Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 1720830

Metadata Summary

Data Description

Data Category Hydrography time series at depth
Instrument Type
Sea-Bird SBE 37-SMP MicroCAT C-T Sensor  water temperature sensor; salinity sensor
Instrument Mounting subsurface mooring
Originating Country United Kingdom
Originator Dr Alberto Naveira Garabato
Originating Organization University of Southampton School of Ocean and Earth Science
Processing Status banked
Project(s) DIMES

Data Identifiers

Originator's Identifier SE_1_2009/7299
BODC Series Reference 1720830

Time Co-ordinates(UT)

Start Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2009-12-09 16:15
End Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2010-12-06 13:00
Nominal Cycle Interval 900.0 seconds

Spatial Co-ordinates

Latitude 56.05717 S ( 56° 3.4' S )
Longitude 57.74233 W ( 57° 44.5' W )
Positional Uncertainty 0.0 to 0.01 n.miles
Minimum Sensor Depth 1862.0 m
Maximum Sensor Depth 1862.0 m
Minimum Sensor Height 2338.0 m
Maximum Sensor Height 2338.0 m
Sea Floor Depth 4200.0 m
Sensor Distribution Fixed common depth - All sensors are grouped effectively at the same depth which is effectively fixed for the duration of the series
Sensor Depth Datum Instantaneous - Depth measured below water line or instantaneous water body surface
Sea Floor Depth Datum Instantaneous - Depth measured below water line or instantaneous water body surface


BODC CODE Rank Units Short Title Title
AADYAA01 1 Days Date(Loch_Day) Date (time from 00:00 01/01/1760 to 00:00 UT on day)
AAFDZZ01 1 Days Time(Day_Fract) Time (time between 00:00 UT and timestamp)
ACYCAA01 1 Dimensionless Record_No Sequence number
CNDCPR01 1 Siemens per metre InSituCond Electrical conductivity of the water body by in-situ conductivity cell
PREXMCAT 1 Decibars Pres_MCat Pressure (measured variable) exerted by the water body by semi-fixed moored SBE MicroCAT
PSALPR01 1 Dimensionless P_sal Practical salinity of the water body by conductivity cell and computation using UNESCO 1983 algorithm
TEMPPR01 1 Degrees Celsius Temp Temperature of the water body

Definition of Rank

  • Rank 1 is a one-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 2 is a two-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 0 is a one-dimensional parameter describing the second dimension of a two-dimensional parameter (e.g. bin depths for moored ADCP data)

Problem Reports

No Problem Report Found in the Database

Data Access Policy

Public domain data

These data have no specific confidentiality restrictions for users. However, users must acknowledge data sources as it is not ethical to publish data without proper attribution. Any publication or other output resulting from usage of the data should include an acknowledgment.

The recommended acknowledgment is

"This study uses data from the data source/organisation/programme, provided by the British Oceanographic Data Centre and funded by the funding body."

Narrative Documents

Sea-Bird SBE 37-SMP MicroCAT

The SBE 37-SMP MicroCAT is a high accuracy conductivity and temperature recorder (pressure optional) with Serial interface, internal battery, non-volatile FLASH Memory and integral Pump. The Integral Pump runs for 1 second each time the MicroCAT samples, improving the conductivity response and giving improved anti-foul protection.

Designed for moorings and other long-duration, fixed-site deployments, MicroCATs have non-corroding titanium housings rated for operation to 7000 meters or pressure sensor full scale-range. Communication with the MicroCAT is over an internal, 3-wire, RS-232C link. The MicroCAT's aged and pressure-protected thermistor has a long history of exceptional accuracy and stability (typical drift is less than 0.002°C per year). Electrical isolation of the conductivity electronics eliminates any possibility of ground-loop noise.


