Metadata Report for BODC Series Reference Number 776953


Metadata Summary

Data Description

Data Category CTD or STD cast
Instrument Type
NameCategories
Sea-Bird SBE 43 Dissolved Oxygen Sensor  dissolved gas sensors
Chelsea Technologies Group Aquatracka fluorometer  fluorometers
Sea-Bird SBE 911plus CTD  CTD; water temperature sensor; salinity sensor
Chelsea Technologies Group Alphatracka transmissometer  transmissometers
Instrument Mounting lowered unmanned submersible
Originating Country United Kingdom
Originator Ms Jane Read
Originating Organization National Oceanography Centre, Southampton
Processing Status banked
Project(s) -
 

Data Identifiers

Originator's Identifier CTD16193
BODC Series Reference 776953
 

Time Co-ordinates(UT)

Start Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2006-10-30 05:06
End Time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2006-10-30 05:11
Nominal Cycle Interval 2.0 decibars
 

Spatial Co-ordinates

Latitude 56.68333 N ( 56° 41.0' N )
Longitude 6.28167 W ( 6° 16.9' W )
Positional Uncertainty Unspecified
Minimum Sensor Depth 3.0 m
Maximum Sensor Depth 39.0 m
Minimum Sensor Height -1.0 m
Maximum Sensor Height 35.0 m
Sea Floor Depth 38.0 m
Sensor Distribution Variable common depth - All sensors are grouped effectively at the same depth, but this depth varies significantly during the series
Sensor Depth Datum Instantaneous - Depth measured below water line or instantaneous water body surface
Sea Floor Depth Datum Instantaneous - Depth measured below water line or instantaneous water body surface
 

Parameters

BODC CODE Rank Units Short Title Title
AADYAA01 1 Days Date(Loch_Day) Date (time from 00:00 01/01/1760 to 00:00 UT on day)
AAFDZZ01 1 Days Time(Day_Fract) Time (time between 00:00 UT and timestamp)
ACYCAA01 1 Dimensionless Record_No Sequence number
CNDCST01 1 Siemens per metre CTDCond Electrical conductivity of the water body by CTD
CNDCST02 1 Siemens per metre CTDCond2 Electrical conductivity of the water body by CTD (sensor 2)
CPHLPM01 1 Milligrams per cubic metre chl-a_water_ISfluor_manufctrcal_sensor1 Concentration of chlorophyll-a {chl-a CAS 479-61-8} per unit volume of the water body [particulate >unknown phase] by in-situ chlorophyll fluorometer and manufacturer's calibration applied
DOXYSC01 1 Micromoles per litre WC_dissO2_calib Concentration of oxygen {O2 CAS 7782-44-7} per unit volume of the water body [dissolved plus reactive particulate phase] by Sea-Bird SBE 43 sensor and calibration against sample data
POPTDR01 1 Percent Trans_Red_25cm Transmittance (red light wavelength) per 25cm of the water body by 25cm path length red light transmissometer
PRESPR01 1 Decibars Pres_Z Pressure (spatial co-ordinate) exerted by the water body by profiling pressure sensor and corrected to read zero at sea level
PSALCC01 1 Dimensionless P_sal_CTD_calib Practical salinity of the water body by CTD and computation using UNESCO 1983 algorithm and calibration against independent measurements
PSALCC02 1 Dimensionless P_sal_CTD_calib2 Practical salinity of the water body by CTD (second sensor) and computation using UNESCO 1983 algorithm and calibration against independent measurements
TEMPCU01 1 Degrees Celsius Uncal_CTD_Temp Temperature of the water body by CTD and NO verification against independent measurements
TEMPCU02 1 Degrees Celsius Uncal_CTD_Temp2 Temperature of the water body by CTD (second sensor) and NO verification against independent measurements
 

Definition of Rank

  • Rank 1 is a one-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 2 is a two-dimensional parameter
  • Rank 0 is a one-dimensional parameter describing the second dimension of a two-dimensional parameter (e.g. bin depths for moored ADCP data)

Problem Reports

No Problem Report Found in the Database


Data Access Policy

Open Data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)

You must always use the following attribution statement to acknowledge the source of the information: "Contains data supplied by Natural Environment Research Council."


Narrative Documents

Sea-Bird Dissolved Oxygen Sensor SBE 43 and SBE 43F

The SBE 43 is a dissolved oxygen sensor designed for marine applications. It incorporates a high-performance Clark polarographic membrane with a pump that continuously plumbs water through it, preventing algal growth and the development of anoxic conditions when the sensor is taking measurements.

Two configurations are available: SBE 43 produces a voltage output and can be incorporated with any Sea-Bird CTD that accepts input from a 0-5 volt auxiliary sensor, while the SBE 43F produces a frequency output and can be integrated with an SBE 52-MP (Moored Profiler CTD) or used for OEM applications. The specifications below are common to both.

