Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 743855

Metadata Summary

Data Description

Data Category CTD or STD cast
Instrument Type
Sea-Bird SBE 911plus CTD  CTD; water temperature sensor; salinity sensor
Instrument Mounting research vessel
Originating Country United Kingdom
Originator Dr Mark Brandon
Originating Organization British Antarctic Survey
Processing Status banked
Project(s) WOCE

Data Identifiers

Originator's Identifier 47CTD350
BODC Series Reference 743855

Time Co-ordinates(UT)

Start Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2000-02-12 21:35
End Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) -
Nominal Cycle Interval 2.0 decibars

Spatial Co-ordinates

Latitude 60.81650 S ( 60° 49.0' S )
Longitude 54.71000 W ( 54° 42.6' W )
Positional Uncertainty Unspecified
Minimum Sensor Depth 0.99 m
Maximum Sensor Depth 2204.0 m
Minimum Sensor Height -150.0 m
Maximum Sensor Height 2053.01 m
Sea Floor Depth 2054.0 m
Sensor Distribution Variable common depth - All sensors are grouped effectively at the same depth, but this depth varies significantly during the series
Sensor Depth Datum Instantaneous - Depth measured below water line or instantaneous water body surface
Sea Floor Depth Datum Approximate - Depth is only approximate


BODC CODE Rank Units Short Title Title
CNDCST01 1 Siemens per metre CTDCond Electrical conductivity of the water body by CTD
POTMCV01 1 Degrees Celsius WC_Potemp Potential temperature of the water body by computation using UNESCO 1983 algorithm
PRESPR01 1 Decibars Pres_Z Pressure (spatial co-ordinate) exerted by the water body by profiling pressure sensor and corrected to read zero at sea level
PSALCC01 1 Dimensionless P_sal_CTD_calib Practical salinity of the water body by CTD and computation using UNESCO 1983 algorithm and calibration against independent measurements
SIGTPR01 1 Kilograms per cubic metre SigTheta Sigma-theta of the water body by CTD and computation from salinity and potential temperature using UNESCO algorithm
TEMPCU01 1 Degrees Celsius Uncal_CTD_Temp Temperature of the water body by CTD and NO verification against independent measurements

Definition of Rank

  • Rank 1 is a one-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 2 is a two-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 0 is a one-dimensional parameter describing the second dimension of a two-dimensional parameter (e.g. bin depths for moored ADCP data)

Problem Reports

No Problem Report Found in the Database

Maximum Instrument Depth Greater Than Sea Floor Depth


It is possible for the maximum depth of a CTD/XBT cast to exceed the estimated sea floor depth at a given location.

The depth of a CTD unit is calculated from its measurements of pressure using an algorithm which makes assumptions about the density profile of the water column and XBT depth is often estimated from an assumed descent rate. Similarly, total water depth is calculated from the two-way travel time of sound waves through the water column making assumptions about the velocity of the sound waves. All of these calculations may contain errors, and the depth of a CTD/XBT unit may therefore appear to be below the sea floor.

Other Instrument Types

It is possible that instrument depths are taken from instantaneous measurements whereas water depth is read from a chart or corrected to a datum, such as mean sea level. If this occurs and the instrument depth has been read at high tide it is possible that an instrument mounted on the sea floor will have a depth half of the tidal range below the sea floor depth.

Data Access Policy

Open Data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)

You must always use the following attribution statement to acknowledge the source of the information: "Contains data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council."

Narrative Documents

Sea-Bird Electronics SBE 911 and SBE 917 series CTD profilers

The SBE 911 and SBE 917 series of conductivity-temperature-depth (CTD) units are used to collect hydrographic profiles, including temperature, conductivity and pressure as standard. Each profiler consists of an underwater unit and deck unit or SEARAM. Auxiliary sensors, such as fluorometers, dissolved oxygen sensors and transmissometers, and carousel water samplers are commonly added to the underwater unit.

Underwater unit

The CTD underwater unit (SBE 9 or SBE 9 plus ) comprises a protective cage (usually with a carousel water sampler), including a main pressure housing containing power supplies, acquisition electronics, telemetry circuitry, and a suite of modular sensors. The original SBE 9 incorporated Sea-Bird's standard modular SBE 3 temperature sensor and SBE 4 conductivity sensor, and a Paroscientific Digiquartz pressure sensor. The conductivity cell was connected to a pump-fed plastic tubing circuit that could include auxiliary sensors. Each SBE 9 unit was custom built to individual specification. The SBE 9 was replaced in 1997 by an off-the-shelf version, termed the SBE 9 plus , that incorporated the SBE 3 plus (or SBE 3P) temperature sensor, SBE 4C conductivity sensor and a Paroscientific Digiquartz pressure sensor. Sensors could be connected to a pump-fed plastic tubing circuit or stand-alone.

