Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 1075430


Metadata Summary

Data Description

Data Category Hydrography time series at depth
Instrument Type
NameCategories
Aanderaa conductivity sensor 3919B  salinity sensor
Instrument Mounting moored surface buoy
Originating Country United Kingdom
Originator Dr Naomi Greenwood
Originating Organization Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science Lowestoft Laboratory
Processing Status banked
Project(s) Oceans 2025
Oceans 2025 Theme 10
Oceans 2025 Theme 10 SO11
 

Data Identifiers

Originator's Identifier LB1_062_CT_807
BODC Series Reference 1075430
 

Time Co-ordinates(UT)

Start Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2010-03-17 13:30
End Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2010-04-28 11:30
Nominal Cycle Interval 1800.0 seconds
 

Spatial Co-ordinates

Latitude 53.53230 N ( 53° 31.9' N )
Longitude 3.36380 W ( 3° 21.8' W )
Positional Uncertainty 0.05 to 0.1 n.miles
Minimum Sensor Depth 1.0 m
Maximum Sensor Depth 1.0 m
Minimum Sensor Height 26.3 m
Maximum Sensor Height 26.3 m
Sea Floor Depth 27.3 m
Sensor Distribution Fixed common depth - All sensors are grouped effectively at the same depth which is effectively fixed for the duration of the series
Sensor Depth Datum Instantaneous - Depth measured below water line or instantaneous water body surface
Sea Floor Depth Datum Approximate - Depth is only approximate
 

Parameters

BODC CODE Rank Units Short Title Title
AADYAA01 1 Days Date(Loch_Day) Date (time from 00:00 01/01/1760 to 00:00 UT on day)
AAFDZZ01 1 Days Time(Day_Fract) Time (time between 00:00 UT and timestamp)
ACYCAA01 1 Dimensionless Record_No Sequence number
CNDCPR01 1 Siemens per metre InSituCond Electrical conductivity of the water body by in-situ conductivity cell
PSCLCCI1 1 Dimensionless PSal_ind_cal Practical salinity of the water body by in-situ conductivity cell and computation using UNESCO 1983 algorithm and calibration against independent measurements
TEMPPR01 1 Degrees Celsius Temp Temperature of the water body
 

Definition of Rank

  • Rank 1 is a one-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 2 is a two-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 0 is a one-dimensional parameter describing the second dimension of a two-dimensional parameter (e.g. bin depths for moored ADCP data)

Problem Reports

No Problem Report Found in the Database


Data Access Policy

Open Data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)

You must always use the following attribution statement to acknowledge the source of the information: "Contains data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council."


Narrative Documents

Aanderaa Conductivity Sensors 3919/4119/4120

The Aanderaa Conductivity Sensors are based on an inductive principle. This provides for stable measurement without electrodes that are easily fouled and may wear out in the field.

All sensors are available in A and B versions; version B has enhanced accuracy compared to version A. Additionally, sensor 3919 is available in three depth ratings as well: 6000 m (3919DW; Deep Water), 2000 m (3919IW; Intermediate Water) and 300 m (3919SW; Shallow Water).

The sensors are compact fully integrated sensors for measuring the electrical conductivity of seawater. The 3919 model is designed to be mounted directly on the top-end plate of Recording Conductivity Sensor (RCM) 9/11 and Recording Doppler Current Profiler (RDCP) as well as for standalone operation via the SR10 or RS-232 interface. The 4119 model can be connected via cable to a AADI SR10/VR22 Data logger, and the 4120 model provides analog output to third party loggers.

Features of the conductivity sensors:

Sensor specifications may be viewed via the following link Aanderaa Conductivity Sensor 3919/4119/4120

Cefas SmartBuoy data processing

This document outlines the procedures in place at Cefas in August 2005 for processing and quality assuring SmartBuoy data.

Raw data files are processed and the data move through 4 levels, starting with raw data at level 0 through to level 3, where data are fully quality-assured and expressed in appropriate units. The application of the procedures at each level result in data deemed fit to progress to the next level.

Cefas Quality Assurance (QA) Protocols

At Level 0, raw binary data files from the loggers are transferred to the network.