Specifications

Housing Plastic or titanium
Membrane

0.5 mil- fast response, typical for profile applications

1 mil- slower response, typical for moored applications

Depth rating

600 m (plastic) or 7000 m (titanium)

10500 m titanium housing available on request

Measurement range 120% of surface saturation
Initial accuracy 2% of saturation
Typical stability 0.5% per 1000 h

Further details can be found in the manufacturer's specification sheet .

Instrument Description

CTD Unit and Auxiliary Sensors

A total of 65 CTD casts were undertaken on this cruise using a Seabird 911 plus CTD unit (s/n 09P-37898-0782) with 24 way rosette (SBE32 24WAY rosette 32-0344) provided with 20L bottles. A list of calibrated parameters and instrumentation used is shown below.

Parameter Instrument Serial number Calibration
Pressure SBE Pressure 94756 Calibrated 15/4/2004 corrected with on deck measurements
Temperature Two SBE3 Premium temperature sensor fitted to CTD 03P-2728 and 03P-4490 Calibrated by manufacturer 15/06/06 (03P-2728) and 11/06/2006 (03P-4490)
Conductivity Sea-Bird 4 conductivity sensor 04C-2851 and 04C-2450 Calibrated by Manufacturer 09/06/006 and 15/06/06 respectively
Oxygen Concentration Sea-Bird 43 dissolved oxygen sensor 0612 Calibrated by Manufacturer 24/11/2005
Fluorometer Chelsea Aquatracka 3 Fluorometer 088108 Calibrated by Manufacturer 17/11/2004 and from bottle samples
Transmissometer Chelsea Alphatracka MKII Transmissometer 04-4223-001 Calibrated by Manufacturer 08/12/2004
Backscatter meter WETLabs scattering meter BBRTD 169 Calibrated by Manufacturer 07/07/2005

Sea-Bird Electronics SBE 911 and SBE 917 series CTD profilers

The SBE 911 and SBE 917 series of conductivity-temperature-depth (CTD) units are used to collect hydrographic profiles, including temperature, conductivity and pressure as standard. Each profiler consists of an underwater unit and deck unit or SEARAM. Auxiliary sensors, such as fluorometers, dissolved oxygen sensors and transmissometers, and carousel water samplers are commonly added to the underwater unit.

Underwater unit

The CTD underwater unit (SBE 9 or SBE 9 plus ) comprises a protective cage (usually with a carousel water sampler), including a main pressure housing containing power supplies, acquisition electronics, telemetry circuitry, and a suite of modular sensors. The original SBE 9 incorporated Sea-Bird's standard modular SBE 3 temperature sensor and SBE 4 conductivity sensor, and a Paroscientific Digiquartz pressure sensor. The conductivity cell was connected to a pump-fed plastic tubing circuit that could include auxiliary sensors. Each SBE 9 unit was custom built to individual specification. The SBE 9 was replaced in 1997 by an off-the-shelf version, termed the SBE 9 plus , that incorporated the SBE 3 plus (or SBE 3P) temperature sensor, SBE 4C conductivity sensor and a Paroscientific Digiquartz pressure sensor. Sensors could be connected to a pump-fed plastic tubing circuit or stand-alone.

Temperature, conductivity and pressure sensors

The conductivity, temperature, and pressure sensors supplied with Sea-Bird CTD systems have outputs in the form of variable frequencies, which are measured using high-speed parallel counters. The resulting count totals are converted to numeric representations of the original frequencies, which bear a direct relationship to temperature, conductivity or pressure. Sampling frequencies for these sensors are typically set at 24 Hz.

The temperature sensing element is a glass-coated thermistor bead, pressure-protected inside a stainless steel tube, while the conductivity sensing element is a cylindrical, flow-through, borosilicate glass cell with three internal platinum electrodes. Thermistor resistance or conductivity cell resistance, respectively, is the controlling element in an optimized Wien Bridge oscillator circuit, which produces a frequency output that can be converted to a temperature or conductivity reading. These sensors are available with depth ratings of 6800 m (aluminium housing) or 10500 m (titanium housing). The Paroscientific Digiquartz pressure sensor comprises a quartz crystal resonator that responds to pressure-induced stress, and temperature is measured for thermal compensation of the calculated pressure.

Additional sensors

Optional sensors for dissolved oxygen, pH, light transmission, fluorescence and others do not require the very high levels of resolution needed in the primary CTD channels, nor do these sensors generally offer variable frequency outputs. Accordingly, signals from the auxiliary sensors are acquired using a conventional voltage-input multiplexed A/D converter (optional). Some Sea-Bird CTDs use a strain gauge pressure sensor (Senso-Metrics) in which case their pressure output data is in the same form as that from the auxiliary sensors as described above.

Deck unit or SEARAM

Each underwater unit is connected to a power supply and data logging system: the SBE 11 (or SBE 11 plus ) deck unit allows real-time interfacing between the deck and the underwater unit via a conductive wire, while the submersible SBE 17 (or SBE 17 plus ) SEARAM plugs directly into the underwater unit and data are downloaded on recovery of the CTD. The combination of SBE 9 and SBE 17 or SBE 11 are termed SBE 917 or SBE 911, respectively, while the combinations of SBE 9 plus and SBE 17 plus or SBE 11 plus are termed SBE 917 plus or SBE 911 plus .