Temperature, conductivity and pressure sensors

The conductivity, temperature, and pressure sensors supplied with Sea-Bird CTD systems have outputs in the form of variable frequencies, which are measured using high-speed parallel counters. The resulting count totals are converted to numeric representations of the original frequencies, which bear a direct relationship to temperature, conductivity or pressure. Sampling frequencies for these sensors are typically set at 24 Hz.

The temperature sensing element is a glass-coated thermistor bead, pressure-protected inside a stainless steel tube, while the conductivity sensing element is a cylindrical, flow-through, borosilicate glass cell with three internal platinum electrodes. Thermistor resistance or conductivity cell resistance, respectively, is the controlling element in an optimized Wien Bridge oscillator circuit, which produces a frequency output that can be converted to a temperature or conductivity reading. These sensors are available with depth ratings of 6800 m (aluminium housing) or 10500 m (titanium housing). The Paroscientific Digiquartz pressure sensor comprises a quartz crystal resonator that responds to pressure-induced stress, and temperature is measured for thermal compensation of the calculated pressure.

Additional sensors

Optional sensors for dissolved oxygen, pH, light transmission, fluorescence and others do not require the very high levels of resolution needed in the primary CTD channels, nor do these sensors generally offer variable frequency outputs. Accordingly, signals from the auxiliary sensors are acquired using a conventional voltage-input multiplexed A/D converter (optional). Some Sea-Bird CTDs use a strain gauge pressure sensor (Senso-Metrics) in which case their pressure output data is in the same form as that from the auxiliary sensors as described above.

Deck unit or SEARAM

Each underwater unit is connected to a power supply and data logging system: the SBE 11 (or SBE 11 plus ) deck unit allows real-time interfacing between the deck and the underwater unit via a conductive wire, while the submersible SBE 17 (or SBE 17 plus ) SEARAM plugs directly into the underwater unit and data are downloaded on recovery of the CTD. The combination of SBE 9 and SBE 17 or SBE 11 are termed SBE 917 or SBE 911, respectively, while the combinations of SBE 9 plus and SBE 17 plus or SBE 11 plus are termed SBE 917 plus or SBE 911 plus .


Specifications for the SBE 9 plus underwater unit are listed below:

Parameter Range Initial accuracy Resolution at 24 Hz Response time
Temperature -5 to 35°C 0.001°C 0.0002°C 0.065 sec
Conductivity 0 to 7 S m -1 0.0003 S m -1 0.00004 S m -1 0.065 sec (pumped)
Pressure 0 to full scale (1400, 2000, 4200, 6800 or 10500 m) 0.015% of full scale 0.001% of full scale 0.015 sec

Further details can be found in the manufacturer's specification sheet .

James Clark Ross JR47 CTD Data Document

Sampling strategy

See cruise report from p.125

*NOTE* cruise report specifies 30 CTD profiles, data from 29 casts were supplied to BODC. This is because although the intention was to sample the 'standard' locations along the drake passage transect, the actual stations sampled lie mid-way between each of these points, reducing the number of stations sampled by one.

Instrumentation and data processing by originator

See cruise report from p.125

Sea-Bird processing

See cruise report from p.127

*NOTE* Salinity was derived during the initial processing. (See CR p.129 for details) and direct correspondence with the originator explains that Potential Temperature was also a derived parameter (from Pressure, Temperature and Conductivity)

BODC post-processing and screening


The data were recieved from Mark Brandon (OU, formerly BAS) in Pstar format.

The data were converted from PStar format into BODC internal format (QXF) to allow the use of in-house visualization tools. In addition to reformatting, the transfer process (TR360) applied the following modifications to the data: derived SigmaTheta.

The following variables were transferred from the source file


The Reformatted CTD data were displayed onto a graphical editor (EDSERPLO) for visualization and flagging. The data supplied was only downcast data, which had already been trimmed to exclude data logged as the sensors were stabilizing at the surface, and pauses before the upcast. No anomalous points were flagged during BODC screening.