Conductivity (S/m) Optional Pressure
Measurement Range -5 to +35 0 to 7 (0 to 70 mS/cm) 0 to full scale range: 20 / 100 / 350 / 600 / 1000 / 2000 / 3500 / 7000 metres
Initial accuracy 0.002 0.0003 0.1% of full scale range
Typical Stability 0.0002 per month 0.0003 per month 0.05% of full scale range per year
Resolution 0.0001 0.00001 0.002% of full scale range
Data Storage Temperature and conductivity: 6 bytes per sample
Time: 4 bytes per sample
Pressure (optional): 5 bytes per sample
Clock stability 5 seconds per month
Standard Internal Batteries Nominal 10.6 Ampere-hour pack consisting of twelve AA lithium batteries. Provides sufficient capacity for more than 100,000 samples for a typical sampling scheme
Housing Titanium pressure case rated at 7000 metres
Weight (without pressure) In water: 3kg
In air: 5kg

Further information can be found via the following link: Sea-Bird SBE 37-SMP MicroCAT Datasheet

DIMES Calibration Coefficients

Instrument serial number 7299
Mooring identifier: SE_1_200912

Processing log

Variable Post-cruise
Conductivity [mS/cm] 0.002
Temperature [°C] 0.000
Pressure [dbar] -3.000

DIMES Sea-Bird MicroCAT data processing document

This document outlines the procedures undertaken to process and quality assure the MicroCAT data collected under the DIMES project. These procedures follow those of the RAPIDMOC and MOCHA projects, which are outlined below.

Originator's processing

The raw data are downloaded from the instrument and converted to ASCII format. All processing is performed in Matlab.

Calculating calibration coefficients

Prior to deployment and on recovery, a CTD dip is performed with the MicroCATs strapped onto the CTD frame. This allows calibration of the MicroCAT data by comparing the MicroCAT data with the CTD data. As the MicroCATs adjustment is much slower than the CTD, data are only compared during bottle stops and after the sensors have adjusted. Bottle stops on these calibration dips last no less than 5 minutes.

Any discrepancy between the MicroCAT clock and the CTD clock is calculated and corrected if necessary.

An average offset (MicroCAT - CTD) is calculated for temperature, conductivity and pressure during the stable period of each bottle stop and interpolated onto the instrument deployment depths. For temperature and conductivity, an average of the offsets derived during the bottle stops is calculated for a specified pressure range where the data are stable (deep water). For pressure, the average offset interpolated to the deployment depth is used. If the calibration dip is shallower than the deployment depth, the offset is extrapolated to the deployment depth.

All the offsets are visually checked and adjusted if necessary. For temperature, if the calculated offsets are less than 0.003 in magnitude no offset is applied i.e. the offsets are adjusted to 0.000.

Applying calibrations

The data are calibrated using the pre and post deployment calibration coefficients. The calibration can be applied as either

If required, a conductivity pressure correction can be applied. This is used if the pressure channel shows spurious data in a particular time interval. A drift in the pressure data can also be removed.

To aid the quality of the calibration, data from CTD casts performed near mooring locations on previous cruises are used as a reference and are visually compared with the MicroCAT data.

Quality control

All variables in specified time intervals can be set to dummy values if the data are suspect and it is also possible to apply an offset to a subsection of a particular channel, if required. Interactive despiking can be carried out on the temperature and conductivity data, if present, by selecting data based on a T-S plot. Automatic despiking can also be performed using the option to exclude data outside the 6σ area.

The last stage of the processing is to grid the data onto a pressure field and visually check against historical data. This enables the calibrations to be checked and adjusted if necessary. On occasion, comparison of the time series with historical data and series from nearby instruments highlights the need for removal of a drift from one or more data channels. This is accomplished by removing a linear trend from the appropriate channel(s) and may affect the entire series or a subsection thereof. If a trend has been removed it will be noted in the 'DIMES Calibration Coefficients' section of the documentation.

BODC processing

Data are received after quality checks have been made and calibrations have been applied. The data files are submitted in ASCII format as one file per instrument.