Automated checks - Level 1

Level 1 involves applying automated quality assurance procedures to the data. These include the following steps:

The data are now at QA status = 1.

Manual checks - Level 2

Level 1 burst mean data are now ready for manual QA procedures in order to progress to Level 2. Deployment notes are consulted for any comments on sensor performance or malfunction and post-deployment photographs of sensors, if available, are examined.

Cefas use a data visualisation tool to examine the SmartBuoy data.

Calibrations - Level 3

The combined information from Level 2 is used to determine the periods during which the data series are considered suspect. The data have now reached QA status = 2 and can progress to Level 3, where they will be fully calibrated with field-derived sample data.

The data have now reached QA status = 3 as time stamped, field calibrated burst mean data with parameter codes and units stored on SmartBuoy database with associated uncertainty or 95% confidence limits as appropriate. All SmartBuoy data banked at BODC have passed full Cefas QA procedures. Data that fail the Cefas QA checks are not submitted for banking.

SmartBuoy data processing by BODC

The following outlines the procedures that take place at BODC for banking Cefas SmartBuoy data.

BODC receives SmartBuoy data from Cefas after all quality checks have been passed and all possible calibrations applied. The data files are submitted as separate MS Excel spreadsheets for each parameter, i.e. there are separate files for temperature and salinity from the same instrument. An exact copy of the data is archived for safekeeping upon arrival.

Once the submitted data files are safely archived, the data undergo standard reformatting and banking procedures:


Project Information

Oceans 2025 - The NERC Marine Centres' Strategic Research Programme 2007-2012

Who funds the programme?

The Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) funds the Oceans 2025 programme, which was originally planned in the context of NERC's 2002-2007 strategy and later realigned to NERC's subsequent strategy (Next Generation Science for Planet Earth; NERC 2007).

Who is involved in the programme?

The Oceans 2025 programme was designed by and is to be implemented through seven leading UK marine centres. The marine centres work together in coordination and are also supported by cooperation and input from government bodies, universities and other partners. The seven marine centres are:

Oceans2025 provides funding to three national marine facilities, which provide services to the wider UK marine community, in addition to the Oceans 2025 community. These facilities are:

The NERC-run Strategic Ocean Funding Initiative (SOFI) provides additional support to the programme by funding additional research projects and studentships that closely complement the Oceans 2025 programme, primarily through universities.

What is the programme about?

Oceans 2025 sets out to address some key challenges that face the UK as a result of a changing marine environment. The research funded through the programme sets out to increase understanding of the size, nature and impacts of these changes, with the aim to:

In order to address these aims there are nine science themes supported by the Oceans 2025 programme:

In the original programme proposal there was a theme on health and human impacts (Theme 7). The elements of this Theme have subsequently been included in Themes 3 and 9.

When is the programme active?

The programme started in April 2007 with funding for 5 years.

Brief summary of the programme fieldwork/data

Programme fieldwork and data collection are to be achieved through:

The data is to be fed into models for validation and future projections. Greater detail can be found in the Theme documents.


Oceans 2025 Theme 10

Oceans 2025 is a strategic marine science programme, bringing marine researchers together to increase people's knowledge of the marine environment so that they are better able to protect it for future generations.

Theme 10: Integration of Sustained Observations in the Marine Environment spans all marine domains from the sea-shore to the global ocean, providing data and knowledge on a wide range of ecosystem properties and processes (from ocean circulation to biodiversity) that are critical to understanding Earth system behaviour and identifying change. They have been developed not merely to provide long-term data sets, but to capture extreme or episodic events, and play a key role in the initialisation and validation of models. Many of these SOs will be integrated into the newly developing UK Marine Monitoring Strategy - evolving from the Defra reports Safeguarding our Seas (2002) and Charting Progress (2005), thus contributing to the underpinning knowledge for national marine stewardship. They will also contribute to the UK GOOS Strategic Plan (IACMST, 2006) and the Global Marine Assessment.