Once quality control screening was complete, the CTD downcasts were loaded into BODC's National Oceanographic database under the ORACLE Relational Database Management System.

Project Information

World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE)

The World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) was a major international experiment which made measurements and undertook modelling studies of the deep oceans in order to provide a much improved understanding of the role of ocean circulation in changing and ameliorating the Earth's climate.

WOCE had two major goals:

Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR)

CLIVAR is an international research programme investigating climate variability and predictability on different time-scales and the response of the climate system to anthropogenic forcing. Climate variability, its extremes and possible future changes, has a strong impact on mankind. CLIVAR seeks to better understand and predict our climate in order to take precautions and to reduce impacts of climate variability and change on our planet. CLIVAR is one of the major components of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). It started in 1995 and will have a lifetime of 15 years.

The specific objectives of CLIVAR are:

Further information may be obtained from the Official CLIVAR Project web site and theBODC web site

Data Activity or Cruise Information


Cruise Name JR20000113 (JR47)
Departure Date 2000-01-13
Arrival Date 2000-02-17
Principal Scientist(s)Jonathan L Watkins (British Antarctic Survey), Mark Brandon (British Antarctic Survey), R W White (Joint Nature Conservation Committee Aberdeen Office)
Ship RRS James Clark Ross

Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here

Fixed Station Information

Fixed Station Information

Station NameDrake Passage - WOCE SR1b
CategoryOffshore route/traverse

World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) Southern Repeat Section 1B - Falkland Islands to Elephant Island

WOCE Southern Repeat Section 1B is a section across Drake Passage in the South Atlantic Ocean. The nominal end points of the section (to date) are at 52° 55.74' S, 58° 00.00' W (at the south of the Falkland Islands) and 61° 03.05' S, 54° 33.10' W (off Elephant Island at the north end of the Antarctic Peninsula).

The section was first occupied by the R/V Polarstern in 1992 (Gersonde, 1993). The first UK occupation of SR1b followed on RRS Discovery later the same year. The National Oceanography Centre, Southampton (formerly known as Southampton Oceanography Centre), in collaboration with the British Antarctic Survey, have occupied the section most years since 1993 on the RRS James Clark Ross. Additionally, there were three Spanish occupations on R/V Hespérides in February 1995, 1996 and 1998 (Garcia et al., 2002). A Drake Passage summary report for RRS James Clark Ross cruises between 1993 - 2000 has been produced.

A table of cruises which occupied SR1b is presented below with links to the relevant cruise reports (were available).

Cruise Country Start Date End Date
R/V Polarstern ANT 10-5 Germany 08-08-1992 26-09-1992
RRS Discovery D198 United Kingdom 11-11-1992 17-12-1992
RRS James Clark Ross JR0a United Kingdom 20-11-1993 18-12-1993
RRS James Clark Ross JR0b United Kingdom 13-11-1994 30-11-1994
R/V Hespérides 29HE19951203 Spain 03-12-1995 06-01-1996
R/V Hespérides 29HE19960117 Spain 17-01-1996 05-02-1996
RRS James Clark Ross JR16 United Kingdom 13-11-1996 07-12-1996
RRS James Clark Ross JR27 United Kingdom 17-12-1997 08-01-1998
R/V Hespérides 29HE19980730 Spain 27-07-1998 27-08-1998
RRS James Clark Ross JR47 United Kingdom 13-01-2000 17-02-2000
RRS James Clark Ross JR55 United Kingdom 21-11-2000 14-12-2000
RRS James Clark Ross JR67 United Kingdom 19-11-2001 17-12-2001
RRS James Clark Ross JR81 United Kingdom 18-12-2002 02-01-2003
RRS James Clark Ross JR94 United Kingdom 28-11-2003 16-12-2003
RRS James Clark Ross JR115 United Kingdom 01-12-2004 19-12-2004
RRS James Clark Ross JR139 United Kingdom 05-12-2005 12-12-2005
RRS James Clark Ross JR163 United Kingdom 06-12-2006 15-12-2006
RRS James Clark Ross JR193 United Kingdom 29-11-2007 08-12-2007
RRS James Clark Ross JR194 United Kingdom 12-12-2008 20-12-2008
RRS James Cook JC031 United Kingdom 03-02-2009 03-03-2009
RRS James Clark Ross JR195 United Kingdom 19-11-2009 26-11-2009
RRS James Clark Ross JR242 United Kingdom 06-12-2010 18-12-2000
RRS James Clark Ross JR276 United Kingdom 09-04-2011 26-04-2011
RRS James Clark Ross JR265 and JR254D United Kingdom 27-11-2011 24-12-2011
RRS James Cook JC069 United Kingdom 31-01-2012 21-03-2012
RRS James Clark Ross JR281 United Kingdom 17-03-2013 27-04-2013
RRS James Clark Ross JR299 United Kingdom 08-03-2014 29-03-2014
RRS James Clark Ross JR306 United Kingdom 10-01-2015 20-01-2015
RRS James Clark Ross JR15003 United Kingdom 17-12-2015 13-01-2016
RRS James Clark Ross JR16002 United Kingdom 10-11-2016 03-12-2016