Once the submitted data files are safely archived, the data undergo reformatting and banking procedures:

Parameter mapping

The following describes the parameters contained in the originator's files and their mapping to BODC parameter codes:

Identifier Unit Definition BODC parameter code Units Unit conversion Comments
YY year Year AADYAA01 days - Combined with MM and DD to form a date and transferred
MM month Month AADYAA01 days - Combined with MM and DD to form a date and transferred
DD day Day AADYAA01 days - Combined with MM and DD to form a date and transferred
HH hour Decimal hours AAFDZZ01 days /24 Transferred
P decibar Pressure PREXMCAT decibars - Transferred
T °C Temperature (IPTS-90) TEMPPR01 °C - Transferred
C mS/cm Conductivity CNDCPR01 S/m /10 Transferred

Parameter derivation

The following describes the parameters derived by BODC and their mapping to BODC parameter codes:

BODC parameter code Units Variables Definition Units Equation Comments
PSALPR01 dimensionless PREXMCAT
UNESCO 1983 polynomial for salinity -

Project Information

Diapycnal and Isopycnal Mixing Experiment in the Southern Ocean (DIMES) project document

DIMES is a US/UK field program aimed at measuring diapycnal and isopycnal mixing in the Southern Ocean, along the tilting isopycnals of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current.

The Meridional Overturning Circulation (MOC) of the ocean is a critical regulator of the Earth's climate processes. Climate models are highly sensitive to the representation of mixing processes in the southern limb of the MOC, within the Southern Ocean, although the lack of extensive in situ observations of Southern Ocean mixing processes has made evaluation of mixing somewhat difficult. Theories and models of the Southern Ocean circulation have been built on the premise of adiabatic flow in the ocean interior, with diabatic processes confined to the upper-ocean mixed layer. Interior diapycnal mixing has often been assumed to be small, but a few recent studies have suggested that diapycnal mixing might be large in some locations, particularly over rough bathymetry. Depending on its extent, this interior diapycnal mixing could significantly affect the overall energetics and property balances for the Southern Ocean and in turn for the global ocean. The goals of DIMES are to obtain measurements that will help us quantify both along-isopycnal eddy-driven mixing and cross-isopycnal interior mixing.

DIMES includes tracer release, isopycnal following RAFOS floats, microstructure measurements, shearmeter floats, EM-APEX floats, a mooring array in Drake Passage, hydrographic observations, inverse modeling, and analysis of altimetry and numerical model output.

DIMES is sponsored by the National Science Foundation (U.S.), Natural Environment Research Council (U.K) and British Antarctic Survey (U.K.)

For more information please see the official project website at DIMES

Data Activity or Cruise Information

Data Activity

Start Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2009-12-09
End Date (yyyy-mm-dd) 2010-12-06
Organization Undertaking ActivityUniversity of Southampton School of Ocean and Earth Science
Country of OrganizationUnited Kingdom
Originator's Data Activity IdentifierSE_1_2009
Platform Categorysubsurface mooring

DIMES Moored Instrument Rig SE_1_200912

This rig was deployed as part of the mooring array of the DIMES (Diapycnal and isopycnal mixing experiment in the Southern Ocean) project.

Deployment cruise RRS James Cook cruise JC041
Recovery cruise RRS James Cook cruise JC054

The rig was anchored by a 1970 kg dead weight and kept erect with groups of glass spheres and floats distributed along the mooring.

Instruments deployed on the rig

Depth Instrument
303m Aanderaa Seaguard Recording Current Meter (#119)
303m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#7296)
407m Aanderaa Seaguard Recording Current Meter (#120)
407m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#7297)
1109m Aanderaa Seaguard Recording Current Meter (#121)
1109m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#7298)
1862m Aanderaa Seaguard Recording Current Meter (#122)
1862m Sea-Bird SBE37 SMP MicroCAT (#7299)
3403m SonTek Argonaut moored 3D doppler current meter (#290)*
3403m Sea-Bird SBE37 IMP MicroCAT (#4069)

* SonTek Argonaut moored 3D doppler current meter (#290) was missing from the mooring chain on recovery.

