' encompassing the impacts of climate change, biological productivity and diversity, sustainable management, pollution and public health, safety at sea and extreme events. Advancing understanding of coastal processes to use and manage these resources better is challenging; important controlling processes occur over a broad range of spatial and temporal scales which cannot be simultaneously studied solely with satellite or ship-based platforms.

Considerable effort has been spent by the Proudman Oceangraphic Laboratory (POL) in the years 2001 - 2006 in setting up an integrated observational and now-cast modelling system in Liverpool Bay (see Figure), with the recent POL review stating the observatory was seen as a leader in its field and a unique 'selling' point of the laboratory. Cost benefit analysis (IACMST, 2004) shows that benefits really start to accrue after 10 years. In 2007 - 2012 exploitation of (i) the time series being acquired, (ii) the model-data synthesis and (iii) the increasingly available quantities of real-time data (e.g. river flows) can be carried out through Sustained Observation Activity (SO) 11, to provide an integrated assessment and short term forecasts of the coastal ocean state.

BODC image

Overall Aims and Purpose of SO 11

Measurement and Modelling Activities

More detailed information on this Work Package is available at pages 32 - 35 of the official Oceans 2025 Theme 10 document: Oceans 2025 Theme 10

Weblink: http://www.oceans2025.org/

References:

IACMST., 2004. The Economics of Sustained Marine Measurements. IACMST Information Document, N0.11, Southampton: IACMST, 96 pp


Data Activity or Cruise Information

Data Activity

Start Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2010-06-09
End Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2010-07-07
Organization Undertaking ActivityNational Oceanography Centre, Liverpool
Country of OrganizationUnited Kingdom
Originator's Data Activity IdentifierLB1_064 / POLRIG1097
Platform Categorymoored surface buoy

COBs Site A SmartBuoy deployment LB1_064/1097

Deployment and recovery

This mooring was deployed in a collaboration between Cefas and the NOC Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory. The rig was deployed in June 2010 during RV Prince Madog cruise PD17/10. The rig was recovered in July 2010 during RV Prince Madog cruisePD21/10.

Rig Description

The SmartBuoy carried a suite of Cefas instruments mounted just below the surface, as well as instrumentation belonging to POL upto 15 m deep. Further information is given in the table below.

The single point mooring was composed mainly of 0.5 inch long link chain, marked by a 1.8 m diameter toroid and anchored by a half tonne clump of scrap chain.

The following instruments were connected to a Eco System Monitor;

Instrument Serial
Number
Meter
depth (m)
Record
Length (days)
Owner
Seapoint Chlorophyll Fluorometer 2245 1 19 Cefas
Druck 5 bar Pressure Transducer 1759546 1 31 Cefas
LI-192SB PAR Sensor (UWQ5165) 8 2 28 Cefas
LI-192SB PAR Sensor (UWQ6126) 20 1 28 Cefas
Aanderaa Optode - Type 3835 127 1 28 Cefas
Aanderaa Conductivity Sensor - Type 3919B IW 807 1 28 Cefas
Seapoint Turbidity Meter 1433 1 16 Cefas

The following instruments were stand alone sensors;

Instrument Serial
Number
Meter
depth (m)
Record
Length (days)
Owner
NAS-3X Nutrient Sensor 2273 1 31 Cefas
WMS-2 AquaMonitor 2255 1 31 Cefas
Sea-Bird 37 MicroCAT 4966 5 31 NOC
Sea-Bird 37 MicroCAT 4998 10 31 NOC
Minilogger 2841 7.5 31 NOC
Minilogger 2842 15 31 NOC

Other Series linked to this Data Activity - 1076365 1641697 1076802 1641624 1075872 1076574 1075454 1076027 1641704

Cruise

Cruise Name PD17/10
Departure Date 2010-06-09
Arrival Date 2010-06-10
Principal Scientist(s)M John Howarth (National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool)
Ship RV Prince Madog

Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here


Fixed Station Information

Fixed Station Information

Station NameCOA
CategoryOffshore area
Latitude53° 31.51' N
Longitude3° 23.00' W
Water depth below MSL26.0 m

Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory Mooring Site A (COA/Site 1/Site 9)

This station is the main mooring site for the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory (POL) Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory and was first occupied in 2002. It is also known both as Coastal Observatory Site 1 and Site 9. POL perform two main types of activities at this station: they deploy moorings; and in addition, they take CTD profiles during each site visit. The station lies within a box of mean water depth 22.5 m with the following coordinates:

Box Corner Latitude (+ve North) Longitude (+ve East)
North-west corner 53.54097 -3.42958
South-east corner 53.50945 -3.33714

The position of this station relative to the other POL Coastal Observatory sites can be seen from the figure below.

BODC image

Mooring Deployment History

2011

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, OBS, OXY 1117, 1121, 1125, 1127, 1130, 1132, January - November
SmartBuoy CTD x 2, AC-S, CT x 2, FL x 3, OBS x 2, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, OXY, T x 2 1116, 1120, 1124 January - November

2010

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 1086, 1090, 1094, 1098, 1102, 1106, 1109 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD, T 1085, 1089, 1093, 1097, 1101, 1105, 1108, 1112 January - December

2009

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 1055, 1062, 1067, 1071, 1074, 1078, 1082 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD, T 1054, 1061, 1066, 1070, 1073, 1077, 1081 January - December

2008

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 1024, 1028, 1032, 1036, 1041, 1044, 1047, 1051 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD, T LB1_047/1023, LB1_048/1027, LB1_049/1031, LB1_050/1035, 1040, 1043, LB1_053/1050 January - December

2007

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 990, 997, 1001, 1005, 1010, 1014, 1017, 1021 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD, T LB1_039/989, LB1_040/996, LB1_041/1000, LB1_042/1004, LB1_043/1009, LB1_044/1013, LB1_045/1016, LB1_046/1020 January - December

2006

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 951, 962, 966, 970, 974, 978, 982, 986 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD 958, 961, 965, 969, 973, 977, LB1_037/981, LB1_038/985 January - December

2005

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CT 913, 914, 921, 925, 929, 933, 938, 942, 945, 949 January - December
SmartBuoy CT, FL, OBS, PAR, WMS, NAS, OXY 912, 920, 924, 928, 932, 937, LB1_028/941, LB1_029/944, LB1_030/948 January - December
Frame with telemetry buoy ADCP 914 March - April

2004

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame BPR, ADCP, TR, CT 890, 892, 893, 896, 898, 900, 902, 904, 907, 908, 910, 911 January - December
SmartBuoy CT, FL, OBS, PAR, WMS, NAS 889, 891, 895, 897, 899, 901, 903, 906, 909 January - December
Frame with telemetry buoy ADCP 893, 908, 911 April - May, October - December

2003

Rig Type Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame BPR, ADCP, TR, CT 861, 864, 866, 869, 872, 878, 880, 883, 885, 887, 888 January - December
SmartBuoy CT, FL, OBS, PAR, WMS, NAS 863, 865, 867, 870, 871, 877, 879, 882, 884, 886 January - December

2002

Rig Type Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame BPR, ADCP, TR, CT 851, 854, 856, 858 August - December
Line mooring CT x 3 853, 855 August - November
SmartBuoy CT, FL, OBS, PAR, WMS, NAS 857, 860 November - December

2001

Rig Type Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, OBS 838, 839, 840, 841, 843, 844, 845, 846, 848, 849 September

CTD Sampling History

Year Number of Cruises Total Casts per year
2011 6 116 including a 46 cast tidal cycle from 2011-04-18 to 2011-04-19 and a 51 cast tidal cycle station from 2011-07-27 to 2011-07-28
2010 8 71 including a 52 cast tidal cycle station from 2010-04-28 to 2010-04-29
2009 7 21
2008 9 75 including a 54 cast tidal cycle station from 2008-05-13 to 2008-05-14
2007 8 71 including a 51 cast tidal cycle station from 2007-05-15 to 2007-05-16
2006 9 72 including a 53 cast tidal cycle station from 2006-05-09 to 2006-05-10
2005 9 41 including a 22 cast tidal cycle station from 2005-04-05 to 2005-04-06
2004 9 77 including a 54 cast tidal cycle station from 2004-05-11 to 2004-05-12
2003 10 28
2002 4 13