Specifications

Specifications for the SBE 9 plus underwater unit are listed below:

Parameter Range Initial accuracy Resolution at 24 Hz Response time
Temperature -5 to 35°C 0.001°C 0.0002°C 0.065 sec
Conductivity 0 to 7 S m -1 0.0003 S m -1 0.00004 S m -1 0.065 sec (pumped)
Pressure 0 to full scale (1400, 2000, 4200, 6800 or 10500 m) 0.015% of full scale 0.001% of full scale 0.015 sec

Further details can be found in the manufacturer's specification sheet .

Aquatracka fluorometer

The Chelsea Instruments Aquatracka is a logarithmic response fluorometer. It uses a pulsed (5.5 Hz) xenon light source discharging between 320 and 800 nm through a blue filter with a peak transmission of 420 nm and a bandwidth at half maximum of 100 nm. A red filter with sharp cut off, 10% transmission at 664 nm and 678 nm, is used to pass chlorophyll-a fluorescence to the sample photodiode.

The instrument may be deployed either in a through-flow tank, on a CTD frame or moored with a data logging package.

Further details can be found in the manufacturer's specification sheet .

Chelsea Technologies Group ALPHAtracka and ALPHAtracka II transmissometers

The Chelsea Technologies Group ALPHA tracka (the Mark I) and its successor, the ALPHA tracka II (the Mark II), are both accurate (< 0.3 % fullscale) transmissometers that measure the beam attenuation coefficient at 660 nm. Green (565 nm), yellow (590 nm) and blue (470 nm) wavelength variants are available on special order.

The instrument consists of a Transmitter/Reference Assembly and a Detector Assembly aligned and spaced apart by an open support frame. The housing and frame are both manufactured in titanium and are pressure rated to 6000 m depth.

The Transmitter/Reference housing is sealed by an end cap. Inside the housing an LED light source emits a collimated beam through a sealed window. The Detector housing is also sealed by an end cap. A signal photodiode is placed behind a sealed window to receive the collimated beam from the Transmitter.

The primary difference between the ALPHA tracka and ALPHA tracka II is that the Alphatracka II is implemented with surface-mount technology; this has enabled a much smaller diameter pressure housing to be used while retaining exactly the same optical train as in the Mark I. Data from the Mark II version are thus fully compatible with that already obtained with the Mark I. The performance of the Mark II is further enhanced by two electronic developments from Chelsea Technologies Group - firstly, all items are locked in a signal nulling loop of near infinite gain and, secondly, the signal output linearity is inherently defined by digital circuitry only.

Among other advantages noted above, these features ensure that the optical intensity of the Mark II, indicated by the output voltage, is accurately represented by a straight line interpolation between a reading near full-scale under known conditions and a zero reading when blanked off.

For optimum measurements in a wide range of environmental conditions, the Mark I and Mark II are available in 5 cm, 10 cm and 25 cm path length versions. Output is default factory set to 2.5 volts but can be adjusted to 5 volts on request.

Further details about the Mark II instrument are available from the Chelsea Technologies Group ALPHA tracka II specification sheet .

BODC processing and screening

Reformatting the data

The CTD data were supplied to BODC as processed 2db Pstar files. The Pstar files were converted (using transfer trn360) into BODC internal QXF format (a BODC-defined subset of NetCDF). BODC parameter codes are used to map any variable measured. Null data were set to the appropriate absent data values for the code in the BODC parameter dictionary and flagged 'N', data outside parameter dictionary range flagged 'M' and already flagged data given an 'L' flag.

Originator's Variable Units Description BODC Parameter BODC units Comments
Press dbar Pressure (spatial coordinate) exerted by the water column by profiling pressure sensor and corrected to read zero at sea level. PRESPR01 dbar None
Temp deg C Temperature from primary sensor TEMPCU01 deg C None
Temp2 deg C Temperature from the secondary sensor TEMPCU02 deg C None
Cond mS/cm Electrical conductivity of the water column by CTD primary sensor CNDCST01 S/m Converted from mS/cm during transfer to QXF
Cond2 mS/cm Electrical conductivity of the water column by CTD secondary sensor CNDCST02 S/m Converted from mS/cm during transfer to QXF
Salin psu Salinity from the primary sensors PSALCC01 psu None
Salin2 psu Salinity from the secondary sensors PSALCC02 psu None
Fluor ug/l Concentration of chlorophyll-a {chl-a} per unit volume of the water body [particulate phase] by in-situ chlorophyll fluorometer and manufacturer's calibration applied CPHLPM01 Milligrams per cubic metre None
Oxygen uM/l Concentration of oxygen (O2) per unit volume of the water column (dissolved phase) by Sea-Bird SBE 42 sensor and calibration against sample data DOXYSC01 uM/l None
Oxyv volts Raw output from the oxygen sensor - - Not transferred
Trans % Transmittance (red light wavelength) per 25cm of the water body by 25cm path length red light transmissometer POPTDR01 % None
BBRTD volts Instrument output (voltage) by WET Labs optical backscatter meter - - Not transfered due to fault with the sensor
Sigma0 Kg/m 3 - - - Not transferred
potemp deg.c Potential temperature from the primary sensor - - Not transferred
potemp2 deg.c Potential temperature from the secondary sensor - - Not transferred