Other Series linked to this Data Activity - 1720817 1721199 1721206 1720798 1721175 1720805 1720829 1721187


Cruise Name JC041 (UKD-1)
Departure Date 2009-12-05
Arrival Date 2009-12-21
Principal Scientist(s)Alberto C Naveira Garabato (University of Southampton School of Ocean and Earth Science)
Ship RRS James Cook

Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here

Fixed Station Information

Fixed Station Information

Station NameDrake Passage
CategoryOffshore area
Latitude59° 0.00' S
Longitude62° 0.00' W
Water depth below MSL

Drake Passage

The World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE, 1990-1998) was a major international experiment which made measurements and undertook modelling studies of the deep oceans in order to provide a much improved understanding of the role of ocean circulation in changing and ameliorating the Earth's climate.

The Drake Passage is the narrowest constriction of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) - the largest current in the world and connects all three major oceanic basins both horizontally and vertically, thus being a key control in the global overturning circulation.Within the Drake Passage, two repeat hydrographic sections (SR1 and SR1b) were established by WOCE. These were designed to extend measurements collected earlier by the International Southern Ocean Studies (ISOS) programme and have continued beyond the WOCE time-frame.

The original section was SR1 (which also covers part of the A21 one time survey track). Subsequently, the section was shifted to the east (and designated SR1b) in order for it to lie on a satellite ground track as illustrated in the image below.

BODC image

In addition to the hydrographic measurements, UK research in Drake Passage also includes a network of coastal and deep tide gauges, analysis of satellite altimeter data, and state-of-the-art global numerical modeling.

Other Series linked to this Fixed Station for this cruise - 1720541 1720553 1720565 1720577 1720589 1720590 1720608 1720621 1720633 1720645 1720657 1720669 1720670 1720682 1720694 1720701 1720713 1720725 1720737 1720749 1720750 1720762 1720774 1720786 1720798 1720805 1720817 1720829 1720842 1720854 1720866 1720878 1720891 1720909 1720910 1720922 1720934 1720946 1720958 1720971 1720983 1720995 1721009 1721010 1721022 1721034 1721046 1721058 1721071 1721083 1721095 1721102 1721114 1721126 1721138 1721151 1721163 1721175 1721187 1721199 1721206 1721218 1721231 1721243 1721255