Weblink: http://www.oceans2025.org/


Oceans 2025 Theme 10, Sustained Observation Activity 11: Liverpool Bay and Irish Sea Coastal Observatory

Sustained, systematic observations of the ocean and continental shelf seas at appropriate time and space scales allied to numerical models are key to understanding and prediction. In shelf seas these observations address issues as fundamental as 'what is the capacity of shelf seas to absorb change?' encompassing the impacts of climate change, biological productivity and diversity, sustainable management, pollution and public health, safety at sea and extreme events. Advancing understanding of coastal processes to use and manage these resources better is challenging; important controlling processes occur over a broad range of spatial and temporal scales which cannot be simultaneously studied solely with satellite or ship-based platforms.

Considerable effort has been spent by the Proudman Oceangraphic Laboratory (POL) in the years 2001 - 2006 in setting up an integrated observational and now-cast modelling system in Liverpool Bay (see Figure), with the recent POL review stating the observatory was seen as a leader in its field and a unique 'selling' point of the laboratory. Cost benefit analysis (IACMST, 2004) shows that benefits really start to accrue after 10 years. In 2007 - 2012 exploitation of (i) the time series being acquired, (ii) the model-data synthesis and (iii) the increasingly available quantities of real-time data (e.g. river flows) can be carried out through Sustained Observation Activity (SO) 11, to provide an integrated assessment and short term forecasts of the coastal ocean state.

BODC image

Overall Aims and Purpose of SO 11

Measurement and Modelling Activities

More detailed information on this Work Package is available at pages 32 - 35 of the official Oceans 2025 Theme 10 document: Oceans 2025 Theme 10

Weblink: http://www.oceans2025.org/

References:

IACMST., 2004. The Economics of Sustained Marine Measurements. IACMST Information Document, N0.11, Southampton: IACMST, 96 pp


Data Activity or Cruise Information

Data Activity

Start Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2010-03-17
End Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2010-04-28
Organization Undertaking ActivityProudman Oceanographic Laboratory (now National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool)
Country of OrganizationUnited Kingdom
Originator's Data Activity IdentifierLB1_062 / POLRIG1089
Platform Categorymoored surface buoy

COBS Site A SmartBuoy deployment LB1_062/1089

Deployment and recovery

This mooring was deployed in a collaboration between Cefas and the NOC Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory. The rig was deployed in March 2010 during RV Prince Madog cruise PD05/10. The rig was recovered in April 2010 during RV Prince Madog cruisePD10/10.

Rig Description

The SmartBuoy carried a suite of Cefas instruments mounted just below the surface, as well as instrumentation belonging to POL upto 15 m deep. Further information is given in the table below.

The single point mooring was composed mainly of 0.5 inch long link chain, marked by a 1.8 m diameter toroid and anchored by a half tonne clump of scrap chain.

The following instruments were connected to a Eco System Monitor;

Instrument Serial
Number
Meter
depth (m)
Record
Length (days)
Owner
Seapoint Chlorophyll Fluorometer 2245 1 42 Cefas
Druck 5 bar Pressure Transducer 1759546 1 45 Cefas
LI-192SB PAR Sensor (UWQ5165) 8 2 42 Cefas
LI-192SB PAR Sensor (UWQ6126) 20 1 42 Cefas
Aanderaa Optode - Type 3835 127 1 42 Cefas
Aanderaa Conductivity Sensor - Type 3919B IW 807 1 42 Cefas
Seapoint Turbidity Meter 1433 1 42 Cefas

The following instruments were stand alone sensors;

Instrument Serial
Number
Meter
depth (m)
Record
Length (days)
Owner
NAS-3X Nutrient Sensor 2273 1 10 Cefas
WMS-2 AquaMonitor 2255 1 38 Cefas
Sea-Bird 37 MicroCAT 4966 5 45 NOC
Sea-Bird 37 MicroCAT 5434 10 45 NOC
Minilogger 2842 7.5 45 NOC
Minilogger 2843 15 45 NOC

Other Series linked to this Data Activity - 1075859 1076341 1076003 1076783 1641311 1641372 1641292 1076200 1076445 1076550 1641360

Cruise

Cruise Name PD05/10
Departure Date 2010-03-17
Arrival Date 2010-03-17
Principal Scientist(s)Phil J Knight (Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory)
Ship RV Prince Madog

Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here


Fixed Station Information

Fixed Station Information

Station NameCOA
CategoryOffshore area
Latitude53° 31.51' N
Longitude3° 23.00' W
Water depth below MSL26.0 m

Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory Mooring Site A (COA/Site 1/Site 9)

This station is the main mooring site for the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory (POL) Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory and was first occupied in 2002. It is also known both as Coastal Observatory Site 1 and Site 9. POL perform two main types of activities at this station: they deploy moorings; and in addition, they take CTD profiles during each site visit. The station lies within a box of mean water depth 22.5 m with the following coordinates:

Box Corner Latitude (+ve North) Longitude (+ve East)
North-west corner 53.54097 -3.42958
South-east corner 53.50945 -3.33714

The position of this station relative to the other POL Coastal Observatory sites can be seen from the figure below.

BODC image

Mooring Deployment History

2011

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, OBS, OXY 1117, 1121, 1125, 1127, 1130, 1132, January - November
SmartBuoy CTD x 2, AC-S, CT x 2, FL x 3, OBS x 2, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, OXY, T x 2 1116, 1120, 1124 January - November

2010

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 1086, 1090, 1094, 1098, 1102, 1106, 1109 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD, T 1085, 1089, 1093, 1097, 1101, 1105, 1108, 1112 January - December

2009

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 1055, 1062, 1067, 1071, 1074, 1078, 1082 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD, T 1054, 1061, 1066, 1070, 1073, 1077, 1081 January - December

2008

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 1024, 1028, 1032, 1036, 1041, 1044, 1047, 1051 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD, T LB1_047/1023, LB1_048/1027, LB1_049/1031, LB1_050/1035, 1040, 1043, LB1_053/1050 January - December

2007

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 990, 997, 1001, 1005, 1010, 1014, 1017, 1021 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD, T LB1_039/989, LB1_040/996, LB1_041/1000, LB1_042/1004, LB1_043/1009, LB1_044/1013, LB1_045/1016, LB1_046/1020 January - December

2006

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CTD, ADV, OBS 951, 962, 966, 970, 974, 978, 982, 986 January - December
SmartBuoy CT x 2, FL x 2, OBS, PAR x 2, WMS, NAS, CTD, OXY, BD 958, 961, 965, 969, 973, 977, LB1_037/981, LB1_038/985 January - December

2005

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, CT 913, 914, 921, 925, 929, 933, 938, 942, 945, 949 January - December
SmartBuoy CT, FL, OBS, PAR, WMS, NAS, OXY 912, 920, 924, 928, 932, 937, LB1_028/941, LB1_029/944, LB1_030/948 January - December
Frame with telemetry buoy ADCP 914 March - April

2004

Rig Type Typical Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame BPR, ADCP, TR, CT 890, 892, 893, 896, 898, 900, 902, 904, 907, 908, 910, 911 January - December
SmartBuoy CT, FL, OBS, PAR, WMS, NAS 889, 891, 895, 897, 899, 901, 903, 906, 909 January - December
Frame with telemetry buoy ADCP 893, 908, 911 April - May, October - December

2003

Rig Type Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame BPR, ADCP, TR, CT 861, 864, 866, 869, 872, 878, 880, 883, 885, 887, 888 January - December
SmartBuoy CT, FL, OBS, PAR, WMS, NAS 863, 865, 867, 870, 871, 877, 879, 882, 884, 886 January - December

2002

Rig Type Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame BPR, ADCP, TR, CT 851, 854, 856, 858 August - December
Line mooring CT x 3 853, 855 August - November
SmartBuoy CT, FL, OBS, PAR, WMS, NAS 857, 860 November - December

2001

Rig Type Instruments Rig IDs Comment
Frame ADCP, OBS 838, 839, 840, 841, 843, 844, 845, 846, 848, 849 September