Screening

Reformatted CTD data were transferred onto a graphics work station for visualisation using the in-house editor EDSERPLO. EDSERPLO provides a graphical representation of the data so that parameters can be visually checked for inaccuracies. Checks include identifying anomalous data spikes, gaps in the data and values that lie outside of expected limits for the instrument or environment. No data values were edited or deleted so any suspicious data can be viewed and accepted or rejected by the viewer. Flagging was achieved by modification of the associated quality control flag.

Originators Data Processing

Sampling strategy

The aim of the RSS Discovery cruise ( D312 ) was to sample the extended Ellett Line. A total of 65 stations were sampled, 17 on the Ellett Line extension, 21 on the Ellett Line, 15 on Line 'G' and 3 at sediment trap sites. A list of stations sampled for various measurements is included in the cruise report.

The Extended Ellett line is important oceanographically because it completes the measurements of the warm saline water flowing into the Nordic Seas from the eastern North Atlantic.

Data processing

CTD data was fully processed using SBE Seawave Win32 V5.35 software followed by Pstar processing to clean and reduce the data to 2db. SeaBird CTD processing routines were used as follows:
Raw CTD data (.dat) was converted from enginering units using the calibration information provided in the configuration file (.con). AlignCTD was run to shift the dissolved oxygen sensor output relative to the pressure data by 5 seconds to compensate for lags in the sensor response time. The CellTM program was run to remove the effect of thermal 'inertia' on the conductivity cells, using alpha = 0.03 and beta = 1/7 (the SeaBird recommended values for SBE911+ pumped system). Binary data files were de-spiked using WildEdit and then converted into ASCII format. The Pstar processing transfered the data files from ASCII format to Pstar binary format, smoothed the pressure, temperature and conductivity data by running a 5 point median, averaged the data to 10 second intervals and extracted the down cast date which was averaged to 2db.

Field Calibrations

Salinity

Independent salinity samples, obtained from the CTD rosette, were used to calibrate the CTD conductivity data. Differences between bottle and CTD conductivity were plotted by station. There was a significant offset between the two CTD sensors. An offset with time was also noted, with residuals varying from about -0.003 to +0.002. The sequence of stations was therefore divided into segments and, excluding outliers, the mean conductivity ratio (bottle/CTD) calculated for each segment. The resulting ratios (see cruise report) were used to correct the CTD data. Following calibration the new bottle-CTD conductivity and salinity residuals were calculated and plotted against station and pressure. Salinities are believed to be good to better than 0.002.

Oxygen

Differences between oxygen bottle samples and CTD sensor data were plotted against station. This showed a significant offset between the two and a noticeable drift with time. Unfortunately only two samples per cast were collected on the last 24 casts making it difficult to distinguish between scatter and drift. A simple straight line fit between bottle and CTD oxygen was estimated ignoring outliers and bias to shallow stations:

new oxygen = CTD oxygen * 0.63 + 51.6

The resulting residuals were plotted against station and a series of offsets estimated to make a final correction.


Project Information


No Project Information held for the Series

Data Activity or Cruise Information

Cruise

Cruise Name D312
Departure Date 2006-10-11
Arrival Date 2006-10-31
Principal Scientist(s)John T Allen (National Oceanography Centre, Southampton)
Ship RRS Discovery

Complete Cruise Metadata Report is available here


Fixed Station Information

Fixed Station Information

Station NameExtended Ellett Line
CategoryOffshore route/traverse

Extended Ellett Line

The Extended Ellett Line is a hydrographic transect consisting of 64 individual fixed stations which have been occupied, typically on an annual basis, since September 1996. The Line runs from the south of Iceland, across the Iceland Basin to the outcrop of Rockall, and across the Rockall Trough to the north west coast of Scotland (see map). CTD dips and associated water sampling for the analysis of nutrients are routinely performed during each station occupation.

The Extended Ellett Line augments the original Ellett Line time series - a shorter repeated transect which encompassed those stations between Rockall and Scotland. Work on the Ellett Line was typically carried out at least once a year between 1975 and 1996.

Map of standard stations (1996-present)

BODC image

Map produced using the GEBCO Digital Atlas

The white triangles indicate the nominal positions of the Extended Ellett Line stations visited since September 1996. Measurements made along the Extended Ellett Line lie within a box bounded by co-ordinates 56° N, 21° W at the south west corner and 65° N, 6° W at the north east corner.

Nominal Extended Ellett Line stations (September 1996-present)

Listed below are nominal details of the standard hydrographic stations that form the Extended Ellett Line. The majority of these stations have been sampled since the outset, although several have been added more recently.