The CTD instrument package for these cruises was a Sea-Bird 911plus, with beam transmissometer, fluorometer, LICOR PAR sensor, LISST-25, and oxygen sensor.

Key

AC-S = Absorption and attenuation spectrophotometer
ADCP = Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
ADV = Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter
BD = Bacterial degradation experiment
BPR = Bottom Pressure Recorder
CT = Conductivity and temperature logger
CTD = Conductivity, temperature, depth sensor
FL = Fluorometer
NAS = in-situ nutrient analyser
OBS = Optical Backscatter Turbidity meter
OXY = Oxygen sensor
PAR = PAR sensor
T = Temperature logger
TR = Transmissometer
WMS = Automatic water sampler

Other Series linked to this Fixed Station for this cruise - 1075454 1075872 1076027 1076365 1076574 1076802 1090383 1090395 1090715 1624067 1641624 1641673 1641697 1641704

Other Cruises linked to this Fixed Station (with the number of series) - CO 01/12 (5) PD01/08 (17) PD01/11 (14) PD02/03 (10) PD02/05 (11) PD02/07 (15) PD02/09B (17) PD02/10 (15) PD04/06 (1) PD05/10 (16) PD06/04 (12) PD06/07 (16) PD07/08 (14) PD07/11 (17) PD09/06 (11) PD09/07 (64) PD09/08 (16) PD10/03 (9) PD10/10 (14) PD11/04B (13) PD11/05 (9) PD11/11 (57) PD12/05 (2) PD12/09 (16) PD13/07 (14) PD14/08 (67) PD16/06 (9) PD16/07 (15) PD17/03 (12) PD18/04 (13) PD18/05 (11) PD18/09 (17) PD19/08 (2) PD20/02 (7) PD20/06 (9) PD20/07 (17) PD21/05 (10) PD21/10 (15) PD21/11 (9) PD22/04 (13) PD22/06 (9) PD23/03A (10) PD23/07 (15) PD23/08 (13) PD24/02 (2) PD24/09 (17) PD25/03B (12) PD25/05 (11) PD25/06 (9) PD25/11 (7) PD27/07 (17) PD29/04 (12) PD29/06 (9) PD29/08 (14) PD29/10 (17) PD30/05 (10) PD31/02 (11) PD31/03 (12) PD32/04 (12) PD33/08 (5) PD33/09 (16) PD34/03 (12) PD34/05 (10) PD35/02 (11) PD35/06 (14) PD36/10 (16) PD37/06 (14) PD37/08 (18) PD38/03 (13) PD38/04 (12) PD38/09 (16) PD41/05 (11) PD43/11 (11) PD44/03 (7) PD47/09 (15) PD48/03 (5) PD48/04 (8) PD48/05 (10) PD49/10 (14) PD52/04 (8)


BODC Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
Blank Unqualified
< Below detection limit
> In excess of quoted value
A Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)
B Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast
C Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)
D Thermometric depth
E End of CTD Down/Up Cast
G Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty
H Extrapolated value
I Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)
K Improbable value - unknown quality control source
L Improbable value - originator's quality control
M Improbable value - BODC quality control
N Null value
O Improbable value - user quality control
P Trace/calm
Q Indeterminate
R Replacement value
S Estimated value
T Interpolated value
U Uncalibrated
W Control value
X Excessive difference

SeaDataNet Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
0 no quality control
1 good value
2 probably good value
3 probably bad value
4 bad value
5 changed value
6 value below detection
7 value in excess
8 interpolated value
9 missing value
A value phenomenon uncertain