García, M. A., I. Bladé, A. Cruzado, Z. Velásquez, H. García, J. Puigdefàbregas and J. Sospedra, 2002: Observed variability of water properties and transports on the World Ocean Circulation Experiment SR1b section across the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. J. Geophys. Res. 107 (C10) 3162, 10.1029/2000JC000277.

Gersonde, R., 1993: The Expedition Antarktis X/5 of RV Polarstern in 1992. Berichte zur Polarforschung, 131, 167 pp.

Other Series linked to this Fixed Station for this cruise - 743818 743831 743843 743867 743879 743880 743892 743911 743923 743935 743947 743959 743960 743972 743984 743996 744011 744023 744035 744047 744059 744060 744072 744084 744096 744103 744115 744127

Other Cruises linked to this Fixed Station (with the number of series) - JC031 (105) JC069 (UKD-3) (20) JR15003 (28) JR16002 (64) JR19931120 (JR00a) (30) JR19941113 (JR0B) (29) JR19961128 (JR16) (29) JR19971217 (JR27) (54) JR20001121 (JR55) (31) JR20021224 (JR81) (32) JR20031211 (JR94) (30) JR20041201 (JR111, JR115) (35) JR20071129 (JR171, JR193, JR196 Leg1, JR212) (32) JR20081212 (JR194, JR197) (30) JR20091118 (JR195, JR198) (33) JR20101205 (JR242) (9) JR20110409 (JR276, UKD-2.5) (44) JR20111127 (JR254D, JR264, JR265) (31) JR20130317 (JR252B, JR272B, JR273A, JR281, UKD-4) (64) JR20140309 (JR293 Leg1, JR299 Leg1, UKD-5) (139) JR20150110 (JR305, JR306) (31)

Fixed Station Information

Station NameDrake Passage
CategoryOffshore area
Latitude59° 0.00' S
Longitude62° 0.00' W
Water depth below MSL

Drake Passage

The World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE, 1990-1998) was a major international experiment which made measurements and undertook modelling studies of the deep oceans in order to provide a much improved understanding of the role of ocean circulation in changing and ameliorating the Earth's climate.

The Drake Passage is the narrowest constriction of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) - the largest current in the world and connects all three major oceanic basins both horizontally and vertically, thus being a key control in the global overturning circulation.Within the Drake Passage, two repeat hydrographic sections (SR1 and SR1b) were established by WOCE. These were designed to extend measurements collected earlier by the International Southern Ocean Studies (ISOS) programme and have continued beyond the WOCE time-frame.

The original section was SR1 (which also covers part of the A21 one time survey track). Subsequently, the section was shifted to the east (and designated SR1b) in order for it to lie on a satellite ground track as illustrated in the image below.

BODC image

In addition to the hydrographic measurements, UK research in Drake Passage also includes a network of coastal and deep tide gauges, analysis of satellite altimeter data, and state-of-the-art global numerical modeling.

Other Series linked to this Fixed Station for this cruise - 743818 743831 743843 743867 743879 743880 743892 743911 743923 743935 743947 743959 743960 743972 743984 743996 744011 744023 744035 744047 744059 744060 744072 744084 744096 744103 744115 744127