Station Latitude Longitude Depth Range
IB23S 63.318 N 20.210 W 125 m -
IB22S 63.217 N 20.067 W 660 m 0.0 nm
IB21S 63.133 N 19.917 W 1030 m 6.5 nm
IB20S 62.917 N 19.550 W 1415 m 16.4 nm
IB19S 62.667 N 19.667 W 1500 m 16.0 nm
IB18S 62.333 N 19.833 W 1800 m 16.0 nm
IB17 62.000 N 20.000 W 1700 m 20.6 nm
IB16A 61.750 N 20.000 W 1797 m -
IB16 61.500 N 20.000 W 2000 m 30.1 nm
IB15 61.250 N 20.000 W 2375 m 15.0 nm
IB14 61.000 N 20.000 W 2400 m 15.0 nm
IB13A 60.750 N 20.000 W 2500 m -
IB13 60.500 N 20.000 W 2500 m 30.1 nm
IB12A 60.250 N 20.000 W 2600 m -
IB12 60.000 N 20.000 W 2700 m 30.1 nm
IB11A 59.833 N 19.500 W 2700 m -
IB11 59.667 N 19.117 W 2680 m 33.3 nm
IB10 59.400 N 18.417 W 2420 m 26.7 nm
IB9 59.333 N 18.233 W 1910 m 6.9 nm
IB8 59.200 N 17.883 W 1540 m 13.4 nm
IB7 59.117 N 17.667 W 1000 m 8.3 nm
IB6 58.950 N 17.183 W 850 m 18.0 nm
IB5 58.883 N 17.000 W 1150 m 7.0 nm
IB4A 58.667 N 16.500 W 1170 m -
IB4 58.500 N 16.000 W 1210 m 38.8 nm
IB3 58.250 N 15.333 W 680 m 25.8 nm
IB2 57.950 N 14.583 W 480 m 29.9 nm
IB1 57.667 N 13.900 W 160 m 27.7 nm
A 57.583 N 13.633 W 130 m 10.0 nm
B 57.567 N 13.333 W 210 m 9.7 nm
C 57.550 N 13.000 W 330 m 10.8 nm
D 57.542 N 12.867 W 1000 m 4.3 nm
E 57.533 N 12.633 W 1658 m 7.6 nm
F 57.508 N 12.250 W 1817 m 12.5 nm
G 57.492 N 11.850 W 1812 m 13.0 nm
H 57.483 N 11.533 W 2020 m 10.3 nm
I 57.467 N 11.317 W 750 m 7.0 nm
J 57.450 N 11.083 W 550 m 7.6 nm
K 57.400 N 10.867 W 850 m 7.6 nm
L 57.367 N 10.667 W 2076 m 6.8 nm
M 57.300 N 10.383 W 2340 m 10.1 nm
N 57.233 N 10.050 W 2100 m 11.5 nm
O 57.150 N 9.700 W 1900 m 12.4 nm
P 57.100 N 9.417 W 1050 m 9.7 nm
Q 57.050 N 9.217 W 350 m 7.2 nm
Q1 57.075 N 9.317 W 800 m -
R 57.000 N 9.000 W 135 m 7.7 nm
S 56.950 N 8.783 W 125 m 7.7 nm
15G 56.883 N 8.500 W 125 m 10.1 nm
T 56.837 N 8.333 W 120 m 6.1 nm
14G 56.808 N 8.167 W 115 m 5.7 nm
13G 56.783 N 8.000 W 110 m 5.7 nm
12G 56.758 N 7.833 W 80 m 5.7 nm
11G 56.733 N 7.667 W 55 m 5.7 nm
10G 56.733 N 7.500 W 220 m 5.5 nm
9G 56.733 N 7.333 W 160 m 5.5 nm
8G 56.733 N 7.167 W 175 m 5.5 nm
7G 56.733 N 7.000 W 145 m 5.5 nm
6G 56.733 N 6.750 W 35 m 8.2 nm
5G 56.733 N 6.600 W 75 m 4.9 nm
4G 56.733 N 6.450 W 115 m 4.9 nm
3G 56.708 N 6.367 W 75 m 3.1 nm
2G 56.683 N 6.283 W 40 m 3.2 nm
1G 56.667 N 6.133 W 190 m 5.0 nm

Occupations of the Extended Ellett Line (September 1996-present)

BODC Cruise Identifier Cruise Dates Ship
D223A 28 September-21 October 1996 RRS Discovery
D230 7 August-17 September 1997 RRS Discovery
D233 23 April-1 June 1998 RRS Discovery
D242 7 September-6 October 1999 RRS Discovery
D245 * 27 January-20 February 2000 RRS Discovery
0700S * 8-22 May 2000 FRV Scotia
D253 4 May-20 June 2001 RRS Discovery
0703S * 15 April-5 May 2003 FRV Scotia
PO300_2 * 19 July-6 August 2003 RRS Poseidon
PO314 11 July-23 July 2004 RV Poseidon
CD176 6 October-1 November 2005 RRS Charles Darwin
D312 11-31 October 2006 RRS Discovery
D321A 24 July-23 August 2007 RRS Discovery
D321B 24 August-9 September 2007 RRS Discovery
0508S * 6-25 May 2008 FRV Scotia
D340A 10-25 June 2009 RRS Discovery
D351 10-28 May 2010 RRS Discovery
D365 13 May-02 June 2011 RRS Discovery
D379 31 July-17 August 2012 RRS Discovery
JC086 6-26 May 2013 RRS James Cook
JR302 6 June-22 July 2014 RRS James Clark Ross
DY031 29 May- 17 June 2015 RRS Discovery
DY052 7-24 June 2016 RRS Discovery

* These cruises only surveyed the original hydrographic section between Scotland and Rockall.