Other Cruises linked to this Fixed Station (with the number of series) - JC031 (247) JC054 (UKD-2) (146) JC069 (UKD-3) (26) JR15003 (28) JR16002 (61) JR19931120 (JR00a) (30) JR19941113 (JR0B) (29) JR19961128 (JR16) (29) JR20000113 (JR47) (29) JR20001121 (JR55) (32) JR20021224 (JR81) (32) JR20031211 (JR94) (30) JR20041201 (JR111, JR115) (35) JR20050124 (JR112, JR113) (4) JR20060216 (JR136, JR137) (1) JR20061206 (JR155, JR163, JR164) (1) JR20071129 (JR171, JR193, JR196 Leg1, JR212) (32) JR20091118 (JR195, JR198) (33) JR20101205 (JR242) (9) JR20110409 (JR276, UKD-2.5) (66) JR20130317 (JR252B, JR272B, JR273A, JR281, UKD-4) (175) JR20140309 (JR293 Leg1, JR299 Leg1, UKD-5) (21) JR20150110 (JR305, JR306) (1) RATS/CTD100 (1) RATS/CTD103 (1) RATS/CTD106 (1) RATS/CTD108 (1) RATS/CTD111 (1) RATS/CTD113 (1) RATS/CTD115 (1) RATS/CTD120 (1) RATS/CTD122 (1) RATS/CTD124 (1) RATS/CTD126 (1) RATS/CTD129 (1) RATS/CTD131 (1) RATS/CTD133 (1) RATS/CTD136 (1) RATS/CTD138 (1) RATS/CTD140 (1) RATS/CTD142 (1) RATS/CTD145 (1) RATS/CTD147 (1) RATS/CTD150 (1) RATS/CTD151 (1) RATS/CTD153 (1) RATS/CTD154 (1) RATS/CTD156 (1) RATS/CTD157 (1) RATS/CTD160 (1) RATS/CTD163 (1) RATS/CTD164 (1) RATS/CTD166 (1) RATS/CTD167 (1) RATS/CTD169 (1) RATS/CTD170 (1) RATS/CTD173 (1) RATS/CTD175 (1) RATS/CTD177 (1) RATS/CTD180 (1) RATS/CTD182 (1) RATS/CTD184 (1) RATS/CTD186 (1) RATS/CTD189 (1) RATS/CTD191 (1) RATS/CTD193 (1) RATS/CTD195 (1) RATS/CTD198 (1) RATS/CTD200 (1) RATS/CTD202 (1) RATS/CTD204 (1) RATS/CTD206 (1) RATS/CTD208 (1) RATS/CTD210 (1) RATS/CTD214 (1) RATS/CTD217 (1) RATS/CTD219 (1) RATS/CTD221 (1) RATS/CTD223 (1) RATS/CTD225 (1) RATS/CTD227 (1) RATS/CTD230 (1) RATS/CTD232 (1) RATS/CTD234 (1) RATS/CTD237 (1) RATS/CTD239 (1) RATS/CTD241 (1) RATS/CTD243 (1) RATS/CTD245 (1) RATS/CTD247 (1) RATS/CTD249 (1) RATS/CTD251 (1) RATS/CTD254 (1) RATS/CTD256 (1) RATS/CTD258 (1) RATS/CTD260 (1) RATS/CTD262 (1) RATS/CTD265 (1) RATS/CTD267 (1) RATS/CTD269 (1) RATS/CTD271 (1) RATS/CTD273 (1) RATS/CTD275 (1) RATS/CTD277 (1) RATS/CTD281 (1) RATS/CTD283 (1) RATS/CTD285 (1) RATS/CTD287 (1) RATS/CTD289 (1) RATS/CTD291 (1) RATS/CTD293 (1) RATS/CTD295 (1) RATS/CTD297 (1) RATS/CTD301 (1) RATS/CTD305 (1) RATS/CTD307 (1) RATS/CTD309 (1) RATS/CTD311 (1) RATS/CTD313 (1) RATS/CTD315 (1) RATS/CTD317 (1) RATS/CTD319 (1) RATS/CTD321 (1) RATS/CTD323 (1) RATS/CTD325 (1) RATS/CTD327 (1) RATS/CTD329 (1) RATS/CTD331 (1) RATS/CTD335 (1) RATS/CTD337 (1) RATS/CTD341 (1) RATS/CTD343 (1) RATS/CTD345 (1) RATS/CTD347 (1) RATS/CTD351 (1) RATS/CTD353 (1) RATS/CTD355 (1) RATS/CTD357 (1) RATS/CTD361 (1) RATS/CTD363 (1) RATS/CTD365 (1) RATS/CTD373 (1) RATS/CTD375 (1) RATS/CTD377 (1) RATS/CTD379 (1) RATS/CTD381 (1) RATS/CTD383 (1) RATS/CTD385 (1) RATS/CTD387 (1) RATS/CTD389 (1) RATS/CTD395 (1) RATS/CTD397 (1) RATS/CTD399 (1) RATS/CTD401 (1) RATS/CTD403 (1) RATS/CTD405 (1) RATS/CTD407 (1) RATS/CTD409 (1) RATS/CTD411 (1) RATS/CTD415 (1) RATS/CTD417 (1) RATS/CTD419 (1) RATS/CTD423 (1) RATS/CTD425 (1) RATS/CTD427 (1) RATS/CTD429 (1) RATS/CTD43 (1) RATS/CTD431 (1) RATS/CTD433 (1) RATS/CTD437 (1) RATS/CTD439 (1) RATS/CTD443 (1) RATS/CTD445 (1) RATS/CTD461 (1) RATS/CTD463 (1) RATS/CTD465 (1) RATS/CTD467 (1) RATS/CTD469 (1) RATS/CTD471 (1) RATS/CTD473 (1) RATS/CTD475 (1) RATS/CTD477 (1) RATS/CTD479 (1) RATS/CTD481 (1) RATS/CTD483 (1) RATS/CTD485 (1) RATS/CTD487 (1) RATS/CTD489 (1) RATS/CTD49 (1) RATS/CTD491 (1) RATS/CTD493 (1) RATS/CTD495 (1) RATS/CTD497 (1) RATS/CTD499 (1) RATS/CTD501 (1) RATS/CTD503 (1) RATS/CTD505 (1) RATS/CTD507 (1) RATS/CTD509 (1) RATS/CTD51 (1) RATS/CTD511 (1) RATS/CTD513 (1) RATS/CTD515 (1) RATS/CTD517 (1) RATS/CTD519 (1) RATS/CTD521 (1) RATS/CTD523 (1) RATS/CTD525 (1) RATS/CTD527 (1) RATS/CTD529 (1) RATS/CTD53 (1) RATS/CTD531 (1) RATS/CTD534 (1) RATS/CTD536 (1) RATS/CTD538 (1) RATS/CTD540 (1) RATS/CTD542 (1) RATS/CTD545 (1) RATS/CTD547 (1) RATS/CTD549 (1) RATS/CTD55 (1) RATS/CTD551 (1) RATS/CTD553 (1) RATS/CTD555 (1) RATS/CTD557 (1) RATS/CTD559 (1) RATS/CTD561 (1) RATS/CTD563 (1) RATS/CTD565 (1) RATS/CTD567 (1) RATS/CTD569 (1) RATS/CTD571 (1) RATS/CTD573 (1) RATS/CTD575 (1) RATS/CTD577 (1) RATS/CTD579 (1) RATS/CTD58 (1) RATS/CTD581 (1) RATS/CTD583 (1) RATS/CTD585 (1) RATS/CTD587 (1) RATS/CTD589 (1) RATS/CTD591 (1) RATS/CTD593 (1) RATS/CTD595 (1) RATS/CTD597 (1) RATS/CTD599 (1) RATS/CTD60 (1) RATS/CTD601 (1) RATS/CTD603 (1) RATS/CTD605 (1) RATS/CTD607 (1) RATS/CTD609 (1) RATS/CTD611 (1) RATS/CTD613 (1) RATS/CTD615 (1) RATS/CTD617 (1) RATS/CTD619 (1) RATS/CTD62 (1) RATS/CTD621 (1) RATS/CTD623 (1) RATS/CTD625 (1) RATS/CTD627 (1) RATS/CTD629 (1) RATS/CTD631 (1) RATS/CTD633 (1) RATS/CTD635 (1) RATS/CTD637 (1) RATS/CTD639 (1) RATS/CTD64 (1) RATS/CTD654 (1) RATS/CTD66 (1) RATS/CTD669 (1) RATS/CTD678 (1) RATS/CTD68 (1) RATS/CTD687 (1) RATS/CTD695 (1) RATS/CTD70 (1) RATS/CTD705 (1) RATS/CTD72 (1) RATS/CTD722 (1) RATS/CTD724 (1) RATS/CTD727 (1) RATS/CTD729 (1) RATS/CTD731 (1) RATS/CTD733 (1) RATS/CTD735 (1) RATS/CTD737 (1) RATS/CTD739 (1) RATS/CTD74 (1) RATS/CTD741 (1) RATS/CTD743 (1) RATS/CTD745 (1) RATS/CTD747 (1) RATS/CTD749 (1) RATS/CTD751 (1) RATS/CTD753 (1) RATS/CTD755 (1) RATS/CTD757 (1) RATS/CTD759 (1) RATS/CTD761 (1) RATS/CTD763 (1) RATS/CTD765 (1) RATS/CTD767 (1) RATS/CTD77 (1) RATS/CTD771 (1) RATS/CTD773 (1) RATS/CTD775 (1) RATS/CTD777 (1) RATS/CTD779 (1) RATS/CTD781 (1) RATS/CTD783 (1) RATS/CTD785 (1) RATS/CTD787 (1) RATS/CTD789 (1) RATS/CTD795 (1) RATS/CTD797 (1) RATS/CTD799 (1) RATS/CTD80 (1) RATS/CTD801 (1) RATS/CTD803 (1) RATS/CTD805 (1) RATS/CTD807 (1) RATS/CTD809 (1) RATS/CTD811 (1) RATS/CTD813 (1) RATS/CTD817 (1) RATS/CTD819 (1) RATS/CTD82 (1) RATS/CTD821 (1) RATS/CTD823 (1) RATS/CTD825 (1) RATS/CTD827 (1) RATS/CTD829 (1) RATS/CTD831 (1) RATS/CTD833 (1) RATS/CTD837 (1) RATS/CTD839 (1) RATS/CTD84 (1) RATS/CTD841 (1) RATS/CTD843 (1) RATS/CTD845 (1) RATS/CTD847 (1) RATS/CTD849 (1) RATS/CTD851 (1) RATS/CTD853 (1) RATS/CTD855 (1) RATS/CTD857 (1) RATS/CTD859 (1) RATS/CTD861 (1) RATS/CTD863 (1) RATS/CTD865 (1) RATS/CTD867 (1) RATS/CTD869 (1) RATS/CTD87 (1) RATS/CTD871 (1) RATS/CTD873 (1) RATS/CTD879 (1) RATS/CTD881 (1) RATS/CTD883 (1) RATS/CTD885 (1) RATS/CTD887 (1) RATS/CTD889 (1) RATS/CTD89 (1) RATS/CTD891 (1) RATS/CTD893 (1) RATS/CTD895 (1) RATS/CTD897 (1) RATS/CTD899 (1) RATS/CTD901 (1) RATS/CTD903 (1) RATS/CTD905 (1) RATS/CTD907 (1) RATS/CTD909 (1) RATS/CTD91 (1) RATS/CTD913 (1) RATS/CTD915 (1) RATS/CTD917 (1) RATS/CTD919 (1) RATS/CTD921 (1) RATS/CTD923 (1) RATS/CTD925 (1) RATS/CTD927 (1) RATS/CTD929 (1) RATS/CTD93 (1) RATS/CTD931 (1) RATS/CTD933 (1) RATS/CTD935 (1) RATS/CTD937 (1) RATS/CTD939 (1) RATS/CTD941 (1) RATS/CTD943 (1) RATS/CTD945 (1) RATS/CTD947 (1) RATS/CTD949 (1) RATS/CTD951 (1) RATS/CTD953 (1) RATS/CTD955 (1) RATS/CTD957 (1) RATS/CTD959 (1) RATS/CTD96 (1) RATS/CTD961 (1) RATS/CTD963 (1) RATS/CTD965 (1) RATS/CTD967 (1) RATS/CTD969 (1) RATS/CTD971 (1) RATS/CTD973 (1) RATS/CTD975 (1) RATS/CTD977 (1) RATS/CTD979 (1) RATS/CTD98 (1) RATS/CTD981 (1) RATS/CTD983 (1) RATS/CTD985 (1) RATS/CTD987 (1) RATS/CTD989 (1) RATS/CTD991 (1)

BODC Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
Blank Unqualified
< Below detection limit
> In excess of quoted value
A Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)
B Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast
C Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)
D Thermometric depth
E End of CTD Down/Up Cast
G Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty
H Extrapolated value
I Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)
K Improbable value - unknown quality control source
L Improbable value - originator's quality control
M Improbable value - BODC quality control
N Null value
O Improbable value - user quality control
P Trace/calm
Q Indeterminate
R Replacement value
S Estimated value
T Interpolated value
U Uncalibrated
W Control value
X Excessive difference

SeaDataNet Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
0 no quality control
1 good value
2 probably good value
3 probably bad value
4 bad value
5 changed value
6 value below detection
7 value in excess
8 interpolated value
9 missing value
A value phenomenon uncertain
Q value below limit of quantification