Other Cruises linked to this Fixed Station (with the number of series) - JC031 (247) JC041 (UKD-1) (66) JC054 (UKD-2) (146) JC069 (UKD-3) (58) JR15003 (28) JR16002 (61) JR19931120 (JR00a) (30) JR19941113 (JR0B) (29) JR19961128 (JR16) (29) JR20001121 (JR55) (32) JR20021224 (JR81) (32) JR20031211 (JR94) (30) JR20041201 (JR111, JR115) (35) JR20050124 (JR112, JR113) (4) JR20060216 (JR136, JR137) (1) JR20061206 (JR155, JR163, JR164) (1) JR20071129 (JR171, JR193, JR196 Leg1, JR212) (32) JR20091118 (JR195, JR198) (33) JR20101205 (JR242) (9) JR20110409 (JR276, UKD-2.5) (66) JR20130317 (JR252B, JR272B, JR273A, JR281, UKD-4) (175) JR20140309 (JR293 Leg1, JR299 Leg1, UKD-5) (21) JR20150110 (JR305, JR306) (1) RATS/CTD100 (1) RATS/CTD103 (1) RATS/CTD106 (1) RATS/CTD108 (1) RATS/CTD111 (1) RATS/CTD113 (1) RATS/CTD115 (1) RATS/CTD120 (1) RATS/CTD122 (1) RATS/CTD124 (1) RATS/CTD126 (1) RATS/CTD129 (1) RATS/CTD131 (1) RATS/CTD133 (1) RATS/CTD136 (1) RATS/CTD138 (1) RATS/CTD140 (1) RATS/CTD142 (1) RATS/CTD145 (1) RATS/CTD147 (1) RATS/CTD150 (1) RATS/CTD151 (1) RATS/CTD153 (1) RATS/CTD154 (1) RATS/CTD156 (1) RATS/CTD157 (1) RATS/CTD160 (1) RATS/CTD163 (1) RATS/CTD164 (1) RATS/CTD166 (1) RATS/CTD167 (1) RATS/CTD169 (1) RATS/CTD170 (1) RATS/CTD173 (1) RATS/CTD175 (1) RATS/CTD177 (1) RATS/CTD180 (1) RATS/CTD182 (1) RATS/CTD184 (1) RATS/CTD186 (1) RATS/CTD189 (1) RATS/CTD191 (1) RATS/CTD193 (1) RATS/CTD195 (1) RATS/CTD198 (1) RATS/CTD200 (1) RATS/CTD202 (1) RATS/CTD204 (1) RATS/CTD206 (1) RATS/CTD208 (1) RATS/CTD210 (1) RATS/CTD214 (1) RATS/CTD217 (1) RATS/CTD219 (1) RATS/CTD221 (1) RATS/CTD223 (1) RATS/CTD225 (1) RATS/CTD227 (1) RATS/CTD230 (1) RATS/CTD232 (1) RATS/CTD234 (1) RATS/CTD237 (1) RATS/CTD239 (1) RATS/CTD241 (1) RATS/CTD243 (1) RATS/CTD245 (1) RATS/CTD247 (1) RATS/CTD249 (1) RATS/CTD251 (1) RATS/CTD254 (1) RATS/CTD256 (1) RATS/CTD258 (1) RATS/CTD260 (1) RATS/CTD262 (1) RATS/CTD265 (1) RATS/CTD267 (1) RATS/CTD269 (1) RATS/CTD271 (1) RATS/CTD273 (1) RATS/CTD275 (1) RATS/CTD277 (1) RATS/CTD281 (1) RATS/CTD283 (1) RATS/CTD285 (1) RATS/CTD287 (1) RATS/CTD289 (1) RATS/CTD291 (1) RATS/CTD293 (1) RATS/CTD295 (1) RATS/CTD297 (1) RATS/CTD301 (1) RATS/CTD305 (1) RATS/CTD307 (1) RATS/CTD309 (1) RATS/CTD311 (1) RATS/CTD313 (1) RATS/CTD315 (1) RATS/CTD317 (1) RATS/CTD319 (1) RATS/CTD321 (1) RATS/CTD323 (1) RATS/CTD325 (1) RATS/CTD327 (1) RATS/CTD329 (1) RATS/CTD331 (1) RATS/CTD335 (1) RATS/CTD337 (1) RATS/CTD341 (1) RATS/CTD343 (1) RATS/CTD345 (1) RATS/CTD347 (1) RATS/CTD351 (1) RATS/CTD353 (1) RATS/CTD355 (1) RATS/CTD357 (1) RATS/CTD361 (1) RATS/CTD363 (1) RATS/CTD365 (1) RATS/CTD373 (1) RATS/CTD375 (1) RATS/CTD377 (1) RATS/CTD379 (1) RATS/CTD381 (1) RATS/CTD383 (1) RATS/CTD385 (1) RATS/CTD387 (1) RATS/CTD389 (1) RATS/CTD395 (1) RATS/CTD397 (1) RATS/CTD399 (1) RATS/CTD401 (1) RATS/CTD403 (1) RATS/CTD405 (1) RATS/CTD407 (1) RATS/CTD409 (1) RATS/CTD411 (1) RATS/CTD415 (1) RATS/CTD417 (1) RATS/CTD419 (1) RATS/CTD423 (1) RATS/CTD425 (1) RATS/CTD427 (1) RATS/CTD429 (1) RATS/CTD43 (1) RATS/CTD431 (1) RATS/CTD433 (1) RATS/CTD437 (1) RATS/CTD439 (1) RATS/CTD443 (1) RATS/CTD445 (1) RATS/CTD461 (1) RATS/CTD463 (1) RATS/CTD465 (1) RATS/CTD467 (1) RATS/CTD469 (1) RATS/CTD471 (1) RATS/CTD473 (1) RATS/CTD475 (1) RATS/CTD477 (1) RATS/CTD479 (1) RATS/CTD481 (1) RATS/CTD483 (1) RATS/CTD485 (1) RATS/CTD487 (1) RATS/CTD489 (1) RATS/CTD49 (1) RATS/CTD491 (1) RATS/CTD493 (1) RATS/CTD495 (1) RATS/CTD497 (1) RATS/CTD499 (1) RATS/CTD501 (1) RATS/CTD503 (1) RATS/CTD505 (1) RATS/CTD507 (1) RATS/CTD509 (1) RATS/CTD51 (1) RATS/CTD511 (1) RATS/CTD513 (1) RATS/CTD515 (1) RATS/CTD517 (1) RATS/CTD519 (1) RATS/CTD521 (1) RATS/CTD523 (1) RATS/CTD525 (1) RATS/CTD527 (1) RATS/CTD529 (1) RATS/CTD53 (1) RATS/CTD531 (1) RATS/CTD534 (1) RATS/CTD536 (1) RATS/CTD538 (1) RATS/CTD540 (1) RATS/CTD542 (1) RATS/CTD545 (1) RATS/CTD547 (1) RATS/CTD549 (1) RATS/CTD55 (1) RATS/CTD551 (1) RATS/CTD553 (1) RATS/CTD555 (1) RATS/CTD557 (1) RATS/CTD559 (1) RATS/CTD561 (1) RATS/CTD563 (1) RATS/CTD565 (1) RATS/CTD567 (1) RATS/CTD569 (1) RATS/CTD571 (1) RATS/CTD573 (1) RATS/CTD575 (1) RATS/CTD577 (1) RATS/CTD579 (1) RATS/CTD58 (1) RATS/CTD581 (1) RATS/CTD583 (1) RATS/CTD585 (1) RATS/CTD587 (1) RATS/CTD589 (1) RATS/CTD591 (1) RATS/CTD593 (1) RATS/CTD595 (1) RATS/CTD597 (1) RATS/CTD599 (1) RATS/CTD60 (1) RATS/CTD601 (1) RATS/CTD603 (1) RATS/CTD605 (1) RATS/CTD607 (1) RATS/CTD609 (1) RATS/CTD611 (1) RATS/CTD613 (1) RATS/CTD615 (1) RATS/CTD617 (1) RATS/CTD619 (1) RATS/CTD62 (1) RATS/CTD621 (1) RATS/CTD623 (1) RATS/CTD625 (1) RATS/CTD627 (1) RATS/CTD629 (1) RATS/CTD631 (1) RATS/CTD633 (1) RATS/CTD635 (1) RATS/CTD637 (1) RATS/CTD639 (1) RATS/CTD64 (1) RATS/CTD654 (1) RATS/CTD66 (1) RATS/CTD669 (1) RATS/CTD678 (1) RATS/CTD68 (1) RATS/CTD687 (1) RATS/CTD695 (1) RATS/CTD70 (1) RATS/CTD705 (1) RATS/CTD72 (1) RATS/CTD722 (1) RATS/CTD724 (1) RATS/CTD727 (1) RATS/CTD729 (1) RATS/CTD731 (1) RATS/CTD733 (1) RATS/CTD735 (1) RATS/CTD737 (1) RATS/CTD739 (1) RATS/CTD74 (1) RATS/CTD741 (1) RATS/CTD743 (1) RATS/CTD745 (1) RATS/CTD747 (1) RATS/CTD749 (1) RATS/CTD751 (1) RATS/CTD753 (1) RATS/CTD755 (1) RATS/CTD757 (1) RATS/CTD759 (1) RATS/CTD761 (1) RATS/CTD763 (1) RATS/CTD765 (1) RATS/CTD767 (1) RATS/CTD77 (1) RATS/CTD771 (1) RATS/CTD773 (1) RATS/CTD775 (1) RATS/CTD777 (1) RATS/CTD779 (1) RATS/CTD781 (1) RATS/CTD783 (1) RATS/CTD785 (1) RATS/CTD787 (1) RATS/CTD789 (1) RATS/CTD795 (1) RATS/CTD797 (1) RATS/CTD799 (1) RATS/CTD80 (1) RATS/CTD801 (1) RATS/CTD803 (1) RATS/CTD805 (1) RATS/CTD807 (1) RATS/CTD809 (1) RATS/CTD811 (1) RATS/CTD813 (1) RATS/CTD817 (1) RATS/CTD819 (1) RATS/CTD82 (1) RATS/CTD821 (1) RATS/CTD823 (1) RATS/CTD825 (1) RATS/CTD827 (1) RATS/CTD829 (1) RATS/CTD831 (1) RATS/CTD833 (1) RATS/CTD837 (1) RATS/CTD839 (1) RATS/CTD84 (1) RATS/CTD841 (1) RATS/CTD843 (1) RATS/CTD845 (1) RATS/CTD847 (1) RATS/CTD849 (1) RATS/CTD851 (1) RATS/CTD853 (1) RATS/CTD855 (1) RATS/CTD857 (1) RATS/CTD859 (1) RATS/CTD861 (1) RATS/CTD863 (1) RATS/CTD865 (1) RATS/CTD867 (1) RATS/CTD869 (1) RATS/CTD87 (1) RATS/CTD871 (1) RATS/CTD873 (1) RATS/CTD879 (1) RATS/CTD881 (1) RATS/CTD883 (1) RATS/CTD885 (1) RATS/CTD887 (1) RATS/CTD889 (1) RATS/CTD89 (1) RATS/CTD891 (1) RATS/CTD893 (1) RATS/CTD895 (1) RATS/CTD897 (1) RATS/CTD899 (1) RATS/CTD901 (1) RATS/CTD903 (1) RATS/CTD905 (1) RATS/CTD907 (1) RATS/CTD909 (1) RATS/CTD91 (1) RATS/CTD913 (1) RATS/CTD915 (1) RATS/CTD917 (1) RATS/CTD919 (1) RATS/CTD921 (1) RATS/CTD923 (1) RATS/CTD925 (1) RATS/CTD927 (1) RATS/CTD929 (1) RATS/CTD93 (1) RATS/CTD931 (1) RATS/CTD933 (1) RATS/CTD935 (1) RATS/CTD937 (1) RATS/CTD939 (1) RATS/CTD941 (1) RATS/CTD943 (1) RATS/CTD945 (1) RATS/CTD947 (1) RATS/CTD949 (1) RATS/CTD951 (1) RATS/CTD953 (1) RATS/CTD955 (1) RATS/CTD957 (1) RATS/CTD959 (1) RATS/CTD96 (1) RATS/CTD961 (1) RATS/CTD963 (1) RATS/CTD965 (1) RATS/CTD967 (1) RATS/CTD969 (1) RATS/CTD971 (1) RATS/CTD973 (1) RATS/CTD975 (1) RATS/CTD977 (1) RATS/CTD979 (1) RATS/CTD98 (1) RATS/CTD981 (1) RATS/CTD983 (1) RATS/CTD985 (1) RATS/CTD987 (1) RATS/CTD989 (1) RATS/CTD991 (1)

BODC Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
Blank Unqualified
< Below detection limit
> In excess of quoted value
A Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)
B Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast
C Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)
D Thermometric depth
E End of CTD Down/Up Cast
G Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty
H Extrapolated value
I Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)
K Improbable value - unknown quality control source
L Improbable value - originator's quality control
M Improbable value - BODC quality control
N Null value
O Improbable value - user quality control
P Trace/calm
Q Indeterminate
R Replacement value
S Estimated value
T Interpolated value
U Uncalibrated
W Control value
X Excessive difference

SeaDataNet Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
0 no quality control
1 good value
2 probably good value
3 probably bad value
4 bad value
5 changed value
6 value below detection
7 value in excess
8 interpolated value
9 missing value
A value phenomenon uncertain
Q value below limit of quantification