Other Series linked to this Fixed Station for this cruise - 776246 776258 776271 776283 776295 776302 776314 776326 776338 776351 776363 776406 776418 776431 776443 776455 776467 776479 776480 776492 776523 776547 776559 776560 776572 776584 776596 776603 776615 776627 776639 776640 776652 776664 776676 776688 776707 776719 776732 776744 776756 776768 776781 776885 776897 776904 776916 776928 776941 776965

Other Cruises linked to this Fixed Station (with the number of series) - 0508S (58) 0700S (30) 0703S (20) CD176 (40) D223A (22) D230 (65) D233 (49) D242 (89) D245 (25) D253 (41) D321 (D321A) (7) D321B (41) D340A (58) D351 (23) D365 (55) D379 (64) DY052 (144) JC086 (59) JR20140531 (JR302) (75) PO300_2 (31) PO314 (53)

Fixed Station Information

Station NameEllett Line/Extended Ellett Line Station 2G
CategoryOffshore location
Latitude56° 40.98' N
Longitude6° 16.98' W
Water depth below MSL40.0 m

Ellett Line/Extended Ellett Line: Station 2G

Station 2G is one of the fixed CTD stations, which together form The Extended Ellett Line. The line lies between Iceland and the Sound of Mull (Scotland) crossing the Iceland Basin and Rockall Trough via the outcrop of Rockall. As part of this initiative, CTD dips, together with associated discrete sampling of the water column, have typically been carried out annually at this station since September 1996.

Prior to September 1996, Station 2G was part of a shorter repeated survey section, consisting of 35 fixed stations, known as The Ellett Line (originally termed the Anton Dohrn Seamount Section). This line incorporated those stations across the Rockall Trough and Scottish shelf between Rockall and the Sound of Mull and was visited at regular intervals (usually at least once a year) between 1975 and January 1996. During this period Station 2G was also referred to as Station C2.

Other Cruises linked to this Fixed Station (with the number of series) - CD176 (1) CD44 (1) CD92B (1) CH1/85 (1) CH10/81 (1) CH10/84 (1) CH101B (1) CH103 (1) CH105 (1) CH11/77 (1) CH11/83 (1) CH110 (1) CH112 (1) CH114 (1) CH116 (1) CH11B/78 (1) CH11D/78 (1) CH120 (1) CH124 (2) CH13/79 (1) CH14 (1) CH14B/78 (1) CH15/80 (1) CH15/81 (1) CH2/81 (1) CH2/82 (1) CH2/84 (1) CH22 (1) CH25 (1) CH3/83 (1) CH30 (1) CH4/77 (1) CH4/80 (1) CH4/85 (1) CH5A/76 (1) CH6/78 (1) CH63_2 (1) CH67A (1) CH6A/81 (1) CH71A (1) CH74A_1 (1) CH75B (1) CH7A/82 (2) CH7B/83 (1) CH8/76 (1) CH8/85 (1) CH81 (1) CH86B (1) CH89B (1) CH9 (1) CH9/78 (1) CH97 (1) CH9B/80 (1) D180 (1) D245 (1) D340A (1) D351 (1) D365 (1) D379 (1) DSK1/86 (1) DY031 (1) DY052 (2) FR13/85 (1) FR13/87 (1) FR14B/87 (1) FR18/87 (1) FR7B/86 (1) FR8/86 (2) JC086 (1) JR20140531 (JR302) (1) LF1/89 (1) LF2/89 (1) PO300_2 (1) PO314 (1)

Fixed Station Information

Station NameEllett Line
CategoryOffshore route/traverse

Ellett Line

The Ellett Line is a hydrographic transect consisting of 35 individual fixed stations which were occupied, usually at least once a year, between 1975 and 1996. The time series is named after the scientist David Ellett, who coordinated the survey work at Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory (DML), near Oban. The transect ran between the north west coast of Scotland to the small outcrop of Rockall, via the Anton Dohrn Seamount - a prominent bathymetric feature in the Rockall Trough (see map). STD/CTD dips and associated water sampling for the analysis of nutrients were routinely performed during each station occupation.

In 1996 the transect was lengthened to incorporate new additional fixed stations crossing the Iceland Basin from Rockall to Iceland. This transect, which is still routinely occupied annually, is now known as the Extended Ellett Line and is a collaborative effort between scientists at Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory and the Southampton site of the National Oceanography Centre (NOC).