CTD Sampling History

Year Number of Cruises Total Casts per year
2011 6 116 including a 46 cast tidal cycle from 2011-04-18 to 2011-04-19 and a 51 cast tidal cycle station from 2011-07-27 to 2011-07-28
2010 8 71 including a 52 cast tidal cycle station from 2010-04-28 to 2010-04-29
2009 7 21
2008 9 75 including a 54 cast tidal cycle station from 2008-05-13 to 2008-05-14
2007 8 71 including a 51 cast tidal cycle station from 2007-05-15 to 2007-05-16
2006 9 72 including a 53 cast tidal cycle station from 2006-05-09 to 2006-05-10
2005 9 41 including a 22 cast tidal cycle station from 2005-04-05 to 2005-04-06
2004 9 77 including a 54 cast tidal cycle station from 2004-05-11 to 2004-05-12
2003 10 28
2002 4 13

The CTD instrument package for these cruises was a Sea-Bird 911plus, with beam transmissometer, fluorometer, LICOR PAR sensor, LISST-25, and oxygen sensor.

Key

AC-S = Absorption and attenuation spectrophotometer
ADCP = Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
ADV = Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter
BD = Bacterial degradation experiment
BPR = Bottom Pressure Recorder
CT = Conductivity and temperature logger
CTD = Conductivity, temperature, depth sensor
FL = Fluorometer
NAS = in-situ nutrient analyser
OBS = Optical Backscatter Turbidity meter
OXY = Oxygen sensor
PAR = PAR sensor
T = Temperature logger
TR = Transmissometer
WMS = Automatic water sampler

Other Series linked to this Fixed Station for this cruise - 1038290 1038308 1075859 1076003 1076200 1076341 1076445 1076550 1076783 1624092 1641403 1641427 1641452 1641464 1641476

Other Cruises linked to this Fixed Station (with the number of series) - CO 01/12 (5) PD01/08 (17) PD01/11 (14) PD02/03 (10) PD02/05 (11) PD02/07 (15) PD02/09B (17) PD02/10 (15) PD04/06 (1) PD06/04 (12) PD06/07 (16) PD07/08 (14) PD07/11 (17) PD09/06 (11) PD09/07 (64) PD09/08 (16) PD10/03 (9) PD10/10 (14) PD11/04B (13) PD11/05 (9) PD11/11 (57) PD12/05 (2) PD12/09 (16) PD13/07 (14) PD14/08 (67) PD16/06 (9) PD16/07 (15) PD17/03 (12) PD17/10 (15) PD18/04 (13) PD18/05 (11) PD18/09 (17) PD19/08 (2) PD20/02 (7) PD20/06 (9) PD20/07 (17) PD21/05 (10) PD21/10 (15) PD21/11 (9) PD22/04 (13) PD22/06 (9) PD23/03A (10) PD23/07 (15) PD23/08 (13) PD24/02 (2) PD24/09 (17) PD25/03B (12) PD25/05 (11) PD25/06 (9) PD25/11 (7) PD27/07 (17) PD29/04 (12) PD29/06 (9) PD29/08 (14) PD29/10 (17) PD30/05 (10) PD31/02 (11) PD31/03 (12) PD32/04 (12) PD33/08 (5) PD33/09 (16) PD34/03 (12) PD34/05 (10) PD35/02 (11) PD35/06 (14) PD36/10 (16) PD37/06 (14) PD37/08 (18) PD38/03 (13) PD38/04 (12) PD38/09 (16) PD41/05 (11) PD43/11 (11) PD44/03 (7) PD47/09 (15) PD48/03 (5) PD48/04 (8) PD48/05 (10) PD49/10 (14) PD52/04 (8)


BODC Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
Blank Unqualified
< Below detection limit
> In excess of quoted value
A Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)
B Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast
C Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)
D Thermometric depth
E End of CTD Down/Up Cast
G Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty
H Extrapolated value
I Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)
K Improbable value - unknown quality control source
L Improbable value - originator's quality control
M Improbable value - BODC quality control
N Null value
O Improbable value - user quality control
P Trace/calm
Q Indeterminate
R Replacement value
S Estimated value
T Interpolated value
U Uncalibrated
W Control value
X Excessive difference

SeaDataNet Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
0 no quality control
1 good value
2 probably good value
3 probably bad value
4 bad value
5 changed value
6 value below detection
7 value in excess
8 interpolated value
9 missing value
A value phenomenon uncertain