Map of standard stations (1975-1996)

BODC image

Map produced using the GEBCO Digital Atlas

The white triangles indicate the nominal positions of the Ellett Line stations (1975- 1996). Measurements made along the Ellett Line lie within a box bounded by co-ordinates 56° 40.02' N, 13° 42.0' W at the south west corner and 57° 37.2' N, 6° 7.98' W at the north east corner.

Nominal Ellett Line stations (1975-1996)

Listed below are nominal details of the standard hydrographic stations that formed the Ellett Line between 1975 and January 1996.

Station Latitude Longitude Depth Range
A 57.583 N 13.633 W 130 m 10.0 nm
B 57.567 N 13.333 W 210 m 9.7 nm
C 57.550 N 13.000 W 330 m 10.8 nm
D 57.542 N 12.867 W 1000 m 4.3 nm
E 57.533 N 12.633 W 1658 m 7.6 nm
F 57.508 N 12.250 W 1817 m 12.5 nm
G 57.492 N 11.850 W 1812 m 13.0 nm
H 57.483 N 11.533 W 2020 m 10.3 nm
I 57.467 N 11.317 W 750 m 7.0 nm
J 57.450 N 11.083 W 550 m 7.6 nm
K 57.400 N 10.867 W 850 m 7.6 nm
L 57.367 N 10.667 W 2076 m 6.8 nm
M 57.300 N 10.383 W 2340 m 10.1 nm
N 57.233 N 10.050 W 2100 m 11.5 nm
O 57.150 N 9.700 W 1900 m 12.4 nm
P 57.100 N 9.417 W 1050 m 9.7 nm
Q 57.050 N 9.217 W 350 m 7.2 nm
R 57.000 N 9.000 W 135 m 7.7 nm
S 56.950 N 8.783 W 125 m 7.7 nm
15G 56.883 N 8.500 W 125 m 10.1 nm
T 56.837 N 8.333 W 120 m 6.1 nm
14G 56.808 N 8.167 W 115 m 5.7 nm
13G 56.783 N 8.000 W 110 m 5.7 nm
12G 56.758 N 7.833 W 80 m 5.7 nm
11G 56.733 N 7.667 W 55 m 5.7 nm
10G 56.733 N 7.500 W 220 m 5.5 nm
9G 56.733 N 7.333 W 160 m 5.5 nm
8G 56.733 N 7.167 W 175 m 5.5 nm
7G 56.733 N 7.000 W 145 m 5.5 nm
6G 56.733 N 6.750 W 35 m 8.2 nm
5G 56.733 N 6.600 W 75 m 4.9 nm
4G 56.733 N 6.450 W 115 m 4.9 nm
3G 56.708 N 6.367 W 75 m 3.1 nm
2G 56.683 N 6.283 W 40 m 3.2 nm
1G 56.667 N 6.133 W 190 m 5.0 nm

History of Ellett Line occupations (1975-January 1996)

BODC Cruise Identifier Cruise Dates Ship
CH3/75 4-13 March 1975 RRS Challenger
CH7A/75 1-6 May 1975 RRS Challenger
CH10A/75 4-10 July 1975 RRS Challenger
CH12A/75 26 August-2 September 1975 RRS Challenger
CH14A/75 7-12 November 1975 RRS Challenger
CH5A/76 29 March-5 April 1976 RRS Challenger
CH8/76 19 May-1 June 1976 RRS Challenger
CH12/76 4-15 August 1976 RRS Challenger
CH15/76 7-16 October 1976 RRS Challenger
CH17/76 7-20 December 1976 RRS Challenger
CH4/77 25 February-11 March 1977 RRS Challenger
CH6B/77 14-19 April 1977 RRS Challenger
CH10/77 29 June-10 July 1977 RRS Challenger
CH11/77 12-26 July 1977 RRS Challenger
CH13/77 20 August-3 September 1977 RRS Challenger
CH2/78 30 January-13 February 1978 RRS Challenger
CH6/78 11-21 April 1978 RRS Challenger
CH9/78 31 May-10 June 1978 RRS Challenger
CH11B/78 29 July-12 August 1978 RRS Challenger
CH11D/78 3-17 September 1978 RRS Challenger
CH14B/78 4-11 November 1978 RRS Challenger
CH7/79 10-23 May 1979 RRS Challenger
S5/79 19 June-2 July 1979 RRS Shackleton
CH13/79 11-16 September 1979 RRS Challenger
CH16/79 28 October-11 November 1979 RRS Challenger
CH4/80 26 February-7 March 1980 RRS Challenger
CH7/80 21 April-6 May 1980 RRS Challenger
CH2/81 26 January-4 February 1981 RRS Challenger
CH6A/81 CH6B/81 6-25 April 1981 RRS Challenger
CH10/81 4-14 July 1981 RRS Challenger
CH15/81 6-20 October 1981 RRS Challenger
CH7A/82 CH7B/82 26 April-16 May 1982 RRS Challenger
CH15/82 16-30 October 1982 RRS Challenger
CH7B/83 23 May-2 June 1983 RRS Challenger
CH11/83 10-24 August 1983 RRS Challenger
CH2/84 23 June-8 July 1984 RRS Challenger
CH10/84 16 November-6 December 1984 RRS Challenger
CH1/85 20 January-5 February 1985 RRS Challenger
CH4/85 2-16 May 1985 RRS Challenger
CH8/85 14-28 August 1985 RRS Challenger
CH9 8-22 January 1987 RRS Challenger
CH14 24 April-7 May 1987 RRS Challenger
CH22 23 November-5 December 1987 RRS Challenger
CH25 24 February-7 March 1988 RRS Challenger
CH30 6-23 June 1988 RRS Challenger
D180 20 January-4 February 1989 RRS Discovery
LF1/89 5-11 May 1989 RV Lough Foyle
LF2/89 4-10 August 1989 RV Lough Foyle
CD44 24 November-2 December 1989 RRS Charles Darwin
CH67A 21-29 June 1990 RRS Challenger
CH71A 29 August-5 September 1990 RRS Challenger
CH75B 23 February-3 March 1991 RRS Challenger
CH81 1-8 July 1991 RRS Challenger
CH97 25 September-6 October 1992 RRS Challenger
CH101B 13-20 March 1993 RRS Challenger
CH103 12-24 May 1993 RRS Challenger
CH105 3-16 September 1993 RRS Challenger
CH110 10-20 March 1994 RRS Challenger
CH112 28 April-13 May 1994 RRS Challenger
CH114 15-29 August 1994 RRS Challenger
CH116 17-29 November 1994 RRS Challenger
CD92B 13 April-2 May 1995 RRS Charles Darwin
CH120 18 July-6 August 1995 RRS Challenger
CH124 8-27 January 1996 RRS Challenger

Other Series linked to this Fixed Station for this cruise - 776479 776480 776492 776523 776547 776559 776560 776572 776584 776596 776603 776615 776627 776639 776640 776652 776664 776676 776688 776707 776719 776732 776744 776756 776768 776781 776885 776897 776904 776916 776928 776941 776965

Other Cruises linked to this Fixed Station (with the number of series) - 0508S (58) 0700S (30) 0703S (20) CD176 (32) CD44 (34) CD92B (47) CH1/85 (19) CH10/77 (3) CH10/81 (21) CH10/84 (22) CH101B (13) CH103 (37) CH105 (34) CH10A/75 (15) CH11/77 (28) CH11/83 (35) CH110 (19) CH112 (35) CH114 (31) CH116 (25) CH11B/78 (26) CH11D/78 (14) CH120 (28) CH124 (46) CH12A/75 (3) CH13/77 (19) CH13/79 (17) CH14 (29) CH14A/75 (21) CH14B/78 (17) CH15/80 (8) CH15/81 (16) CH16/79 (13) CH2/78 (32) CH2/81 (13) CH2/82 (4) CH2/84 (29) CH22 (14) CH25 (18) CH3/83 (1) CH30 (23) CH4/77 (19) CH4/80 (29) CH4/85 (30) CH5A/76 (18) CH6/78 (25) CH63_2 (5) CH67A (27) CH6A/81 (14) CH6B/77 (24) CH6B/81 (20) CH7/79 (18) CH7/80 (16) CH71A (32) CH74A_1 (13) CH75B (31) CH7A/75 (24) CH7A/82 (24) CH7B/82 (13) CH7B/83 (29) CH8/76 (27) CH8/85 (30) CH81 (30) CH86B (8) CH89B (9) CH9 (25) CH9/78 (22) CH97 (30) CH9B/80 (10) D180 (30) D223A (22) D230 (21) D233 (20) D242 (45) D245 (25) D253 (22) D321B (28) D340A (34) D351 (34) D365 (55) D379 (36) DSK1/86 (10) DY052 (74) FR13/85 (12) FR13/87 (2) FR14B/87 (2) FR18/87 (11) FR7B/86 (6) FR8/86 (13) JC086 (35) JR20140531 (JR302) (37) LF1/89 (29) LF2/89 (30) PO300_2 (31) PO314 (30) S5/79 (8)


BODC Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
Blank Unqualified
< Below detection limit
> In excess of quoted value
A Taxonomic flag for affinis (aff.)
B Beginning of CTD Down/Up Cast
C Taxonomic flag for confer (cf.)
D Thermometric depth
E End of CTD Down/Up Cast
G Non-taxonomic biological characteristic uncertainty
H Extrapolated value
I Taxonomic flag for single species (sp.)
K Improbable value - unknown quality control source
L Improbable value - originator's quality control
M Improbable value - BODC quality control
N Null value
O Improbable value - user quality control
P Trace/calm
Q Indeterminate
R Replacement value
S Estimated value
T Interpolated value
U Uncalibrated
W Control value
X Excessive difference

SeaDataNet Quality Control Flags

The following single character qualifying flags may be associated with one or more individual parameters with a data cycle:

Flag Description
0 no quality control
1 good value
2 probably good value
3 probably bad value
4 bad value
5 changed value
6 value below detection
7 value in excess
8 interpolated value
9 missing value
A value phenomenon uncertain